Lanouette/Szilard Papers, 1920-2006 (MSS 0659)

Restrictions: Audiocassette recordings in boxes 8 through 18 in the INTERVIEWS ON CASSETTE TAPE series are restricted. Researchers must request user copies be produced. Also, the collection contains some photocopies of originals held by other institutions. Should users want reproductions of these documents, they must contact the owning institution.

Extent: 5 Linear feet (7 archives boxes, 11 card file boxes)

Papers relating to writer and public policy analyst William Lanouette's research for Genius in the Shadows: A Biography of Leo Szilard, the Man Behind the Bomb, published in 1994 with Szilard's brother Bela Silard as co-author. Research materials are mostly photocopies of correspondence, clippings, patent documents, and other materials related to Szilard's life and work. The collection also contains 180 audio cassette tapes of interviews with friends, colleagues, and coworkers of Szilard.

William Lanouette is a writer and public policy analyst whose main focus has been nuclear energy and nuclear weapons. He has written for The Atlantic, The Economist, and The Washinton Post, and has served as the Washington correspondent for the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists. From 1991-2006 he served as a senior analyst for energy and science issues at the U.S. Government Accountability Office.

Published in 1994, Genius in the Shadows was Lanouette's first book.

The Lanouette/Szilard Papers document Lanouette's research for the book Genius in the Shadows, a biography on physicist Leo Szilard's life and works. The collection is arranged in three series: 1) SUBJECT FILES, 2) WRITINGS BY LANOUETTE, and 3) INTERVIEWS ON CASSETTE TAPE.

Series 1: SUBJECT FILES

The SUBJECT FILES series holds the majority of Lanouette's research materials and dates from 1920 to 2006. It is arranged in four subseries: A) Leo Szilard, B) Translations of Leo Szilard Letters to Gertrude Weiss Szilard, C) Patents, and D) Other Subjects.

A) The Leo Szilard subseries contains materials relating directly to Szilard including biographical information, writings, speeches, and clippings collected by Lanouette.

B) The Translations of Leo Szilard Letters to Gertrud Weiss Szilard subseries contains Josef Ernst's English translations of Szilard's German letters dated 1937-1959 to his wife, Gertrud Weiss Szilard. Collection MSS 650, Leo Szilard Letters to Gertrud Weiss Szilard, at the UCSD Mandeville Special Collections Library, contains some, though not all, of the original letters in German.

C) The Patents subseries contains applications, agreements, and correspondence on patents sought by Szilard and Einstein.

D) The Other Subjects subseries is arranged alphabetically by subject name. Materials were used in Lanouette's research and include newspaper clippings, interview transcripts, Lanouette's notes, and some correspondence. Research topics include Albert Einstein, Enrico Fermi, Henry Kissinger, and Robert Oppenheimer.

Series 2: WRITINGS BY LANOUETTE

The WRITINGS BY LANOUETTE series contains photocopies, some annotated, of Lanouette's articles relating to Szilard and the Manhattan Project. The articles date 1992-2006 and are arranged alphabetically by title in one folder.

Series 3: INTERVIEWS ON CASSETTE TAPE

The INTERVIEWS ON CASSETTE TAPE series comprises 180 audio cassette tapes of interviews with 117 friends, colleagues, and coworkers of Szilard. The interviews were conducted by Lanouette between 1982 and 1988, with the majority dating after 1985. The series is arranged alphabetically by the last name of the interviewee. In the cases where there was more than one person interviewed on a single tape, the tape was filed under the name Lanouette listed first.

Container List

SUBJECT FILES, 1920-2006

Leo Szilard, 1920-1964

Box: 1 Folder: 1
Biographical, 1920-1960
Box: 1 Folder: 2
Chronology compiled by Lanouette, 1958-1963
Box: 1 Folder: 3-4
Clippings about Szilard
Box: 1 Folder: 5
Miscellaneous
Box: 1 Folder: 6
"On Memory and Recall"- Transcription from shorthand notebooks, 1964
Box: 1 Folder: 7
Proposal to the National Science Foundation for a roving professorship, 1956
Box: 1 Folder: 8
Speeches, 1961-1962
Box: 1 Folder: 9
Writings, 1957-1960

Translations of Leo Szilard letters to Gertrud Weiss Szilard, 1937-1959

Box: 1 Folder: 10
1937
Box: 1 Folder: 11
1938
Box: 1 Folder: 12
1939
Box: 1 Folder: 13
1941
Box: 1 Folder: 14
1942
Box: 1 Folder: 15
1943
Box: 2 Folder: 1
1944
Box: 2 Folder: 2
1945
Box: 2 Folder: 3
1946
Box: 2 Folder: 4
1947
Box: 2 Folder: 5
1948
Box: 2 Folder: 6
1949
Box: 2 Folder: 7
1950
Box: 2 Folder: 8
1951
Box: 2 Folder: 9
1952
Box: 2 Folder: 10
1953
Box: 2 Folder: 11
1954
Box: 2 Folder: 12
1955
Box: 2 Folder: 13
1956
Box: 2 Folder: 14
1957
Box: 2 Folder: 15
1958
Box: 2 Folder: 16
1959

Patents

Box: 2 Folder: 17
Applications and agreements
Box: 2 Folder: 18-19
Correspondence
Box: 2 Folder: 20
Miscellaneous

Other Subjects, 1924-2006

Box: 2 Folder: 21
A - Miscellaneous, 1953-2003
Box: 2 Folder: 22
Anderson, Herbert, 1951-1987
Box: 2 Folder: 23
B - Miscellaneous, 1933-2003
Box: 2 Folder: 24
Benjamin, John, 1958
Box: 2 Folder: 25
Bethe, Hans, 1986-1988
Box: 2 Folder: 26
Blum, Walter J., 1951-1997
Box: 2 Folder: 27
Borst, Lyle, 1959-1960
Box: 3 Folder: 1
Bronowski, Jacob, 1958-1989
Box: 3 Folder: 2
Byers, Nina, 2000-2003
Box: 3 Folder: 3
C - Miscellaneous, 1952-2001
Box: 3 Folder: 4
Compton, A. H., 1942
Box: 3 Folder: 5
Creutz, Edward, 1964-1987
Box: 3 Folder: 6
D - Miscellaneous, 1935-1988
Box: 3 Folder: 7
De Peyer, Jean, 1987-1988
Box: 3 Folder: 8
Delbruck, Max, 1956-1960
Box: 3 Folder: 9
Dyson, Freeman, 1962-1980
Box: 3 Folder: 10
Ehrenfest, P., 1933
Box: 3 Folder: 11
Einstein, Albert, 1924-2003
Box: 3 Folder: 12
Einstein letter to President Franklin Roosevelt - Photocopies of drafts and final, 1939-1955
Box: 3 Folder: 13
Elasser, Walter, 2007
Box: 3 Folder: 14
Elkes, Joel, 1986
Box: 3 Folder: 15
Emory University, 1985
Box: 3 Folder: 16
F - Miscellaneous, 1936-1997
Box: 3 Folder: 17
Feld, Bernard, 1984-1986
Box: 3 Folder: 18
Fermi, Enrico, 1936-1955
Box: 3 Folder: 19
Fox, Maurice, 1941-1988
Box: 3 Folder: 20
Franck, James, 1936-1993
Box: 3 Folder: 21
Friedman, Milton, 1986-1987
Box: 3 Folder: 22
Friendly, Alfred, 1946
Box: 3 Folder: 23
G - Miscellaneous, 1957-2006
Box: 3 Folder: 24
Gabor, Dennis, 1980-1988
Box: 3 Folder: 25
Garwin, Richard, 1986
Box: 3 Folder: 26
Gest, Howard, 1995
Box: 4 Folder: 1
Goldberg, Stanley, 1985-2003
Box: 4 Folder: 2
Goldhaber, Maurice, 1966
Box: 4 Folder: 3
Grodzins, Morton, 1954-1960
Box: 4 Folder: 5
H - Miscellaneous, 1933-1995
Box: 4 Folder: 6
Heisenberg, Werner K., 1956-1957
Box: 4 Folder: 7
Hess, Stephen, 1989
Box: 4 Folder: 8
Higinbotham, William, 1984-1988
Box: 4 Folder: 9
Hume, James, 1935-1994
Box: 4 Folder: 10
J - Miscellaneous, 1958-1988
Box: 4 Folder: 11
Joliot, G., 1939
Box: 4 Folder: 12
K - Miscellaneous, 1944-1995
Box: 4 Folder: 13
Kaysen, Carl, 1961-1963
Box: 4 Folder: 14
Kennedy, John F., 1960-1963
Box: 4 Folder: 15
Kerscher, Rudolf, 1987
Box: 4 Folder: 16
Khrushchev, Nikita, 1961
Box: 4 Folder: 17
Kincade, Bill, 1985
Box: 4 Folder: 18
Kissinger, Henry A., 1961-1964
Box: 4 Folder: 19
Klein, George, 1986
Box: 4 Folder: 20
Krewer, Semyon, 1939-1978
Box: 4 Folder: 21
Kurti, Nicholas, 1978-1998
Box: 4 Folder: 22
L - Miscellaneous, 1934-2006
Box: 4 Folder: 23
Lapp, Ralph E., 1987-1995
Box: 4 Folder: 24
Lederberg, Joshua, 1948-1988
Box: 4 Folder: 25
Lewis, Robert A. - Photocopy of diary (co-pilot of the Enola Gay), 1945
Box: 4 Folder: 26
Liebowitz, Benjamin, 1984
Box: 4 Folder: 27
Lindemann, Frederick A., 1938-1943
Box: 4 Folder: 28
Livingston, Robert B., 1958-1962
Box: 4 Folder: 29
Long, Franklin, 1986
Box: 4 Folder: 30
Lorenz, Konrad, 1987-1991
Box: 4 Folder: 31
M - Miscellaneous, 1960-2004
Box: 4 Folder: 32
Maas, Werner K., 1958-1983
Box: 5 Folder: 1
MacDuffie, Marshall, 1947-1960
Box: 5 Folder: 2
Marcus, Philip, 1983-1993
Box: 5 Folder: 3
Mark, Hermann, 1960-1987
Box: 5 Folder: 4
Marx, Samuel, 1987
Box: 5 Folder: 5
Melcher, Horst, 1979-1988
Box: 5 Folder: 6
Merton, Thomas, 2005
Box: 5 Folder: 7
Nethersols, N.N., 1955
Box: 5 Folder: 8
Novick, Aaron, 1950-1994
Box: 5 Folder: 9
O - Miscellaneous, 1934-1961
Box: 5 Folder: 10
Oppenheimer, J. Robert, 1950-1954
Box: 5 Folder: 11
Oram, Harold, 1946-1987
Box: 5 Folder: 12
Orlans, Harold, 1986
Box: 5 Folder: 13
Osmond, Humphry, 1942-1987
Box: 5 Folder: 14
Pallo, Gabor, 1985-1987
Box: 5 Folder: 15
Paneth, Friedrich A., 1929-1986
Box: 5 Folder: 16
Panofsky, W. K. H., 1963
Box: 5 Folder: 17
Pauling, Linus, 1950-2005
Box: 5 Folder: 18
Philipsborn, Jakob, 1986
Box: 5 Folder: 19
Piel, Gerard, 1988-1993
Box: 5 Folder: 20
Platt, John, 1960-1991
Box: 5 Folder: 21
Pok, Attila, 1986
Box: 5 Folder: 22
Polanyi, Michael, 1929-1987
Box: 5 Folder: 23
Pregel, Boris, 1941-1999
Box: 5 Folder: 24
Puck, Theodore, 1953-2005
Box: 5 Folder: 25
R - Miscellaneous, 1939-1945
Box: 5 Folder: 26
Rabi, Isidor I., 1934-1963
Box: 5 Folder: 27
Rabinowitch, Eugene, 1957-1987
Box: 5 Folder: 28
Racker, Franzisca, 1984-1992
Box: 5 Folder: 29
Raskin, Marcus, 1988-1993
Box: 5 Folder: 30
Rauh, Joseph, 1986
Box: 6 Folder: 1
Rich, Willard, undated
Box: 6 Folder: 2
Roberts, Richard B., 1939
Box: 6 Folder: 3
Rockefeller Foundation, 1934-1960
Box: 6 Folder: 4
Rotblat, Josef, 1957-1996
Box: 6 Folder: 5
Rutherford, Ernest, 1935
Box: 6 Folder: 6
S - Miscellaneous, 1933-1992
Box: 6 Folder: 7
Sachar, Abram L., 1953-1985
Box: 6 Folder: 8
Sachs, Alexander, 1939-1964
Box: 6 Folder: 9
Salk, Jonas, 1959-1964
Box: 6 Folder: 10
Seaborg, Glenn, 1987
Box: 6 Folder: 11
Seitz, Frederick, 1987-1989
Box: 6 Folder: 12
Shils, Edward, 1964-1997
Box: 6 Folder: 13
Silard, Bela, 1917-1989
Box: 6 Folder: 14
Simon, Francis, 1934-1992
Box: 6 Folder: 15
Simpson, Esther, 1960-1996
Box: 6 Folder: 16
Smith, Alice K., 1957-1960
Box: 6 Folder: 17
Spanel, Abe and Margaret, 1944-1990
Box: 6 Folder: 18
Straight, Michael, 1961-1988
Box: 6 Folder: 19
Strauss, Lewis L., 1936-1961
Box: 6 Folder: 20
Szilard, Louis and Tekla, 1920-1954

Includes several original letters from 1920 from Szilard's mother, Tekla Szilard.

Box: 6 Folder: 21
T - Miscellaneous, 1939-1991
Box: 6 Folder: 22
Tabin, Julius, 1964-1985
Box: 6 Folder: 23
Teller, Edward, 1945-1999
Box: 7 Folder: 1
U - Miscellaneous, 1954-1964
Box: 7 Folder: 2
United States Government - White House, 1961
Box: 7 Folder: 3
Volbach, Walther, 1983-1989
Box: 7 Folder: 4
Von Laue, Max, 1924-1985
Box: 7 Folder: 5
W - Miscellaneous, 1933-2002
Box: 7 Folder: 6
Wallace, Henry, 1945-1991
Box: 7 Folder: 7
Weart, Spencer, 1976
Box: 7 Folder: 8
Weisskopf, Victor, 1939-1985
Box: 7 Folder: 9
Wigner, Eugene, 1933-1987
Box: 7 Folder: 10
Zarnitz, Marie Luise, 1987
Box: 7 Folder: 11
Zinn, Walter, 1984-1988
Box: 7 Folder: 12
Zuberi, M., 1981-1994
Box: 7 Folder: 13
Unidentified, 1927-1958
Box: 7 Folder: 14-15
Miscellaneous news clippings, articles and research materials

WRITINGS BY LANOUETTE, 1992-2006

Box: 7 Folder: 16
Writings by Lanouette, 1992-2006

INTERVIEWS ON CASSETTE TAPE, 1982-1988

Box: 8 Folder: 1
Adams, James L., November 11, 1987
Adams, Ruth
Box: 8 Folder: 2
May 1, 1986
Box: 8 Folder: 3-4
October 21, 1986
Box: 8 Folder: 5-7
Anderson, Herb, October 6, 1986
Box: 8 Folder: 8-9
Arnold, J., February 11, 1987
Box: 8 Folder: 10
Auger, Pierre, July 3, 1987
Box: 8 Folder: 11
Benacerraf, Baruj, January 15, 1987
Box: 8 Folder: 12-13
Bethe, Hans, November 21, 1985
Box: 8 Folder: 14
Bettelheim, Anna, October 2, 1986
Bihaly[?], Lazlo, May 25, 1986

See Esther Simpson interview cassette located in Box 17, Folder 5.

Box: 8 Folder: 15
Blum, Walter, February 26, 1987
Box: 8 Folder: 16
Brenner, Sydney, June 25, 1987
Box: 8 Folder: 17
Bresette, John F., April 18, 1988
Box: 8 Folder: 18
Bronowski, Rita, January 22, 1986
Box: 9 Folder: 1
Brooks, Harvey, November 9, 1987
Box: 9 Folder: 2-3
Brown, Harrison, October 6, 1986
Box: 9 Folder: 4-5
Cohn, Mel, August 11, 1987
Cooke, Arthur, May 26, 1986

See Margaret Gowing interview cassette located in Box 11, Folder 12.

Box: 9 Folder: 6
Cousins, Norman, August 1, 1986
Box: 9 Folder: 7-8
Creutz, Ed, August 8, 1987
Box: 9 Folder: 9
Crick, Francis, January 24, 1986
Danos, Alice
Box: 9 Folder: 10-12
June 10, 1986
Box: 9 Folder: 13-15
September 4, 1986
Box: 9 Folder: 16-17
Davis, Bernard, December 17, 1985
Box: 10 Folder: 1
Delbruck, Manny, February 9, 1987
Box: 10 Folder: 2-4
Detre, Roland, October 1-2, 1986
Box: 10 Folder: 5-6
Doering, William, November 12, 1986
Box: 10 Folder: 7
Doty, Paul, November 9, 1987
Box: 10 Folder: 8
Dulbecco, Renato, August 28, 1987
Box: 10 Folder: 9
Dyson, Freeman, December 1, 1986
Box: 10 Folder: 10
Edsall, John T., May 25, 1988
Box: 10 Folder: 11
Elsasser, Walter, February 20, 1987
Box: 10 Folder: 12
Fano, Ugo, March 17, 1987
Feld, Bernard T
Box: 10 Folder: 13
1982
Box: 10 Folder: 14
January 13, 1987
Box: 10 Folder: 15
Fisher, Roger, November 13, 1986
Box: 10 Folder: 16-17
Forbes, Allan, November 11, 1986
Box: 11 Folder: 1
Forbes, Allan, November 11, 1986
Fox, Maurice
Box: 11 Folder: 2
November 13, 1985
Box: 11 Folder: 3-4
December 16, 1985
Box: 11 Folder: 5
January 13, 1987
Box: 11 Folder: 6
May 24, 1988
Freedman, Lawrence, June 26, 1987

See Sydney Brenner interview cassette located in Box 8, Folder 16.

Box: 11 Folder: 7
Friedman, Milton, August 10, 1986
Box: 11 Folder: 8-11
Goldhaber, Maurice, December 4, 1985
Box: 11 Folder: 12
Gowing, Margaret, May 26, 1986
Green, Howard
Box: 11 Folder: 13-14
November 14, 1986
Box: 11 Folder: 15
January 15, 1987
Box: 11 Folder: 16
Grodzins, Ruth, February 26, 1987
Box: 11 Folder: 17
Grossman, Jerome, May 26, 1988
Box: 12 Folder: 1
Grossman, Jerome, May 26, 1988
Gueron, Jules, July 2, 1987

See Pierre Auger interview cassette located in Box 8, Folder 10.

Box: 12 Folder: 2
Hamermesh, Morton and Roger Stuewer, August 22, 1986
Box: 12 Folder: 3
Hartshorne, Charles, April 10, 1987
Box: 12 Folder: 4
Hausmann, Gertrude, October 1, 1986
Box: 12 Folder: 5-6
Hawkins, David and Frances, November 19, 1986
Box: 12 Folder: 7
Hotchkiss, Rollin, January 16, 1987
Hume, James P
Box: 12 Folder: 8-10
October 3, 1986
Box: 12 Folder: 10
October 4, 1986
Box: 12 Folder: 11
February 25, 1987
Box: 12 Folder: 12-13
Inglis, David, December 3, 1986
Jacob, Francois, July 1, 1987

See Sydney Brenner interview cassette located in Box 8, Folder 16.

Box: 12 Folder: 14
Johnson, Gerald, November 10, 1988
Box: 12 Folder: 15
Kalckar, Herman, January 13, 1987
Box: 12 Folder: 16-17
Kaysen, Carl, January 12, 1987
Box: 13 Folder: 1
Kelerman, Esther Scheiber, June 11, 1986
Box: 13 Folder: 2-3
Korodi, Albert, June 10, 1986
Box: 13 Folder: 4-5
Kurti, Nicholas, May 25, 1986
Box: 13 Folder: 6-7
Lapp, Ralph, April 6, 1987
Box: 13 Folder: 8-9
Lerman, Leonard, January 14, 1987
Box: 13 Folder: 10
Lerner, Max, January 23, 1986
Box: 13 Folder: 11-12
Levi, Edward, March 19, 1987
Box: 13 Folder: 13
Liebowitz, Elsbeth, October 2, 1986
Box: 13 Folder: 14-15
Lilly, John C., February 9, 1987
Box: 13 Folder: 16-17
Livingston, Robert, January 22, 1986
Box: 14 Folder: 1
Long, Franklin, November 21, 1985
Box: 14 Folder: 2
de Lozado, Antonio, April 25, 1987
Box: 14 Folder: 3
Luria, Salvador L., November 12, 1986
Box: 14 Folder: 4-5
Maas, Werner and Renata, May 19, 1987
Box: 14 Folder: 6-7
Mann, Norene, July 11, 1986
Box: 14 Folder: 8-9
Marcus, Philip, December 3, 1986
Mark, Hermann
Box: 14 Folder: 10
October 28, 1985
Box: 14 Folder: 11-12
November 24, 1985
Box: 14 Folder: 13
Marshall, John Jr., February 2, 1988
Box: 14 Folder: 14
McGovern, George, May 18, 1988
Box: 14 Folder: 15-16
Meselson, Matthew, November 10, 1986
Box: 14 Folder: 17
Morrison, Philip, November 11, 1986
Box: 15 Folder: 1
Neiger, Dorothy Dunaway, February 1, 1988
Novick, Aaron
Box: 15 Folder: 2-3
July 2, 1986
Box: 15 Folder: 4-7
August 11-12, 1986
Box: 15 Folder: 8
Orgel, Leslie, February 12, 1987
Box: 15 Folder: 9
Palevsky, Harry and Elaine, December 5, 1985
Box: 15 Folder: 10
Peierls, Rudolph, May 27, 1986
Box: 15 Folder: 11-12
Platt, John, January 12, 1987
Box: 15 Folder: 13
Puck, Theodore with David Hawkins and Walter Orr Roberts, November 18, 1986
Box: 15 Folder: 14
Puck, Theodore, November 18, 1986
Box: 15 Folder: 15-16
Rabi, Isador, August 19, 1985
Box: 15 Folder: 17
Racker, Franzisca, November 22, 1985
Box: 16 Folder: 1-2
Racker, Franzisca, November 22, 1985
Box: 16 Folder: 3
Raskin, Marcus, April 18, 1988
Box: 16 Folder: 4-5
Rathjens, George, November 10, 1986
Box: 16 Folder: 6
Rauh, Joseph Jr., March 20, 1986
Box: 16 Folder: 7
Rich, Alexander, May 25, 1988
Roberts, Walter Orr
Box: 16 Folder: 8-9
October 7, 1986
Box: 16 Folder: 10
November 19, 1986
Box: 16 Folder: 11
Rosenblatt, Maurice, February 3, 1986
Box: 16 Folder: 12
Rotblat, Joseph, September 21, 1985
Box: 16 Folder: 13-14
Sachar, Abram L., December 17, 1985
Box: 16 Folder: 15
Schelling, Thomas C., November 10, 1987
Box: 16 Folder: 16-17
Schorr, Lisbeth B., April 12, 1988
Box: 17 Folder: 1-2
Shurcliff, William, May 26, 1988
Box: 17 Folder: 3
Simon, Charlotte, May 27, 1986
Box: 17 Folder: 4-5
Simpson, Esther, May 25, 1986

See also Maurice Fox interview cassette located in Box 11, Folder 2 for interview dated October 3, 1985.

Box: 17 Folder: 6-7
Simpson, John, March 17, 1987
Box: 17 Folder: 8
Singer, Daniel, January 19, 1987
Box: 17 Folder: 9
Smith, Alice K. and Cyril, November 13, 1986
Box: 17 Folder: 10-11
Spanel, Margaret, December 2, 1986
Box: 17 Folder: 12
Straight, Michael, April 14, 1988
Box: 17 Folder: 13
Taylor, Ted, January 7, 1988
Telegdi, Valentine, July 5, 1987

See Pierre Auger interview cassette located in Box 8, Folder 10.

Box: 17 Folder: 14-15
Weisskopf, Victor, December 16, 1985
Box: 17 Folder: 16-17
Wiesner, Jerome, November 10, 1987
Box: 18 Folder: 1
Wigner, Eugene, October 12, 1984
Box: 18 Folder: 2
Wilson, Robert R., November 21, 1985
Box: 18 Folder: 3-4
Wood, Naomi and Ramsay, April 22, 1986
Box: 18 Folder: 5
York, Herbert, January 24, 1986
Zahler, Stan, November 22, 1985

See Franzisca Racker interview cassette located in Box 16, Folder 2.

Box: 18 Folder: 6-7
Zeisel, Eva, August 19, 1985

See also Eugene Wigner interview cassette located in Box 18, Folder 1 for interview dated June 10, 1988.

Box: 18 Folder: 8-9
Zeisel, Hans, February 25, 1987