Margaret Critchlow and William Rodman Papers, 1969-1995 (MSS 795)


Extent: 3 Linear feet (3 record cartons and 2 oversize folders), + .048 GB of digital files

View OnlineAdditional materials created by William Rodman and Margaret Critchlow may be found in their online collection of photographs.

The papers of Margaret Critchlow and William L. Rodman, anthropologists and professors, specializing in law, politics, economics, family and kinship in Melanesia, specifically the Republic of Vanuatu. The collection includes field and research materials relating to six research trips to the Republic of Vanuatu (formerly the New Hebrides) between 1969 and 1995.

Margaret Critchlow met William Rodman in 1967 while Rodman was a PhD student at the University of Chicago studying male rank and leadership, and Critchlow was a newly admitted MA student in Political Science. They married and embarked on their first research trip together, travelling to Vanuatu (formerly the New Hebrides) from 1969-1971. They were the first anthropologists to intensively study a well-established working graded society in the northern New Hebrides. Rodman completed his dissertation based on their research, entitled "Men of Influence, Men of Rank: Leadership and the Graded Society on Aoba, New Hebrides" and received his PhD in 1973.


Margaret Critchlow was born in 1947 and grew up in Maryland near the Chesapeake Bay. She attended private school in southern Virginia where she demonstrated early interest in political activism by protesting segregation at school. Critchlow went on to study Political Science at Goucher College in Maryland. In 1967 she met William Rodman, a PhD student at the University of Chicago who was studying male rank and leadership who introduced her to both anthropology and Melanesia. She first travelled to Vanuatu (formerly the New Hebrides), assisting Rodman in his research, from 1969-1971. Among her introductory fieldwork was a genealogy collection, surveying elderly women of the area.

In 1972 Critchlow moved to Hamilton, Ontario for Rodman's tenure at McMaster University and began pursuing her masters in 1974, mentored by Dr. David Counts an expert in socioeconomic anthropology of New Britain. Critchlow's master's thesis "Spheres of Exchange in a Northern New Hebridean Society" is based on her observations on Ambae Island in Vanuatu during their research expedition in 1970-71.

Critchlow conducted her doctoral fieldwork from 1978 to 1979, surveying land holdings in Longana, Ambae Island, Vanuatu. Her doctoral thesis "Customary Illusions" explored the use of mystifications in land possession and productivity. After receiving her doctorate, Critchlow taught at the University of Waterloo. She returned to Vanuatu in 1982 on a Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council (SHRCC) grant and studied consumer behavior. Her research focused on the social construction of space - the dynamics of constructed space and landscape and their effects on concepts like power and culture. She also conducted evaluative photo elicitation research in Ambae on assessing the quality of a potential living space.

In 1985, Critchlow studied CUSO's (Canadian University Service Overseas, currently known as CUSO International) involvement in fisheries development on the island of Espiritu Santo, Vanuatu. This was an evaluation research-based project, focusing on the beneficiaries and effects of the development project. She published Deep Water: Development and Change in Pacific Village Fisheries (1989) based on this research.

During the moratorium on expatriate researchers in Vanuatu lasting from 1985-1994, Critchlow studied non-profit rental cooperative housing in Canada and produced, along with with Matthew Cooper, the book New Neighbours: A Case Study of Cooperative Housing in Toronto (1992). Critchlow also published "Empowering Place: Multilocality and Multivocality" in American Anthropologist (September 1992), one of her most frequently cited works.

In 1993 Critchlow began researching Houses Far from Home: British Colonial Space in the New Hebrides, and co-edited along with Jan Rensel Home in the Islands: Housing and Social Change in the Pacific which explores houses as socially-constructed containers which reflect and influence their inhabitants' values and behavior. Critchlow conducted oral history interviews along with Will Stober, a Birmingham-born historian with extensive experience researching colonial life and administration in the New Hebrides, of British and French ex-colonial civil servants and officials. The interviews were primarily conducted in the United Kingdom and probed for information about the qualities of the houses and memories connected to their houses.

Critchlow returned to Vanuatu in 1995, examining the old colonial homes and their current state and usage by the locals. The cumulative work of the interviews and fieldwork resulted in Houses Far from Home: British Colonial Space in the New Hebrides published in 2001. Also in 2001, Critchlow convened a workshop funded by SHRCC, interviewing twenty-one Ni-Vanuatu women who were former house girls (domestic workers). The women gave testimony of their time working under British, French, Chinese, and Vietnamese masters. Critchlow subsequently received a Rockefeller fellowship in 2002 to write about her findings. House-Girls Remember: Domestic Workers in Vanuatu was published in 2007.

In addition to her teaching and research, Critchlow was the President of the Canadian Anthropology Society from 1993-1994 and in 2017 was awarded the Weaver-Tremblay Award from the Society. In 2010, she established the Canadian Senior Cohousing Society, a non-profit development company and cohousing advocacy group. Construction was completed in 2016 and the Harbourside Cohousing became the first senior-oriented co-housing property in Sooke, British Columbia, where Critchlow lives today.

[Biographical information for Margaret Critchlow compiled from: La série « Les Possédés et leurs mondes » est une production de la revue Anthropologie et Sociétés et du Département d'anthropologie de l'Université Laval, en partenariat avec la revue Anthropologica et la Société Canadienne d'anthropologie (CASCA). September 28th, 2016 (Sooke, Canada)]


William ("Bill") Rodman was born in 1943 in Philadelphia into a family for whom travel was both a passion and a profession. His father was an Agricultural Attaché specializing in Latin America, and Bill spent much of his early life in South and Central America. He graduated from high school in San Jose, Costa Rica. In 1965, Bill's father was posted to Australia, and Bill entered the University of Sydney. There, he majored in anthropology, and conducted his first fieldwork as the junior member of a four month archaeological expedition to the wild and desolate northwest coast of Tasmania.

At the University of Sydney, one of Bill's professors was Michael Allen, an anthropologist who had conducted research on the developed western side of the island of Aoba in the New Hebrides. Anthropologists had never undertaken long term research on East Aoba, where "kastom" was still a vital part of political and social life.

After he received his undergraduate degree from The University of Sydney in 1968, Rodman entered the graduate program in anthropology at the University of Chicago. He completed his Master's degree, entered the doctoral program, and, with Margaret Critchlow, his research partner and wife, conducted 16 months of fieldwork on East Aoba. The focus of his research was the "graded society", a men's association in which rank is achieved by killing and exchanging tusked boars. In 1978, Rodman became the adopted son of Mathias Tariundu, a chief of high rank in the rank association. Rodman has taken rank twice in the graded society and was given the title and name moli dal ure, "Wild Orange That Travels around the Islands."

In 1980, the New Hebrides became the independent nation of Vanuatu and the people of Aoba renamed their island "Ambae". Bill Rodman and Margaret Critchlow made six fieldtrips to New Hebrides/Vanuatu between 1969 and 1995 and lived in the country for a total of over three and a half years.

Rodman taught in the Department of Anthropology at McMaster University in Ontario, Canada for 36 years, from 1972 until 2008. His publications on Vanuatu include studies of local politics and law, the graded society, colonialism and its consequences, and sorcery and healing. His current theoretical interests include critical approaches to interpretive anthropology, the construction of identity, and interdisciplinary approaches to narrative in the human sciences.

He has published articles in a number of major anthropological journals, including American Anthropologist, American Ethologist, Journal of Anthropological Research, and Oceania. His publications include "When Questions are Answers: The Message of Anthropology, According to the People of Ambae, first published in American Anthropologist in 1991, and then re-published five times in successive editions of The Dolphin Reader. Other representative publications include "Outlaw Memories: Biography and the Construction of Meaning in Postcolonial Vanuatu," in P. Stewart and A. Strathern's Identity Work: Constructing Pacific Lives, ASAO Monograph No. 18 (2000) and "Lost and Found in Translation: An Education in Narrative in Fieldwork and the Classroom," in Interchange: A Quarterly Review of Education (2007).

In 1992, Rodman won both the McMaster Student Union's Social Sciences Teaching Award and the Overall Teaching Award for McMaster University. He was the 1996 W.C. Desmond Pacey Lecturer at the University of New Brunswick in Fredericton and St. John.

He is a Fellow of the Association for Social Anthropology in Oceania and a Professor Emeritus in the Department of Anthropology at McMaster University.

The papers of Margaret Critchlow and William L. Rodman, anthropologists and professors, specializing in law, politics, economics, family and kinship in Melanesia, specifically the Republic of Vanuatu. The collection includes field and research materials relating to their six research trips to the Republic of Vanuatu (formerly The New Hebrides) between 1969 and 1995.

Arranged in three series: 1) FIELDWORK I, 2) FIELDWORK II, and 3) DIGITAL FILES.

Margaret Critchlow Papers. MSS 794. Special Collections & Archives, UC San Diego Library.

Additional materials created by William Rodman and Margaret Critchlow may be found in their online collection of photographs.

Container List


Scope and Content of Series

Series 1) FIELDWORK I: Arrangement follows Rodman's original inventory and guide to the materials and includes "Field Materials: Inventory and Guide Aoba/Ambae, New Hebrides/Vanuatu Volume I - Interviews, Events, Documents." Field Journals were jointly written by Margaret and William Rodman from their first expedition in 1969 through their last in 1995. An inventory and guide to the research materials is included, compiled by William Rodman which summarizes and contextualizes each file. Additionally, a list of interviewees and a description of each interview is included in the "Fieldwork Inventory and Index Aoba/Ambae, New Hebrides/Vanuatu; Interview Index."

Arranged in eight subseries: A) Field Journals, B) Interviews, C) Rank Takings, D) Weddings/Funerals, E) Courts/Meetings, F) Land Cooperatives, G) Documents and H) Miscellaneous.

Field Journals

Box 1 Folder 1-3
Journal of a Field Trip to the New Hebrides (Aoba Island) Volume I-III, 1969 December 8-1971 February 8

Includes a preface to the transcribed journals, written by William Rodman, providing an introduction to the collection and context to the field materials.

Box 1 Folder 4-7
Journal of a Field Trip to Aoba Island, New Hebrides Volume I-IV revised final draft, 1978 August 8-1979 June 8
Box 1 Folder 8-9
Journal of a Field Trip to Port Vila and Ambae Island, Vanuatu Volume I-II, 1982 July 21-November 25
Box 1 Folder 10-12
Journal of a Field Trip to Vanuatu (Port Vila, Port Olry, Ambae Island) Volume I-III, 1985 August 3-December 17
Box 1 Folder 13
Journal of a Field Trip to Vanuatu (Port Vila, Santo, Ambae Island) - Complete version, 1993 July 23-August 10
Box 1 Folder 14
Field Materials: Inventory and Guide Aoba/Ambae, New Hebrides/Vanuatu Volume I - Interviews, events, documents, 1970-1993

Arranged by topic. The subseries below follow the creators' original order: Interviews, rank-taking ceremonies, weddings and funerals, courts and meetings, land and co-operatives, documents and miscellaneous.


Box 2 Folder 1
Fieldwork Inventory and Index Aoba/Ambae, New Hebrides/Vanuatu; Interview Index

List of interviewees and description of interviews. William and Margaret Rodman taped all of the following interviews. Interviews are conducted in Bislama, and translated into English while in the field.

Box 2 Folder 2
"Cast of Characters in East Aoban Local History, Legend, and Myth", 1979

Index of historical personages, mainly chiefs, as well as consultants mentioned in interviews. Some are cultural heroes or creator gods. The list is arranged in alphabetical order and the initials of the informant are given.

Box 2 Folder 3-6
Tariundu, Mathias, 1970-1985

Includes interviews with Mathias Tariundu (Feb. 19-21, 1979), Simon Tarihuhu (Feb. 24, 1979). These interviews are concerned (in part) with the laws of Ambae/Aoba.

Box 2 Folder 7-10
Tariundu, Mathias, 1970-1985

Includes interviews with Mathias Tariundu (Feb. 19-21, 1979), Simon Tarihuhu (Feb. 24, 1979). These interviews are concerned (in part) with the laws of Ambae/Aoba.

Box 2 Folder 11
Boemavute, David, 1970-1971
Box 2 Folder 12
Garae, Rupert, 1970-1971
Box 2 Folder 13
Tagaro, John, 1971
Box 2 Folder 14
Arugi, Allen, 1971
Box 2 Folder 15
Tari, Lester with Sal Ton and James Liu, 1970
Box 2 Folder 16
Archdeacon Rawcliffe, 1971 January 12
Box 2 Folder 17
Mera, Martin, 1970 August 23
Box 2 Folder 18-21
Mera, Thompson, 1970-1985
Box 2 Folder 22-25
Banitambe, Barnabas, 1970-1985
Box 2 Folder 26-27
Vusi, Steven, 1978-1982
Box 2 Folder 28-30
Mera, Joel, 1978-1985
Box 2 Folder 31-32
Mweta, Betty, 1978, 1985
Box 2 Folder 33-34
Tari, Christopher, 1979, 1982
Box 2 Folder 35
Turner, Christopher, 1994 August 11
Box 2 Folder 36-37
Bue, Pastor Daniel, 1982, 1985
Box 2 Folder 38-39
Aga, Nicolas, 1978-1979, 1985
Box 2 Folder 40
Mera, Father James, 1982 October 19
Box 2 Folder 41
Malosu, Douglas, 1978 November 3
Box 2 Folder 42
Tari, Stephen, 1978 September 19
Box 2 Folder 43
Liu, Simon, 1985 November 17
Box 2 Folder 44
Tari, Edmund, 1982 October 21
Box 2 Folder 45
Aru, Stanley, 1985 November
Box 2 Folder 46
Mala, Edison, 1985 November 15
Box 2 Folder 47
Tari, Lester, 1978 November 21
Box 2 Folder 48
Tarihuhu, Simon, 1979
Box 2 Folder 49-50
Tari, Marcel, 1978-1979, 1985
Box 2 Folder 51
Garae, Movid, 1985 November 24
Box 2 Folder 52
Banga, Ismael, 1979 March 26
Box 2 Folder 53
Mera, Charlie, 1978
Box 2 Folder 54
Toa, Frank Bolen, 1993 August 22
Box 2 Folder 55
Aru, Peter, 1979 June 6
Box 2 Folder 56-57
Mera, Selwyn, 1978-1979, 1982
Box 2 Folder 58
Wasi, John, 1978 December 12
Box 2 Folder 59
Tari, Lawrence, 1985 November 18
Box 2 Folder 60
Ture, Daniel, 1985 December 4
Box 2 Folder 61
Tariliu, Franklin, 1979 April 24
Box 2 Folder 62
Bubu Ellen, 1979 May 12

Includes notes and observations.

Box 2 Folder 63
Boe, Sergeant Robert, 1985 November 23

Includes "A Policeman's Lot: Sgt. Robert Sings the Blues."

Box 2 Folder 64
Veve, Catherine, 1982
Box 2 Folder 65
Tarilung, Michael, 1982 October 3
Box 2 Folder 66
Alamera, Doreen Judy, 1982 October 4
Box 2 Folder 67
Rakau, Vake, 1985 September 18
Box 2 Folder 68
Garae, Simeon, 1985
Box 2 Folder 69
Jeffred, Joe and Simon Swale, 1993 August 25

Includes notes by Margaret about a conversation.


Box 2 Folder 70
Huqe: Duruku, Kenisett and Philip, Willy Votaga ceremony, 1970

Huqe ceremony, or rank-taking in Vanuatu graded society.

Box 2 Folder 71
Huqe: Garae, Rupert Ala ceremony, 1970
Box 2 Folder 72
Huqe: Lini, Leonard Votaga ceremony, 1970 April 22
Box 2 Folder 73
Huqe: Tari, Lester Mabu ceremony, 1970, undated
Box 2 Folder 74
Huqe: Garae, Barnabas Wari - Vudulue, 1970-1971
Box 2 Folder 75
Huqe: Ton, Sal - Vavahegi, undated

Folder is titled "Sal Ton" but contents indicate "Charlie Ton." Also, possible alternate spelling of Vavahegi ceremony as Fabahegi [?].

Box 2 Folder 76
Huqe: Aru, Peter - Mabu Vavahegi, 1970-1971
Box 2 Folder 77
Huqe: Mera, Thompson - Votaga, 1970
Box 2 Folder 78
Huqe: Vai, Stephen's Mabu, 1971, undated
Box 2 Folder 79
Garae, Simon Teveteve Vavahegi rank-taking, 1978 August 14

Simon Garae or Simeon Garae [?].

Box 2 Folder 80
Wesley, John: Duruku rank-taking, 1978 August 23-24
Box 2 Folder 81
Frank Bolen's Huqe, 1978
Box 2 Folder 82
Huqe - Tari, Marcel - Votaga, undated
Box 2 Folder 83
Rank-taking histories, 1978
Box 2 Folder 84
Vene, venvene, masamu, undated

Includes definitions of these terms.

Box 2 Folder 85
Church of Christ: Revival of Huqe, 1977-1978

Timeline of content spanning 1953-1979.


Box 2 Folder 86
Fieldwork Inventory and Index Aoba/Ambae, New Hebrides/Vanuatu Katsom Weddings and Funerals in Longana, 1970-1971, 1978-1979
Box 2 Folder 87
Marriage: Woi, Maslin/Tari, Solomon and Meta, Esther/Toa, Jacob, 1970
Box 2 Folder 88
Marriage: Woi, Estella/Garae, Hobson, 1970 September 8-9
Box 2 Folder 89
Wedding: Christopher Lini/Corrin Woi, 1971
Box 2 Folder 90
Vivian's dure and wedding, 1978
Box 2 Folder 91
Jessica and Movid's dure and wedding, 1979 February 15-16
Box 2 Folder 92
Funeral: Lizzie Woilone, 1970
Box 2 Folder 93
Elsie's funeral, 1978
Box 2 Folder 94
Susurigi ceremony: Mera, John, 1970 April 23


Box 3 Folder 1
Court: Aru, Francis - Bani, Alfred vs. Aru, Mary Madeline, 1970
Box 3 Folder 2
Meeting: 700109 (Solomon), 700307 (Ansela), 1970
Box 3 Folder 3
Court: Nelson/Wai, Susan (701004), 1970 October 4

Last name possibly Waialeale [?].

Box 3 Folder 4
Meeting: Lini, Christopher/Woi, Corrin, 1970 December 19
Box 3 Folder 5
Native Court - (7004078), 1970 April 8

Concerns Francis Aru and drunkenness.

Box 3 Folder 6
Native Court - (700523), 1970 May 23

Concerns a fight between Stephen Aru and Stephen Vusi. Contains many reoccurring names that show genealogy.

Box 3 Folder 7
Native Court - (700917), 1970 September 17

Concerns Jonathan Tari and drunkenness.

Box 3 Folder 8
Native Court - 701218 (Thompson), 1970 December 18
Box 3 Folder 9
Native Court - Sori, Mark, 1971 February 4

Case of the death of a woman.

Box 3 Folder 10
Court - Young men, theft, 1978 September 23
Box 3 Folder 11
Court - Reg. Mala vs. Aaron, 1978 October 9
Box 3 Folder 12
Court - Francis vs. Joseph, Francis vs. Rubert, 1978 October 28
Box 3 Folder 13
Court - Joel vs. Jonathan, 1978 November 5
Box 3 Folder 14
Court - Tari, Kai and Taitus, 1978 November 11

Two separate court cases - Kai Tari and Taitus.

Box 3 Folder 15
Court - Jonathan vs. Siwoi, Francis vs. Bernard, 1978 November-December
Box 3 Folder 16
Franklin land dispute, 1978 December, 1979 April
Box 3 Folder 17
Court - Wasi, John, 1979 April 29
Box 3 Folder 18
Island Courts Act, 1983
Box 3 Folder 19
Island Courts Criminal Procedure, 1984
Box 3 Folder 20
Island Courts Civil Procedure, 1983-1984
Box 3 Folder 21
Island Court Cases - (850913, 850909), 1985 September 9, 13
Box 3 Folder 22
Efate Island court summaries, 1984-1985
Box 3 Folder 23
Serah Ligo - Wei Blong Aelan Kot, 1984
Box 3 Folder 24
Magistrate's Court, Efate - (850918, 850920), 1985 September 18, 20
Box 3 Folder 25
Gazette - Penal Code Act, 1981 August 7
Box 3 Folder 26
Native Criminal Code, 1962-1967
Box 3 Folder 27
Gazette - Miscellaneous reference law, 1983-1985
Box 3 Folder 28
Vanuatu government: adjudication land disputes, 1982
Box 3 Folder 29
Vanuatu Prosekuta Nius Tok, 1982
Box 3 Folder 30
Selected documents, British District Agency (BDA), Santo (Treadwell), 1979
Box 3 Folder 31
Judicial reform file, ca. 1979
Box 3 Folder 32
Breshnihan, Judge, and Souyave, 1978
Box 3 Folder 33
Navonda Village Planning Committee (NVPC) - Rules and laws, 1978 November
Box 3 Folder 34
Tamata - Lolovoli - Lolokaro, 1983 October 4
Box 3 Folder 35
Longana area laws, 1984
Box 3 Folder 36
Inaugural meeting of the Aoba Council of Chiefs, 1978 October 10-11
Box 3 Folder 37
Miting Kansel Blong Jifs (meeting minutes), 1978-1979
Box 3 Folder 38
Minutes - Waibulu Council, 1982-1985
Box 3 Folder 39
Minutes of the Aoba local council, 1962-1969
Box 3 Folder 40
Aoba local council meetings and documents, 1970
Box 3 Folder 41
Aoba local council meeting (700910-11), 1970 March, September
Box 3 Folder 42
Meeting of the chiefs - Rorono Sonebubugi Nora Sesea, 1970
Box 3 Folder 43
The Naqea Huqe meetings (700928 and 700929), 1970 September 28-29
Box 3 Folder 44
Meeting: Disputed land at Tamburigi, 1970


Box 3 Folder 45
Report of AD HOC land committee, 1978-1979
Box 3 Folder 46
Land questionnaire interviews, 1978-1979

Robson, Rebecca, Kai, Anna, Willy Butu, Catherine, Edmond, May K., Norman.

Box 3 Folder 47
Cooperatives file - Yeolu Abul, Taitus, cooperatives 4, prices, 1978-1979
Box 3 Folder 48
Meeting - Hile Hile Cooperative (821015), 1982 October 15
Box 3 Folder 49
Siwoi Cooperative file, 1970


Box 3 Folder 50
Father Jarris's speech (780907), 1978 September 7
Box 3 Folder 51
Vanua[a]ku Party flag raising (780930), 1978 September 30

Vanuaaku Pati is the Democratic Socialist Party of Vanuatu.

Box 3 Folder 52
Father Walter Lini report on Bishop's conference, 1970 March 15
Box 3 Folder 53
Father Walter's speech, Navonda (781125), 1978 November 25
Box 3 Folder 54
Na Griamel - Flag, etc., 1969
Box 3 Folder 55
New Hebridean Viewpoints, #1 Walter Lini's 1st Issue, 1971 August

Published by the New Hebrides Cultural Association.

Box 3 Folder 56
Vanuaaku Pati petition, ca. 1979
Box 3 Folder 57
The New Hebrides, A Doubly Oppressed Colony, undated
Box 3 Folder 58
Agreements Amending the Anglo-French Protocol of 1914, undated
Box 3 Folder 59
Protection of native interests, ca. 1976
Box 3 Folder 60
A Book: Qilodo, Tataro, undated
Box 3 Folder 61
House in Waileni, 1977-1978
Box 3 Folder 62
Malvatumauri Katsom Polisi, 1984 May 28


Box 3 Folder 63
Documents, 1969-1970, 2005

Includes short documents about schools, meetings/presentations, and correspondence.

Box 3 Folder 64
Documents, 1978-1979

Includes price lists, diagrams and drawn maps, academic writings, and copra information lists.

Box 3 Folder 65
Mat dyeing/production (790318), 1979 March 18


Scope and Content of Series

Series 2) FIELDWORK II: Includes "Field Materials: Inventory and Guide, Aoba/Ambae, New Hebrides/Vanuatu Volume 2 - Short Notes" complied by Rodman which derives primarily from Rodman and Critchlow's ethnographic research from 1969-1971. Their main topics of research are politics and the graded society, religion and the supernatural, environment and economics, and family and kinship. It also includes census reports, maps of the area, and data analysis for Critchlow's PhD dissertation "Customary Illusions: Land and Copra in Longana, Vanuatu."

Box 1 Folder 15
Field Materials: Inventory and Guide, Aoba/Ambae, New Hebrides/Vanuatu Volume 2 - Short Notes, 1970-1993

Inventory and guide to the "Short Notes." Includes context for the supporting field materials in original order: Politics and graded society, supernatural beliefs, environment and economics, family and kinship and miscellaneous.

Box 1 Folder 16
Short Notes on: Politics, Including the Graded Society, 1970-1971
Box 1 Folder 17-18
Short Notes on: Religion and the Supernatural, Environment and Economics, Family and Kinship, History, 1970-1971
Box 3 Folder 66
Kin terms - East Ambae from Grace Mera, 1970
Box 3 Folder 67-68
Maps - Navonda, Mataravi (Lovunbise), in Longana, Ambae Island, Waileni, 1970-1982
Box 3 Folder 69
Erakor - Longana word association test, with photographs, undated
Box 3 Folder 70
Data analysis for Margaret Critchlow Rodman's PhD dissertation, "Customary Illusions: Land and Copra in Longana, Vanuatu", undated
Box 3 Folder 71
Women, 1st National Conference of Vanuatu Women, Grace Mera, protest of beauty contest, Kathleen Lini paper abstract, 1978
Box 3 Folder 72
Census code book Longana, by M. Rodman, 1978
Box 3 Folder 73
Census - Waileni area of Longana, 1982
Oversize FB-450 Folder 7-8
Longana census report; Maps of North Vanuatu, Longana land holdings, 1979-1983, undated
Box 3 Folder 74
Longana large former land maps, undated
Box 3 Folder 75-76
Church of Christ census forms, 1970-1982
Box 3 Folder 77-78
Melanesian Mission and Seventh Day Adventists census forms, 1982
Box 3 Folder 79
Children's drawings Lovunvili school, 1982
Box 3 Folder 80
Notes on government documents re: Ambae land, 1978-1979
Box 3 Folder 81
Melanesian mission, genealogies, Church of Christ - Notes, undated


Scope and Content of Series

A selection of digital files added to the collection in 2024.

Digital file 1 Folder 1
Longana genealogies, 1970

These handwritten, interview-based charts show relatedness. They are keyed to a code at the top, bottom and sides of the pages so that they can, if printed, be connected into an array of many generations and degrees of laterality. Shared with archives as a single PDF.

Digital file 1 Folder 2
Census documents, 1978

32 scanned forms of a census conducted in 1978.

Digital file 1 Folder 3
Fieldnotes, 1978, 1982

"The 100 pound woman," and "Building our house in Waileni."