Russell W. Raitt Papers, 1930-1992, bulk 1941-1979 (SMC 35)

Restrictions: Original sound recordings are restricted. Listening copies may be available for researchers.

Extent: 8.4 Linear feet (19 archives boxes and 2 card file boxes)

Digital Content

Sound recordings in the collection have been digitized.

Papers of Scripps Institution of Oceanography geophysicist Russell W. Raitt, including correspondence, research files, laboratory notebooks, and teaching materials.

Geophysicist Russell W. Raitt was born in Philadelphia, PA in 1907. He earned his bachelor's degree in physics in 1929 and his Ph.D. in 1935 from the California Institute of Technology.

Upon graduation, Raitt founded the Geophysical Engineering Corporation in Pasadena, CA. He then moved to La Jolla, and from 1941 to 1945 conducted research on acoustics and the sea floor for the University of California Division of War Research (UCDWR). After the war, Raitt joined the newly developed University of California Marine Physical Laboratory (MPL) as a senior research associate. When MPL merged into the Scripps Institution of Oceanography (SIO) in 1948, Raitt became an associate professor, studying underwater acoustics and sonar engineering. Raitt used seismic refraction techniques to study the sea floor, and advanced signifigant theories of sea-floor structure, evolution, and spreading. Raitt retired in 1976. He died in 1995 in San Diego.

Papers of Scripps Institution of Oceanography geophysicist Russell W. Raitt, including correspondence, research files, laboratory notebooks and teaching materials. Raitt researched underwater acoustics and seismology with the University of California Division of War Research (UCDWR), the Naval Electronics Laboratory (NEL) and the Marine Physical Laboratory (MPL). He participated in several SIO research expeditions and cruises from the 1940s through the 1970s, and the collection contains notes and data related to these endeavors.

Raitt collaborated with scholars internationally, often presenting at conferences and publishing research results. Highlights of these collaborations include Raitt's 1956 notebook from a research trip to Cambridge, England and his participation on the Discovery II expedition, as well as his 1970-1971 trip journal aboard the Soviet cruise Vityaz.


Processing records for the first major 1981 accession of Raitt's office files note that they were disorderly, incomplete, and stored in colored binders. The original binder color, if applicable, has been noted on the folders (pink materials were created and maintained by MPL staff). Original folder titles and contents have generally been preserved.

Container List


Scope and Content of Series

Series 1) CORRESPONDENCE: Personal and professional correspondence with colleagues and research collaborators. The first section is arranged chronologically, followed by a second section of major correspondents arranged alphabetically by surname.


Box 1 Folder 1-28

Solicitation letter from United Farm Workers in folder 28.

Box 2 Folder 1-12
1968-1979, and undated

Includes one folder of personal correspondence, and some undated wireless messages from ships.


Box 2 Folder 13
Belshe, John, 1959-1961
Box 2 Folder 14
Durbin, William, 1956-1962
Box 2 Folder 15
Eckart, Carl, 1945-1947

Includes 1945 letter from Carl Eckart to Carl F. Eyring, Ralph J. Christensen, and Raitt regarding the discovery and naming of the deep scattering layer.

Box 2 Folder 16
Ewing, John, 1957-1969
Box 2 Folder 17
Fisher, Robert, 1964
Box 2 Folder 18
Hart, Pembroke J., 1959-1962
Box 2 Folder 19
Hartdegen, Carl, 1982, undated
Box 2 Folder 20
Hussong, Donald M., 1972
Box 2 Folder 21
Johnson, Rockne, 1966-1969
Box 2 Folder 22
Keen, Charlotte, 1969-1970
Box 2 Folder 23
Le Pichon, Xavier, 1964-1969
Box 2 Folder 24
McConnell, Robert K., 1962
Box 2 Folder 25
Munk, Walter H., 1948

Correspondence on Raitt's contribution to the Sverdrup 60th anniversary volume.

Box 2 Folder 26
Murauchi, Sadanori, 1969-1974
Box 2 Folder 27
Nafe, John E., 1957
Box 2 Folder 28
Nanda, J. N., 1951-1963
Box 2 Folder 29-31
Northrop, John, 1961-1975
Box 2 Folder 32
Revelle, Roger, 1958-1978
Box 2 Folder 33
Pepin, Robert, 1959-1960
Box 2 Folder 34
Sagar, Frederick Henry, 1952-1953
Box 2 Folder 35
Wickam, Jacob, 1964

Correspondence on Raitt's contributions to a book on underwater acoustics.


Scope and Content of Series

Series 2) RESEARCH: Major topics in this series include Raitt's notes and data on the sea floor, underwater sound, seismology, and reverberation. It also contains Raitt's notes on lectures from other SIO and UC San Diego faculty members, as well as notes taken at conferences.

Arranged in five subseries: A) General Research, B) Notes on Lectures, C) Notebooks, D) Subject Files, and E) Symposia and Conferences.

General Research

Box 3 Folder 1-2
Various notes, 1930-1935

Topics include: cosmic ray track recorder, alpha particle counter, transient characteristics of a fine wire heated by an electric current, escape of radon from rocks, age of rocks, and velocity.

Box 3 Folder 3
Various notes, 1940-1970

Topics include: transformer response, effect of viscosity, the propagation of explosive soundwaves on the ocean bottom, sediment refraction from surface measurements, and interference of two sound waves.

Box 3 Folder 4
Magnetostrictive sources - Notes and graphs, 1941
Box 3 Folder 5
Bone conduction receiver notes, 1941
Box 3 Folder 6
Transducing systems patents (Raitt, serial no. 380 and 499) oath and correspondence, 1941-1943
Box 3 Folder 7
Hydrophones notes, 1941-1962

Includes parts and equipment lists for cruises.

Box 3 Folder 8
Sphere reflections notes and calculations, 1942
Box 3 Folder 9
QC H-3 data and graphs, 1942
Box 3 Folder 10
U.S.S. Jasper data, 1942 March 19
Box 3 Folder 11
Photos and negatives for reports and papers, 1942, 1947

Include negatives for lantern slides to "Transmission of Explosive Impulses in the Sea" by Raitt.

Box 3 Folder 12
Calibration of GA and GB pairs data sheets, 1943
Box 3 Folder 13
Scripps canyon data and notes, 1943-1944
Box 3 Folder 14
Shallow water rock and sand-mud data summaries and tables, 1943-1945
Box 3 Folder 15
Thermocline effect graphs, 1944
Box 3 Folder 16
Diffusion of heat in the upper layers of the sea notes, 1945 March 13
Box 3 Folder 17
Dependence of echo range on target strength - Notes and data sets, 1945
Box 3 Folder 18
Notes on a conversation with Lindsay on airborne sound, 1946 August 19
Box 3 Folder 19
Suggested definitions of acoustical terms, 1947 December
Box 3 Folder 20
Underwater sound notes, 1947-1957
Box 3 Folder 21
Fathograms, 1948
Box 3 Folder 22
Galvonometers notes, 1948
Box 3 Folder 23
Amplifiers, 1948

Topics include: equipment requirements, diagrams for amplifier and shooting box for seismic study, and data sheets and graphs.

Box 3 Folder 24
Explosive wave bottom reflection studies, 1948 April-August

Includes ammunition request, detonation schedules, and correspondence pertaining to fathom detonators.

Box 3 Folder 25
Lake Mead geological survey - Correspondence and report, 1948 April 1
Box 3 Folder 26
Swedish Deep Sea Expedition, 1948-1952

Report, photographs, and figures from the expedition by Waloddi Weibull, returned by Hans Pettersson.

Box 3 Folder 27-28
Complex Impedance of CBM 78203 #51 and #16 - Fathometer graphs, 1949 June 20
Box 3 Folder 29
Acoustic notes and calculations, ca. 1950

Includes original calculations on acoustic impedance and the velocity of sound in a mixture of sand and water, and on the attenuation of sound in dilute muds; notes on the reflection and transmission of sound in a region of continuously variable properties.

Box 3 Folder 30
Pt. Sur cable installation map, 1953

Map showing the installation of black and red cables.

Box 3 Folder 31
Echo Sounder memoranda and correspondence, 1954

Includes draft of the development of a survey-type echo sounder for the Bureau of Ships.

Box 3 Folder 32
Notes, correspondence, and abstracts while at Cambridge, 1956

Includes memorandum regarding the Chinook Expedition, and revision notes for "Seismic Refraction Studies of the Pacific Ocean."

Box 3 Folder 33
Miscellaneous notes on temperature probe and Downwind heat flow, 1957-1958
Box 4 Folder 1
Russian translations and correspondence, 1958-1960

Includes translations of the first six papers of vol. 27 of the Academy of Sciences, U.S.S.R.'s Trudy Instituta Okeanologii "Investigations of the Kurile-Kamachtka Trench and the Northwest Part of the Pacific Ocean"; translation notes from Olga Jones, and a translation of the paper "Deep Sounding of the Moon."

Box 4 Folder 2
Russian reprints and correspondence, 1958-1964

Includes reprints in Russian, a NASA Technical Translation of the "International Geophysical Year Bibliography of Literature in the Russian Language for 1958," correspondence with Russian scholars and translators.

Box 4 Folder 3
Absorption of tsunami and continental border notes, 1961 June 13
Box 4 Folder 4
Midway Island survey - Notes and correspondence, 1961-1962
Box 4 Folder 5
Arons and Yennie - Bubble Pulse, 1964
Box 4 Folder 6
Transcontinental Geophysical Survey correspondence, 1964 October 7
Box 4 Folder 7
Papeete, Tahiti correspondence, 1969 November-1970 January

Includes correspondence relating to Raitt's leg injury while at sea.

Box 4 Folder 8
UCLA gravity data results, undated
Box 4 Folder 9
Directivity corrections graphs, undated
Box 4 Folder 10
Correction of pattern 40 KC Benioff - Data sheets and graph, undated
Box 4 Folder 11
Bathythermograph codes graphs, undated
Box 4 Folder 12
Interpretation of seismic refraction data memorandum, undated
Box 4 Folder 13
Ionization chamber photographs, undated
Box 4 Folder 14
Supersonic underwater telephony attenuation at 27 KC notes, undated
Box 4 Folder 15
Velocity of sound in the sea - Data charts and graphs, undated
Box 4 Folder 16
Reflection equipment - Diagrams and notes, undated
Box 4 Folder 17
Anisotropy notes, undated

Notes on Lectures

Box 4 Folder 18-19
Notes from Epstein's lectures, 1932-1933
Box 4 Folder 20
Introduction to Wave Mechanics - Notes and problem sets, 1933
Box 4 Folder 21
Radio transmission seminar, 1946 July 10
Box 4 Folder 22
Notes on Lindsay's lectures - Wave motion, 1946 July-August
Box 4 Folder 23-24
Notes on Eckart and Liebermann's lectures - Absorption, 1946-1947
Box 4 Folder 25
Notes on Eckart's lectures - Seminar on Wave Theory, 1946-1947
Box 4 Folder 26
Notes on Cady's lectures - Transducer Design Seminar, 1947 February
Box 4 Folder 27
Notes from Eckart's lectures, 1947-1949
Box 5 Folder 1
Notes on Eckart's lectures - Stratified fluids, equations of motion, and free convection, 1953-1955
Box 5 Folder 2
Notes on Vacquier's lectures, 1958 April
Box 5 Folder 3
Notes on Liebermann's lecture - Properties of liquids, 1957 February
Box 5 Folder 4
Notes on Orowan's lectures, 1958
Box 5 Folder 5
Notes on Munk's lectures, 1961
Box 5 Folder 6
Notes on Spiess' lectures, 1961 October
Box 5 Folder 7
Notes on Sverdrup's lectures - Oceanography of Surface Layers, undated


Box 5 Folder 8
Notes and problem sets, 1933

Taken from a notebook and includes two tabs: "W" & "Misc." Includes calculations and notes on alpha radiation, magnetic deflection of cosmic rays, and radium in ocean sediments.

Box 5 Folder 9
Laboratory notebook, 1941-1946

Bound volume with topics covering seismometers and waves.

Box 5 Folder 10
NDRC San Diego laboratory notebook #186, 1943-1946

Bound volume of various notes and problem sets.

Box 5 Folder 11-13
Notes and data, 1945-1948

Topics include: directivity, phase fluctuations of transmission, data from La Paz cruise, variations of camera speed recorded by Raitt, diffraction by straight edge, echo and echo sounder, magnitude of scattering coefficients, pulse calibration of overall system, and reverberation.

Box 5 Folder 14
Notes and data, 1948-1950
Box 5 Folder 15
Research notes and data, 1948-1956

Bound volume. Topics include: seismic amplifier calibration data, test data and calibration data, filter calibrations, geophone tests, hydrophone tests.

Box 6 Folder 1
Workbook I, 1949-1957

Contains notes, diagrams, and data primarily from 1954-1957 on such topics as filters for seismic work, calibrations, hydrophones, and amplifiers. Includes data and observations from CUSP cruise, Viscaino Bay, the Capricorn and MidPac expeditions, as well as hydrophone sea tests. Also contains some correspondence, MidPac certificate of participation, and meeting notes.

Box 6 Folder 2
Data notebook, 1950-1965

Notebook of MPL statistician Gloria Slack. Bound volume with topics relating to seismic cruises, and observations on expeditions.

Box 6 Folder 3
Notes and data, 1950-1951

Diagram, and data on topics including hydrophone buoys, seismic amplifiers, compression, and low frequency.

Box 6 Folder 4
Cambridge notebook, 1956

Bound volume. Includes trip journal for the Discovery II expedition; notes of conversations with G. Shor, Tom Gaskell, Edward Bullard, V.V. Belousov; and planning information for the IGY.

Box 6 Folder 5
Notes, 1956

Topics include: CUSP Expedition, the R.R.S. Discovery II cruise, and "Seismic Exploration of the Pacific Ocean" colloquium given at the Department of Geodesy and Geophysics.

Box 6 Folder 6
Workbook II, 1957

Topics include: hydrophones, sound transmission, reversed and split profiles, and magnetic anomalies. Includes data and observations from IGY cruise to Valparaiso, the Downwind, Chinook, and Mukluk Expeditions, and the Arguello cruise. Also contains some correspondence, meeting notes, and trip journal.

Box 6 Folder 7
Workbook III, 1957-1960

Topics include: gravity at sea, seismic studies and deep-sea drilling, seismic refraction, heat flow, seismic velocities, and the detection of bombs by seismic waves. Includes data and observations of crustal thickness at Bikini and Eniwetok as well as data from the CUSP and Arguello cruises, MidPac, Mukluk, and Capricorn expeditions. Also contains some correspondence.

Box 7 Folder 1
Workbook IV, 1963-1965

Contains notes and observations on such topics as research ships, gravitational energy, anisotropy, and least square reductions. Includes data and meeting notes on the Lusiad expedition.

Box 7 Folder 2
Workbook V, 1965-1967

Contains notes, figures and diagrams, as well as observations on such topics and slope, velocity, and seismometers. Includes data from sea expeditions and the quartet area.

Box 7 Folder 3
Electricity and Magnetism by J. H. Jeans, undated
Box 7 Folder 4
Problems in chemical principles, undated
Box 7 Folder 5
Source depths (ARGO-Doghouse), undated
Box 7 Folder 6
Notes and problem sets, undated

Subject Files

Box 7 Folder 7-9
Geophysical Engineering Corporation - Notes and report draft, ca. 1940


Box 7 Folder 10
Surface reverberation - Data sheets and graphs, 1942-1943
Box 7 Folder 11
Bottom reverberation - Illustrations and graphs, 1942-1944
Box 7 Folder 12-14
Volume reverberation - Cruise data sheets and graphs (Parts I-III), 1943
Box 8 Folder 1-3
Reverberation and sonar equipment on U.S.S. Jasper Racks A-F, 1945-1951, 1971-1985

Includes notes on declassification, "Equipment for Sonar Research" rough draft, and photos and diagrams of equipment.

Sea floor bottom

Box 8 Folder 4
Bottom scattering graphs, 1942-1943
Box 8 Folder 5-7
Bottom reflection studies - Cruise data sheets, notes, and graphs, 1942-1943, 1946
Box 8 Folder 8
Bottom sediment samples, 1946-1947
Box 8 Folder 9
Bottom reflections, 1959


Box 8 Folder 10-11
Brush oscillograms bomb data, 1948 August-September
Box 8 Folder 12
Saluda Seismic Operation photographs (NEL), 1949
Box 8 Folder 13
Pasadena local shocks - Data report, 1949 January-March
Box 8 Folder 14
Notes on seismic work on sea floor off Southern California, 1950 January 4
Box 8 Folder 15
Seismic tests at Pt. Sur Station - Notes and schedule, 1953
Box 8 Folder 16
Seismic operation program (MPL) plan notes, 1954
Box 8 Folder 17
Operation Wigwam - Notes and earthquake telegram, 1955 May 14
Box 8 Folder 18
Seismic workshop - Correspondence and notes, 1958-1960
Box 8 Folder 19
Operation Leapfrog correspondence, 1961
Box 8 Folder 20
SHOAL bomb test, 1963-1964
Box 8 Folder 21
Bengal Fan and Sunda Orogen proposal and correspondence on seismic refraction studies, 1974
Box 8 Folder 22
Seismic equipment diagrams, undated
Box 8 Folder 23
Seismograph refraction survey, Hanford area - Notes, undated
Box 8 Folder 24
Gnome bomb test data, undated

Includes four maps: Time Residual Plot; Ground Motion; Heat Flow Determinations in Middle North America; and Phase Velocity.

Symposia and Conferences

Box 8 Folder 25
Committee of Undersea Warfare, 1948

Includes correspondence and conference information for the 3rd undersea symposium, Washington, D.C.

Box 8 Folder 26
Triannual meeting of the International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics, Rome, Italy, 1953-1954

Includes paper abstract on "Seismic Refraction Studies in the Pacific Ocean Basin."

Box 8 Folder 27
Underwater Acoustics Symposium (Office of Naval Research), 1954
Box 8 Folder 28
10th Pacific Science Congress - "The Earth's Crust in the Pacific Basin," Honolulu, Hawaii, 1960-1961
Box 8 Folder 29
International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics, Helsinki, 1960-1963
Box 8 Folder 30
International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics, Berkeley, California, 1963

Includes conference program, list of participants, and proposal to Committee on Mean Sea-Level and its Variations.

Box 8 Folder 31
Symposium on the results of the IGY-IGC, Los Angeles, 1963
Box 8 Folder 32
A symposium in honor of Sir Edward Bullard, 1979

Includes list of invitees, speakers, and topics for symposium hosted by the Scripps Institution of Oceanography on January 11-12, 1980.


Scope and Content of Series

Series 3) EXPEDITIONS AND CRUISES: Notes, reports, and correspondence documenting Raitt's work and participation on research expeditions and cruises. Items in the series primarily span the late 1940s-1970s and include data collected from Scripps research vessels such as Horizon, Spencer F. Baird, Argo, and Ellen B. Scripps. Particular strengths of the series include data from the Antipode and Capricorn Expeditions, and the Vityaz cruise. The first part of the series consists of miscellaneous files arranged chronologically, followed by a second section arranged alphabetically by major expedition or cruise name.


Box 8 Folder 33
U.S.S. Baya (SS318) tentative schedule, 1948 March 29
Box 8 Folder 34
NORPAC tentative cruise patterns, 1955 March 1
Box 8 Folder 35
Cruise preparation correspondence, 1955 April-May
Box 8 Folder 36
Research cruises (Vermilion, Fanfare) - Schedules and correspondence, 1959
Box 8 Folder 37
Research vessel ARGO , 1960 June 3
Box 9 Folder 1
Marine operations expeditions - Memorandum and correspondence, 1957-1958
Box 9 Folder 2-3
Marine operations cruise announcements, 1953-1958, 1960-1970
Box 9 Folder 4
Pelagic Area Studies (PAS) - Operation schedule and report, 1954
Box 9 Folder 5
Swallow correspondence - H.M.S Challenger and Capricorn, 1954
Box 9 Folder 6
Cruise notes and data - CUTTER, 1947-1948
Box 9 Folder 7
Cruise 67-01 notes, 1967
Box 9 Folder 8-9
Antipode Expedition - Notes, schedules, program outline, and correspondence, ca. 1970

Includes writing by D. G. Moore, J. R. Curray, and Raitt, "Structure and History, or the Bengal Deep-Sea Fan and Geosyncline, Indian Ocean" and postcards.

Box 9 Folder 10
Antipode Expedition - Notes, journal and correspondence, 1971 January-May
Box 9 Folder 11
Antipode Expedition - News release and newspaper clippings, 1971 October
Box 9 Folder 12
Operation plan for Eniwetok/Capricorn Expedition, 1952-1953
Box 9 Folder 13-14
Capricorn Expedition - Notes and correspondence, 1952 February-December

Includes correspondence and shipment orders pertaining to ammunition and explosives, and "Operation Ivy" pamphlet from 1951.

Box 9 Folder 15
Capricorn Expedition - Correspondence, 1953 November-1954 November

Includes correspondence pertaining to publication of results related to Operation Ivy/Eniwetok.

Box 9 Folder 16
Capricorn Expedition travel time plots - Copy negatives, 1952-1953
Box 9 Folder 17
Cedros Island Cruise - Bottom photographs, 1939 June- July
Box 9 Folder 18
Cedros Island Cruise - Skiff survey, 1952 July
Box 9 Folder 19
Chinook Expedition - Correspondence and reports, 1956 May-1957 April

Includes correspondence and meeting notes for 1957 Gulf of Alaska cruise.

Box 9 Folder 20
Chubasco Expedition - Notes and correspondence, 1954 May-November

Also referenced as the Acapulco Trench Expedition.

Box 9 Folder 21-22
CUSP Cruise - Notes, proposal and correspondence, 1954 April-July, 1955
Box 9 Folder 23
DODO Expedition - Schedule and roster, 1964 January 20

Part of the Scripps Institution of Oceanography's sequence of cruises to the Indian Ocean.

Box 9 Folder 24
Downwind Expedition - Correspondence, 1957-1958
Box 9 Folder 25
Erben Bank Cruise - Brush oscillograms, 1948 April 1
Box 9 Folder 26
Fanfare Sea Expedition - Schedule, 1959 June 30
Box 9 Folder 27
Indian Ocean Cruise - Notes and schedule, 1958
Box 9 Folder 28
Lusiad Expedition - Proposal and report on the International Indian Ocean Expedition, 1961-1962

Incldues proposal to the National Science Foundation and report detailing field participation in the International Indian Ocean Expedition, 1960-1965.

Box 9 Folder 29-31
Lusiad Expedition, 1961-1963

Includes ship request, personnel lists, schedules, data, and budget and ship reports.

Box 10 Folder 1
Monsoon Expedition - Notes, correspondence and images, 1959-1962
Box 10 Folder 2-5
MidPac Expedition, 1949-1951

Includes correspondence, proposals, personnel lists and schedules, data and reports.

Box 10 Folder 6
MOHOLE press kit, 1959-1961
Box 10 Folder 7
MOHOLE site studies proposal drafts, 1965
Box 10 Folder 8
Quartet cruises 27-30 - Data, 1965-1966
Box 10 Folder 9
Scan Expedition - Correspondence and reports, 1969 January-November

Includes JOIDES report, personnel lists and schedules, correspondence, and MPL report by G. B. Morris.

Box 10 Folder 10
E.W. Scripps Cruise - Notes and calculations, 1941-1949

Includes bathythermograms and Commander Sherry's calculations.

Box 10 Folder 11
Scripps expedition to the Revilliagigelo Islands (SERI) memorandum, 1956
Box 10 Folder 12
Siqueiros Expedition schedules, 1974
Box 10 Folder 13
Vermillion Sea Expedition correspondence, 1959 January- May

Includes SIO report, "Program of Research in the Gulf of California in the Field of the Earth Sciences."

Box 10 Folder 14
Vityaz Cruise, 1970 September-December

Includes crew lists, correspondence, report, and trip journal.


Scope and Content of Series

Series 4) WRITINGS: Drafts, typescripts, and related correspondence for Raitt's professional publications, including his Ph.D. dissertation, as well as reports and proposals for research grants and projects. Co-authors, where present, are listed by name.

Arranged chronologically within two subseries: A) Manuscripts and Presentations, and B) Reports and Proposals.

Manuscripts and Presentations

Box 10 Folder 15
A New Kind of Radioactivity, 1933 April 1
Box 10 Folder 16
Radioactivity and the Light Nuclei by R. M. Langer and Raitt, ca. 1933
Box 10 Folder 17-18
Direct Measurement of Alpha Particle Activities of Rocks and the Determination of Thorium. Doctoral thesis draft and notes, 1935
Box 11 Folder 1
Radioactivity of the Earth's Crust and its Influence on Cosmic Ray Electroscope Observations Made near Ground Level by Robley D. Evans and Raitt, 1935
Box 11 Folder 2
Fluctuation and Variation in Underwater Sound, 1943-1946

Includes notes and data sheets, as well as NEL memorandum for a conference entitled, "Fluctuation of Transmission Observations in Underwater Sound."

Box 11 Folder 3
Transmission of 24 KC Sound in Shallow Water by R. R. Carhart and Raitt, 1946
Box 11 Folder 4
Vertical Reflection of Supersonic Sound from the Sea Bottom, 1947

Notes and drafts. Presented at the meeting of the American Physical Society July 12, 1947 in Palo Alto, California.

Box 11 Folder 5
Transmission of Explosive Impulses in the Sea by Raitt and T. F. Johnston, 1947

Abstracts and correspondence. Presented to the Seismological Society of America meeting April 10-12, 1947 at Stanford.

Box 11 Folder 6-10
National Research Defense Committee (NRDC) Summary Technical Reports, volume 6-VII, chapters 1-5. Principles and Applications of Underwater Sound , 1947
Box 11 Folder 11-13
Reverberation in the Sea by Carl F. Eyring, Ralph J. Christensen, and Raitt, 1947-1948
Box 11 Folder 14
Sound Scatters in the Sea, 1948
Box 11 Folder 15
1950 Seismic Refraction Studies of Bikini and Kwajalein Atolls and Slyvanis Guyot, 1950-1952
Box 12 Folder 1-2
Geophysical Measurements - Research notes and diagrams, drafts and correspondence, 1950-1954

Presented at the 1952 Symposium on Oceanographic Instrumentation.

Box 12 Folder 3
The Pacific Basin - Some results from the Capricorn Expeditions, 1953

Presented at the 1953 Institute of Geophysics Technical Conference.

Box 12 Folder 4
Seismic-Refraction Studies of Bikini and Kwajalein Atolls (Geological Survey Professional Paper 260-K), 1953-1954
Box 12 Folder 5
Subsurface Structures of Eniwetok Atoll from Seismic Refraction Observations, 1953-1957
Box 12 Folder 6-8
The Tonga Trench by Raitt, R. L. Fisher, and R. G. Mason, 1954-1955

Annotated manuscript with figures, correspondence, and notes. Versions presented at Columbia University Symposium on the Earth's crust, and published.

Box 12 Folder 9
Seismic Studies in the Southern California Continental Borderland, 1955-1956

Drafts and correspondence. Presented at the XX International Geological Congress in Mexico City.

Box 12 Folder 10-11
Seismic Refraction Studies of the Pacific Ocean Basin I, Crustal Thickness of the Central Equatorial Pacific, 1955-1956
Box 12 Folder 12
Sediment thickness of the Pacific ocean floor by R. Revelle and Raitt, 1956-1957

Includes meeting notes and Revelle's notes.

Box 12 Folder 13
Some Results of Seismic Studies in Capricorn Expeditions, 1956-1959

Correspondence and abstract for paper presented at the Seismological Society of America, 1954.

Box 12 Folder 14
Propagation of Explosive Sound Beneath the Sea Floor, 1956

Paper presented at Acoustical Society of America.

Box 12 Folder 15
Seismic-Refraction Studies of Eniwetok Atoll, 1957
Box 13 Folder 1-4
The Sea: Ideas and Observations chapter manuscript

Correspondence, notes, drafts and figures pertaining to Raitt's contribution on crustal rocks.

Box 13 Folder 5
Sound Velocities at the Surface of Deep-Sea Sediments by Fry and Raitt, 1960-1961
Box 13 Folder 6
Seismic Refraction Observations of the Indonesian Island Arc, 1962
Box 13 Folder 7
Seismic Refraction Studies, 1962
Box 13 Folder 8
Topography and Structure of the Peru-Chile Trench by R. L. Fisher and Raitt, 1962

Includes rough data profile at the Peru trench.

Box 13 Folder 9
Geophysics of the South Pacific, 1963

Presented at ICY-IGC Symposium.

Box 13 Folder 10-12
Anisotropy of the Pacific Upper Mantle by Raitt, G. G. Shor Jr., T. J. G. Francis, and G. B. Morris, 1966

Includes notes for talk and lectures presented to the Scripps Institution Staff Research Conference and the American Geophysical Union Meeting, a 1966 report on "Anisotropy of the Pacific Upper Mantle" for MPL, and tentative operation plans for sonar field demonstrations.

Box 13 Folder 13
Seismic Measurements in the Southern Indian Ocean by T. J. G. Francis and Raitt, 1966-1967
Box 13 Folder 14
Velocity Anisotropy and Delay-Time Maps of the Mantle near Hawaii by G.B. Morris, Raitt, and G.G. Shor Jr., 1969
Box 13 Folder 15
Mantle Anisotropy in the Pacific Ocean by Raitt, G. G. Shor Jr., G. B. Morris, and H. K. Kirk, 1970-1971

Presented at the Ocean World Symposium, Tokyo, Japan.

Box 13 Folder 16
Anisotropy of the Oceanic Upper Mantle by Raitt, G. G. Shor Jr., H. K. Kirk, and M. Henry, 1971-1972

Presented at the Seismological Society of America 67th Annual Meeting, Honolulu, Hawaii.

Box 13 Folder 17
Anisotropy and Crustal Structure of the Cocos Plate by G. G. Shor Jr., Raitt, M. Henry, L. R. Bentley, and G. H. Sutton, 1973
Box 13 Folder 18
Super-thick Sedimentary Basin, Bay of Bengal by J. N. Brune, J. Curray, L. Dorman, and Raitt, ca. 1986
Box 13 Folder 19
Seismic Exploration of the Sea Floor, undated
Box 13 Folder 20-21
Seismic Refraction Data Analysis, undated

Photocopied manuscript.

Box 14 Folder 1
Bottom Reverberation, undated

Reports and Proposals

Box 14 Folder 2
Explosive Sound Waves in the Sea, Observations with a 2500 Moving-Coil Oscillograph by Johnston and Raitt, 1942-1947

Report and memorandum moving paper from confidential to unclassified.

Box 14 Folder 3
Volume reverberation at 10, 20, 40, and 80 KC report, 1943
Box 14 Folder 4
Layer Effect by Raitt and Sheehy - Report and commentary, 1944
Box 14 Folder 5
Declassification memoranda on NDRC reports, 1946

Memoranda pertaining to the "Propagation of Underwater Sound" and sonar.

Box 14 Folder 6
Reverberation in Shallow Water (progress report) by C. F. Eyring, R. J. Christensen, and Raitt - Declassification documents, 1947
Box 14 Folder 7
Ivy final report project 11.4 - Declassification correspondence and report, 1953-1955
Box 14 Folder 8
Reflection and Refraction of Explosive Waves by the Sea Bottom (progress report) by Raitt and George Shor, Jr., 1955
Box 14 Folder 9
Heat Flow through the Ocean Floor, 1958-1960

Draft and final grant proposal to the National Science Foundation.

Box 14 Folder 10
International Geophysical Year (IGY) Terminal Report revisions, 1964 April
Box 14 Folder 11-12
Anisotropy Studies, 1968-1969

Proposals to the National Science Foundation. Includes budget summaries and correspondence.

Box 14 Folder 13
Seismic Anisotropy of the Pacific Mantle by Raitt and G. G. Shor, Jr. - Grant and budget proposals, 1971
Box 14 Folder 14
Marine Seismic Refraction, Anisotropy and Structural Studies, 1971-1974

Research proposals to the National Science Foundation. Includes budget summaries and correspondence.

Box 14 Folder 15-16
Miscellaneous grant proposals and reports, 1974-1976

Includes notes, reports, content on the crustal structure of the East Pacific Rise, and the operation schedule of R/V Thomas Washington.

Box 14 Folder 17
Marine Geophysical and Geological Study of the Molucca Sea Collison Zone - Research grant application, 1976

UCDWR Reverberation Group

Box 14 Folder 18
Bottom Reverberation: Dependence on Frequency - UCDWR no. U79 report, 1943 June 16
Box 14 Folder 19
Echoes from Wakes - Declassification documents, 1947
Box 14 Folder 20-21
Reverberation Studies at 24 KC - Drafts, sections I-XII, undated

UCDWR Sonar Group

Box 14 Folder 22
The Isolation of Additive Effects (UCDWR M327) - Declassification documents, 1945-1946
Box 14 Folder 23
Sonar Data Division (UCDWR) - Reports and declassification documents, 1945-1947

Includes file report of "Additive Analysis with Disproportionate Weighting" (UCDWR M379), declassification documents for "Supplement to: Limitations of Echo Ranges by Reverberation (Deep Water)" (UCDWR M361.1), and "Processing Sound Field Data" (UCDWR N336).

Box 14 Folder 24
Sonar publicity and declassification - Notice by the Office of the Chief of Naval Operations, 1946 March 25

Details the extent to which sonar has been declassified and may be used for publication.

Box 14 Folder 25-26
Stratification of Sound Scatterers in the Ocean (UCDWR M397) - Declassification and figures, 1946


Box 15 Folder 1
Scattering from a thin layer, 1940-1942
Box 15 Folder 2
Reverberation, 1942
Box 15 Folder 3
Scattering, 1946
Box 15 Folder 4
Distribution of volume scatters (MPL seminar), 1947-1948
Box 15 Folder 5-8
Principles of underwater sound (Oceanography 116), 1947-1952
Box 15 Folder 9
Acoustics of the sea bottom (UCLA Physics seminar), 1948 March 4
Box 15 Folder 10
Explosive sound studies (MPL seminar), 1948
Box 15 Folder 11
Noise lecture notes, 1948-1954

Topics include noise and hydrophones, as well as notes from Eckart's lectures in 1951, and noise test data from 1954.

Box 15 Folder 12-13
Geophysics 240A, 1950-1957, 1961
Box 15 Folder 14
Seminar in submarine geology, 1954
Box 15 Folder 15-17
Special topics in Oceanography (Oceanography 220), 1954-1955, 1957-1958
Box 15 Folder 18-21
Geophysics 240B, 1959-1963
Box 16 Folder 1-2
Geophysics (Parts I & II), 1961
Box 16 Folder 3
Geophysics (ES240), 1963
Box 16 Folder 4
Geophysics orientation, 1968 April 30
Box 16 Folder 5-6
ES 246A vols. I & II lecture notes, 1968
Box 16 Folder 7-9
SIO 244 and SIO 226A, 1971-1974
Box 16 Folder 10
Internal constitution of the Earth, 1972 January 3
Box 16 Folder 11
Anisotropy of horizontal compressions wave velocity in the upper mantle, 1974
Box 16 Folder 12-14
Various lecture notes, 1948-1951, 1957-1963

Topics include: volume reverberation, reflection of sound from a sphere, seismic studies, surface waves, elastic strain, heat flow, oceanic movements, and bottom refractions. Contains data from MidPac and Downwind Expeditions.

Box 17 Folder 1-4
Various lecture notes and problem sets, 1961-1964, 1966-1967


Scope and Content of Series

Series 6) COMMITTEES AND ORGANIZATIONS: Meeting notes, correspondence, and memoranda from professional organizations and committees in which Raitt participated. Important files include the joint planning committee between NEL and MPL, and the Comité International de Geophysique, a working group of the International Council of Scientific Unions. Arranged chronologically.

Professional Organizations

Box 17 Folder 5
Report on the New York Meeting of the Optical Society of America, 1931

Includes correspondence to H. E. Kaiser.

Box 17 Folder 6
The American Physical Society, 1946-1947
Box 17 Folder 7-8
American Association for the Advancement of Science - Membership correspondence and annual meeting in San Diego, 1946-1947
Box 17 Folder 9
Miscellaneous correspondence, 1947-1948

Includes Raitt's membership recommendation letter for the American Geophysical Union.


Box 14 Folder 10
Joint planning committee, Marine Physical Laboratory/Navy Electronics Laboratory, 1946 June-1948 February

Includes meeting minutes.

Box 17 Folder 11
Institute of Geophysics - Conference program and advisory board minutes, 1956
Working Group Investigations of the Earth's Crust - Comite International de Geophysique, 1957-1961

Includes "Interpretation of Seismic Retraction Data," Downwind data, "Pacific Oceanic Crust" paper by Raitt and G. G. Shor, notice of meeting for the Working Group on Investigations of the Earth's Crust, and meeting notes with Fred Spiess.

Box 17 Folder 13-14
Institute of Geophysics - Conference program and advisory board minutes, 1957-1959, 1960-1964
Box 17 Folder 15-16
Working Group Investigations of the Earth's Crust - Comite International de Geophysique, meeting and lecture notes, 1962

Includes correspondence pertaining to Raitt's participation in the working group meeting, the group's meeting agenda, resolutions and preliminary contributions, and Raitt's notes on the meeting. Raitt's lecture notes for the International Oceanographic Congress held in Paris, France on March 19-22, 1962 are also included.


Scope and Content of Series

Series 7) SIO AND THE UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA: As a researcher at the Scripps Institution of Oceanography (SIO) beginning in 1948, Raitt witnessed the growth of both SIO and UC San Diego. In addition to Raitt's faculty papers and lecture notes, this series documents the development of the Department of Earth Science, controversies surrounding the 1950 University of California loyalty oath, and Third College (now Thurgood Marshall College). This series contains correspondence, meeting minutes, and relevant reports on the history and development of SIO and UC San Diego.

Arranged chronologically within three subseries: A) Scripps Institution of Oceanography, B) Department of Earth Sciences, and C) UC San Diego.

Scripps Institution of Oceanography

Box 17 Folder 17
Budget committee - Meeting agendas and ledgers, 1960-1963

Agendas include lists of appointments and breakdown of research funding.

Box 17 Folder 18
University of California Division of War Research (UCDWR) personnel directories, 1944-1945
Box 17 Folder 19
Marine Physical Laboratory - Notes and memoranda on formulation, 1946-1947
Box 17 Folder 20
University of California public information clip sheet, 1948 March
Box 17 Folder 21
Policy memorandum on use of the Scripps Institution name, 1956
Box 17 Folder 22
Raitt's MPL badge, 1956
Box 17 Folder 23
Institute of Oceanography of the National Academy of Science of the USSR - Vityaz visit, 1958 December

Includes visit itinerary, guest lists, Vityaz personnel lists and memoranda to SIO staff.

Box 17 Folder 24
University of California/ Scripps Institution of Oceanography film series proposal on Oceanography, 1962
Box 17 Folder 25
Marine Physical Laboratory - Personnel clearance memoranda, 1966-1967
Box 17 Folder 26
Photograph from the Celebration in Honor of Russell Raitt and Victor Vacquier, 1992 October 13
Box 21 Folder 1-5
Sound recording of the Celebration in Honor of Russell Raitt and Victor Vacquier, 1992 October 12

Five audiocassettes of a day of lectures recognizing the scientific contributions of Raitt and Vacquier, organized by George Shor and John Sclater, held in Sumner Auditorium. Speakers include William A. Nierenberg, Cecil Green, J. Tuzo Wilson, Jean Francheteau, Christopher Harrison, Fred Spiess, Sir Anthony Laughton, Robert L. Fisher, and others.

Department of Earth Sciences

Box 17 Folder 27
Earth Sciences curricula development for geochemistry and geophysics - Proposals and memoranda, 1957-1959
Box 17 Folder 28
UC Academic Senate, Southern Section minutes - Approval of graduate degrees in geochemistry, 1958
Box 17 Folder 29
Formation of the Department of Earth Sciences - Preliminary proposal, 1958 November 5
Box 17 Folder 30
Earth Sciences geophysical curricula memorandum and proposal, 1961
Box 17 Folder 31
UC San Diego Department of Earth Sciences and SIO undergraduate curricula in geophysics, 1965
Box 17 Folder 32
Raitt's notes on Earth Sciences curricula redesign, ca. 1973

UC San Diego

Box 18 Folder 1
Referendum on UC San Diego fallout shelter program, 1963 March 14

Prepared and distributed by the University of California Campus Women for Peace.

Box 18 Folder 2
Lumumba-Zapata proposal (Third College), 1969

Includes committee meeting minutes and Chancellor's response.

Box 18 Folder 3
Third College academic plan, 1969 October

UC Academic Senate, San Diego Division

Box 18 Folder 4
Loyalty oath controversy, 1949-1950

Includes newspaper articles, petitions, correspondence to the Academic Senate.

Box 18 Folder 5
Memorandum regarding emereti benefits submitted by faculty of the Southern Section, 1952
Box 18 Folder 6-7
Committee on Academic Freedom - Memoranda and correspondence, 1965-1970

Includes comments regarding the UC Student Organization Handbook revision; "Save the University" correspondence; a statement by John Isaacs on Department of Defense research funding; an issue of the "Reviled College Inciter" and articles from "The Indicator"; and documents pertaining to the Vietnam war and campus protests.

Box 18 Folder 8
Academic Senate - Resolutions against war research, ca. 1970
Box 18 Folder 9
Academic Senate special committee - George Francis McEwen Memorial Resolution, 1972 March
Box 18 Folder 10-13
Committee on Public Ceremonies - Agenda and minutes, 1965-1969, 1971-1972

Includes agenda, memoranda, and minutes for various public ceremonies at UC San Diego, including the dedication of Revelle College, and the inauguration of Chancellor John S. Galbraith.


Scope and Content of Series

Series 8) SLIDES: Images primarily of figures and diagrams used in Raitt's presentations. Includes a sequence of glass lantern slides from the Marine Physical Laboratory. Slides are numbered according to Raitt's original labelling system.

Box 18 Folder 14
Guadalupe and Decros Islands, 1949 January and March
Box 18 Folder 15
Marine Physical Laboratory (MPL) sea trips from San Diego to Santa Rosa Island, with index, 1949 August
Box 18 Folder 16
Guadalupe Island with Melpomene cave, undated
Box 18 Folder 17
Index to lantern slides for Raitt presentations, 1973

The numbering used in the index corresponds to the "RR" labels on the slides, also referred to as the Medieval System.

Box 19
RR 1-10 - Tonga Trench by Raitt, R. L. Fisher, and R. G. Mason, 1954-1955
Box 19
RR 11-20 - Propagation of Explosive Sound Beneath the Sea Floor, 1956
Box 19
RR 21-26 - Sediment Thickness of the Pacific Sea Floor by R. Revelle and Raitt, 1957
Box 19
RR 27-35 - Topography and Structure of the Pacific Basin (Pt. II) Central Basin by Raitt and H. W. Menard, 1958
Box 19
RR 36-47 - Pacific Oceanic Crust by Raitt and G. G. Shor, Jr., 1959
Box 19
RR 48-51 - Geophysics of the South Pacific, 1963
Box 19
RR 52-57 - Seismic Refraction Studies of the Mendocino Fracture Zone, 1963
Box 19
RR 58-63 - Seismic Refraction Studies of the Indian Ocean by Raitt and G. G. Shor, Jr., 1963
Box 19
RR 64-66 - Is the Mohole a Discontinuity?, 1965
Box 19
RR 67-45, undated

Slides not matched to lectures. Includes: figures; charts of the Pacific Ocean showing SIO temperature probe stations, seismic refraction stations, and site lines and stations from MidPac and Capricorn Expeditions; travel time plots of Capricorn stations; and slides related to sediment thickness.

Box 19
RR 76-83 - Marine Seismic Studies of the Indonesian Island Arc, 1967
Box 20
MPL slides 1-7, 48-55, 113-119, 178-231 (some slides missing), 1946-1953
Box 21
MPL slides 242-250, 289-357 (some slides missing), 1946-1953