Robert S. Dietz Papers, 1936-1995 (SMC 28)

Restrictions: Original sound recordings are restricted. Listening copies may be available for researchers.

Extent: 9.2 Linear feet (22 archives boxes, 2 card file boxes, and 2 oversize folders)

Digital Content

A small selection of materials from the collection have been digitized. The digitized images may be viewed by searching the phrase "Robert S. Dietz papers" in quotes, on the UC San Diego Library Digital Collections website.

Papers of geologist Robert S. Dietz (1914-1995), including correspondence, writings, and files relating to Jacques Piccard's submersible ocean research vessel, the bathyscaph Trieste.

This text is adapted from a Dietz biography by Deborah Day, 1999.

Robert Sinclair Dietz was born in Westfield, New Jersey, 1914, a son of civil engineer Louis Dietz and Bertha Dietz. He was educated at the University of Illinois from 1933-1941 where he received B.S., M.S. and Ph.D. degrees in geology with a minor in chemistry. He joined ROTC his junior year. While Dietz's degrees were from the University of Illinois, most of his doctoral work was done at the Scripps Institution of Oceanography (SIO) under the direction of his mentor, Francis P. Shepard, who had faculty positions at both institutions before the war. While a student in Illinois, Dietz became interested in the Kentland structure in Indiana and identified it as a meteoric impact site. He wanted to write his dissertation on Kentland, but his professors steered him toward marine geology. Dietz and his fellow graduate student K. O. Emery together with Francis P. Shepard first described the submarine phosphorites off California.

Dietz was unable to obtain employment as a marine geologist after receiving his doctorate, as this field was not yet recognized. He was called to active duty as a ground officer in the U.S. Army Air Corps with the 91st Observation Squadron in Fort Lewis, Washington, and served as a pilot with many missions in South America. World War II, he remained in the reserves for an additional fifteen years and retired as a lieutenant colonel.

After his wartime military service, Dietz received a letter from Dr. Eugene LaFond, a colleague he had met at Scripps, asking him to organize a sea-floor studies group at the Navy Electronics Laboratory (NEL) in San Diego. Dietz accepted and became the founder and director of the Sea Floor Studies Section of NEL. This position included an opportunity to be a geological oceanographer on Admiral Richard E. Byrd's last expedition to Antarctica, the navy-sponsored Operation HIGHJUMP. While at NEL, Dietz participated in several joint NEL-SIO oceanographic cruises to explore the Pacific basin, notably MidPac in 1950. H. William Menard and Dietz delineated the Cape Mendocino submarine scarp on MidPac; Menard later described its fracture zone as a type locality. Working with Robert Dill, they made the first map of the deep sea fan at the mouth of Monterey Submarine Canyon that showed large amounts of sediments channeled into the deep sea from the continent.

Dietz's laboratory purchased the first Canadian "aqua-lungs" invented by Emile Gagnan and Jacques Cousteau, and NEL Sea Floor Studies Section scientists became proficient in their use. In 1953 the group together with several members of the SIO staff formed a private consulting firm called Geological Diving Consultants. GDC was hired by major oil companies interested in initiating oil exploration off the central California coast. GDC's seafloor geological maps were used in the discovery of two major oil fields off Santa Barbara and Point Conception. Dietz contributed directly by making hundreds of dives along the California and Baja California coasts.

Dietz, SIO diving officers Conrad Limbaugh and James Stewart, Robert Dill, Francis Shepard and others at NEL/SIO made ten cruises to the Gulf of California, mapping and diving at the heads of submarine canyons. They filmed underwater footage and made still photographs of the geological processes in canyon heads. This work contributed to publications including Shepard and Dill's Submarine Canyons and other Valleys of the Sea Floor, the Marine Geology chapter in Shepard's book, Submarine Geology, and van Andel and Shor, eds. Marine Geology of the Gulf of California. Dietz's experiences as a scuba diver increased his awareness of the value of in situ studies and the potential value of submersibles as a scientific tool.

Dietz served as an adjunct professor at the Scripps Institution of Oceanography from 1950-1963, coincident with his service at the Naval Electronics Laboratory, 1946-1963. At his home at La Jolla Shores he hosted discussions among marine geologists and graduate students. These years in California were interrupted in 1953 when Dietz served as a Fulbright Scholar at the University of Tokyo, and again from 1954-1958 when he served with the Office of Naval Research (ONR) in London. His fellowship in Japan enabled him to study trans-Pacific transmission of underwater sound from the 1952 Myojin-sho eruption and to become familiar with Japanese Hydrographic Office studies of the submarine geology of the Northwest Pacific basin. He became interested in and named the Emperor chain of seamounts that extended from the northwest end of the Hawaiian Island-Midway chain and speculated over lunch with Robert Fisher in 1953 that something must be carrying these old volcanic mountains northward like a conveyer belt. The papers he published during this period, combined with the work of others, posed some of the fundamental questions connected with plate tectonic theory. Dietz became an early and convincing proponent of continental drift, and he wrote incisive papers contributing to the concept he called sea-floor spreading.

While stationed in London, Dietz met Jacques Piccard through Jacques Cousteau. Dietz knew of Piccard's design for the French submersible FNRS-3, and he offered to promote ONR support for the construction of the bathyscaph Trieste. This was successful, and Trieste was tested in sea trials off Capri. Piccard, Dietz, and Dr. Andreas Rechnitzer of NEL formulated a plan for a Trieste manned deep dive into the western Pacific trench to prove the utility of the bathyscaph as a research tool for NEL. On January 23, 1960, Piccard, accompanied by US Navy Lt. Donald Walsh, made the deepest dive, 35,800 feet, almost seven miles to the seafloor in the Challenger Deep, a location southwest of Guam surveyed by SIO geologist Robert Fisher as the deepest ocean trench in the world. Dietz and Piccard coauthored a book describing this feat entitled Seven Miles Down: The Story of the Bathyscaph TRIESTE (New York: Putnam, 1961).

In 1963, Dietz was asked by Dr. Harris B. Stewart to join and expand the oceanographic and geological studies group within the U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey in Washington, DC. These were the post-Sputnik years when American oceanographers were pushing to develop a "wet NASA" to focus attention on oceanography "inner space." The Survey moved its research offices to Miami where it became the Environmental Sciences Administration (ESSA). ESSA was absorbed into the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) when it was created. Dietz was instrumental in forming a team of marine biologists and geophysicists within NOAA similar to the Sea Floor Studies Group at NEL. Dietz presented papers to scientists and to the public to publicize NOAA studies and developments in plate tectonics. These papers often included the cartoons of his NOAA colleague John Holden. Changes in governmental priorities de-emphasized geology and geophysics within NOAA just as Dietz reached retirement age in 1975.

After leaving NOAA, Dietz accepted positions as a visiting professor at the University of Illinois in 1974, Washington State University, 1975-1976, and Washington University, St. Louis, in 1976- 1977. In 1977, he accepted a tenured faculty position at Arizona State University and became emeritus faculty in 1985, although he continued research and publication until his death.

Dietz traveled widely in the American west and was appointed chief scientific consultant for the Barringer Crater Company, owners of Meteor Crater, because of his expertise in meteoric impacts. He was a popular teacher and led many field trips for his introductory courses to the Grand Canyon and other points of geological interest. After his retirement, he became interested in the publications of creation scientists and their assertions that the Grand Canyon was much younger than suggested by geologists, created on a time scale consistent with biblical texts. He attended creationist science conferences, corresponded with conference speakers, and visited exhibits representing their point of view. Dietz collaborated with scientific illustrator John C. Holden on a book entitled Creation/Evolution Satiricon: Creationism Bashed (Winthrop, WA: Bookmaker, 1987), which refuted creationist views of earth history.

Throughout his career, Dietz made many significant contributions in the fields of geology, marine geomorphology, and oceanography. Edwin Hamilton, one of the first geologists he recruited at NEL, noted that in geomorphology, Dietz contributed original work in geomorphic evolution of the continental terrace, in the origin of continental slopes and margins, in the development of the Hawaiian swell, and in the development of the abrupt change in slope at the continental margins. He contributed broadly to knowledge of the geomorphology of the northwest Pacific and the Arctic basin. Dietz contributed to an understanding of turbidity-current channels, and sedimentation in the continental terrace and in the deep Pacific.

Dietz was well known for his advocacy of continental drift and for the term "sea-floor spreading," which he coined. Dietz was interested in lunar craters as a graduate student and returned to the interest during the last years of his professional career. He achieved prominence by studying meteorite craters, both on Earth and on the moon, and arguing that these impact craters were common. He long argued, in opposition to economic geologists, that the nickel-iron rich deposit of Sudbury Basin in Ontario, Canada, resulted from a meteoric impact. He used shatter coning to identify impact sites including the Ries and Steinheim basins in Germany (1958) and the Vredefort Ring in South Africa (1961). He coined the phrase "astrobleme" to describe impact structures created by high energy extraterrestrial objects striking the earth. He lived long enough to see most of his findings, called iconoclastic by his colleagues in the 1950s and 1960s, confirmed. Dietz was a very independent thinker characterized by his colleagues as one of the foremost geologists of his generation, and characterized by historians as one of the modern proponents of catastrophism. He called himself an astrogeologist. Dietz enjoyed discussion of new ideas. He often recognized the significance and implications of discoveries made by others earlier than the discoverers themselves, and he urged his students and colleagues to write about their discoveries in the widest context of geology.

Dietz received many distinguished honors during his career; among these were the Walter H. Bucher Medal of the American Geophysical Union, the Gold Medal of the Department of Commerce, the Alexander von Humboldt Prize (West Germany), and the Penrose Medal of the Geological Society of America.

Robert Sinclair Dietz died of a heart attack on Friday, May 19, 1995, at his home in Tempe, Arizona.


Dietz, Robert S. "Earth, Sea, and Sky: Life and Times of a Journeyman Geologist." Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Science 22 (1994), 1-32.

"Dietz, Robert Sinclair." McGraw-Hill Modern Scientists and Engineers v. 1 (1980), 290-291.

Papers of geologist Robert S. Dietz (1914-1995), including biographical materials, correspondence, writings, and files relating to Jacques Piccard's submersible ocean research vessel, the bathyscaph Trieste. The collection contains two fairly small series containing Dietz's letters and a limited selection of his research files on various topics, including meteor craters, astroblemes, continental margins, plate tectonics, ocean basins, and Soviet oceanography. The more significant series include thorough documentation of his writings and publications, including reports authored while Dietz was a Scientific Liaison Officer at the London Office of Naval Research (ONR), his formative research papers on the theory of continental drift, and Dietz's intellectual confrontations with creationists in the public sphere. The collection also includes papers and sound recordings relating to the important research collaboration between Dietz, the ONR, the U.S. Navy Electronics Laboratory and Swiss explorer and inventor Jacques Piccard, which resulted in record-breaking deep ocean dives in Piccard's bathyscaph Trieste off the coast of Guam in 1959 and 1960.


Container List


Scope and Content of Series

Series 1) BIOGRAPHICAL: A selection of materials including personnel files, awards, photographs and publicity documenting the life and career of Robert Dietz.

Box 1 Folder 1
Box 1 Folder 2
Curriculum vitae
Box 1 Folder 3
University of Illinois - Master's degree certificate, 1939
Box 1 Folder 4-9
Navy and federal civilian personnel records, 1936-1974
Box 1 Folder 10-11
Honors, awards and appointments, 1936-1994
Box 1 Folder 12
Certificates, 1964-1986

Includes certificates for Dietz's participation in submersible research, including the R/V Ben Franklin, Aluminaut, and a diving saucer to Scripps Canyon in 1964. Additional certificates documenting achievements may also be found in Dietz's Navy and federal civilian personnel records, and the Honors, Awards and Achievements folders.

Box 1 Folder 13-14
Photographs of Robert Dietz, 1938-1988
Box 2 Folder 1
Photographs from TransPac Expedition, Japan, 1953
Box 2 Folder 2
Geological Diving Consultants clipping, undated
Box 2 Folder 3-6
Press releases and publicity, 1938-1970
Box 22 Folder 9
Pencil portrait by H. Ishida, 1961 November 22
Box 2 Folder 7
Dietz family genealogy, 1961, 1985
Box 2 Folder 8
Atlantic Oceanographic & Meteorological Labs (AOML) personnel files, 1963-1975

Includes statement of highlights of scientific contributions written by Dietz.

Box 2 Folder 9
Letter to brother Lew Dietz, repaying 1934 tuition assistance, 1985
Box 2 Folder 10
Biographical profiles, 1985-1994
Box 2 Folder 11
Profile on Dietz and Harry Hess by Robert Stevenson, undated

Typescript covers background on Dietz and Hess, and the nearly simultaneous development of their respective ocean basin origin theories in 1960. Original folder states title of Stevenson book was to be Oceanography for Astronauts.

Box 2 Folder 12
Dietz Bluff, Antarctica - Photographs and articles, 1987-1988
Box 2 Folder 13
Penrose Medal - Geological Society of America, 1988
Box 2 Folder 14
Honorary doctorate, Arizona State University - Acceptance speech and publicity, 1988
Oversize FB-549 Folder 15
Honorary doctorate, Arizona State University, 1988
Box 2 Folder 15
Memo of conversation with Rex Dietz regarding R. Dietz's photographs of the 1968 Soviet invasion of Prague, 1988

Some of Dietz's photographs were published in Life Magazine v. 65, no. 10 in September 1968.

Box 2 Folder 16
Asteroid 4666 Dietz - Photographs and articles, 1993


Scope and Content of Series

Series 2) CORRESPONDENCE: Arranged chronologically. Early correspondence discusses research topics, the NEL, SIO personalities, and expeditions such as TransPac. A selection of letters from the 1950s and early 1960s document the effort to bring Jacques Piccard's bathyscaphe Trieste to the United States for deep ocean diving experiments, which supplements materials in the BATHYSCAPH TRIESTE series. Important correspondents include E. L. Hamilton and Gordon Lill.

Box 3 Folder 1-16
1939-1995, and undated


Scope and Content of Series

Series 3) BATHYSCAPH TRIESTE: Materials in this series document Dietz's role in important research collaborations between London's Office of Naval Research, Jacques Piccard, and the U.S. Navy Electronics Laboratory regarding reinforcement and testing of the bathyscaph Trieste. It includes correspondence, reports, memoranda, diving logs, sound recordings and research files on submersibles and deep ocean diving dating primarily from 1956 to 1964. Specifically, it includes original records relating to the development and execution of Project Nekton. The Project Nekton operation was a series of manned shallow test dives and deep dives off the coast of Guam, which culminated in Trieste submerging to a record-setting depth of approximately 35,800 feet in the Challenger Deep, at the southern end of the Mariana Trench. The series includes both paper documentation and sound recordings that were referenced by Dietz and Piccard for the publication of their book Seven Miles Down: The Story of the Bathyscaph Trieste (1961).

Arranged in four subseries: A) Papers and Records, B) Sound Recording Transcripts, C) Audiocassettes, D) Dictaphone Belts.

A) Papers and Records: Dietz's paper documentation relating to Trieste and deep-submersible research. Includes correspondence, technical memoranda (primarily from the US Navy teams associated with Project Nekton), diving logs, and photographs.

B) Sound Recording Transcripts: In 2000, sixty-one Dictabelts from the Dietz collection believed to contain content related to Trieste were reformatted to audiocassette, and the recordings were also transcribed at that time. This subseries contains a transcript for all sixty-one reformatted recordings, in addition to a small selection of additional transcripts generated from other original recordings (not in the collection) made during Trieste dives around 1960. Content on the tapes not related to the unique history of the Trieste (i.e., speakers reading from manuscripts or commenting on manuscript edits, probably related to Seven Miles Down), was not transcribed.

C) Audiocassettes: These audiocassettes are reformatted and remastered recordings of sixty-one Dictaphone belts from the Dietz Papers, a project that was completed in 2000 as a joint preservation effort between the SIO Archives and the U.S. Navy. Most of the recordings contain observations, recollections, and commentary on the Trieste's Project Nekton dives, and in some recordings, the speakers (primarily Dietz, Jacques Piccard, and Andreas Rechnitzer) appear to be referring to notes, memoranda, or manuscripts. The recordings date from between 1958 and 1963. At the time of processing, any notations that were written on the Dictabelt envelopes were copied and transcribed onto the cassette cases; these notations have been recorded in the finding aid. Full transcripts of these recordings are also available in the preceding subseries. The sixty-one Dictabelt recordings were reformatted onto fourteen audiocassette tapes, and there are two copies of each tape. The audiocassettes were digitized in 2008, and digital versions of the recordings are available to researchers upon request.

D) Dictaphone Belts: Dietz's papers originally contained almost 100 Dictaphone belt sound recordings which were created by Dietz, Jacques Piccard, Andreas Rechnitzer, and others. Fifty-four of these belts were in a box Dietz labelled, "Trieste B'Scaph File Letters." Other belts were found throughout the collection. In preparation for reformatting, the belts were gathered and arranged alphabetically by the given title on the original envelopes (so similar titles, like "Big Dive" or "San Diego Dives" could be grouped together) and all notations, including dates, were transcribed and transferred to the finding aid. For organization, the belts were given unique sequential numbers by archives staff. In 2000, sixty-one belts that were appraised and considered likely to contain important content were reformatted to audiocassette and transcribed; in 2008, the audiocassettes were digitized. While the original belts are restricted, the reformatted versions and transcripts are available for research.

Papers and Records

Box 4 Folder 1
Photographs of Trieste and Trieste II, ca. 1953-1964

Includes images of the 1961 launch off San Diego, 1964 launch of Trieste II, Jacques and Auguste Piccard, and artistic renderings of submersibles.

Box 4 Folder 2
Photographs of echograms showing illusion of Trieste landing on bottom, undated
Box 4 Folder 3
News clippings on Trieste, 1957-1962
Box 4 Folder 4
Proposal by A. and J. Piccard for collaboration between the National Science Foundation…with the bathyscaph Trieste, 1954
Box 4 Folder 5
Resolution submitted to the Symposium on Aspects of Deep Sea Research, 1956 March 1
Box 4 Folder 6
Technical memorandum 2-57 - Translation of French papers concerning diving results of the bathyscaph FRNS-3, 1956-1957
Box 4 Folder 7-10
Trieste - Reports and memoranda, 1956-1960
Oversize FB-549 Folder 15
Plans, elevation (bow and stern) and longitudinal section of deep-diving submersible, 1957 June

Designed and drawn by Lt John B. Stubbs.

Box 4 Folder 11
Press release - Bathyscaph Trieste in the Mediterranean, 1957 February 27
Box 4 Folder 12
Preliminary report of the Hudson Laboratories Bathyscaphe program, 1957 July-October
Box 4 Folder 13
Preliminary Reports on the 1957 Scientific Investigations with the Bathyscaph Trieste, 1957
Box 4 Folder 14
The 1957 Diving Program of the Bathyscaph Trieste, by A. B. Rechnitzer, 1959 December 28

NEL Report 941.

Box 4 Folder 15
Reprints signed by J. Piccard (in French) on Trieste dives, 1957-1958
Box 4 Folder 16
Accounts and paper "Misadventures at Capri" on 1957 Trieste dives off Capri, 1957-1959

Includes typescripts of diving log.

Box 4 Folder 17
Project Nekton - Proposal for official recognition and support, ca. 1958
Box 4 Folder 18
Calendar of events and dive reports from San Diego, 1959
Box 4 Folder 19
Project Nekton negatives, ca. 1959

Black and white images of people socializing and examining papers, including Dietz and Piccard.

Box 4 Folder 20
Project Nekton manuscript, ca. 1960
Box 4 Folder 21
Diving notes from 1953-1959 - Commentary on Trieste dives off Italy, San Diego, and Guam, undated
Box 4 Folder 22
French Navy bathyscaph B-11,000, ca. 1960
Box 4 Folder 23
History of the bathyscaph - Notes and manuscripts, ca. 1960
Box 4 Folder 24
Jacques Piccard - Notes and biographical data by R. Dietz, ca. 1960
Box 4 Folder 25
Trieste diving log, Loma Sea Valley, 1961 September 14
Box 4 Folder 26
Archimede (French bathyscaph) - Ocean floor negatives, Kuril Trench, 1962
Box 22 Folder 12
NEL flier on Trieste II - Includes research program summary, diagram, etc., 1964
Box 4 Folder 27
Francis Shepard - Recollections of Trieste dive in La Jolla Canyon, 1964 March 7
Box 4 Folder 28
25th anniversary of the Trieste deep dive - Booklet, 1985

Sound Recording Transcripts

Box 5 Folder 1
Dives #61 and #64, 1959-1960

Includes transcript of live action report from observers standing by during Dive #61, as well as a version of a transcript adapted from dictabelts 15-18.

Box 5 Folder 2
Dive #63, 1959

Transcript of live action report.

Box 5 Folder 3
Dive #69, 1960 January 9

Transcript of live action report.

Box 5 Folder 4-5

Typed transcript of 61 recordings reformatted to audiocassette from Dietz's collection of plastic Dictaphone belts. Speakers include Robert Dietz, Jacques Piccard, Andreas Rechnitzer, and an unidentified speaker. The content is primarily observations, commentary, and recollections concerning Trieste dives, in particular dives made in the Challenger Deep, and off the coast of Italy and San Diego.

Box 5 Folder 6
Piccard's recollection of Trieste construction in 1952
Box 5 Folder 7
History of Trieste and its coming to the U.S., by R. Dietz, undated
Box 5 Folder 8
History of Project Nekton and report of 1954 Trieste dive with Dr. Pollini, Italy, undated
Box 5 Folder 9
Project Nekton - "The Big Dive" accounts by Piccard, Walsh and Dietz, 1959-1960


Box 23 Folder 1
Dictabelts 1-5 - Reformatted, undated

"The Big Dive" to 37,800 in the Trieste, Jacques Piccard dictating. Skips/repeats throughout. Time 01:05:31.

Box 23 Folder 2
Dictabelts 6-10 - Reformatted, 1960

(6) Comments on the "Big Dive" by R. Dietz to complete J. Piccard's description. (7) "On Big Dive," J. Piccard #2, 4 March. (8) Dive to 37,000 feet, #1, 1960 January 14. (9-10) Tape just before big dive from NGD—first part has pieces from Rex and Drew, 1960 January. Time 00:56:23.

Box 23 Folder 3
Dictabelts 11-14 - Reformatted, undated

R. Dietz. Time 00:47:31.

Box 23 Folder 4
Dictabelts 15-18 - Reformatted, 1960

(15-16) Dive #61 - J. Piccard and A. Rechnitzer, depth of 18,000 ft., J. Piccard dictating. (17-18) Dive #64, 24,000 ft., J. Piccard, tapes #1-2. Time 00:40:57.

Box 23 Folder 5
Dictabelts 19-22 - Reformatted, 1960 July

(19-20) Dive log. (21) Dietz on the Bathysonde. (22) From J. Piccard, 1960 July 14. Time 00:54:02.

Box 23 Folder 6
Dictabelts 23-25 - Reformatted, undated

(23-25) Italian dive, R. Dietz, 8 March. Skips/repeats throughout. Actual recording of the dive starts at time 4:00 (the first part records a child singing, nothing to do with the dive). Time 00:39:52.

Box 23 Folder 7
Dictabelts 26-29 - Reformatted, undated

(26-28) Italian dive, R. Dietz. (29) Italy dive with Pollini, J. Piccard #5, March 3. Time 00:54:27.

Box 23 Folder 8
Dictabelts 30-35 - Reformatted, undated

(30-33) J. Piccard, February 27. (34) J. Piccard to R. Dietz. (35) J. Piccard on seepage of Trieste. Time 01:24:29.

Box 23 Folder 9
Dictabelts 36-40 - Reformatted, 1960 May 27

(36-40) Last comments. Time 01:18:14.

Box 23 Folder 10
Dictabelts 41-45 - Reformatted, 1960

(41-42) Neptune. (43) Newton, J. Piccard, March 4. (44-45) Phantom bottom, R. Dietz #1-2, 1960 December 7. Time 01:14:07.

Box 23 Folder 11
Dictabelts 46-50 - Reformatted, undated

(46) Rechnitzer on 19,000 ft. dive. (47-49) San Diego dives, J. Piccard, March 3. (50) R. Dietz on dives of Trieste off San Diego, 1958-1959 September. Time 01:11:40.

Box 23 Folder 12
Dictabelts 51-55 - Reformatted, undated

Time 01:59:39. Untitled; no description available.

Box 23 Folder 13
Dictabelts 56-60 - Reformatted, 1960, 1962

(56) #1 May 25. (57) Untitled, May 26. (58-59) Untitled, 1960 July 4. (60) Untitled, 1962 August 26. Time 01:06:34.

Box 23 Folder 14
Dictabelts (unnumbered) - Reformatted, 1959-1960

Side A: 1) Big Dive, and 2) 1960 January 14. Side B: "Sample" 1) J. Piccard #1, and 2) Neptune. Time 00:54:27.

Box 23 Folder 15-28
Full duplicate set of audiocassettes

Dictaphone Belts

Box 24 Folder 1
Dictabelts 1-5, undated

"The Big Dive" to 37,800 in the Trieste, Jacques Piccard dictating.

Box 24 Folder 2
Dictabelt 6, undated

Comments on the "Big Dive" by R. Dietz to complete J. Piccard's description.

Box 24 Folder 3
Dictabelt 7, undated

"On Big Dive," J. Piccard #2, 4 March.

Box 24 Folder 4
Dictabelt 8, 1960 January 14

Dive to 37,000 feet, #1.

Box 24 Folder 5
Dictabelts 9-10, 1960 January

Tape just before big dive from NGD—first part has pieces from Rex and Drew, 1960 January.

Box 24 Folder 6
Dictabelts 11-14, undated

R. Dietz.

Box 24 Folder 7
Dictabelts 15-16, undated

Dive #61 - J. Piccard and A. Rechnitzer, depth of 18,000 ft., J. Piccard dictating.

Box 24 Folder 8
Dictabelts 17-18, undated

Dive #64, 24,000 ft., J. Piccard, tapes #1-2.

Box 24 Folder 9
Dictabelts 19-20, undated

Dive log.

Box 24 Folder 10
Dictabelt 21, undated

Dietz on the Bathysonde.

Box 24 Folder 11
Dictabelt 22, 1960 July 14

From J. Piccard.

Box 24 Folder 12
Dictabelts 23-25, undated

Italian dive, R. Dietz, 8 March. Actual recording of the dive starts at time 4:00 (the first part records a child singing, nothing to do with the dive).

Box 24 Folder 13
Dictabelts 26-28, undated

Italian dive, R. Dietz.

Box 24 Folder 14
Dictabelt 29, undated

Italy dive with Pollini, J. Piccard #5, March 3.

Box 24 Folder 15
Dictabelts 30-33, undated

J. Piccard, February 27.

Box 24 Folder 16
Dictabelt 34, undated

J. Piccard to R. Dietz.

Box 24 Folder 17
Dictabelt 35, undated

J. Piccard on seepage of Trieste.

Box 24 Folder 18
Dictabelts 36-40, 1960 May 27

Last comments.

Box 24 Folder 19
Dictabelts 41-42, undated


Box 24 Folder 20
Dictabelt 43, undated

Newton, J. Piccard, March 4.

Box 24 Folder 21
Dictabelts 44-45, 1960 December 7

Phantom bottom, R. Dietz #1-2.

Box 24 Folder 22
Dictabelt 46, undated

Rechnitzer on 19,000 ft. dive.

Box 24 Folder 23
Dictabelts 47-49, undated

San Diego dives, J. Piccard, March 3.

Box 24 Folder 24
Dictabelt 50, undated

R. Dietz on dives of Trieste off San Diego, 1958-1959 September.

Box 24 Folder 25
Dictabelts 51-52, undated


Box 24 Folder 26
Dictabelts 53-55, undated


Box 24 Folder 27
Dictabelt 56, undated

#1 May 25.

Box 24 Folder 28
Dictabelt 57, undated

May 26.

Box 24 Folder 29
Dictabelts 58-59, 1960 July 4


Box 24 Folder 30
Dictabelt 60, 1962 August 26


Box 24 Folder 31
Dictabelt 61, undated

San Diego Tech. Obs., J. Piccard #1, March 4 (sample).

Box 24 Folder 32
Dictabelts 62-65, undated

Big dive story, J. Piccard, February 28.

Box 24 Folder 33
Dictabelts 66-67, undated

Captions, May 11.

Box 24 Folder 34
Dictabelts 68-69, 1960 July 20

Deep ships of tomorrow, J. Piccard.

Box 24 Folder 35
Dictabelts 70-74, 1960 June 3

Deep ships of tomorrow, J. Piccard.

Box 24 Folder 36
Dictabelts 75-76, 1960

Piccard on deep ships.

Box 24 Folder 37
Dictabelt 77, 1960 July 12

Piccard on difficult years.

Box 24 Folder 38
Dictabelt 78, 1960 May 7

Piccard on difficult years.

Box 24 Folder 39
Dictabelts 79-82, undated

Trieste, the difficult year.

Box 24 Folder 40
Dictabelts 83-84, undated

Dives 1953, Letter to Bob [R. Dietz?].

Box 24 Folder 41
Dictabelt 85, undated

R. Dietz on William Beebe's bathysphere.

Box 24 Folder 42
Dictabelts 86-88, undated

History of the Trieste (tapes 1-3), R. Dietz and J. Piccard.

Box 24 Folder 43
Dictabelt 89, undated

Lew on Prof. Henriquez.

Box 24 Folder 44
Dictabelt 90, 1960


Box 24 Folder 45
Dictabelts 91-92, undated

Letter to A. Rechnitzer, J. D. Walsh (July 15) by J. Piccard.

Box 24 Folder 46
Dictabelts 93-94, undated

Misadventure at Capri, Daily News.

Box 24 Folder 47
Dictabelts 95-96, undated

J. Piccard on Dakar, 1948.

Box 24 Folder 48
Dictabelts 97-99, undated

Pictures for book, J. Piccard, August 8-9.


Scope and Content of Series

Series 4) WRITINGS: The WRITINGS series constitutes the bulk of the Dietz papers, with extensive documentation of his publishing and research activities.

Arranged in four subseries: A) ONR Reports and Memoranda, B) Articles, Essays and Presentations, C) Books, D) Notebooks.

A) ONR Reports and Memoranda: Dietz served as a Scientific Liaison Officer at the London Office of Naval Research in the mid-1950s. He authored the reports and memoranda in this series, which cover topics as varied as submersible research, the state of oceanography studies and technologies in different countries, and reports from scientific congresses.

B) Articles, Essays and Presentations: This subseries consists largely of original typescripts and reprints of Dietz's publications, however, it also includes book reviews, speeches, encyclopedia articles, rebuttals, letters to the editor, and articles written for the popular press. Most folders in this subseries include the final publication, often in the form of a signed reprint, though some also include manuscripts, drafts, outlines, supporting research materials, correspondence, original illustrations and line drawings, and photographs. Organized chronologically, with short abstracts and reviews and undated publications condensed at the front of the subseries.

C) Books: Manuscript material produced for three major books (one, Realms of the Sea, was never published). Seven Miles Down was co-written with Jacques Piccard, and references many of the documents in Series 3) BATHYSCAPH TRIESTE as source material. Dietz's confrontations with creationists over the age of the earth, Noah's ark, science education and other topics led to the publication of his 1987 book, Creation/Evolution Satiricon: Creationism Bashed. Additional material in Series 5) SUBJECT AND RESEARCH FILES and other writings in Subseries 4B supplement the topic of Dietz's public intellectual disputes with creationists.

D) Notebooks: Notebooks on a variety of topics, including conference attendance and research ideas. Arranged in approximate chronological order.

ONR Reports and Memoranda

Box 5 Folder 10
ONRL-85-54 Oceanography at Hamburg, Germany, and in Scandinavia, 1954 September 27
Box 5 Folder 11
ONRL-110-54 Oceanography in Japan, 1954 December 3, 1960

Includes a supplemental 1960 report by Kazuhiko Terada on the same topic.

Box 5 Folder 12
ONRL-6-55 Post war German oceanography, 1955 February 3
Box 5 Folder 13
ONRL-10-55 Oceanography on the Iberian Peninsula, 1955 February 21
Box 5 Folder 14
ONRL-10-55 Related memo on Strait of Gibraltar and Italian submarines during WWII, 1956 February 21
Box 5 Folder 15
ONRL-16-55 Oceanography at Marine Laboratory, Aberdeen, and Oceanographic Laboratory, Edinburgh, 1957 February 28
Box 5 Folder 16
ONRL-33-55 Limnology and bottom sediments of Swiss Lakes, 1955 April 22
Box 5 Folder 17
ONRL-40-55 Geological oceanography in France, 1955 May 16
Box 5 Folder 18
ONRL-55-55 Recent developments in scuba diving in Europe, 1955 June 30
Box 5 Folder 19
ONRL-71-55 Bathyscaphe Trieste, 1955 August 10
Box 5 Folder 20
ONRL-91-55 USSR program in oceanography for the International Geophysical Year, 1955 September 28
Box 5 Folder 21
ONRL-95-55 Calypso Oceanographic Expedition to the Eastern Mediterranean; Marine science in Turkey and Greece, 1955 October 11
Box 5 Folder 22
ONRL-96-55 Cooperative research with French submarine geologists (May-June 1955); Beach studies and Elie Monnier cruise, 1956 October 11
Box 5 Folder 23
ONRL-123-55 Oceanographic developments at the International Council for the Exploration of the Sea 1955 meeting, 1955 December 5
Box 5 Folder 24
ONRL-4-56 Hydraulics Research Station, Wallingford, England, 1955 December 1
Box 5 Folder 25
ONRL-14-56 Marine Sciences in Egypt with notes on Geology and Geophysics, 1956 February 6
Box 5 Folder 26
ONRL-23-56 Oceanographic and Geophysics Institutes, Trieste, Italy, 1956 April 3
Box 5 Folder 27
ONRL-47-56 Earth Sciences in Ireland with notes on Marine Biology, 1956 May 17
Box 5 Folder 28
ONRL-64-56 Some German oceanographic and geophysical developments, 1956 July 17
Box 5 Folder 29
ONRL-98-56 Meeting of the 13th International Limnological Congress with notes on Finnish and Russian Oceanography, 1956 October 17
Box 5 Folder 30
ONRL-116-56 Notes on French Oceanography and diving, 1956 November 23
Box 5 Folder 31
ONRL-7-57 International Conference on Rock Magnetism, London, 1957 January 10
Box 5 Folder 32
ONRL-51-57 Meeting of the German Geological Association; Marine Geology in Germany and Holland, 1957 May 7
Box 5 Folder 33
ONRL-112-57 Oceanography along the French Mediterranean and at Monaco, 1957 September 11
Box 5 Folder 34
ONRL-117-57 National Institute of Oceanography, Great Britain, 1957 October 4
Box 5 Folder 35
ONRL-31-58 Oceanography and tidal studies at Liverpool, 1958 April 8
Box 5 Folder 36
ONRL-47-58 French colloquium on the Topography and Geology of the Deep Sea Floor, 1958 June 9
Box 5 Folder 37
ONRL-59-58 Fifth International Sedimentology Congress, 1958 July 25

Technical Memoranda

Box 6 Folder 1
Technical memoranda list, 1954-1956
Box 6 Folder 2
Russian drifting ice scientific station in the Arctic Basin, 1954 September 1
Box 6 Folder 3
Principles of measuring ocean currents by Bohnecke, 1955 January 26
Box 6 Folder 4
Russian survey of the Kurile Trench, 1955 February 2
Box 6 Folder 5
Sea ice reporting and prediction in Europe, 1955 March 4
Box 6 Folder 6
Program to measure deep ocean currents at NIO, 1955 March 9
Box 6 Folder 7
Russian trip report of Brian Roberts and Terrence Armstrong of the Scott Polar Research Institute, 1956 November 1

Articles, Essays and Presentations

Box 6 Folder 8
Abstracts, undated
Box 6 Folder 9-12
Abstracts, reviews and short papers, 1938, 1964-1974
Box 6 Folder 13
Berkeley lecture on Pacific Basin, undated
Box 6 Folder 14
Continental Margins: Historical Review, undated
Box 6 Folder 15
Geological Oceanography, undated
Box 6 Folder 16
Meteorite Craters, undated
Box 6 Folder 17
Seeing the Ocean Floor, undated
Box 6 Folder 18
Untitled manuscript, undated

Topics include swings of sea level, emperor sea mounts, and turbidity currents.

Box 6 Folder 19
Shepard, F.P. and R. Dietz. The Emergence of (Santa) Catalina Island. American Journal of Science, 1939
Box 6 Folder 20
Shepard, F. P., Roger Revelle and R. Dietz. Ocean-bottom Currents off the California Coast. Science, 1939
Box 6 Folder 21
Clay Minerals in Recent Marine Sediments. University of Illinois Ph.D. thesis, 1941
Box 6 Folder 22
Dietz, R., K. O. Emery and F. P. Shepard. Phosphorite Deposits on the Sea Floor off Southern California. Bulletin Geological Society of America, 1942
Box 6 Folder 23
The Small Mounds of the Gulf Coastal Plain. Science, 1945
Box 6 Folder 24
Geological Structures Possibly Related to Lunar Craters. Popular Astronomy, 1946
Box 6 Folder 25
The Meteoric Impact Origin of the Moon's Surface Features. Journal of Geology, 1946
Box 6 Folder 26
Meteorite Impact Suggested by the Orientation of Shatter-cones at the Kentland, Indiana, Disturbance. Science, 1947
Box 6 Folder 27
Aerial Photographs in the Geological Study of Shore Features and Processes. Photogrammetric Engineering, 1947
Box 6 Folder 28
Antarctic 'Seeing.' Popular Astronomy, 1948
Box 6 Folder 29
Final report: Some Oceanographic Observations on Operation HIGHJUMP. U.S. Navy Electronics Lab (NEL) Report 55, 1948

Includes published report and typescript draft on "Deep scattering layer in the Pacific and Antarctic oceans."

Box 6 Folder 30
Some Pacific and Antarctic Sea-floor Features Discovered during the U.S. Navy Antarctic Expedition 1946-1947. Proceedings 7th Pacific Science Congress
Box 7 Folder 1
Lafond, E. C., R. Dietz and D. W. Pritchard. Interim report: Oceanographic Measurements from the USS Nereus on a Cruise to the Bering and Chukchi Seas, 1947. U.S. Navy Electronics Lab (NEL) Report 91, 1949
Box 7 Folder 2
Grim, R., R. Dietz, and W. F. Bradley. Clay Mineral Composition of Some Sediments from the Pacific Ocean off the California Coast and the Gulf of California. Bulletin Geological Society of America, 1949
Box 7 Folder 3
R. Dietz and E. C. LaFond. Natural Slicks on the Ocean. U.S. Navy Electronics Lab (NEL) Report 160, 1950
Box 7 Folder 4
Emery, K. O. and R. Dietz. Submarine Phosphorite Deposits off California and Mexico. California Journal of Mines and Geology, 1950
Box 7 Folder 5
E. C. Buffington, A. J. Carsola and R. Dietz. Oceanographic Cruise to the Bering and Chukchi Seas, Summer 1949. Part 1: Sea Floor Studies. U.S. Navy Electronics Lab (NEL) Report 204, 1950
Box 7 Folder 6
LaFond, E.C., R. Dietz and J. A. Knauss. A Sonic Device for Underwater Sediment Surveys. Journal of Sedimentary Petroleum, 1950
Box 7 Folder 7
Menard, H. and R. Dietz. Submarine Geology of the Gulf of Alaska. Bulletin of the Geological Society of America, 1951
Box 7 Folder 8
Dietz, R. and H. Menard. Origin of Abrupt Change in Slope at Continental Shelf Margin. Bulletin American Association of Petroleum Geology, 1951
Box 7 Folder 9
Substrata Acoustic Probe. NEL memoranda, 1951-1958

Memoranda on bottom sediment types using fathometers and acoustic penetration.

Box 7 Folder 10
The Pacific Floor. Scientific American, 1952
Box 7 Folder 11
Menard, H. and R. Dietz. Mendocino Submarine Escarpment. Journal of Geology, 1952
Box 7 Folder 12
Carsola, A. and R. Dietz. Submarine Geology of Two Flat-topped Northeast Pacific Seamounts. American Journal of Science, 1952
Box 7 Folder 13
Geomorphic Evolution of Continental Terrace (Continental Shelf and Slope). Bulletin American Association of Petroleum Geology, 1952
Box 7 Folder 14
Boquerón. Pacific Discovery, 1953
Box 7 Folder 15
Possible Deep-Sea Turbidity Current Channels in the Indian Ocean. Bulletin Geological Society of America, 1953
Box 7 Folder 16
Sound in the Sea. Asahi Kagaku, 1953
Box 7 Folder 17
Dietz, R. and H. Menard. Hawaiian Swell, Deep, and Arch, and Subsidence of the Hawaiian Islands. Journal of Geology, 1953
Box 7 Folder 18
Dietz, R. and M. J. Sheehy. Trans-Pacific Detection by Underwater Sound of Myojin Volcanic Eruptions. Oceanographic Society of Japan Journal, 1953
Box 7 Folder 19
Possible Deep-Sea Turbidity Current Channels in the Bay of Bengal. Current Science, 1954
Box 7 Folder 20
The Explosive Birth of Myojin Island. National Geographic, 1954
Box 7 Folder 21
Dill, R., R. Dietz and Harris Stewart. Deep-Sea Channels and Delta of the Monterey Submarine Canyon. Bulletin Geological Society of America, 1954
Box 7 Folder 22
Dietz, R., H. Menard, and Edwin Hamilton. Echograms of the Mid-Pacific Expedition. Deep Sea Research, 1954
Box 7 Folder 23
Dietz, R. and M. Sheehy. Trans-Pacific Detection of Myojin Volcanic Explosions by Underwater Sound. Bulletin Geological Society of America, 1954
Box 7 Folder 24
Marine Geology of Northwest Pacific: Description of Japanese Bathymetric Chart 6901. Bulletin Geological Society of America, 1954
Box 7 Folder 25
Manganese Deposits on the Northeast Pacific Sea Floor. California Journal of Mines and Geology, 1955
Box 7 Folder 26
Bradner, Hugh and R. Dietz. Recent Developments in Scuba Diving in Europe. Office of Naval Research, London, 1955
Box 7 Folder 27-30
Arctic Basin Geomorphology, 1955-1961

Includes a folder on Ice island T-3 and Arctic/Hudson Bay sounding data.

Box 7 Folder 31
Salient Problems of the Continental Terrace. Proceedings 8th Pacific Science Congress, 1956
Box 8 Folder 1
Richards A. F. and R. Dietz. Eruption of Boquerón Volcano, San Benedicto Island, Mexico. Proceedings 8th Pacific Science Congress, 1956
Box 8 Folder 2
Piccard, Jacques and R. Dietz. Oceanographic Observations by the Bathyscaph Trieste (1953-1956). Deep-Sea Research, 1957
Box 8 Folder 3
Deep-Sea Diving by Bathyscaph, Times Science Review (London), 1957
Box 8 Folder 4
The Channels on the Deep Sea Floor. The New Scientist, 1958
Box 8 Folder 5
Dietz, R., Russell Lewis, and A. Rechnitzer. The Bathyscaph. Scientific American, 1958
Box 8 Folder 6
Point d'Impact Des Asteroides comme Origine des Bassins Oceaniques: Une Hypothese. Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, 1958
Box 8 Folder 7
1100-Meter Dive in the Bathyscaph Trieste. Limnology and Oceanography, 1959
Box 8 Folder 8
Drowned Ancient Islands of the Pacific. The New Scientist, 1959
Box 8 Folder 9
Shatter Cones in Cryptoexplosion Structures (Meteorite Impact?). Journal of Geology, 1959
Box 8 Folder 10
Meteorite Impact Suggested by Shatter Cones in Rock. Science, 1960
Box 8 Folder 11
Bathyscaphs and Other Deep Submersibles for Oceanographic Research, 1960, 1965
Box 8 Folder 12
The Spreading Ocean Floor - Typescript draft for Saturday Evening Post "Adventures of the Mind" series, 1960-1961
Box 8 Folder 13
Dietz, R. and A. J. Carsola, E. C. Buffington, and Carl J. Shipek. Sediments and Topography of the Alaskan Shelves, 1961, 1964
Box 8 Folder 14
Final report: Some Oceanographic Observations on Operation HIGHJUMP. U.S. Navy Electronics Lab (NEL) Report 55, 1961
Box 8 Folder 15
Astroblemes. Scientific American, 1961
Box 8 Folder 16
Dietz, R. and George Shumway. Arctic Basin Geomorphology. Bulletin Geological Society of America, 1961
Box 8 Folder 17
Vredefort Ring Structure: Meteorite Impact Scar? Journal of Geology, 1961
Box 8 Folder 18
Dietz, R. and E. C. Buffington. Panamint Crater: Not Meteoritic. Meteoritical Society, 1961
Box 8 Folder 19
Continent and Ocean Basin Evolution by Sea Floor Spreading: Commotion in the Ocean. American Association of Petroleum Geology Distinguished Lecture Series, 1962
Box 8 Folder 20
Commotion in the Ocean: The Growth of Continents and Ocean Basins. Hidaka Anniversary Volume Geophysical Institute, University of Tokyo, 1962
Box 8 Folder 21
Ocean Basin Evolution by Sea Floor Spreading. From Continental Drift, International Geophysics Series 3, Chapter 10, 1962
Box 8 Folder 22
Das Ratsel der Mittelozeanische Gebirge. Die Weltwoche, 1962
Box 8 Folder 23
Ocean Basin Evolution by Sea Floor Spreading. Japanese Oceanographic Society, 1962
Box 8 Folder 24
The Sea's Deep Scattering Layers. Scientific American, 1962
Box 8 Folder 25
Some Comments on the Present Status of Japanese Oceanography. Undersea Technology, 1962
Box 8 Folder 26
Sudbury Structure as an Astrobleme. Journal of Geology, 1962-1964
Box 8 Folder 27
Astroblemes: Ancient Meteorite Impact Scars on Earth. From The Solar System (ed. Middlehurt and Kuiper), Chapter 10, 1963
Box 9 Folder 1
Collapsing Continental Rises: An Actualistic Concept of Geosynclines and Mountain Building. Journal of Geology, 1963
Box 9 Folder 2
Meteorite Impacts, Lunar Maria, Lopoliths and Ocean Basins (response to Gallant). Nature, 1963
Box 9 Folder 3
A Theory of Ocean Basin Origin. Undersea Technology, 1963
Box 9 Folder 4
Origin of the Continental Slopes. Presented at the American Association of Petroleum Geology convention, 1963
Box 9 Folder 5
Cryptoexplosion Structures: A Discussion. American Journal of Science, 1963
Box 9 Folder 6
LaFond, E. C. and R. Dietz. The Lonar Crater (India): Meteorite Crater? Journal of the Indian Geophysics Union, and Meteoritics, 1963
Box 9 Folder 7-8
To Question Marine Profile of Equilibrium, Wave-Base and Wave-Built Terraces; with reply, 1963-1964
Box 22 Folder 10
Do Tektites Come from the Earth or the Moon? The New Scientist, 1964
Box 9 Folder 9
Unyielding Continent, Mobile Seafloor, 1964
Box 9 Folder 10
Origin of Continental Slopes. Journal of American Science, 1964
Box 9 Folder 11
A Recycled Hydrosphere? Nature, 1964
Box 9 Folder 12-13
Pan-Pacific Chilean Tsunami of May 1960 at San Diego and Environs - Manuscript, notes and photographs of San Diego harbor, 1964
Box 9 Folder 14
Dietz, Robert and John Holden. Earth and Moon: Tectonically Contrasting Realms. Presented at Lunar Symposium, New York; Pub. in New York Academy of Science Journal, 1964
Box 9 Folder 15
Dietz, R. and Louis Butler. Shatter Cone Orientation at Sudbury, Canada. Nature, 1964

Includes photographs.

Box 9 Folder 16
Dietz, R. and M. J. Sheehy. Transpacific Detection of Myojin Volcanic Explosions by Underwater Sound. Bulletin Geological Society of America, 1964
Box 9 Folder 17
The Third Surface. Chapter 1 from Papers in Marine Geology, Shepard Commemorative Volume, 1964
Box 9 Folder 18
Dietz, R. and Nathan Ayer. Speculation on Oceanic Meteorite Impacts and Tsunamis, 1965
Box 9 Folder 19
Soviet Research in Oceanography. Geotimes, 1965
Box 9 Folder 20
Roter Kamm, Southwest Africa: Probable Meteorite Crater. Meteoritics, 1965
Box 9 Folder 21
Geosynclines, Mountains and Continent Building (with reply). Scientific American, 1965
Box 9 Folder 22
Colston Symposium: Marine Geology and Geophysics. Science, 1965
Box 9 Folder 23
Soviet Oceanography 1964: A Trip Report (A Glimpse at Soviet Oceanography). U.S. Department of Commerce, Coast and Geodetic Survey, 1965
Box 10 Folder 1
Earth's Original Crust - Lost Quest? Tectonophysics, 1965
Box 10 Folder 2
Stewart, H. B., R. Dietz and F. P. Shepard. Submarine Valleys off the Ganges Delta. International Indian Ocean Expedition Coast and Geodetic Survey, 1965

Ship PIONEER 1964, v. 1, Cruise Narrative and Scientific Results.

Box 10 Folder 3
Review of Geologic Papers at the 11th Pacific Science Congress, Tokyo, 1966
Box 10 Folder 4
The 2nd International Oceanographic Congress, Moscow, 1966
Box 10 Folder 5
Oceanography in the USSR. Sea Frontiers, 1966
Box 10 Folder 6
Re: Geological Oceanography, 1966
Box 10 Folder 7
Re: Continental Drift, 1966

Includes essay on "Continental Drift and Earthquakes."

Box 10 Folder 8
Passive Continents, Spreading Sea Floors, and Collapsing Continental Rises (and reply). American Journal of Science, 1966
Box 10 Folder 9
Drifting Continents: An Outrageous Hypothesis Which May Well Be True. Analog, 1966
Box 10 Folder 10
Oceanography Soviet Style. Medical Opinion and Review, 1966
Box 10 Folder 11
Dietz, R. and J. Holden. Deep-Sea Deposits in But Not on the Continents. Bulletin American Association of Petroleum Geology, 1966
Box 10 Folder 12
Shatter Cone at the Middlesboro Structure, Kentucky, and Striated Surfaces on Meteorites: Shock Fractures, not Slickensides. Meteoritics, 1966
Box 10 Folder 13
Continental Drift: Some General Remarks. International Oceanographic Foundation, 1966
Box 10 Folder 14
Equal Areas of Gondwana and Laurasia (Ancient Supercontinents). Nature, 1966
Box 10 Folder 15
Continents and Ocean Basins. What's New on Earth Symposium, 1966
Box 10 Folder 16
Geological Oceanography. From "Oceanography: Understanding Our Deep Frontier" (NAS/NRC narrated film series), 1966
Box 10 Folder 17
Shatter Cones and Astroblemes. Adapted from a paper read at the Oregon Lunar Geological Field Conference, 1966
Box 10 Folder 18
Dietz, R. and J. Holden. Miogeoclines (miogeosynclines) in Space and Time (with replies). Journal of Geology, 1966-1968
Box 10 Folder 19
Shatter Cones in Cryptoexplosion Structures. NASA, 1966, 1968
Box 10 Folder 20
Craters and Legends. Medical Opinion and Review, 1966-1967
Box 10 Folder 21
More About Continental Drift. Sea Frontiers, 1967
Box 11 Folder 1
Shatter Cone Orientation at Gosses Bluff Astrobleme. Nature, 1967
Box 11 Folder 2
Place of India in Continental Drift Morph Reconstructions, 1968
Box 11 Folder 3
Mineral Resources and Power from the Sea (Vast, Vital, Virtually Untapped), 1968
Box 11 Folder 4
Reply to A. A. Meyerhoff's 'Arthur Holmes: Originator of Spreading Sea Floor Hypothesis.' Journal of Geophysics Research, 1968
Box 11 Folder 5
Sproll, Walter and R. Dietz. Morphologic Continent Drift Fit of Australia and Antarctica. Nature, 1968
Box 11 Folder 6
Dietz, R. and H. J. Knebel. Survey of Ross's Original Deep Sea Sounding Site. Nature, 1968

Includes photograph of USCGSS Discoverer attempting a sounding.

Box 11 Folder 7
Shatter Cones and Star Wounds. New Scientist, 1968
Box 11 Folder 8
Dietz, R., H. Knebel and L. Somers. Cayar Submarine Canyon. Bulletin Geological Society of America, 1968
Box 11 Folder 9
The Origin of Continental Slopes. Nautilus, 1968
Box 11 Folder 10
Wave Base. Encyclopedia of Geomorphology, 1968
Box 11 Folder 11
Dietz, R. and R. Dill. Down Into the Sea in Ships. Sea Frontiers and Nautilus, 1969, 1972
Box 11 Folder 12
Fratture conoidi e ferite stellari. Sapere, 1969
Box 11 Folder 13
Ocean Floor in the Decade Ahead. Journal of the Marine Technology Society, 1969
Box 11 Folder 14
Ocean Basins and Lunar Seas. Oceans, 1969
Box 11 Folder 15
Dietz, R. and H. Knebel. First Deep-Sea Sounding. Sea Frontiers, 1969
Box 11 Folder 16
Dietz, R., R. Fudali and W. Cassidy. Richat and Semsiyat Domes, Mauritania: Not Astroblemes. Bulletin Geological Society of America, 1969
Box 11 Folder 17
Dietz, R., J. Holden and W. Sproll. Geotectonic Evolution and Subsidence of Bahama Platform (with reply). Geological Society of America Abstracts, 1969-1970
Box 11 Folder 18
The Underwater Landscape/Mineral Resources and Power. From Exploring the Ocean World, ed. C. P. Idyll (Chapters 2, 8), 1969
Box 12 Folder 1
Dietz, R. and H. Knebel. Cayar and Trou Sans Fond Submarine Canyons and Guinea Nose, Africa. Submitted to SCOR Symposium, "Geology of the East Atlantic Continental Margin", 1970
Box 12 Folder 2
Dietz, R. and W. Sproll. Fit between Africa and Antarctica: A Continental Drift Reconstruction. Science, 1970
Box 12 Folder 3
Von der Borch, C. C., J. R. Conolly, and R. Dietz. Sedimentation and Structure of the Continental Margin in the Vicinity of the Otway Basin, Southern Australia. Marine Geology, 1970
Box 12 Folder 4
Continental Drift in Space and Time. Lecture, Newark State University, 1970
Box 12 Folder 5
Dietz, R. and J. Holden. Continental Drift in Space and Time. Submitted to Scientific American, 1970
Box 12 Folder 6
Dietz, R. and W. Sproll. East Canary Island as a Microcontinent within the Africa-North America Continental Drift Fit. Nature, 1970
Box 12 Folder 7
Dietz, R. and J. Holden. Reconstruction of Pangaea: Breakup and Dispersion of Continents, Permian to Present. Journal of Geophysical Research, 1970

Includes a derivative article on Pangaea published in Scientific American.

Box 12 Folder 8
Conolly, J. R., A. Flavelle and R. Dietz. Continental Margin of the Great Australian Bight. Journal of Marine Geology, 1970
Box 12 Folder 9
Dietz, R. and W. Sproll. Overlaps and Underlaps in the North America to Africa Continental Drift Fit, 1970
Box 12 Folder 10
Dietz, R. and H. Knebel. Sea Level, Ocean Depth, and Continental Thickness, 1970
Box 12 Folder 11
Sea Level, Ocean Depth, and Continent Height: A Symbiosis, 1970

Prepared for Harry Hess memorial volume.

Box 12 Folder 12
Dietz, R. and J. Holden. Pre-Mesozoic Oceanic Crust in the Eastern Indian Ocean (Wharton Basin). Nature, 1970
Box 12 Folder 13
Sudbury Astrobleme, Splash Emplaced Sublayer and Possible Cosmogenic Ores, 1971

Prepared for presentation at annual meeting of the Geological Association of Canada at Sudbury.

Box 12 Folder 14
Freeland, G. and R. Dietz. Plate Tectonic Evolution of Caribbean-Gulf of Mexico Region (with reply). Nature, 1971
Box 12 Folder 15
Those Shifty Continents. Sea Frontiers, 1971
Box 12 Folder 16
PC-8 Dive #238 in New Providence Channel (not published), 1971
Box 12 Folder 17
Dietz, R. and K. O. Emery. Portrait of a Scientist: Francis Parker Shepard. Earth Science Review/Atlas, 1971
Box 12 Folder 18
Dietz, R. and H. Knebel. Trou Sans Fond Submarine Canyon: Ivory Coast, Africa. Deep Sea Research, 1971
Box 12 Folder 19
Ocean Basins. Encyclopedia Britannica, 1972
Box 12 Folder 20
Galapagos Gore NazCoPac Triple Junction and Carnegie/Cocos Ridges. Nature, 1972
Box 13 Folder 1
Geosynclines, Mountains and Continent Building. Scientific American, 1972
Box 13 Folder 2
Continents Adrift: New Orthodoxy or Persuasive Joker? (with illustrations by John Holden). NATO Symposium on Continental Drift, England, 1972
Box 13 Folder 3
Plate Tectonics, Sea Floor Spreading, and Continental Drift. Journal of College Science Teaching, 1972, 1974

Includes version presented at Proceedings of the 26th Brazilian Geology Congress, Belem.

Box 13 Folder 4
A Question of Priority (letter to the editor, and response). Geotimes, 1972
Box 13 Folder 5
Geologic Evolution of New Zealand Platform, 1972
Box 13 Folder 6
Sudbury Astrobleme, Splash Emplaced Sub-Layer and Possible Cosmogenic Ores. Geological Association of Canada Special Paper no. 10, 1972
Box 13 Folder 7
Dietz, R. and J. McHone. Laguna Guatavita: Not Meteoritic, Probable Salt Collapse Crater. Meteoritics, 1972
Box 13 Folder 8
Dietz, R. and J. C. Holden. Collapsing Continental Rises: Actualistic Concept of Geosynclines (A Review). Society of Economic Paleontologists and Mineralogists Special Report, 1972, 1974
Box 13 Folder 9
Dietz, R. and J. C. Holden. Geophysical Illusions of Continental Drift: A Discussion (reply to Mantura). American Association of Petroleum Geology Bulletin, 1973
Box 13 Folder 10
The Bahamas Enigma. Sea Frontiers, 1973
Box 13 Folder 11
New Global Tectonics and 'The New Geometry': Discussion (reply to Mantura). American Association of Petroleum Geology Bulletin, 1973
Box 13 Folder 12
Morphologic Fits of North America/Africa and Gondwana: A Review. In D. Tarling and S. Runcorn, eds., Implications of Continental Drift to Earth, 1973
Box 13 Folder 13
Freeland, G. L. and Dietz, R. Rotation History of Alaskan Tectonic Blocks. Tectonophysics, 1973
Box 13 Folder 14
Dietz, R. and J. C. Holden. Reconstruction of Pangaea, Breakup and Dispersion of Continents - Permian to Present. In R. G. Pirie, ed., Oceanography: Contemporary Readings in Ocean Science, 1973
Box 13 Folder 15
Dietz, R., J. C. Holden and W. Sproll. Antarctica and Continental Drift. In R. Aide, ed., Antarctic Geology and Geophysics, 1973
Box 13 Folder 16
The Oceans from Skylab 4. Sea Frontiers, 1974
Box 13 Folder 17
Ocean Wide, Ocean Deep. Industrial Research, 1974
Box 13 Folder 18
Dietz, R. and J. McHone. Investigation of Possible Astroblemes in New Jersey and Canada (a Narrative Report), 1974
Box 13 Folder 19
Dietz, R. and J. McHone. Kaaba Stone: Not a Meteorite, Probably an Agate. Meteoritics, 1974
Box 13 Folder 20
Dietz, R. and K. O. Emery. Early Days of Marine Geology (1937-1941) - The Way it Was, 1975

Reminisces about research on the ship E. W. Scripps and early research at SIO under F. Shepard.

Box 13 Folder 21
Plate Tectonics: A Revolution in Geology and Geophysics, 1975
Box 13 Folder 22
Iceland: Where the Mid-Ocean Ridge Bares its Back. Sea Frontiers, 1976
Box 14 Folder 1
The Restless Earth, 1976-1977

Unpublished manuscript written for German Playboy about climate change and geological evolution.

Box 14 Folder 2
The Present State of Plate Tectonics - Introductory remarks, 1977
Box 14 Folder 3
Elgygytgyn Crater, Siberia: Probable Source of Australasian Tektite Field. Meteoritics, 1977
Box 14 Folder 4
San Andreas: An Oceanic Fault that Came Ashore. Sea Frontiers, 1977
Box 14 Folder 5
Dietz, R. and J. F. McHone. Volcanic Land Forms and Astroblemes. Apollo-Soyuz Test Project Summary Science Report, 1977
Box 14 Folder 6
IFO's (Identified Flying Objects).Sea Frontiers, 1978
Box 14 Folder 7
Plate Tectonics: Past, Present, and Future. Encyclopedia Britannica Yearbook of Science, 1978
Box 14 Folder 8
Target Earth: Meteorite Craters and Astroblemes. Encyclopedia Britannica, 1978
Box 14 Folder 9
Breaking the Seal: Bathysphere Dives of William Beebe, 1930-1934. "Grand Premières" Reader's Digest France compilation, 1979
Box 14 Folder 10
Dietz, R. and W. von Engelhardt. Non-Random Distribution of Many Terrestrial So-called Impact Structures and its Implications (a reply to A. R. Crawford). Naturwissenschaften, 1979
Box 14 Folder 11
Lambert, P., J. F. McHone, R. Dietz (e. al). Impact and Impact-Like Structures in Algeria. Part II: Multi-Ringed Structures. Meteoritics, 1981
Box 14 Folder 12
Review, Creation and Evolution: Myth or Reality by Norman Newell. Arizona Republic, 1982-1983
Box 14 Folder 13
Dietz, R. and M. Woodhouse. Mediterranean Sub-bottom Giant Salt as a Messinian Precipitate. Presentation, 1984
Box 14 Folder 14
Tektites and Terrestrial Meteorite Craters: Possible Associations. Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, 1984
Box 14 Folder 15
Dietz, R. and W. M. Woodhouse. Wave Built Terrace Myth: Resquiescat in Pace. Paper Presented at California Coastal Conference, 1986
Box 14 Folder 16
Introduction for Robert Ballard, 1988
Box 14 Folder 17
Desiccated-Basin Model for Mediterranean (assorted writings), 1989
Box 14 Folder 18
Age of Rocks or Rocks of Ages?, 1990

Draft article for Geotimes on the International Conference on Creationism (ICC).

Box 14 Folder 19
The Demise of the Dinosaurs: A Mystery Solved? Astronomy, 1991

Article about the K/T boundary collide impact.

Box 14 Folder 20
Are We Mining an Asteroid? Article on Sudbury Basin, 1991
Box 14 Folder 21
Beaverhead Astrobleme, 1991
Box 14 Folder 22
Review of Challenger at Sea: A Ship that Revolutionized Earth Science by Kenneth Hsu. American Journal of Science, 1992
Box 14 Folder 23
Sydney Chapman Memorial Lecture, University of Alaska Fairbanks, 1992
Box 14 Folder 24
Earth, Sea, and Sky: Life and Times of a Journeyman Geologist. Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Science, 1993

Dietz's biographical reminisces on his research career and personal philosophies.

Box 14 Folder 25
Z.E.U.S.: Recipe for Man's Survival in the 21st Century. ASU Geology Colloquium, 1993
Box 14 Folder 26-28
Ark-eology: The Incredulous Discovery of Noah's Ark - Draft and notes for Geotimes (1993), 1985-1994

Includes a folder of correspondence and press clippings relating to Dietz's response to the CBS special on Noah's ark.


Seven Miles Down: The Story of the Bathyscaph Trieste (1961)

Box 22 Folder 11
Publishing contract, 1960 April 13
Box 15 Folder 1-3
Correspondence, 1960-1962
Box 15 Folder 4
Notes and outlines
Box 15 Folder 5-11
Drafts and revisions

Realms of the Sea (unpublished), 1957-1970

Box 15 Folder 12
Box 15 Folder 13
Chapter 1 - Geology
Box 16 Folder 1-3
Chapter 1 - Bathymetry, ancient islands, origin and geology
Box 16 Folder 4-7
Chapter 2 - Biology, continental drift, sea level spreading, currents and acoustics
Box 16 Folder 8-10
Chapter 3 - Continental margins and physical oceanography
Box 17 Folder 1-2
Chapter 5 - Ocean basins and sediments
Box 17 Folder 3
Chapters 7-8 - Resources and physical oceanography
Box 17 Folder 4
Chapters 9-10 - Deep scattering layer

Creation/Evolution Satiricon: Creationism Bashed (1987)

Box 17 Folder 5-7
Notes and outlines
Box 17 Folder 8
Correspondence, 1987
Box 17 Folder 9
Photocopies of annotations in Bible
Box 17 Folder 10-13
Typescript manuscript, 1984-1985
Box 18 Folder 1-4
Typescript manuscript, 1987


Box 18 Folder 5
Notes, undated
Box 18 Folder 6
Cuba, undated
Box 18 Folder 7
IGC, undated
Box 18 Folder 8
USSR oceanography delegation visit to US, 1965 October
Box 18 Folder 9
Taiwan/Israel, 1983-1983
Box 18 Folder 10
Vadimecum Satiricon II, 1987 September-December
Box 18 Folder 11
Notes, 1987-1988
Box 18 Folder 12
Meusa/Portugal, 1988
Box 18 Folder 13
Meteoritical Society/ICR short course/Earthquakes, 1988
Box 18 Folder 14
GSA, 1988 November
Box 18 Folder 15
AGU, 1988 December
Box 19 Folder 1
GSA/Notes on creation and evolution, 1989-1990
Box 19 Folder 2
Notes, 1990

Topics as follows: 1. Notes, 2. LPSC Houston, 3. China trip, 3A. Indian Ocean PT for ODP Germany, 4. Amber from petrified forest, 5. Organic matter K/T, 6. Amber, 7. Carlisle K/T boundary, 8. Basalt plateaus.

Box 19 Folder 3
International Conference on Creationism (Pittsburg)/GSA, 1990-1993


Scope and Content of Series

Series 5) SUBJECT AND RESEARCH FILES: Assorted files documenting Dietz's research interests over time, though they are not exhaustive or necessarily representative of original scientific research. Major themes include Soviet oceanography, creationism, continental drift, geomorphology, meteor impact craters, the Sudbury basin, and important single folders on Project Mohole and Francis P. Shepard.

Box 22 Folder 13
Arctic cruise, 1961
Oversize FB-549 Folder 14
Arctic cruise - Nautilus track graph data, 1961
Box 19 Folder 4
Arizona - State rock and fossil (petrified wood) proposals
Box 19 Folder 5
Arizona State University, Museum of Geology - Petrified wood installation, 1990-1994
Box 19 Folder 6
Bahama Nexxus (BNX), 1982-1987

Includes slides of Dietz.

Box 19 Folder 7-15
Barringer Crater Company, 1961-1975

Includes extensive correspondence.

Box 20 Folder 1
Barringer meteor crater - Composite bibliography, 1969
Box 20 Folder 2
Dietz Guyot
Box 20 Folder 3-4
Earthquakes - Notes, 1985-1986
Box 20 Folder 5
Fossilized egg, 1980-1983
Box 20 Folder 6
Historical recognition of astroblemes - Notes for GSA, 1994
Box 20 Folder 7
HMS Affray wreck - Photographs, 1951
Box 20 Folder 8
Hudson Bay and Nastapoka Arc, 1972

Includes detailed letter describing 11-day expedition by J. Paul Barringer; memoranda about a possible impact site in Canada.

Box 20 Folder 9-10
International Conference on Creationism, Pittsburgh, 1990

Includes papers and abstracts. Used as a topic for Dietz's writings discrediting creationist "science."

Box 20 Folder 11
K/T impact crater and dinosaur demise, ca. 1990

Includes photo of Dietz with John F. McHone.

Box 20 Folder 12
Meteor craters, 1964-1965
Box 20 Folder 13
Nekton, Inc., 1956-1984
Box 21 Folder 1
Operation Highjump, Navy/Byrd Antarctic Expedition, 1947

Includes photographs and a letter by Dietz.

Box 21 Folder 2
Project Mohole - Post-mortem file, 1960-1962, 1989

Includes a 1989 "historical note" memo by Dietz explaining his opposition to the Mohole research, and notes from the National Academy of Sciences-National Research Council, Committee on Oceanography, from 1961 April.

Box 21 Folder 3
Project Mohole - Clippings, 1960-1968
Box 21 Folder 4
RUM vehicle, undated
Box 21 Folder 5
Shepard, Francis P., 1985-1993

Extensive biographical file, including photographs and recollections of Shepard prepared for his memorial service.

Box 21 Folder 6-9
Soviet (USSR) astroblemes and meteorite research, 1972-1979

Includes Russian reprints, papers on the Zhamanshin crater, and correspondence from P. V. Florensky.

Box 21 Folder 10
Soviet (USSR) oceanography research, 1959-1965

Includes photographs of Russian oceanographers and research centers.

Box 21 Folder 11
Spokane, WA historic floods, 1993