Harald Sverdrup Manuscripts, 1937-1977 (bulk 1937-1943) (SMC 121)


Extent: 2.4 Linear feet (6 archives boxes)

Digital Content

One item from this collection has been digitized and can be viewed by clicking on the link in the container list.

The collection consists of typewritten manuscripts and related materials co-authored or written by Sverdrup, including The Oceans: Their Physics, Chemistry and General Biology.

Harald Ulrik Sverdrup (1888-1956) was a Norwegian meteorologist and oceanographer. Sverdrup was the chief scientist on Roald Amundsen's 1918-1925 Arctic expedition aboard the Maud. In 1926, he became chair of meteorology at the University of Bergen, and in 1931 he was appointed research professor at the Christian Michelsen Institute. Sverdrup became director of the Scripps Institution of Oceanography (SIO) in 1936, where he improved the research program and developed the graduate curriculum with an emphasis on physical oceanography. Sverdrup coauthored The Oceans: Their Physics, Chemistry and General Biology (1942), a foundational text for modern oceanography. In 1945 he was elected to the National Academy of Sciences, and joined the Executive Committee of the American Geophysical Union, presiding over the AGU Oceanography Section. In 1946 he became president of the International Association of Physical Oceanography. Sverdrup remained director of SIO for almost twelve years before returning to Norway to head the Norwegian Polar Institute, where he continued his scientific contributions.

The collection consists of typewritten manuscripts and related material co-authored or written by oceanographer Harold Sverdrup: two manuscript versions of The Oceans: Their Physics, Chemistry and General Biology, including a scrapbook and loose draft material; the manuscript for Wind, Waves and Swell; and a data summary report entitled The Waters Off the Coast of Southern California. It includes one folder of correspondence and photographs pertaining to the posthumous translation of Hos Tundra-Folket, or Among the Tundra People.

Container List


Box 1 Folder 1-2
Sverdrup and Fleming, The Waters Off the Coast of Southern California , 1937

Data summary from three cruises aboard the M/S Bluefin, undertaken by the California State Fisheries Laboratory, Division of Fish and Game, and Scripps Institution of Oceanography.

Box 1 Folder 3
Sverdrup and Munk, Wind, Waves and Swell: A Basic Theory for Forecasting , 1943
Box 1 Folder 4
Photographs and correspondence on the translation of Among the Tundra People , 1975-1977

Sverdrup, Johnson, and Fleming, The Oceans master copy, 1937-1943

Box 2 Folder 1-2
Volumes 1-2
Box 3 Folder 1
Volume 3
Box 3 Folder 2
Volume 4: Scrapbook of reviews and clippings compiled by Ruth Ragan
Cartoon drawing depicting Richard H. Fleming, Harald U. Sverdrup and Walter H. Munk watching Ruth Ragan type the manuscript for The Oceans, ca. 1943
Box 3 Folder 3
Loose typescripts and drafts

Sverdrup, Johnson and Fleming, The Oceans , 1942

Box 4
Preface, charts, and index; Chapters 1-9
Box 5
Chapters 10-15
Box 6
Chapters 15-20