Charles Houston Papers, 1906 - 2009 (MSS 716)

OFF-SITE STORAGE: COLLECTION STORED OFF-SITE. ALLOW ONE WEEK FOR RETRIEVAL OF MATERIALS.
Restrictions: Original audiovisual and digital media formats are restricted. Viewing/listening copies may be available for researchers. Correspondence containing medical information in Boxes 19-20 and 71 is restricted until 2095.

Extent: 37 Linear feet (72 archives boxes, 6 record cartons, 2 card file boxes, and 1 flat box)

The papers of Charles Houston, high altitude researcher and mountaineer, document his medical and high altitude expedition career from 1945-2009. The materials include correspondence, research from the Operation Everest I and II, high altitude medical research investigations, Peace Corps materials, writings, photographs and audiovisual materials.

Charles Snead Houston, born in 1913 in New York, was an American physician, mountaineer, high-altitude investigator, and former Peace Corps administrator. He was educated at Harvard University and earned a Doctor of Medicine from Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons. Houston practiced internal medicine in Exeter, New Hampshire and Aspen, Colorado. Later, he joined the faculty at the University of Vermont as Professor of Medicine. He retired from the faculty in 1979.

In 1936, Houston was a member of an expedition led by the British climber H.W. Tilman to the top of Nanda Devi in India, the highest mountain climbed at that time. In 1938, he led the first American Karakoram expedition to K2. In 1953, he organized an expedition return to K2 and although he did not reach the summit, his party mapped a route to the summit that was accomplished by the Italian team in 1954. Houston published K2, the Savage Mountain (1954) about the expedition.

Houston began his study of the effects of high altitude as a naval flight surgeon in World War II. He was in charge of Operation Everest (1947) in which four subjects were taken to a simulated altitude of 8850 m over 34 days in a compression chamber. The studies demonstrated that acclimatization would allow pilots to fly unpressurized planes to altitudes of 15,000 feet and higher. Houston continued similar studies of human biological responses at extreme simulated altitudes in the high altitude chamber during Operation Everest II in 1985.

From 1962 to 1965, Houston served as the first Country Director of the Peace Corps for India under the directorship of Robert Sargent Shriver. He was instrumental in developing the medical doctors' division within the Corps. Additionally during the 1960s, Houston was involved with early attempts to construct an artificial heart. Consequently his designs influenced the design of the Jarvik artificial heart.

Even after his mountaineering days of climbing discontinued, Houston continued the investigation of altitude sickness and was the first to document high-altitude pulmonary edema (HAPE). The culmination of his work was executed on the grant funded research study on Mount Logan in the Yukon territory in Canada. Houston was the director of the Arctic Institute on Mount Logan in 1968.

Additionally, Houston was a major benefactor for establishing the Colorado Altitude Research Institute (CARI), now known as the Altitude Research Center. Under the leadership of Dr. Houston, the institute studied how hypoxia affects health and performance and included the largest survey performed in the United States into incidences of acute mountain sickness.

Charles Houston died on September 27, 2009 in Burlington, Vermont.

The papers of Charles Houston, high altitude physiology researcher and mountaineer, relate to the medical research and investigation of high altitude climates and illnesses. Notable portions of the collection are Houston's studies of high altitude simulated environments: Operation Everest I and II, Mount Logan High Altitude Physiology Study, and the Mount Washington study. Houston's research resulted in numerous published books, mountaineering accounts, and writings. The papers also include correspondence, materials related to other significant mountain expeditions, professional affiliations documents, additional grant and research projects, and biographical materials. A modest portion of the collection represents Houston's tenure as the first Country Director for Peace Corps for India, as lead medical teaching doctor. The collection also includes audio and visual recordings, and digital media.

The papers are arranged in ten series: 1) CORRESPONDENCE, 2) BIOGRAPHICAL MATERIALS, 3) PEACE CORPS OF INDIA, 4) HIGH ALTITUDE RESEARCH, 5) WRITINGS, 6) GRANTS AND RESEARCH, 7) LECTURES AND CONFERENCES, 8) PROFESSIONAL AFFILIATIONS, 9) IMAGES AND RECORDINGS, and 10) DIGITAL MEDIA.

A small selection of materials in the Charles Houston papers had significant water damage, therefore photocopy reproductions replace the originals in portions of the papers.

Container List

CORRESPONDENCE

Scope and Content of Series

Series 1) CORRESPONDENCE. Arranged in two subseries: A) General Correspondence and B) Altitude Illness Case Records.

A) General Correspondence: Houston's incoming and outgoing correspondence with researchers in the fields of high altitude medicine and cardiology, family members, colleagues, and researchers. Arranged alphabetically by correspondent.

B) Altitude Illness Case Records: Correspondence related to various studies in which Houston either participated or consulted. These letters contain medical information and are restricted until 2095.

General Correspondence

Box 1 Folder 1
Aarseth, Sverre, 1980-1982
Box 1 Folder 2
Abrams, Herbert, 1972-1973
Box 1 Folder 3
Adams, Connie, 2005
Box 1 Folder 4
Ader, Robert, 2001-2006
Box 1 Folder 5
Ahmed, Durie, 2004-2005
Box 1 Folder 6
Alda, Alan, 1977-1979
Box 1 Folder 7
Allman, William, 1983
Box 1 Folder 8
Altman, Peter, 1987
Box 1 Folder 9
Ament, Pat, 1987-1989
Box 1 Folder 10-12
American Alpine Club, 1973-2002
Box 1 Folder 13
Anantharamakrishnan, S., 1963-1964
Box 1 Folder 14
Anderson, Eric, 1979-1984
Box 1 Folder 15
Anderson, J.R.L., 1979-1981
Box 1 Folder 16
Anderson, Lester, 1980
Box 1 Folder 17
Anderson, Maxie, 1981-1982
Box 1 Folder 18
Anholm, James, 1979-1982
Box 1 Folder 19
Armstrong, E. (Army), 1983-2002
Box 1 Folder 20
Armstrong, Victoria, 1983-1989
Box 1 Folder 21
Axelrod, Shirli, 1979
Box 1 Folder 22
A - Miscellaneous
Box 2 Folder 1
Babcock, Henry H., 1978-2002
Box 2 Folder 2
Backus, Verne, 1988-1989
Box 2 Folder 3
Baekeland, Brooks, 1988
Box 2 Folder 4
Bakewell, Anderson, 1985-1986
Box 2 Folder 5
Bangs, Cameron, 1976-1983
Box 2 Folder 6-7
Barry Family (Em, Anne, Helen), 1981-2002
Box 2 Folder 8
Bates, Robert, 1995-2008
Box 2 Folder 9
Baume, Louis, 1980-1984
Box 2 Folder 10
Beal, Chris, 2004-2006
Box 2 Folder 11
Beal, Janet, 2003-2006
Box 2 Folder 12
Becker, E. Lovell (Stretch), 1979-1981
Box 2 Folder 13
Belle, Aimee, 1984-1989
Box 2 Folder 14
Benedict, Fabienne, 1984-1988
Box 2 Folder 15
Berle, Beatrice, 1988
Box 2 Folder 16
Bezruchka, Stephen, 1983-2002
Box 2 Folder 17
Bishop, Barry, 1988
Box 2 Folder 18
Bland, John, 1962-1997
Box 2 Folder 19
Bligh, John, 1981-1985
Box 2 Folder 20
Blount, Gilbert, 1962-1975
Box 2 Folder 21
Blount, Rick, 2003-2004
Box 2 Folder 22
Bogan, B.P., 1981-1983
Box 2 Folder 23
Bortz, Walter, 1984
Box 69 Folder 1
Bourne, Chris, 1979
Box 2 Folder 24
Bowman, Warren D., 1982-1988
Box 2 Folder 25
Boyle, John, 1982-1988
Box 3 Folder 1
Bragdon, Pete, 1961-2006
Box 3 Folder 2
Brandes, Gertrud, 1999
Box 3 Folder 3
Britton, John, 1989
Box 69 Folder 2
Brown, Thomas Graham, 1935-1936
Box 3 Folder 4
Bruce, Jeanette, 1976-1977
Box 3 Folder 5
Buhler, Carlos, 1983-2002
Box 3 Folder 6
Buick, Fred, 1982
Box 3 Folder 7
Burack, Nelson, 1986
Box 3 Folder 8
Burchell, Howard B., 1981-1984
Box 3 Folder 9
Burki, Dius, 1993
Box 3 Folder 10
Burlington Free Press, 1977-2003
Box 3 Folder 11
Burns, Barry, 1980-1983
Box 3 Folder 12-14
B - Miscellaneous
Box 69 Folder 3-4
B - Miscellaneous
Box 4 Folder 1
Carroll, Steve, 1983
Box 4 Folder 2
Carter, H. Adams, 1970-1980
Box 4 Folder 3
Castle, Frank, 1988
Box 4 Folder 4
Child, Marilyn, 1976-2002
Box 4 Folder 5
Clarke, Charles, 1975-1983
Box 4 Folder 6
Clinch, Nicholas B., 1981-2002
Box 69 Folder 5
Coburn, Broughton, 1997
Box 69 Folder 6
Colorado Rocky Mountain School, 1973-1975
Box 4 Folder 7
Comlay, Bob, 2001-2002
Box 4 Folder 8
Conrad, Richard J., 2000-2001
Box 4 Folder 9
Costelle, Daniel, 1979-1981
Box 4 Folder 10
Cowles, Elizabeth, 1950
Box 4 Folder 11
Crawford, Ian, 1972
Box 4 Folder 12
Cross, Leroy, 1974-1975
Box 4 Folder 13
Crouch, Dee, 1963-1980
Box 4 Folder 14
Cudabeck, David, 1982-1983
Box 69 Folder 7
Cummings, Peter, 1979-1981
Box 4 Folder 15
Cummings, Peter, 1981-1989
Box 4 Folder 16
Cummings, Stanley, 1979-1986
Box 4 Folder 17
Cuttler, Clive, 1984-1988
Box 4 Folder 18
C - Miscellaneous
Box 5 Folder 1
C - Miscellaneous
Box 69 Folder 8
C - Miscellaneous
Box 5 Folder 2
Darvill, Fred, 1987-1988
Box 5 Folder 3
Daugen, Fred, 1974-1975
Box 5 Folder 4
Davis, Deane, 1972-1973
Box 5 Folder 5
Davis, H.E., 1984
Box 5 Folder 6
Davis, Pamela, 1987-2002
Box 5 Folder 7
Dea, Peter, 1981-1982
Box 5 Folder 8
Desio, Ardito, 1972-1988
Box 5 Folder 9-10
Dickenson, John, 1972-1983
Box 5 Folder 11
Dill, Bruce, 1979-1984
Box 5 Folder 12
Dow, Russ and Rusty, 1982-1987
Box 5 Folder 13
Dreyfus, Jack, 1987-1988
Box 69 Folder 9
Dreyfus, Jack, 1976-1985
Box 5 Folder 14
Drummond, Alex. Includes images of Alex Drummond and Ron Cox rescue, 1990-1995
Box 5 Folder 15
D - Miscellaneous
Box 69 Folder 10-11
D - Miscellaneous
Box 5 Folder 16
Echevarria, Emilio, 1981-1985
Box 5 Folder 17
Eiseman, Ben, 1962-1986
Box 6 Folder 1
Engle, Dean. Includes "Talus: A Scrapbook History of Dartmouth Mountaineering Club", 1992
Box 6 Folder 2
Evans, Patricia
Box 6 Folder 3
E - Miscellaneous
Box 6 Folder 4
Fabian, Georgene and Rick, 2002
Box 6 Folder 5
Farquhar, Francis, 1951
Box 6 Folder 6
Feins, Steve and Anita, 1976-1979
Box 69 Folder 12
Filley, Giles, 1980-1981
Box 6 Folder 7
Finlay, Alexis, 1977
Box 6 Folder 8
Fisher, James F., 1987-1989
Box 6 Folder 9
Flanagan, Latham, 1979-1984
Box 6 Folder 10
Foege, William, 1977-2005
Box 6 Folder 11
Foster, Tiah, 1981-1985
Box 6 Folder 12
Frayser, Regina, 1970-1975
Box 6 Folder 13
Froelicher, F. Charles, 1976-2006
Box 6 Folder 14
F - Miscellaneous
Box 69 Folder 13
F - Miscellaneous
Box 6 Folder 15
Galbraith, John Kenneth, 1981-1987
Box 6 Folder 16
Gamow, Igor R., 1985-1988
Box 6 Folder 17
Gardiner, Steve, 1990
Box 7 Folder 1
Glen, David A., 2007
Box 7 Folder 2
Goodwin-Kueffner, Carolyn, 2002-2003
Box 70 Folder 1
Gray, Gary, 1980-1981
Box 7 Folder 3
Green, Peter, 1998-2002
Box 7 Folder 4
Gressley, Gene M., 1975-1985
Box 7 Folder 5
Griffith, Stan, 1975-1979
Box 70 Folder 2
Grose, Jack and Bobby, 1984-1985
Box 7 Folder 6
Grose, Susan, 2001-2002
Box 7 Folder 7
Grover, Robert, 1975-1980
Box 7 Folder 8
Gundel, Walter, 1981-1982
Box 7 Folder 9-10
G - Miscellaneous
Box 70 Folder 3
G - Miscellaneous
Box 7 Folder 11-12
Hackett, Peter, 1975-2008
Box 8 Folder 1
Halsted, James A., 1975-1980
Box 8 Folder 2
Hamid, Shahid, 1979-1989
Box 8 Folder 3
Hanson, Bob, 1980
Box 8 Folder 4
Hanson, Dennis and Bo, 1982-2002
Box 70 Folder 4
Harken, Dwight, 1971-1975
Box 8 Folder 5
Harlin, John, 2002
Box 70 Folder 5
Hartberg, Peter - Includes "Limits to Growth" seminar, 1980
Box 8 Folder 6
Hartlin, Edmund M., 1982-1983
Box 8 Folder 7
Hartzog, George B., 1986
Box 8 Folder 8
Heiling, Dot, 2002
Box 8 Folder 9
Heilman, Richard S., 1983-1985
Box 8 Folder 10
Herzog, Maurice, 1975-1983
Box 8 Folder 11
Hillary, Sir Edmund
Box 8 Folder 12-13
Hodes, Rick, 1993 - 2007
Box 70 Folder 6
Holdsworth, Gerald, 1997
Box 8 Folder 14
Hollister, William H., 1975-1977
Box 70 Folder 7
Holzel, Tom, 1960-1979
Box 8 Folder 15
Holzel, Tom, 1980 - 2002
Box 8 Folder 16
Hixson, Edward G., 1962-2007
Box 70 Folder 8
Horiuchi, Akio, 1981-1983
Box 8 Folder 17
Hornbein, Tom, 1975-2007
Box 70 Folder 9
Hornbein, Tom. Includes draft of History of Altitude Sickness, 1997
Box 9 Folder 1
House, William P., 1979-1989
Box 9 Folder 2
Houston, C. Stuart, 1977-1978
Box 9 Folder 3
Houston, Dorcas, 1948-1956
Box 9 Folder 4
Houston family, 1962-1972
Box 9 Folder 5
Houston, Ned, 1983
Box 9 Folder 6
Houston, Nelly, 1954-1974
Box 9 Folder 7
Houston, Oscar S. , 1932-1979
Box 9 Folder 8
Howe, Fisher, 2006-2008
Box 9 Folder 9
Howorth, Beckett, 1977-1982
Box 9 Folder 10
Hubbell, Charles, 1975-1989
Box 9 Folder 11
Huber, J. Parker, 1978
Box 9 Folder 12
Huey, Raymond B., 1996-2003
Box 9 Folder 13
Huggins, Gail E., 1982
Box 9 Folder 14
Hultgren, Herbert, 1975 - 1979
Box 70 Folder 10
Hultgren, Herbert, 1995-1997
Box 9 Folder 15
Hurtado, Alberto, 1976-1983
Box 9 Folder 16-17
H - Miscellaneous
Box 70 Folder 11
H - Miscellaneous
Box 10 Folder 1
Ingelfinger, Franz J., 1976-1978
Box 10 Folder 2
Innes-Taylor, Alan, 1975-1976
Box 10 Folder 3
Isserman, Maurice, 2005-2008
Box 10 Folder 4
Ives, Jack (International Mountain Society), 1981-1986
Box 10 Folder 5
I - Miscellaneous
Box 70 Folder 12
Jacobs, Sonia, 1986-1987
Box 10 Folder 6
Jaffe, Robert M., 1984-1985
Box 10 Folder 7
Jarris, Paul, 1983
Box 10 Folder 8
Jeffords, James, 1978-2002
Box 10 Folder 9
Jessup, Adaline and Bruce, 1976-1989
Box 10 Folder 10
Johl, Ernst, 1963
Box 10 Folder 11
Jones, David, 1977-1985
Box 10 Folder 12
Jordan, Jennifer, 2001-2009
Box 10 Folder 13
Jouty, Sylvain, 1980-1989
Box 10 Folder 14
Jukes, Thomas H., 1981-1982
Box 10 Folder 15
J - Miscellaneous
Box 70 Folder 13
J - Miscellaneous
Box 10 Folder 16
Kamler, Kenneth M., 2002
Box 10 Folder 17
Kauffman, Andrew J., 1979-1983
Box 10 Folder 18
Kaul, Sanjiv, 1977
Box 10 Folder 19
Keaveny, Michael, 1982-1987
Box 10 Folder 20
Keller, Gary D., 2007
Box 10 Folder 21
Kennedy, Alasdair, 2005-2006
Box 10 Folder 22
Kessler, Gary, 1978-1981
Box 11 Folder 1
Kizer, Ken, 1982-1984
Box 11 Folder 2
Kleppner, Bran, 1988
Box 11 Folder 3
Knowles, John H., 1974-1977
Box 11 Folder 4
Kochalka, John, 1984
Box 11 Folder 5
Koeslag, Johan H., 1981-1983
Box 11 Folder 6
Kohli, Harish, 1983
Box 70 Folder 14
Korf, Richard, 1991
Box 11 Folder 7
Krause, William L., 1988-1989
Box 11 Folder 8
Krishnan, G. Gopala, 1976-1984
Box 11 Folder 9
K - Miscellaneous
Box 11 Folder 10
Lawrence, David, 1983
Box 11 Folder 11
Ledoux, Louis Pierre, 1965
Box 11 Folder 12
Leighty, Forest, 1989
Box 11 Folder 13
Leoppky, Jack, 1988
Box 11 Folder 14
L'etang, Hugh, 1983-1985
Box 11 Folder 15
Levine, Ben, 1988
Box 11 Folder 16
Lim, Albert, 1987-1988
Box 11 Folder 17
Lipow, Herman, 1982
Box 11 Folder 18
Lister, Chris, 1980-1987
Box 11 Folder 19
Little, William, 1988-1989
Box 11 Folder 20
Livingston, Katherine S., 2004-2005
Box 11 Folder 21
Lloyd, Peter, 1974-1992
Box 11 Folder 22
Logsdon, Mark J., 1975
Box 11 Folder 23
Loomis, Sabra, 2005
Box 11 Folder 24
Lopp, Oscar, 1994-2002
Box 70 Folder 15
Lopp, Oscar - Mountain Medicine Institute, 1990-1994
Box 11 Folder 25
Lord, Sterling, 1981
Box 11 Folder 26
Lounsbury, Dave, 2001-2002
Box 11 Folder 27
Lowrance, William, 1986
Box 11 Folder 28
Lowy, Jed, 1979-1980
Box 11 Folder 29
Luft, Ulrich C., 1960-1975
Box 11 Folder 30
L - Miscellaneous
Box 12 Folder 1
L - Miscellaneous
Box 12 Folder 2
Malone, Patrick T., 1995-1996
Box 12 Folder 3
Mason, Benjamin L., 1985
Box 12 Folder 4
McConnell, Page, 2002-2003
Box 12 Folder 5
McDonald, Ann C., 1975-1981
Box 12 Folder 6
McKhann, Charles F., 1975-1981
Box 12 Folder 7
McNamara, Robert S., 1983-2006
Box 12 Folder 8
Mellor, Norman, 1985-1989
Box 12 Folder 9
Menon, N.D., 1983-1990
Box 12 Folder 10
Merck Research Laboratories, 2001-2002
Box 12 Folder 11
Meyer, Eric F., 1989-2008
Box 12 Folder 12
Milledge, J.S., 1975-2002
Box 12 Folder 13
Miller, Katherine, 2004-2005
Box 12 Folder 14-15
Mistral Films, 2000-2001
Box 70 Folder 16
Mohr, Lawrence, 1995-1997
Box 12 Folder 16
Molenarr, Colleen and Dee, 1975-2008
Box 12 Folder 17
Moomey, Marjorie M., 1983-1989
Box 12 Folder 18
Mooney, Blake, 1991-1992
Box 12 Folder 19
Moore, Patricia, 2000-2002
Box 12 Folder 20
Moore, Terris, 1985-1987
Box 12 Folder 21
Morrissey, James D., 1982-1984
Box 12 Folder 22
Morrison, Louise, 2001-2003
Box 13 Folder 1
Mortenson, Greg and Chrissey Slaughter, 2000-2002
Box 13 Folder 2
Moundalexis, Athena, 1988-1989
Box 13 Folder 3-5
Moyers, Bill, 1983-2007
Box 13 Folder 6
M - Miscellaneous
Box 13 Folder 7
Mc - Miscellaneous
Box 13 Folder 8
Nakashima, Michiro, 1998-2002
Box 13 Folder 9
Nakashima, Yoko, 2003
Box 13 Folder 10
Nanavati, J.C., 1987
Box 13 Folder 11
Napolitano, Timmy, 2001-2002
Box 14 Folder 1
National Geographic Magazine, 1975-1986
Box 70 Folder 17
National Science Foundation Antarctic Program, 1987
Box 14 Folder 2
Naylor, Wally, 1981
Box 14 Folder 3
Neville, Emily C., 1981
Box 14 Folder 4
New Yorker, 1982-1985
Box 14 Folder 5
Nichols, Ken, 1976-1982
Box 14 Folder 6
Nilgiris Adivasi Welfare Association, 1976-1999
Box 14 Folder 7
Ning, Xue-Han, 1982-2003
Box 14 Folder 8
Nolan, Jerome T., 1987-2004
Box 14 Folder 9
N - Miscellaneous
Box 14 Folder 10
Odell, Noel, 1975-1985
Box 14 Folder 11
Oelz, Oswald, 1987-1988
Box 14 Folder 12
Olek, Jacques, 1983
Box 14 Folder 13
Oliver, Charles D., 1978-1979
Box 14 Folder 14
Orr, Wally, 1989-1990
Box 14 Folder 15
Otsuka, Nayumi, 1998-2004
Box 14 Folder 16
Outward Bound, 1982-1988
Box 14 Folder 17
O - Miscellaneous
Box 14 Folder 18
Pace, Nello, 1957
Box 14 Folder 19
Paepcke, Walter, 1988
Box 14 Folder 20
Parker, Steve, 1984-1985
Box 14 Folder 21
Parkinson, Richard P., 1981-1982
Box 14 Folder 22
Parson, William, 1987-1988
Box 14 Folder 23
Patient Care, 1982
Box 14 Folder 24
Paton, Bruce, 1976-2000
Box 15 Folder 1
Paton, Patricia, 2001-2003
Box 15 Folder 2
Patterson, Bill, 2001-2002
Box 71 Folder 1
Pincus, Rebecca, 1997
Box 15 Folder 3
Pizzo, Christopher, 1982-1986
Box 15 Folder 4
Porzak, Glenn E., 1976-1990
Box 15 Folder 5
Potter, Clarkson, 1980-1981
Box 15 Folder 6
Preston, Mary, 1957
Box 15 Folder 7
Prioreschi, Plinio, 2002-2006
Box 15 Folder 8
P - Miscellaneous
Box 15 Folder 9
Quick, Colleen, 2002
Box 15 Folder 10
Q - Miscellaneous
Box 15 Folder 11
Rahn, Hermann, 1984-1987
Box 15 Folder 12
Rainer, W. Gerald (Denver Clinic), 1965-1966
Box 15 Folder 13
Rennie, Drummond, 1971-2006
Box 71 Folder 2
Richalet, Jean-Paul, 1993-1997
Box 15 Folder 14
Ritchie, Stephen, 1993-1994
Box 15 Folder 15
Roach, Robert, 1992-2005
Box 15 Folder 16
Roberts, Gilbert, 1975-1987
Box 15 Folder 17
Robertson, David, 1985-1987
Box 15 Folder 18
Russell, George, 2004-2007
Box 15 Folder 19
Ryn, Zdzislaw, 1980-1986
Box 15 Folder 20
R - Miscellaneous
Box 16 Folder 1
Sacco, Frank and Jenny, 1984-1988
Box 16 Folder 2
Schoene, Robert B., 2002
Box 16 Folder 3
Schoening, Peter, 1953-2004
Box 16 Folder 4
Scudder, Richard, 1978-1998
Box 16 Folder 5
Serra, Joseph B., 1983
Box 16 Folder 6
Severinghaus, John, 1981-2005
Box 16 Folder 7
Shriver, Robert Sargent, Jr., 1972-1973
Box 16 Folder 8
Silva, William, 1984-2002
Box 16 Folder 9
Silverstein, Sam, 1979-1987
Box 16 Folder 10
Singh, Inder, 1970-1974
Box 71 Folder 3
Smith, Barry, 1985-1986
Box 16 Folder 11
Smith, Richmond W., 1976-1987
Box 71 Folder 4
Smithsonian Magazine, 1996
Box 16 Folder 12
Snelling, Richard A., 1977-1984
Box 16 Folder 13
Staum, Barry, 1980-1981
Box 16 Folder 14
Stevens, Philip (National Association of the 10th Mountain Division), 1985-1989
Box 16 Folder 15
Stewart, Michael, 1979-1983
Box 16 Folder 16
Stitham, Sean, 1983
Box 16 Folder 17
Stone, John C., 1981-2007
Box 16 Folder 18
Stone, Kevin Robert, 1976-1980
Box 16 Folder 19
Steele, Peter, 1975-2002
Box 16 Folder 20
Streather, Tony, 1978-1998
Box 17 Folder 1
Sturgis, Warren, 1983-1989
Box 17 Folder 2-3
Sutton, John, 1971-1989
Box 71 Folder 5
Sutton, John, 1980-1982
Box 71 Folder 6
Sutton, John, 1986-1992
Box 17 Folder 4
Swetland, David and Timmy, 1976-1986
Box 17 Folder 5
Szygula, Zbigniew, 1984-1987
Box 17 Folder 6
S - Miscellaneous
Box 17 Folder 7
Talbott, John, 1979
Box 17 Folder 8
Terris, Milton, 1982-1983
Box 17 Folder 9
Thexton, Pete, 1982-1983
Box 17 Folder 10
Thexton, Robina, 1984-1985
Box 17 Folder 11
Thomas, Lowell, 1973-1981
Box 17 Folder 12
Thompson, Warren C., 1983-1984
Box 71 Folder 7
Tilman, Harold William, 1972-1974
Box 17 Folder 13
Tkatchouk, Elena, 2002-2006
Box 17 Folder 14
T - Miscellaneous
Box 71 Folder 8
University of Vermont - Department of Community Medicine, 1966-1971
Box 17 Folder 15
U - Miscellaneous
Box 17 Folder 16
Venables, Stephen, 1988-2003
Box 71 Folder 9
Vosk, Arno, 1974-1977
Box 17 Folder 17
V - Miscellaneous
Box 17 Folder 18
Ward, Michael, 1975-1976
Box 17 Folder 19
Washburn, Bradford, 1979-2006
Box 17 Folder 20
Watanabe, Jennifer, 2003-2005
Box 17 Folder 21
Waterman, Johnathan, 1983-1989
Box 17 Folder 22
Waterman, Laura, 1984-2004
Box 17 Folder 23
Weiss, Daniel, 2002-2004
Box 18 Folder 1
West, John, 2000-2001
Box 18 Folder 2
Westmacott, Sally, 1975-1983
Box 18 Folder 3
Wheeler, Henry, 1982
Box 18 Folder 4
Wheelock, Naomi and Larry Yohn, 1982-1983
Box 18 Folder 5
Wickwire, James, 1980-1987
Box 18 Folder 6
Whitner, Sara, 2007
Box 18 Folder 7
Wiedman, Michael, 1987-2003
Box 18 Folder 8
Wilkerson, Jim, 1995-2007
Box 18 Folder 9
Williams, Andy, 1984-2006
Box 18 Folder 10
Williamson, Jed, 1984-2007
Box 18 Folder 11
Wilson, Rodman, 1977-1989
Box 18 Folder 12
Wiltsie, Gordon, 1999
Box 18 Folder 13
Winkler, Ken, 1984-1989
Box 71 Folder 10
Wohns, Richard, 1984
Box 18 Folder 14
Wortsman, Peter, 2002-2006
Box 18 Folder 15
Wroblewski, Lech, 1978-1984
Box 18 Folder 16
W- Miscellaneous
Box 18 Folder 17
Yarmolinsky, Adam, 1968
Box 18 Folder 18
Yoshizawa, Ichiro, 1975-1978
Box 18 Folder 19
Yosemite National Institute, 2004-2007
Box 18 Folder 20
Young, Michael, 1977-1988
Box 18 Folder 21
Yoder, Ruth, 1981-1990
Box 18 Folder 22
Zheng, Zhao, 1992-1993
Box 18 Folder 23
X-Z - Miscellaneous
Box 71 Folder 11
Miscellaneous. Odell, Tilman, Loomis, Emmons, Hogkin, and Graham Brown diaries, 1945
Box 71 Folder 12
Miscellaneous. Nanda Devi, 1929-1948
Box 18 Folder 24
Unidentified

Altitude Illness Case Records

Box 19 Folder 1-4
Numbers, 1-132

Restrictions apply.

Box 19 Folder 5
Part 1, 1977-2000

Restrictions apply.

Box 20 Folder 1
Part 2, 1977-2000

Restrictions apply.

Box 20 Folder 2
Case studies - Kenya, 1972-1982

Restrictions apply.

Box 20 Folder 3
Alvin DeMaria case study, 1973-1977

Restrictions apply.

Box 20 Folder 4
Cold injury - Patrick Kilfeather case study, 1971-1974

Restrictions apply.

Box 71 Folder 13
Colorado altitude illness cases, 1972-1993

Restrictions apply.

Box 20 Folder 5
Lance Elwell case study, 1978-1979

Restrictions apply.

Box 20 Folder 6
Ron Russell case study. Herbert Hultgren consultant, 1990

Restrictions apply.

Box 20 Folder 7-8
Shawn Wight case study and deposition, 1977-2000

Restrictions apply.

Box 21 Folder 1-2
Women climbers

BIOGRAPHICAL MATERIALS

Scope and Content of Series

Series 2) BIOGRAPHICAL MATERIALS: Newspaper articles featuring Houston, photographs, biographies, and memorabilia. Arranged alphabetically.

Box 21 Folder 3
Articles about Charles Houston
Box 21 Folder 4-5
Awards and degree certificates, 1935-2006

Includes correspondence and photographs.

Oversize FB-529 Folder 1-2
Awards and degree certificates, 1931-2003
Box 71 Folder 14
Awards and degree certificates - King Albert Medal of Merit, 1996-1997

Includes correspondence.

Box 21 Folder 6
Calendars, 1994-1997
Box 21 Folder 7
Houston family genealogy
Box 21 Folder 8
Maie Bowle, 2001-2008
Box 22 Folder 1
Mount Everest memorabilia

Photographs

Box 22 Folder 2
Charles Houston
Box 22 Folder 3
Charles Houston with others
Oversize FB-529 Folder 3
Charles Houston group photographs, 1939 and undated
Box 22 Folder 4
Family
Box 22 Folder 5
Visit to Italy with Kiely Houston
Box 22 Folder 6
United State Naval Air Station, Jacksonville, 1942
Box 72 Folder 1
University of Vermont, College of Medicine - Curriculum writings, 1967-1970
Box 72 Folder 2-3
University of Vermont, Multi-Problem Family student program "Environment and Health", 1974-1976
Box 22 Folder 7
United States Navy - Separation papers, 1941-1950

PEACE CORPS OF INDIA

Scope and Content of Series

Series 3) PEACE CORPS OF INDIA: Charles Houston was the director of the Volunteer Doctor Program for the Peace Corps of India from 1962-1965. The files represent correspondence, personal notebooks, field reports, photographs, and various publications from the program.

Box 22 Folder 8
Chowkidar Newsletter and other writing, 1963-1964

Correspondence

Box 22 Folder 9-10
1961-1969
Box 23 Folder 1-2
1974-1989
Box 23 Folder 3
Letters to friends, 1963-1965
Box 72 Folder 4-5
Letters to friends, 1966-1970
Box 23 Folder 4
Doctor's meetings and conferences, 1964-1966
Box 23 Folder 5
India Overseas Evaluation, March 31, 1965
Box 23 Folder 6
Midterm Conference Report, May 1966
Box 23 Folder 7
News Circle, 1961-1964
Box 24 Folder 1
Notebooks, 1965-1966
Box 24 Folder 2
Original personal reports of India I and II volunteers, 1963-1964

Photographs

Box 24 Folder 3
Ben Gates, Roorkee, India - Toyshop, New Delhi, 1964
Box 24 Folder 4
John Kenneth Galbraith, United States Ambassador to India, 1965
Box 24 Folder 5-8
Miscellaneous, 1965
Box 24 Folder 9
Public health services map of Nepal
Box 24 Folder 10
Session reports, 1964
Box 25 Folder 1
Speeches, publications, and other writings, 1965
Box 72 Folder 6
Speech, 1975
Box 25 Folder 2
Three-month work reports, October-December, 1963
Box 25 Folder 3
Travel schedules, 1962-1964

HIGH ALTITUDE RESEARCH

Scope and Content of Series

Series 4) HIGH ALTITUDE RESEARCH. Arranged in four subseries: A) Operation Everest I, B) Operation Everest II, C) Mount Logan High Altitude Physiology Study, and D) Other.

A) Operation Everest I: Operation Everest I (1963-1965) was a research experiment facilitated by the United States Naval Air Station while Houston was stationed in Pensacola, Florida. The long-range study recorded the effects of high altitude acclimation on humans in a simulated environment. The Navy later published the findings in several reports. The materials include correspondence, articles, photographs, and reports.

B) Operation Everest II: In 1985, Charles Houston, along with John Sutton and Allen Cymerman, conducted a high altitude medical experiment at the United States Army Research Institute for Environmental Medicine (USARIEM) altitude chambers in Natick, Massachusetts. The project studied human responses to a simulated 40-day ascent of Mt. Everest, facilitating a large number of investigations across several organ systems. The materials include correspondence over the course of several years, planning documents, data documentation, photographs, and publications.

C) Mount Logan High Altitude Physiology Study: The study was initiated by Houston and supported by the Arctic Institute of North America, lasting over several decades. The research investigated the process of human acclimation to high altitude on Canada's highest peak, Mount Logan, in the Yukon Territory. The materials include the grant proposals, correspondence, research data and reports, and photographs.

D) Other: Houston conducted several other research experiments on high altitude, including the Mount Washington High Altitude and Hypoxia Project and the Icefield Ranges Research Project. This subseries also contains bulletins and correspondence related to the American Alpine Club expedition to the Karakorum summit in Mongolia.

Operation Everest I

Box 25 Folder 4
Acclimation Project - Research no. x-720, Naval Air Station, Pensacola, Florida, 1946
Box 26 Folder 1
Acclimation Project - Research no. 720 - Notes, 1946
Box 26 Folder 2
Army Air Forces of Aviation Medicine - Project reports, 1944-1945
Box 26 Folder 3
Aviator's Flight log book, 1942
Box 26 Folder 4
Booklet, 1946
Box 26 Folder 5
Charts and tables, 1946
Box 26 Folder 6
Correspondence, 1943-1986
Box 26 Folder 7
News clippings, 1946
Box 26 Folder 8
Operation Everest and Reports - Emergency Breathing Procedures, Hyperventilation Runs, Deaths from Anoxia in Aircraft, 1944-1947
Box 26 Folder 9
Photographs, 1946
Box 26 Folder 10
Published articles, 1946-1948
Box 27 Folder 1
Reports and observations, 1945-1946

Operation Everest II

Box 27 Folder 2
Advisory Committee, 1982-1985
Box 27 Folder 3
"Alveolar and Arterial Blood Gases at Extreme Altitude" - Draft, 1987-1988
Box 27 Folder 4
Biomedical Studies during a Simulated Ascent of Mount Everest, December, 1991

Correspondence

Box 27 Folder 5
1982, 1982
Box 28 Folder 1-2
1983-1989
Box 72 Folder 7
1991-1996
Box 28 Folder 3
Database, 1986-1989
Box 28 Folder 4-5
Financial, 1985-1988
Box 28 Folder 6
Foundation, 1984-1988

Participant

Box 28 Folder 7
Alexander, James, 1982-1986
Box 28 Folder 8
Andracki, Stephen, 1983-1987
Box 29 Folder 1-4
Anholm, Jim, 1982-1990
Box 29 Folder 5
Banderet, Louis E
Box 29 Folder 6
Bangs, Peter, 1985-1987
Box 29 Folder 7
Billip, Jim, 1983-1985
Box 29 Folder 8
Blume, Duane, 1983-1984
Box 29 Folder 9
Butzier, Douglas, 1983
Box 29 Folder 10
Campaigne, Barbara, 1983-1984
Box 29 Folder 11
Carter, Jonathan
Box 29 Folder 12
Coates, Geoffre
Box 29 Folder 13
Cymerman, Al
Box 30 Folder 1
Cymerman, Al and John Sutton, 1983-1985