James Stewart Papers, 1943-2008 (SMC 0029)

Restrictions: Original media formats in SERIES 10) AUDIOVISUAL MATERIAL are restricted. Users may request viewing copies in advance.
OFF-SITE STORAGE: COLLECTION STORED OFF-SITE. ALLOW ONE WEEK FOR RETRIEVAL OF MATERIALS.

Extent: 10.8 Linear feet (27 archives boxes, 1 card file box, 1 map case folder, and 9 films)

View OnlineSelected images from this collection have been digitized, and can be viewed by clicking on the link. Additional audiovisual materials have been digitized and may be available upon request.

Papers of James Stewart, former chief Diving Officer at the Scripps Institution of Oceanography and scuba training pioneer. The collection contains correspondence, professional materials, writings, photographs, and diving-related subject files and diving manuals.

James Ronald Stewart (b. 1927) first experienced diving as a teenager in the waters off the coast of San Diego, and proved to be an adept diver from a young age. In 1951 he was inducted into the Bottom Scratchers, one of the first free-diving and spearfishing clubs in the country; the admittance rate of the club was notoriously low, and required that applicants achieve such feats as diving 30 feet and retrieving three abalone in a single dive. Like other divers during the 1950s, Stewart was introduced to the advent of scuba diving largely through experimentation, trial and error, and collaboration with other enthusiasts. He received a B.S. in Botany from Pomona College in 1953 and his teaching credential from San Diego State University in 1958. He also studied graduate-level marine botany at both USC and the University of Hawaii.

Stewart's career began as an independent diving consultant and contractor. During the late 1950s he conducted dives as a part-time research diver for the Scripps Institution of Oceanography, traveling to such places as Eniwetok Atoll and Mexico, and assisted Conrad Limbaugh and Andy Rechnitzer with the SIO diving training program. In 1958 he was hired as Field Director for the SIO Kelp Project, and in 1959 he co-discovered the underwater sandfalls at Cabo San Lucas alongside Conrad Limbaugh and Wheeler North. He was named Diving Officer in 1960 after Limbaugh's untimely death, and went on to host the first statewide class on scuba diving at UC Santa Barbara. During the 1960s Stewart spearheaded the initiative to standardize diving procedures and protocol for the University of California and created the University Guide for Diving Safety in 1963. He then went on to develop diving training programs for the National Park Service and the Office of Polar Programs in Antarctica.

Stewart was very involved in diving groups and associations, and guided the standardization of diving safety and protocol across the country. He co-founded the Los Angeles Council of Diving Clubs, the San Diego Council of Divers, the San Diego County Underwater Search and Recovery Program and the San Diego County Coroner's Scuba Death Investigation Committee. He also served as a member of the National Association of Underwater Instructors and the State of California Advisory Board on Underwater Parks and Reserves. James Stewart continued to serve as SIO Chief Diving Officer until his retirement in 1991.

Papers of James Stewart, former chief Diving Officer at the Scripps Institution of Oceanography and scuba training pioneer. The collection contains correspondence, professional materials, writings, photographs, and diving-related subject files and diving manuals. Subjects of note include early diving safety, procedures and protocols; diving instruction; the SIO research diving program; and diving in Antarctica.

Arranged in ten series: 1) BIOGRAPHICAL FILES, 2) CORRESPONDENCE, 3) SUBJECT FILES, 4) PROFESSIONAL DIVING, 5) TEACHING, 6) DIVING ORGANIZATIONS, 7) DIVING MANUALS & GUIDES, 8) WRITINGS, 9) PHOTOGRAPHS & SLIDES and 10) AUDIOVISUAL MATERIAL.

Container List

BIOGRAPHICAL FILES

Scope and Content of Series

SERIES 1) BIOGRAPHICAL FILES: Stewart's biographies, curricula vitae, lists of publications and certificates.

Box 1 Folder 1
Biographies and timelines, assorted, undated
Box 1 Folder 2
Curricula vitae, ca. 1967 - 1984
Box 1 Folder 3
Collected cartoon drawings, undated

Comical sketches on diving, including a caricature of James Stewart.

Box 1 Folder 4
Lists of publications, undated
Box 1 Folder 5
Scientific Collecting Permit, ca. 1960

Marine Resources Branch, Department of Fish and Game, State of California

Box 1 Folder 6
Certificate of Appreciation, National Safety Council, 1966

Accompanied with unidentified comical cartoon of an underwater "Shark Repellant Instruction" class, drawn with chalk.

Box 1 Folder 7
Certificate of Appreciation, Orange Coast College, 1971

CORRESPONDENCE

Scope and Content of Series

SERIES 2) CORRESPONDENCE: Stewart's personal and professional correspondence, arranged chronologically. The series includes a substantial amount of correspondence belonging to Conrad Limbaugh.

Box 1 Folder 8-26
1951 - 1962
Box 2 Folder 1-15
1963 - 1966
Box 3 Folder 1-15
1966 - 1971
Box 4 Folder 1 - 19
1971 - 1978
Box 5 Folder 1-14
1979 - 1992
Box 5 Folder 15-20
1996 - 2001
Box 5 Folder 21
undated

SUBJECT FILES

Scope and Content of Series

SERIES 3) SUBJECT FILES: Stewart's professional files on diving-related topics, including equipment technology, health and safety, and research.

Box 5 Folder 22
Air consumption and bank volume, undated
Box 5 Folder 23
ALVIN, Deep Research Vehicle, 1964
Box 5 Folder 24
Arc-Oxygen Cutting Torches, undated
Box 5 Folder 25
Boils and carbuncles, 1955
Box 5 Folder 26
Bradner, Hugh, 1953 - 1960
Box 5 Folder 27
Breathing Under Water, CBS, 1953 October
Box 6 Folder 1
Carbon monoxide, 1956 - 1957
Box 6 Folder 2
CB radios, 1972
Box 6 Folder 3
Decompression sickness, 1943 - 1985
Box 6 Folder 4
Deep Jeep, 1964 - 1967
Box 6 Folder 5
Deep Sea Digest, 1956
Box 6 Folder 6
Department of Fish and Game, 1958 - 1961
Box 6 Folder 7
Diver's Den, 1960 - 1963
Box 6 Folder 8-10
Diving equipment, 1950 - 1959, undated
Box 6 Folder 11
Diving stores, 1950 - 1959
Box 6 Folder 12
Explosives, 1955 - 1957
Box 6 Folder 13
First aid, 1953
Box 6 Folder 14
Fish, anesthesia, 1957
Box 6 Folder 15
General Electric, undated
Box 6 Folder 16
General Motors Corporation, 1962 - 1963
Box 6 Folder 17
Health problems, skin and SCUBA diving, 1964
Box 6 Folder 18
Kelp, 1955
Box 6 Folder 19
Leica underwater housing unit, 1954
Box 6 Folder 20
Mark I Deep Dive System, 1967
Box 6 Folder 21-22
Mixed gas diving, 1964 - 1965, undated
Box 6 Folder 23
Mixed Gas Regulator, 1965 - 1968
Box 7 Folder 1
NASA Neutral Buoyancy Laboratory, 1987
Box 7 Folder 2
Offshore real estate, SIO, 1974 - 1975
Box 7 Folder 3
Operation Fragrant Flower, 1955
Box 7 Folder 4
OSHA, 1976
Box 7 Folder 5
Quast, Jay, 1961
Box 7 Folder 6
Recompression, 1957 - 1959
Box 7 Folder 7
Rip currents, undated

Hand-drawn illustrations.

Rip currents, oversized drawings, undated
Box 7 Folder 8-12
San Diego-La Jolla Underwater Park, 1969 - 2008

Correspondence and documents detailing the acqusition of offshore submerged lands.

Box 7 Folder 13
SEALAB I, 1964
Box 7 Folder 14-16
SEALAB II, 1965
SEALAB II site plans, oversized, 1965
Box 7 Folder 17-18
Sharks, 1955 - 1984

Correspondence and annotated papers and articles regarding shark attacks and shark repellants.

Box 8 Folder 1
Sharks (cont.), 1955 - 1984
Box 8 Folder 2
The Skin Diver, 1951 - 1958
Box 8 Folder 3
Skin diving, 1952, 1964
Box 8 Folder 4
Soviet-American-Vietnamese Indian Ocean Research Expedition, 1989
Box 8 Folder 5
Underwater photography, 1952
Box 8 Folder 6
Underwater welding, undated
Box 8 Folder 7
Western Outdoor Publishing Corporation, 1953 - 1955

PROFESSIONAL DIVING

Scope and Content of Series

SERIES 4) PROFESSIONAL DIVING: Informational files, contracts, professional correspondence, forms and documentation pertaining to Stewart's professional work for Kelco, the National Park Service, the Scripps Institution of Oceanography, the Office of Polar Programs in Antarctica and the city of San Diego.

Arranged in four subseries: A) Contracts, B) SIO Diving, C) Antarctica and D) San Diego.

Contracts

Box 8 Folder 8
Kelco, 1953 - 1954

National Park Service

Box 8 Folder 9-11
Correspondence, 1966 - 1985
Box 8 Folder 12
Policy and guidelines, ca. 1970 - 1980

Some material annotated by James Stewart.

Box 8 Folder 13
Training material, ca. 1966 - 1980
Box 8 Folder 14
Divers, ca. 1966 - 1980
Box 8 Folder 15
Photographs, 1972
Box 8 Folder 16
Guest lecture agreements, miscellaneous, 1967 - 1969
Box 8 Folder 17
Calfiornia State University, 1984
Box 8 Folder 18
National Science Foundation, 1998

SIO Diving

Box 8 Folder 19
Job description cards, 1961 - 1989
Box 8 Folder 20
Safety Committee, 1952 - 1956
Box 9 Folder 1-3
Certifying Board, 1954 - 1963
Box 9 Folder 4
Diving Control Board, 1967 - 1994
Box 9 Folder 5
Diving officers, meeting minutes and memos, 1971 - 1976
Box 9 Folder 6
Sea Grant Diving Program, 1970 - 1973
Box 9 Folder 7
Research Diving Program, 1975 - 1994
Box 9 Folder 8
Cal OSHA, 1977 - 1982
Box 9 Folder 9
Capricorn Expedition, 1952
Box 9 Folder 10
South Branch, Scripps Submarine Canyon, 1952
Box 9 Folder 11
Underwater mine located near SIO, 1952
Box 9 Folder 12
Sumner Branch, Scripps Canyon, 1953
Box 9 Folder 13
Cabo San Lucas, 1959
Box 9 Folder 14
Expedition to Guadalupe Island, 1960
Box 9 Folder 15
Saucer dive, Cousteau, 1964 February 3
Box 9 Folder 16
Cabo San Lucas, 1965
Box 9 Folder 17-19
Accident reports, 1955 - 1960
Box 10 Folder 1-3
Accident reports, 1960 - 1994
Box 10 Folder 4-5
Diving safety and emergency protocol, 1958 - 1990
Box 10 Folder 6-14
Diving logs, 1953 - 1981
Box 10 Folder 15-16
SCUBA rules and regulations, 1954, 1956
Box 11 Folder 1
SCUBA rules and regulations, 1971 - 1990
Box 11 Folder 2-6
Lists of divers, 1952 - 1969
Box 11 Folder 7
Memoranda to divers, 1958 - 1971
Box 11 Folder 8
Permits, 1971 - 1976
Box 11 Folder 9-11
Collection diving examinations, miscellaneous, ca. 1971 - 1884
Box 11 Folder 12
Diving equipment, 1956 - 1957
Box 11 Folder 13
Training pools, 1956 - 1957
Box 11 Folder 14
Camp Matthews swimming pool, 1960 - 1963
Box 11 Folder 15
Diving locker, 1966 - 1968
Box 11 Folder 16
Purchases and repairs, 1975 - 1976
Box 11 Folder 17
Boats, 1975 - 1981

Antarctica

Correspondence

Box 11 Folder 18-19
1973 - 1983
Box 12 Folder 1-11
1984 - 1994
Box 13 Folder 1-9
1995 - 2000
Box 13 Folder 10
McMurdo Station, general information, 1974
Box 13 Folder 11
Travel and accomodations, 1974, 1980 - 1982

Research diving

Box 13 Folder 12-13
Diving protocol and safety, 1967 - 1991
Box 14 Folder 1
Diving protocol and safety, 1993 - 1995
Box 14 Folder 2-5
Diving logs, 1981 - 1999
Box 14 Folder 6
Accident reports, 1981
Box 14 Folder 7-8
Mark T. MacMillan, McMurdo Station, 1987 November 14

Projects

Box 14 Folder 9-13
Miscellaneous, 1970 - 1995
Box 15 Folder 1-2
Miscellaneous, 1995 - 1999
Box 15 Folder 3
Regulator test project, 1992 - 1993
Box 15 Folder 4
Water pollution projects, 1992 - 1994
Box 15 Folder 5
Research vessels, 1991

Groups

Box 15 Folder 6
Naval Support Force Antarctica, 1987
Box 15 Folder 7
AAUS Polar Diving Workshop, 1991
Box 15 Folder 8
Office of Polar Programs, National Science Foundation, 2001 - 2002
Box 15 Folder 9
U.S. Antarctica Research Program Personnel Manual, 1970
Box 15 Folder 10
Antarctica: Science and Survival lecture series by James Stewart, ca. 1982
Box 15 Folder 11
Guidelines for Conduct of Scientific Diving, Office of Polar Programs, National Science Foundation, 1994 August

San Diego

Box 15 Folder 12
SCUBA courses, Parks and Recreation Department, 1958 - 1959
Box 15 Folder 13
Natural Landmark Evaluation, NPS, 1974

Forms, correspondence, and reports prepared by James Stewart in evaluating La Jolla Submarine Canyon, Scripps Submarine Canyon, La Jolla Underwater Park & Ecological Reserve and Point Loma.

Box 15 Folder 14
San Diego State University Diving Program, 1974
Box 15 Folder 15
Survey of diver rescues, San Diego Council of Divers, 1980 - 1983
Box 15 Folder 16
San Diego Council of Diving Clubs, ca. 1958 - 1961, undated
Box 15 Folder 17
Bathymetric maps, miscellaneous, undated

TEACHING

Scope and Content of Series

SERIES 5) TEACHING: Stewart's instructional materials from his work for the University of California and the State of California. Includes applications, general information and correspondence, written exam templates and lectures.

Box 16 Folder 1-3
Applications and enrollment, miscellaneous, 1965 - 1981
Box 16 Folder 4
Medical standards and physical requirements, form templates, ca. 1954 - 1989
Box 16 Folder 5
SCUBA written exams, 1966, undated
Box 16 Folder 6
SCUBA written exams, 1970 - 1984, undated
Box 16 Folder 7
SCUBA class schedules and training information, unidentified, undated
Box 16 Folder 8-15
Diving classes, miscellaneous, 1952 - 1971
Box 17 Folder 1-6
Diving classes, miscellaneous, 1972 - 1996

Folder 6 includes, "Statenent of scientific diving history at University of California," inked to a diving course schedule.

Box 17 Folder 7
Lecture on Hans Keller 820' dive, 1960
Box 17 Folder 8
UC Santa Barbara, 1960 - 1961
Box 17 Folder 9
Lecture III, 1967
Box 17 Folder 10
UCLA, 1968
Box 17 Folder 11
Marine Medicine continuing medical education program, 1989 July 10

DIVING ORGANIZATIONS

Scope and Content of Series

SERIES 6) DIVING ORGANIZATIONS: General information and correspondence pertaining to Stewart's work and affiliation with diving associations, arranged alphabetically.

Box 17 Folder 12-13
American Academy of Underwater Sciences, 1983 - 1989
Box 17 Folder 14
American Association for Inhalation Therapy, 1967
Box 17 Folder 15
American Littoral Society, 1962
Box 17 Folder 16
British Sub-Aqua Club, 1959 - 1962
Box 18 Folder 1
Bureau of Commercial Fisheries, Department of the Interior, undated
Box 18 Folder 2
California State Fisheries Laboratory, 1953 - 1955
Box 18 Folder 3
Ceylon Reefcombers Club, 1955 - 1956
Box 18 Folder 4-8
Department of Parks and Recreation, County of Los Angeles, 1951 - 1958
Box 18 Folder 9
Fisheries Research Board of Canada, 1960 - 1962
Box 18 Folder 10
Governmental Scientific Diving Program, 1991

Institute of Marine Resources (IMR)

Box 18 Folder 11-12
Kelp Investigations Program, 1955 - 1958
Box 18 Folder 13
SCUBA Training Program, 1958, 1968
Box 18 Folder 14
National Association of Underwater Instructors, 1990
Box 18 Folder 15
Nevada Desert Divers, Inc., 1955 - 1957
Box 18 Folder 16
Panel on Underwater Swimmers, National Research Council, 1951 - 1957
Box 19 Folder 1
Perry Submarine Builders, Inc., 1964
Perry Submarine Builders, Inc. , 1966

Submarine floating storage and service platform blueprint.

Box 19 Folder 2
Scientific Diving Consultants, 1956 - 1963
Box 19 Folder 3
Skin-Diving Committee of the National Association of Biology Teachers, 1955
Box 19 Folder 4
Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, 1985 - 1986
Box 19 Folder 5
Stanford University, 1983
Box 19 Folder 6
Recreation Commission, State of California, 1955 - 1956
Box 19 Folder 7-8
UC Santa Barbara, 1962 - 1971
Box 19 Folder 9
Undersea Medical Society, 1967
Box 19 Folder 10
Underwater Explorers Society, undated
Box 19 Folder 11
Underwater Society of America, 1963 - 1964
Box 19 Folder 12-14
University of California Statewide Committee on the Use of SCUBA, ca. 1951 - 1958
Box 19 Folder 15-16
University-National Oceanographic Laboratory System, 1985, undated
Box 19 Folder 17
USC Scientific Diving Program, undated

DIVING MANUALS & GUIDES

Universities

Box 19 Folder 18
University of Michigan, 1966, 1971
Box 19 Folder 19
University Conference of Environmental Health and Safety Officers, University of California, 1967
Box 20 Folder 1
Santa Barbara City College, 1968
Box 20 Folder 2
UCLA, 1968
Box 20 Folder 3
UC Santa Barbara, 1968, 1988
Box 20 Folder 4
University of California, 1968
Box 20 Folder 5
Hopkins Marine Station, Stanford University, 1970
Box 20 Folder 6
University of Washington, 1974
Box 20 Folder 7
Florida Institute of Technology, 1977
Box 20 Folder 8
University of Texas at Austin, 1980
Box 20 Folder 9
UC Irvine, 1984
Box 20 Folder 10
Texas A&M University, 1970, 1989

Government and Civic Programs

Box 20 Folder 11
U.S. Divers Corporation, 1954
Box 20 Folder 12
San Diego Council of Diving Clubs, ca. 1960

Prepared by D.R. Alden, Sea Dogs Diving Club.

Box 20 Folder 13
Proposed California state-wide SCUBA manuel, ca. 1963 - 1964
Box 20 Folder 14
Southwest Council of Diving Clubs, 1968, 1972
Box 20 Folder 15
Los Angeles County Underwater Instructors Association, 1972
Box 20 Folder 16
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, 1976
Box 20 Folder 17
Los Angeles District Dive Team, 1983
Box 21 Folder 1
Department of Fish and Game, State of California, 1984
Box 21 Folder 2
SACLANT ASR Research Centre, 1984
Box 21 Folder 3
National Park Service, 1986
Box 21 Folder 4
National Association for Search and Rescue, 1987
Box 21 Folder 5
Michigan Sea Grant College Program, 1990
Box 21 Folder 6
U.S. Antarctic Program, 1990

Private Sector

Box 21 Folder 7
Burnett Electronics Lab Inc., 1967
Box 21 Folder 8
Delco Electronics, 1967
Box 21 Folder 9
Sea Operations Department, AC Electronics, 1967, 1969

WRITINGS

Scope and Content of Series

SERIES 8) WRITINGS: Stewart's papers and notes, as well as an assortment of writings and articles regarding Stewart and diving in general.

Writings by James Stewart

Box 21 Folder 10
Vertical Distribution Study of Marine Organisms, Zoology 299, 1957
Box 21 Folder 11
Shark Attack! Underwater News, 1961 August
Box 21 Folder 12
Man and the Aquatic Environment, California Safety News, 1965 June
Box 21 Folder 13
Carpenter, M. Scott and James R. Stewart. Some Safety Aspects of Outer and Inner Space, 1966

Transcript of talk given at 1966 National Safety Congress.

Box 21 Folder 14
Philosophy and Activities of Scripps Institution of Oceanography and University of California Diving Programs, 1969 June
Box 21 Folder 15
Untitled paper on sport divers, 1969

Abstract of a paper presented at a symposium titled "The Role of the Naval Hospital in the Management of Trauma."

Box 21 Folder 16
Comments on SCUBA Equipment, 1970 May
Box 21 Folder 17
Procedures for Shipboard Diving, 1971 November
Box 21 Folder 18
Stewart, J.G. and J.R. Stewart. Marine Algae of Guadalupe Island, Mexico, including a checklist, Ciencias Marinas, 1984
Box 21 Folder 19
Special Problems of Scientific Diving, ca. 1987
Box 21 Folder 20
Dayton, Paul K. and James Stewart. Antarctic Diving, undated
Box 21 Folder 21
Cooperative Scientific Diving Programs, undated
Box 21 Folder 22
Rough drafts, miscellaneous, undated

Notes

Box 21 Folder 23
Visibility Laboratory, diving notes, 1953 - 1954
Box 21 Folder 24
Rate of ascent, computations, 1955
Box 21 Folder 25
Unidentified diving notes, 1962
Box 21 Folder 26
Second Symposium on Underwater Physiology, 1963 February 25-26
Box 21 Folder 27
Notes on diver with Saucer, 1964 February
Box 21 Folder 28
Marine mammals, 1968, undated
Box 21 Folder 29
Oxygen tables, 1969
Box 21 Folder 30
Repetitive Diving Workshop, Duke University, 1991
Box 21 Folder 31
History of SCUBA, undated
Box 21 Folder 32
Thoughts on Man in the Sea, undated

Writings by Others

Box 21 Folder 33
Diving bibliography, 1957 - 1962
Box 22 Folder 1
Articles about James Stewart, miscellanous, 1959 - 1991
Box 22 Folder 2
Articles and papers on diving, miscellaneous, 1957 - 1975

Marginalia and notes by James Stewart.

Box 22 Folder 3-5
Research reports, U.S. Navy Experimental Diving Unit, 1945 - 1967
Box 22 Folder 6
The Paddleboard Manual, Henry F. Pohl Maluhia Surf Club, 1952
Box 22 Folder 7
Report of the Cooperative Underwater Swimmer Project, 1952 November

Prepared for the Office of Naval Research under the Committee on Amphibious Operations Panel on Underwater Swimmers National Research Council with the cooperation of Amphibious Forces, U.S. Pacific Fleet and Scripps Institution of Oceanography.

Box 22 Folder 8
Pohl, Henry F. Underwater Fishing for Beginners, 1953
Box 22 Folder 9
Hetzel, George F. Instructions for Tooling & Repair of Aqua-Lung. Scripps Institution of Oceanography, 1953 February 6

Includes pictures and diagrams of Aqua-Lung unit.

Box 22 Folder 10
Owen, D.M. Suggestions and Comments on Aqua-Lung Procedure for Oceanographic Divers, 1953 September
Box 22 Folder 11
Review of Divers' Diseases, 1955

John Clark Samazan dive.

Box 22 Folder 12
Wisher, Peter R. Use of the Sign Language in Underwater Communication, ca. 1960
Box 22 Folder 13
Shark Attack: A Hazard of the Business, Men of Action, 1964 Fall
Box 22 Folder 14
Raise a Glass to Stewart, 1969 September

A poem about James Stewart, on the occasion of his birthday celebration.

Box 22 Folder 15
Quast, Jay C. Recollections of the Scripps Kelp Program (July 1958 to July 1961), 2004
Box 22 Folder 16
An Ode to a Friend, undated

A poem about James Stewart, signed Anonymous.

Box 22 Folder 17
Lustig, E.M. Lustig. Please Don't Kill Me, undated

The dangers of compressed air.

PHOTOGRAPHS & SLIDES

Scope and Content of Series

SERIES 9) PHOTOGRAPHS & SLIDES: Includes portraits of James Stewart and other divers, as well as underwater photography and images of work at sea. Includes a large array of slides from Stewart's professional activities in Mexico and Antarctica.

Selected images from this series have been digitized and are available on the Library's Digital Collections website.

Photographs

Portraits of James Stewart

Box 22 Folder 18
Formal portraits, miscellaneous, ca. 1960 - 1980
Box 22 Folder 19
Candid portraits, miscellaneous, ca. 1952 - 1990
Box 22 Folder 20
Stewart with guitarfish in La Jolla Cove, 1945
Box 22 Folder 21
Army Air Corps portrait, ca. 1946
Box 22 Folder 22
Stewart with fish, 1957
Box 22 Folder 23
Underwater diving portrait, 1961

By Ron Church. Photo taken for Skin Diver magazine.

Box 23 Folder 1
Stewart in Trippler Airforce Base Hospital, Honolulu, 1961

Three days after shark attack.

Box 23 Folder 2
Underwater diving portrait, 1962

By Ron Church. Photo taken for Skin Diver magazine.

Box 23 Folder 3
Stewart in wetsuit, SIO pier, 1965
Box 23 Folder 4
Stewart at Commerical Diving Center in Wilmington, CA, ca. 1970
Box 23 Folder 5
Stewart in Antarctica, 1975

Groups & Events

Box 23 Folder 6
Group on Paolina-T, near Guadalupe Island - First Diving Program, 1954 November

Earl Murray, Tom Thiese, John Carter, Chuck Fleming, Andy Rechnitzer and Jim Stewart.

Box 23 Folder 7
World Congress of Underwater Activities, London, 1962
Box 23 Folder 8
Mixed Gas Diving class, U.S. Naval School, 1964
Box 23 Folder 9
14th Underwater Instructors Certification course, 1965
Box 23 Folder 10
Research diving class, 1968

By Bill Ray. Photo taken for Life magazine.

Box 23 Folder 11
Stewart teaching Bureau of Reclamation class, Santa Barbara, 1969
Space shuttle, signed by astronauts, 1979
Box 23 Folder 12
Ellen Browning Scripps Memorial Pier construction, 1982 - 1983
Box 23 Folder 13
Stewart receiving the Craig Hoffman Memorial Safety Award, 1986
Box 23 Folder 14
Ellen Browning Scripps Memorial Pier groundbreaking, 1987 March 26
Box 23 Folder 15
Deep Rover Trials, ca. 1990

Stewart with Phil Sharkey.

Box 23 Folder 16
SIO campus construction, ca. 1999
Box 23 Folder 17
Sealab site visit, 2002
Box 23 Folder 18
Unidentified camping trip, ca. 2002
Box 23 Folder 19
National Safety Council Congress, undated
Box 23 Folder 20
With Christian McDonald and Wayne, undated

Diving

Box 23 Folder 21
Coronado Island, 1957

By Ron Church.

Box 23 Folder 22
Horizon trip, San Diego Zoological Society, ca. 1960
Wake Island, oversized, 1961
Box 23 Folder 23
Frailes Canyon, Baja California, 1963
Box 23 Folder 24
With Scott Glenn, undated
Box 23 Folder 25
Unidentified, undated

Research Vessels

Box 23 Folder 26
Aerojet Minisub, 1954 April

At SIO with Andy Rechnitzer, Jim Kitrage, Conrad Limbaugh and Doug Inman.

Box 23 Folder 27
Unidentified submarines, 1958
Box 23 Folder 28
Beaver submarine, 1964 December
Box 23 Folder 29
"Deep Jeep" submarine, 1967

Bud Mundy and James Stewart.

Slides

Box 23 Folder 30
People, ca. 1954 - 1990

Assorted photos of people and groups in unidentified settings.

Box 23 Folder 31
Miscellaneous slides, ca. 1954 - 1996

Assorted photos of miscellaneous or unidentified landscapes, expeditions and activities.

San Diego

Box 23 Folder 32
La Jolla, 1948 - 1960
Box 23 Folder 33
Scripps Institution of Oceanography, 1954 - 1989
Box 23 Folder 34
Scripps Sea Beam System, ocean floor topography, undated

Dives & work at sea

Box 23 Folder 35
Diving, miscellaneous, ca. 1965 - 1978
Box 23 Folder 36
Fishing, ca. 1953 - 1958
Box 23 Folder 37
Hercules Power Company, 1956
Box 23 Folder 38
UC Santa Barbara class, 1960

"First UC class I taught."

Box 23 Folder 39
Hannes Keller, dive, 1962
Box 23 Folder 40
Los Angeles County class, 1967
Box 23 Folder 41
SIO dive, "botany", 1974
Box 23 Folder 42
Bahamas, 1984
Box 23 Folder 43
Glacier Bay, 1984
Box 24 Folder 1
Smith River, dive, 1985
Box 24 Folder 2
Wake Island, 1985
Box 24 Folder 3
Diving equipment, undated
Box 24 Folder 4
Diving training, undated
Box 24 Folder 5
Glacier Bay, NPS diving training site, undated
Box 24 Folder 6
Palancar Reef, biological survey, undated

Ships and research vessels

Box 24 Folder 10
Saucer dive, Cousteau, 1964 February 3
Box 24 Folder 7
Sealab, 1965
Box 24 Folder 8
R/V New Horizon, 1967, 1988
Box 24 Folder 9
FLIP, 1976
Box 24 Folder 10
Alvin research submersible, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1985
Box 24 Folder 11
R/V Sproul, 1989
Box 24 Folder 12
Remote Underwater Manipulator (RUM), 1989
Box 24 Folder 13
USNS Thomas Washington, 1989
Box 24 Folder 14
R/V Polar Duke, undated

Animals

Box 24 Folder 15
"Marine Science Series," Roberts Enterprises, undated

Sea animals.

Box 24 Folder 16
Sea animals, undated

Photos by Jim Mastro.

Box 24 Folder 17
Sea animals, miscellaneous, undated

Trips

Box 24 Folder 18
Channel Islands, aerial survey, 1958
Box 24 Folder 19
Yosemite National Park, 1967
Box 24 Folder 20
New Zealand, 1969 - 1995
Box 24 Folder 21
Pago Pago, 1970, 1974
Box 24 Folder 22
Idaho, 1972 - 1973
Box 24 Folder 23
Stewart Canyon, 1985

Mexico

Box 24 Folder 24-25
Miscellanous, ca. 1957 - 1991
Box 24 Folder 26
Guadalupe Island, 1954
Box 24 Folder 27
Guaymas, 1956
Box 24 Folder 28
Baja Sur, aerial survey, 1957
Box 24 Folder 29
La Paz, 1957
Box 24 Folder 30
Paradise Cove, 1957
Box 24 Folder 31
Santo Tomas, Mexico, 1957
Box 24 Folder 32
Tampico, Mexico, 1957 - 1958
Box 24 Folder 33
Cabo San Lucas, 1957 - 1959
Box 24 Folder 34
Turtle Bay, 1957, 1959
Box 25 Folder 1
Guadalupe Island, 1960
Box 25 Folder 2
Guaymas, 1960
Box 25 Folder 3
San Carlos, 1961
Box 25 Folder 4
Cabo San Lucas, 1962 - 1965
Box 25 Folder 5
Baja California, taken from space by the Gemini 5, 1965
Box 25 Folder 6
Guadalupe Island, 1975

Micronesia

Box 25 Folder 7
Pacific Islands, miscellaneous
Box 25 Folder 8
Carmarsel Expedition, 1967
Box 25 Folder 9
Jaluit Atoll, dive, 1967
Box 25 Folder 10
Truk Lagoon, 1967

Antarctica

Box 25 Folder 11
1959
Box 25 Folder 12-14
1968 - 1970
Box 25 Folder 15
1972
Box 25 Folder 16-19
1974 - 1975
Box 25 Folder 20
1977 - 1978
Box 25 Folder 21-22
1981 - 1982
Box 25 Folder 23-25
1987 - 1989
Box 26 Folder 1-6
1990 - 1995
Box 26 Folder 7
undated
Box 26 Folder 8
undated

35mm color transparencies.

AUDIOVISUAL MATERIAL

Scope and Content of Series

SERIES 10) AUDIOVISUAL MATERIAL. Original and rare films and sound recordings documenting dives, training protocols, and lectures. Includes Scientific Diving Consultants' 1959 "Underwater Wonders," the original recording of Stewart's oral history interview with Eric Hanauer, and a video of Stewart's retirement lecture, "The History of Research Diving." Formats include 16 and 8mm film, one VHS, and references to digital files. Select films and sound recordings from the series have been digitized and are available upon request.

Arranged in two subseries: A) Film and Video and B) Sound Recordings.

Original media formats in SERIES 10) AUDIOVISUAL MATERIAL are restricted. Users may request viewing copies in advance, or view digital surrogates.

Film and Video

Mexico, 1958

Content unidentified. 8mm.

Restrictions Apply

Underwater Wonders, 1959

Narrated footage of underwater discoveries, including sand-falls, the mating rituals of angelfish and the territorial behaviors of sergeant major fish in Baja California. Underwater photography by Ron Church, Conrad Limbaugh, Wheeler North and Jim Stewart of Scientific Diving Consultants. Written and narrated by Ray Sperry and Phil Chalmers. 16mm film, color, sound, time 00:10:16. Digitized version available upon request.

Original restricted (digital version available).

Guadalupe Island, 1963

Footage of divers spreading an underwater sedative and capturing fish specimens. Reel labeled: "5/4/63 Lee Peterson, Guadalupe Island." Leader labeled: "Photography Branch F TF SF AFFTC-EDWARDS AFB, CALIFORNIA, Subject: Underwater Guadalupe Island." 16mm, b/w, silent, time 00:05:00.

Restrictions Apply

Shark footage, undated

Footage of divers interacting with sharks and experimenting with self-defense maneuvers (including knives and spearguns). Narrator discusses the behaviors of sharks and the dangers that sharks pose to swimmers. 16mm, b/w, sound, time 00:05:00.

Restrictions Apply

Mechanical Effects of Pressure, ca. 1960s

US Navy film explaining the effects of pressure on the body in SCUBA diving. Digitized version available upon request.

Original restricted (digital version available).

Wake Island, ca. 1960s

16mm, color, silent. Footage of Wake Island, including the airport, men constructing a small building on the beach, unidentified scientific instruments and diving scenes. Label reads: "Bill Van Dorn send to Jim Stewart 1/92." Time 00:34:35. Digitized version available upon request.

Original restricted (digital version available).

Underwater Scenes. University of California Production by William Graham Bell, undated

Footage of divers in the Gulf of California interacting with and handling marine life, including eels, fish and octopus. 16mm, color, silent, time 00:30:00.

Restrictions Apply

Venomous sea animals, undated

Film about posionous sea creatures, including fish, snails and jellyfish. Shows defense mechanisms and how they capture, sedate and consume prey. Underwater photography by Ron Church. 16mm, color, sound, time approx. 00:40:00.

Restrictions Apply

Physiology, 1962

16mm film, color, sound. Segment shown by James Stewart to research diving classes at SIO. Discusses the physiological effects of diving, including carbon dioxide poisoning, nitrogen narcosis and decompression sickness. Produced by the U.S. Naval Photographic Center. A title card reads "Sea Power for Security" at the end. Time 00:26:51. Digitized version available upon request.

Original restricted (digital version available).

Box 27 Folder 1
The History of Research Diving (VHS), 1991 September 24

Speakers include Andreas Rechnitzer, Hugh Brader, Paul Dayton, Robert Livingston and James Stewart on the occasion of Stewart's retirement. Time 01:46:13.

Restrictions Apply

Sound Recordings

Box 27 Folder 2
General diving workshop, 1961 September 26

Topics discussed include diver's insurance, diving logs, safety and protocol, free assent and equipment. Speakers include Arthur Flechsig, James Stewart and Wheeler North. Reel-to-reel, time 02:40:00. Digitized version in two parts available upon request.

Original restricted (digital version available).

Box 27 Folder 3
Cousteau Saucer Dive, speech by James Stewart, 1964

Discusses diving safety, underwater communication systems and deep dives. Reel-to-reel recording, time 00:55:00. Digitized version available upon request.

Original restricted (digital version available).

Box 28 Folder 1-10
Oral history interview with Eric Hanauer, 2000 February 10

Audiocassette recordings. A partial transcript of this interview has been cataloged and is available for Reading Room requests in Roger under the call number GV838.672 .S74 2001.

Restrictions Apply