Reginald Bickford Papers, 1934-1997 (MSS 531)

Extent: 6 Linear feet (15 archives boxes)

Papers of Reginald G. Bickford, emeritus professor (1969-1998) of neurosciences at University of California, San Diego, School of Medicine. Bickford's research interests included electroencephalography, epilepsy, and computer processing of EEG data. The papers include research files, correspondence, writings, and reprints.

Reginald G. Bickford was born in Brewood, England, on January 20, 1913. After graduating high school, Bickford enrolled in pre-medical courses at Cambridge University, where he received his bachelor of arts in 1933. From 1933 to 1936, Bickford trained at the University of London's University College Hospital. After receiving degrees in medicine and surgery from Cambridge University in 1936, Bickford served as house physician resident and house surgeon resident at the University College Hospital. In 1938, Bickford became Casualty Medical Officer at the hospital for six months from July to December while also beginning a two-year position as a Medical Research Council fellow, studying itch sensation, pain, and hyperalgesic mechanisms in the skin and the sensory dissociation caused by cooling human nerves. Bickford became a member of the Royal College of Physicians of London in 1940.

From 1939 to 1941, Bickford was a medical officer in the Emergency Medical Service. He was called to military service in 1941 as a second lieutenant medical officer with the Royal Air Force. During the next two years, he received training in electroencephalography, developed the first four-channel portable electroencephalograph (EEG), and carried out research at the Head Injuries Hospital at St. Hughes College in Oxford. In 1944, Bickford was promoted to Squadron Leader and was made the Consultant in Neurology and Psychiatry at the R.A.F. Hospital in Ely, where he remained until he completed his military service in 1946.

After being granted medical licensure to practice in the United States in 1946, Bickford was appointed to the staff of the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minnesota, as a research associate. In June 1948, he received a permanent appointment to the staff as a consultant in electroencephalography followed by a promotion to professor of physiology in 1957. While at the Mayo Clinic, Bickford performed research on computer applications, studied various epileptic syndromes, instituted extensive depth recording techniques in humans, and studied reflex motor systems. Bickford's interest in epilepsy led him to devise the first methods of reading electroencephalograms of patients suffering from seizures and he was able to provide the first descriptions of reading epilepsy and visual pattern epilepsy.

In 1969, Bickford left his position at the Mayo Clinic to join the Department of Neurosciences at the University of California, San Diego. He continued his EEG research by developing compressed spectral array displays for quantification of EEG, introducing an automated system for estimation of brain death, and developing a home epilepsy monitoring system implemented over the phone line. In 1978, Bickford introduced the automated cerebral electrogram (ACE), a test that combined EEG with evoked potential testing. In 1980, Bickford, along with his wife and two sons, founded BIK Systems for the production and development of the Mini-Cears computer system, which was used in the administration of ACE tests and other EEG analysis in hospitals and clinics. Bickford retired from UCSD as professor emeritus in 1983 while still continuing his research at home and at the university.

Bickford died on June 26, 1998.

The papers of Reginald G. Bickford, emeritus professor (1969-1998) of neurosciences at UCSD document his research interests including electroencephalography, systems analysis of neuronal functional clinical EEG diagnoses, epilepsy, and computer processing of EEG data. The papers contain research files, correspondence, lecture materials, writings, and reprints. Arranged in six series: 1) BIOGRAPHICAL MATERIALS, 2) CORRESPONDENCE, 3) WRITINGS, 4) LECTURES, 5) GRANT MATERIALS, and 6) RESEARCH FILES.

Container List

BIOGRAPHICAL MATERIALS

Scope and Content of Series

Series 1) BIOGRAPHICAL MATERIALS: This series, arranged alphabetically, consists of early documentation of Bickford's education including correspondence with the Royal College of Physicians, University of Cambridge, and the Board of Medical Examiners. Also included are photographs, news clippings, curricula vitae, medical certificates, and biographical sketches written by Dr. Bickford.

Box 1 Folder 1
Bibliographies
Box 1 Folder 2
Biographical sketches
Box 1 Folder 3-4
Board of Medical Examiners Licensure, 1934 - 1983
Box 1 Folder 5
Certificates
Box 1 Folder 6
Clippings
Box 1 Folder 7
Curriculum vitae
Box 1 Folder 8
Photographs of Bickford
Box 1 Folder 9
Photographs of Bickford and others
Box 1 Folder 10
Royal College of Physicians, 1971

Includes correspondence.

Box 1 Folder 11
University of Cambridge Regulations and Schedules for Medical and Surgical Degrees, 1930

CORRESPONDENCE

Scope and Content of Series

Series 2) CORRESPONDENCE: Arranged in two subseries: A) Alphabetical and B) Chronological.

A) The Alphabetical subseries includes correspondence between Bickford and other researchers, colleagues, and students. The subseries does not contain correspondence related to BIK Systems or UCSD -- that correspondence can be found in Series 6 and 7.

B) The Chronological subseries contains Bickford's outgoing correspondence for the year 1979.

Alphabetical

Box 1 Folder 12
A - Miscellaneous
Box 1 Folder 13
Adams, John E., 1960
Box 1 Folder 14
Adams, Lesley, 1982
Box 1 Folder 15
American Electroencephalographic Society, 1979 - 1980
Box 1 Folder 16
Askandar, Rita, 1984 - 1985
Box 1 Folder 17
B - Miscellaneous
Box 1 Folder 18
Baldes, E. J., 1946
Box 1 Folder 19
Barba, Manuel M., 1970 - 1972
Box 1 Folder 20
Bates, J. A. V., 1963
Box 1 Folder 21
Baxter, Raymond, 1971
Box 1 Folder 22
Bennett, Donald R., 1973 - 1976
Box 1 Folder 23
Bercel, Nicholas, 1960
Box 1 Folder 24
Bobon, Daniel P., 1971 - 1972
Box 1 Folder 25
Bogen, Joseph E., 1971
Box 1 Folder 26
Brahme, Folk, 1972 - 1986
Box 1 Folder 27
Brooker, Barry H., 1975
Box 1 Folder 28
Brawer, Andre, 1971 - 1974
Box 1 Folder 29
Bullock, Theodore H., 1983
Box 2 Folder 1
Butterworth Publishers, 1987 - 1988

Includes Bickford's manuscript submission for Magnetic Stimulation in Clinical Neurophysiology.

Box 2 Folder 2
C - Miscellaneous
Box 2 Folder 3
Cadwell, John, 1986 - 1988
Box 2 Folder 4
Cambridge University Medical School, 1955 - 1986
Box 2 Folder 5
Charles C. Thomas Publisher, 1972 - 1973
Box 2 Folder 6
Code, Charles F., 1945 - 1988
Box 2 Folder 7
Crenshaw, Theresa, 1983 - 1984
Box 2 Folder 8
D - Miscellaneous
Box 2 Folder 9
Daly, David D., 1985
Box 2 Folder 10
Dawson, George, 1973 - 1976
Box 2 Folder 11
Dodge, Henry W., 1960 - 1980
Box 2 Folder 12
Drummond, John, 1983 - 1987
Box 2 Folder 13
Duane, Drake D., 1982 - 1984
Box 2 Folder 14
E - Miscellaneous
Box 2 Folder 15
EEG Society, 1969
Box 2 Folder 16
F - Miscellaneous
Box 2 Folder 17
French, John D., 1960
Box 2 Folder 18
G - Miscellaneous
Box 2 Folder 19
Gallen, Christopher C, 1986
Box 2 Folder 20
Goss, Earl Eugene, 1972 - 1974
Box 2 Folder 21
Grason-Stadler Company, Incorporation, 1959 - 1966
Box 2 Folder 22
Grass Instrument Company, 1958 - 1967
Box 2 Folder 23
Guidi, Marco, 1983 - 1985
Box 2 Folder 24
Gulton Medical Instruments, 1967
Box 2 Folder 25
H - Miscellaneous
Box 2 Folder 26
Harner, Richard N., 1965 - 1976
Box 2 Folder 27
Harris, Jacklyn, 1986
Box 2 Folder 28
Harris, John A., 1973
Box 2 Folder 29
Hausser, Chantal, 1977 - 1978
Box 2 Folder 30
Honeywell, Inc., 1966 - 1967
Box 2 Folder 31
Hughes Aircraft Company, 1959 - 1960
Box 2 Folder 32
I - Miscellaneous
Box 2 Folder 33
Industrial Acoustics Company, Incorporated, 1965 - 1966
Box 2 Folder 34
Institute of Radio Engineers, 1958 - 1960
Box 2 Folder 35
International Business Machines Corporation, 1959 - 1962
Box 2 Folder 36
J - Miscellaneous
Box 2 Folder 37
Jacobs, Irwin M., 1970 - 1971
Box 2 Folder 38
K - Miscellaneous
Box 2 Folder 39
Kawamoto, Takeshi, 1967
Box 2 Folder 40
Kellaway, Peter, 1959 - 1974
Box 2 Folder 41
Kessel, Michael M., 1973 - 1974
Box 2 Folder 42
Klass, Donald W., 1968 - 1985
Box 2 Folder 43
Kobayashi, Ronald M., 1974 - 1976
Box 2 Folder 44
Koella, Werner P., 1978 - 1979
Box 3 Folder 1
Kolb, Lawrence C., 1956 - 1957
Box 3 Folder 2
Kooi, Kenneth A., 1975 - 1979
Box 3 Folder 3
Kroc, Joan B., 1985
Box 3 Folder 4
L - Miscellaneous
Box 3 Folder 5
Lamb Research Laboratories, 1959
Box 3 Folder 6
Lambert, Edward, 1946 - 1971
Box 3 Folder 7
Lampert, Peter W., 1972
Box 3 Folder 8
Larson, Lois A., 1970 - 1973
Box 3 Folder 9
Lewis, Thomas, 1941
Box 3 Folder 10
Loring, Charlotte B., 1972
Box 3 Folder 11
Lubin, M. Ardie, 1972 - 1973
Box 3 Folder 12
M - Miscellaneous
Box 3 Folder 13
Malfitan, Virginia A., 1973 - 1974
Box 3 Folder 14
Maxwell Laboratories, 1985 - 1987
Box 3 Folder 15
Mayo Foundation, 1959 - 1967
Box 3 Folder 16
McCutchen, Charlotte, 1978 - 1981
Box 3 Folder 17
Medical Research Council, 1939
Box 3 Folder 18
Medwire Corporation (Sigmund Cohn Corporation), 1966 - 1967
Box 3 Folder 19
Memtron Corporation, 1960 - 1964
Box 3 Folder 20
Merrill, Brad, 1981 - 1982
Box 3 Folder 21
Miller, Herman, 1987
Box 3 Folder 22
Minneapolis-Honeywell Regulator Company, 1958 - 1962
Box 3 Folder 23
Morton, H. B., 1986
Box 3 Folder 24
N - Miscellaneous
Box 3 Folder 25
National Institute of Health, 1978 - 1981
Box 3 Folder 26
National Starch and Chemical Corporation, 1961 - 1963
Box 3 Folder 27
Northport Engineering, Incorporated, 1959 - 1962
Box 3 Folder 28
Northrop Aircraft, 1959
Box 3 Folder 29
Nuclear Chicago Corporation, 1964
Box 3 Folder 30
O - Miscellaneous
Box 3 Folder 31
Offner Electronics, Inc., 1959 - 1962
Box 3 Folder 32
P - Miscellaneous
Box 3 Folder 33
Philips Elmet Corporation, 1966
Box 3 Folder 34
P. J. Noyes Company, 1959
Box 3 Folder 35
Potegal, Michael, 1980 - 1981
Box 3 Folder 36
R - Miscellaneous
Box 3 Folder 37
Radiation Incorporated, 1958
Box 3 Folder 38
Radio Corporation of America (RCA), 1958
Box 3 Folder 39
Raven Press, 1977 - 1992
Box 3 Folder 40
Ray, Charles D., 1968 - 1979
Box 3 Folder 41
Regan, Donald (Martin), 1966 - 1983
Box 3 Folder 42
Remington Rand-Univac, 1961
Box 3 Folder 43
Rhame, William T., 1961
Box 3 Folder 44
Richter, R., 1959 - 1964
Box 3 Folder 45
Rimland, Bernard, 1973
Box 3 Folder 46
Rosenberg, Roger N., 1970 - 1976
Box 3 Folder 47
Rossen, Ralph, 1971
Box 3 Folder 48
Rothmeier, Jeffrey, 1971 - 1972
Box 3 Folder 49
Rothrock, John, 1983
Box 3 Folder 50
S - Miscellaneous
Box 3 Folder 51
Saidman, Larry, 1973
Box 3 Folder 52
Saltzberg, Bernard, 1967 - 1972
Box 3 Folder 53
Saltzstein, Sidney L., 1971
Box 3 Folder 54
Sanchez, Hugo G., 1975 - 1976
Box 3 Folder 55
Sano, Joh, 1980 - 1981
Box 4 Folder 1
Saunders, Michael G., 1966 - 1973
Box 4 Folder 2
Schear, Harley E., 1975
Box 4 Folder 3
Scholl, Mary Louise, 1974 - 1976
Box 4 Folder 4
Schuster, G. S., 1946
Box 4 Folder 5
Schwarger Corporation, 1963
Box 4 Folder 6
Schwartz, Berthold Eric, 1975
Box 4 Folder 7
Scientific Laboratory Services, Incorporation, 1960
Box 4 Folder 8
Scott, Donald F., 1968 - 1979
Box 4 Folder 9
Sem-Jacobsen, Carl Wilhelm, 1974 - 1976
Box 4 Folder 10
Seybold, Marjorie E., 1971 - 1976
Box 4 Folder 11
S. H. E. Corporation, 1976 - 1984
Box 4 Folder 12
Shetula, Shirley, 1978 - 1981
Box 4 Folder 13
Shimoji, Koki, 1966 - 1967
Box 4 Folder 14
Shurson, George R., 1973 - 1974
Box 4 Folder 15
Simnad, Virginia, 1976
Box 4 Folder 16
Smith, Alan L., 1975
Box 4 Folder 17
South Staffordshire Medical Center, 1967 - 1971
Box 4 Folder 18
Standard Memories, Inc., 1973 - 1974
Box 4 Folder 19
Staudt, Franz, 1977 - 1980
Box 4 Folder 20
Stockard, James and Janet, 1976 - 1983
Box 4 Folder 21
T - Miscellaneous
Box 4 Folder 22
Technical Measurement Corporation (TMC), 1963 - 1967
Box 4 Folder 23
Tektronix, Inc., 1966 - 1967
Box 4 Folder 24
Thickstun, James T., 1970
Box 4 Folder 25
Thomas, Madison H., 1974
Box 4 Folder 26
Torres, Fernando, 1976
Box 4 Folder 27
Troupin, Alan S., 1973 - 1974
Box 4 Folder 28
Turner, Marcos, 1979 - 1985
Box 4 Folder 29
University of California, Irvine, 1985
Box 4 Folder 30
University of California, Los Angeles - Brain Information Service, 1970 - 1972
Box 4 Folder 31
V - Miscellaneous
Box 4 Folder 32
W - Miscellaneous
Box 4 Folder 33
Waltz, Arthur G., 1975
Box 4 Folder 34
Werntz, Deborah, 1978 - 1982
Box 4 Folder 35
Western EEG Society, 1984
Box 4 Folder 36
Westmoreland, Barbara, 1974
Box 4 Folder 37
Wheeler, Ray B., 1967
Box 4 Folder 38
White, James C., 1973 - 1976
Box 4 Folder 39
Wolf, Erich William, 1979 - 1986
Box 4 Folder 40
Wong, Peter, 1978 - 1981
Box 4 Folder 41
Wood, Earl H., 1975 - 1976
Box 4 Folder 42
Z - Miscellaneous
Box 4 Folder 43
Unidentified correspondents

Chronological

Box 4 Folder 44-47
1979, June - September
Box 5 Folder 1-3
1979, October - December

WRITINGS

Scope and Content of Series

Series 3) WRITINGS: Contains two subseries: A) Reprints and B) Unpublished.

A) The Reprints subseries includes reprints of most entries on Bickford's publications list, which can be found at the beginning of the subseries. Also included in the subseries are several works that were obviously published, but do not appear on the publications list. The Reprints have been arranged chronologically by their publication dates.

B) The Unpublished subseries gathers manuscripts and typescripts of unpublished works by Bickford. Ancillary materials such as correspondence, multiple drafts, and notes related to the writing have been included within each folder. The titles have been arranged alphabetically.

Reprints

Box 5 Folder 4
Publications list, 1933 - 1979
Box 5 Folder 5-10
1933 - 1973
Box 6 Folder 1-4
1974 - 1992
Box 6 Folder 5
Undated

Unpublished

Box 6 Folder 6
Abstracts
Box 6 Folder 7
Alpha Like Rhythms Generated by Scalp Muscles and Stimulating the EEG
Box 6 Folder 8
Application of a Portable Recording System for Brainstem Auditory Evoked Responses
Box 6 Folder 9
Application of Integration Measures for Quantitative Evoked Potentials
Box 6 Folder 10
Application of the Somnogram to Rat Sleep Analysis
Box 6 Folder 11
Applications of a Simple Automatic Marksense Transcription Device for Multiple Medical and..., 1983
Box 6 Folder 12
Applications of Computers in EEG and Evoked Potentials, 1979
Box 6 Folder 13
Approaches to the Engineering of Mind and Body on the Function in the Human Brain, 1986
Box 6 Folder 14
Approximate Location of Certain Landmarks on the Surface of the Brain as Determined From the External...
Box 6 Folder 15
Automatic System for Monitoring, Computing and Verbally Reporting Brain Viability in Cases of Cerebral...
Box 6 Folder 16
Automation and Computerization of the EEG, 1975

Transcript of audiocassette tape.

Box 6 Folder 17
Brain Activity Monitor Systems Available at UCSD Hospital
Box 6 Folder 18
Brain as Functional Cubes (FC's), 1985
Box 6 Folder 19
Cellophane Calvarium: Neurophysiologic and Behavioral Applications From an Electrically, Chemically...
Box 6 Folder 20
Cerebral Stimulation Patient, 1976
Box 6 Folder 21
Clinical Application of the Comprehensive EEG Analysis and Reporting System (CEARS)
Box 6 Folder 22
Clinical Practice Application of Toposcopic Techniques, 1985
Box 6 Folder 23
Coma: A Program for Its Understanding and Therapeutic Reversal, 1977
Box 6 Folder 24
Combined EEG and Evoked Potential Procedure in Clinical EEG (Automated Cerebral Electrogram - ACE Test)
Box 6 Folder 25
Comparison of Visual Analysis of EEG Record with Somnogram
Box 6 Folder 26
Computation of a Brain Viability Index in Anoxic Accidents, 1969
Box 6 Folder 27
Computer Investigation Into Brain Function
Box 6 Folder 28
Computer System for Localization of Intracranial Structures on the Basis of Skull X-Ray Outline, 1972
Box 6 Folder 29
Concept of Selective Frequency Analysis, 1982
Box 7 Folder 1
Development of a New Technique for Stimulation of the Nervous System
Box 7 Folder 2
Development of or Monitoring-Pictorial Summary
Box 7 Folder 3
Disassociation Between the EEG and Sleep State in Patients with "Locked in Syndrome"
Box 7 Folder 4
Discussion at Neurometrics, 1986
Box 7 Folder 5
Displays of Current Distribution Using the La Place Concept and Their Application to EEG and EP Displays, 1984
Box 7 Folder 6
Duplications for EEG of a Far-Field Concept, 1975
Box 7 Folder 7
EEG and Behavioral Study of Metrazol Induced Seizures in Normal and Totally Hemispherectomized Monkeys
Box 7 Folder 8
EEG and Computers
Box 7 Folder 9
EEG as Monitor
Box 7 Folder 10
EEG Brain Maps Produced By Random Numbers
Box 7 Folder 11
EEG Changes with Seizures Induced by Immunologic Assault in the Rat, 1977
Box 7 Folder 12
EEG Data Analysis System - EDAS (UCSD)
Box 7 Folder 13
EEG Demonstration
Box 7 Folder 14
EEG Effect of a Single Rapid Injection of Sodium Pentothal
Box 7 Folder 15
EEG Evaluation in Brain Injury, 1979
Box 7 Folder 16
EEG Record Classification (Mayo System)
Box 7 Folder 17
EEG Telephonic Anesthesia Monitoring System
Box 7 Folder 18
Effects of Smoking on the Electroencephalogram
Box 7 Folder 19
Electrical Function of Transplanted Fetal Rat Cortical Cells: A Stimulated Paper
Box 7 Folder 20
Electroencephalographic and Clinical Study of the Totally Hemispherectomized Monkey During Normal and...
Box 7 Folder 21
Electroencephalographic Study of Patients with Atopic Dermatitis, 1952
Box 7 Folder 22
Electronics Course and How to Use an Oscilloscope
Box 7 Folder 23
Electrophysiologic Atlas of the Behaving Rat with Advanced Computer Processing, Special Analysis...
Box 7 Folder 24
Electrophysiologic Observations Applicable to the Workup of Alzheimer Cases
Box 7 Folder 25
Electrophysiology of Consciousness (Anesthesia and Clinical Studies), 1975
Box 7 Folder 26
Elimination of EKG Artifact in Clinical and Isoelectric Recordings
Box 7 Folder 27
Emotional and Psychological Factors in Epilepsy, 1954
Box 7 Folder 28
Epilepsy
Box 7 Folder 29
Excitatory and Inhibitory Driving of Motor Units By Light Stimuli in Man
Box 7 Folder 30
Eye-Blink Elimination in Clinical and Research EEG
Box 7 Folder 31
Eye Movements and the Contingent Negative Variation, 1968
Box 7 Folder 32
Fields, Dipoles, and the EEG
Box 7 Folder 33
Fluctuations in Cerebral Efficiency Detected in Aging Subjects
Box 7 Folder 34
Function Decrement Following Electrical Seizure and Stimulation
Box 7 Folder 35
Further Thoughts on Techniques to be Employed in Brain Transplant Experiments (GAGE), 1985
Box 7 Folder 36
Glimpses of Madness, 1985
Box 7 Folder 37
Ground Lead Recording: A Common But Poorly Recognized Type of Artifact
Box 7 Folder 38
Impact of New Technology in the Theory and Practice of Clinical Neurology
Box 7 Folder 39
Instrumentation for the Neurologist
Box 7 Folder 40
Investigation of Physiologic Brain Stereotaxis
Box 7 Folder 41
Investigation of the Parameters for the Interpolation of the Average Evoked Response to Light and Sound...
Box 7 Folder 42
Is Alzheimer a Chemical (Transmitter) Disease?
Box 7 Folder 43
Leads From the Electroencephalogram
Box 7 Folder 44
Learn Some Electronics
Box 7 Folder 45
Magnetic and Electrical Stimulation of the Nervous System - New Techniques, Clinical Applications, 1986
Box 7 Folder 46
Magnetic Stimulation of the Nervous System: Nerve, Cord, and Brain
Box 7 Folder 47
Magnets Up to Now and the Future
Box 7 Folder 48
Memory Deletion Therapy (Memory Engineering)
Box 7 Folder 49
Memory Suppression in Alzheimers Disease - An Active Suppression Hypothesis to Account for the Confusional..., 1984
Box 7 Folder 50
Miscellaneous Ill Health Viruses: How Can We Get Some Understanding?, 1985
Box 7 Folder 51
Models of Epilepsy: Are They Appropriate?
Box 7 Folder 52
Muscle Rhythms and Their Relation to the Alpha Rhythm
Box 7 Folder 53
N100 Pattern Evoked Frontal Component Studied by Computed Area Display and Effect of Reference Location, 1986
Box 7 Folder 54
Narcolepsy? A Disentrainment Disease, 1979
Box 7 Folder 55
Nature of Auditory and Other Averaged Evoked Potentials in Man, 1963
Box 7 Folder 56
Near and Far EEG Potential Fields: A Useful Distinction?
Box 7 Folder 57
Need for More Intuitive Instruction in Modern Educational Systems, 1983
Box 7 Folder 58
Nerve Net Computing
Box 7 Folder 59
Neuromedical Documentation, 1985
Box 7 Folder 60
New EEG System for Remote Servo Control of Anesthesia, 1973
Box 7 Folder 61
Observations on Some Related Aspects of Depth Stimulation in Epileptic Patients and Animals
Box 7 Folder 62
Outline for Localized and Polarity Determination, 1964
Box 7 Folder 63
Participation of Frontal Lobes in Human Pattern Processing, 1985
Box 7 Folder 64
Perceptual Deprivation and the EEG
Box 7 Folder 65
Phenomenon of Discharged Pentrance in Epilepsy (Subcortical Seizure Gating Mechanisms), 1973
Box 7 Folder 66
Photosensitivity in Epilepsy - A Review, 1979
Box 7 Folder 67
Problems of Polarity Conventions EEG and Evoked Potential Observations
Box 7 Folder 68
Problems of Standardization in the New Field of Computed EEG and Evoked Potentials, 1980
Box 7 Folder 69
Properties of the Averaged Inion Electrical Response to Click Stimulation in Human Subjects
Box 7 Folder 70
Proposal for Testing and Comparison of the New EEG Quantitative Devices in a Clinical Environment
Box 7 Folder 71
Proposed Focus on Peripheral Nerve Stimulation Technique
Box 7 Folder 72
Proposed Neurocomputronics Course for Neurologists
Box 7 Folder 73
Quantitative Research in EEG, 1964
Box 8 Folder 1
Recording and Processing of the Electroencephalogram
Box 8 Folder 2
Reduction of Magnetic Stimulus Artifact
Box 8 Folder 3
Reliability of EEG Measures in Establishing the Diagnosis of Epilepsy, 1983
Box 8 Folder 4
Reminiscences - Cambridge University, England, 1930 - 1933
Box 8 Folder 5
Remote On-Line Special Plotting of Electroencephalographic Data
Box 8 Folder 6
Research and Clinical Application of Enhancement Effects of Simultaneous Magnetic and Electrical..., 1986
Box 8 Folder 7
Research Proposals to Hoffman-La Roche for Evaluative Procedures to Quantitate Effectiveness of a Drug..., 1979
Box 8 Folder 8
Role of Hypotension in the Neurologic Complications of Cardiopulmonary Bypass, 1973
Box 8 Folder 9
Running High: Physiological or Psychological
Box 8 Folder 10
Seizure Activity in Hyperacute and Passive Transfer Forms of Experimental Autoimmune Encephalomyelitis in...
Box 8 Folder 11
Seizures Precipitated by Reading
Box 8 Folder 12
Seizures Produced by Mental Activity
Box 8 Folder 13
Selective Hemispheric Stimulation by Altering Autonomic Nervous Function, 1984
Box 8 Folder 14
Sensitivity of EEG Recording Instrument
Box 8 Folder 15
Sensory Precipitation and Reflex Mechanisms in Epilepsy
Box 8 Folder 16
Shattering the Belief that Computing is Cheap, 1983
Box 8 Folder 17
Should Electroencephalographers Start to Talk of Current Flow Rather Than Potential Fields?, 1975
Box 8 Folder 18
Sleep Disturbances (How the EEGer Can Nudge His Way In)
Box 8 Folder 19
Some Advantages of Digital Printer vs. Conventional EEG Write-Out
Box 8 Folder 20
Some Mechanisms Relating to the EEG "Contingent Negative Variation" (C. N. V.) of Water - A Critique of...
Box 8 Folder 21
Some Thought on Data Transmisison
Box 8 Folder 22
Somnogram, A Compressed Spectral Display of Normal Sleep and Sleep Disorder
Box 8 Folder 23
Spike-and-Wave Discharges Produced by Electrical Stimulation of the Human Epileptic Cortex and Subcortex
Box 8 Folder 24
Stereotaxic Amygdalotomy in the Treatment of Disorders of Behavior: Reports of Two Cases
Box 8 Folder 25
Study of Evoked Cortical Potentials During Prolonged Repetitive Peripheral Sensory Stimulations, 1951
Box 8 Folder 26
Technology Considerations in Transmission of EEG and Evoked Potentials over the Telephone Lines
Box 8 Folder 27
Telemedicine and Its Application to Future Clinical Practice, 1967
Box 8 Folder 28
Temperature Effects on the Brainstem Auditory Evoked Reponses (BAER's) of the Rat
Box 8 Folder 29
Tests of Electrical Functionality of Transplanted Fetal Rat Cortical Cells, 1985
Box 8 Folder 30
Thoughts on the Importance of Behavioral Genetics, 1984
Box 8 Folder 31
Topography and Modeling of the Epileptic Spike Potential Field, 1968
Box 8 Folder 32
Topography: Evaluation Advantages and Pitfalls Statistical Evaluation of Maps, 1987
Box 8 Folder 33
UCSD Development in Magnetic Stimulation of Brain and Nerves
Box 8 Folder 34
Use of META-4 System for EEG
Box 8 Folder 35
Use of Photo Diode Stimulation in Clinical and Experimental Electroencephalography and Electroretinography
Box 8 Folder 36
Visual Electrofunction in Alzheimer's Disease
Box 8 Folder 37
Visual Stimuli Fusion in Alzheimer's Disease and Controls

LECTURES

Scope and Content of Series

Series 4) LECTURES: This series, arranged chronologically, consists of typescripts and notes from various talks given at conferences and seminars between the dates of 1930-1987.

Box 8 Folder 38
Apparatus lecture, 1947
Box 8 Folder 39
Demonstration Day lectures, 1947
Box 8 Folder 40
Misleading Rhythms in the Electroencephalogram in the Diagnosis of Tumors of the Brain, 1947
Box 8 Folder 41
Electrical Rhythms of the Human Brain, 1948

Address to the biophysics section of the University of Minnesota.

Box 8 Folder 42
Photosensitive Epileptics, 1948

Presented at Mayo Clinic Staff Meeting.

Box 8 Folder 43
Summary of Talk on Electro-shock Technique Given to Psychiatric Fellows, 1951
Box 8 Folder 44
New Technic of Reading Electrical Waves in the Brain, 1953

Eastern Association of Electroencephalographers Meeting, Mount Tremblant, Canada.

Box 8 Folder 45
Behavioral Changes Produced by Depth Stimulation of the Human Brain, 1956

University of Michigan.

Box 8 Folder 46
Pathogenesis of Petit Mal: Depth Stimulation Studies, 1958
Box 8 Folder 47
Behavioral and Psychologic Changes Produces By Electrical Stimulation of Subcortical Structures in..., 1959

American Psychiatric Association, Philadelphia, PA.

Box 8 Folder 48
Eye Movement and the Electroencephalogram, 1961

Symposium on the Oculomotor System, New York, NY.

Box 8 Folder 49
EEG Analysis By Computers, 1962

Lecture given at "Computers and Medical Research" symposium, Massachusetts General Hospital.

Box 8 Folder 50
Nature of Averaged Evoked Potentials to Sound and Other Stimuli in Man, 1963

New York Academy of Sciences Symposium on "Sensory Evoked Responses in Man".

Box 8 Folder 51
Newer Techniques in Electroencephalography, 1964

Minnesota Society for Neurological Sciences.

Box 8 Folder 52
EEG in Head Injury, 1965

6th International Congress of Electroencephalography, Salzburg, Austria.

Box 8 Folder 53
Magnetic Stimulation of Peripheral Nervous System, 1965

6th International Conference on Medical Electronics and Biological Engineering, Tokyo, Japan.

Box 8 Folder 54
Probing the Depth of the Human Brain, 1966

New York, NY.

Box 8 Folder 55
Convulsant and Anticonvulsant Sensitivity of the Microflex System in Human and Animals, 1968

FASEB 52nd Annual Meeting, Rochester, MN.

Box 8 Folder 56
Campus Clinical Center - Division of EEG, 1969

Also includes correspondence.

Box 8 Folder 57
Computation of a Brain Viability Index in Anoxic Accidents, 1969

7th International Congress of Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology.

Box 8 Folder 58
When is Death? Computer Assessment of Brain Damage, 1969

Inaugural lecture. Includes drafts, correspondence, photographs.

Box 8 Folder 59
Celebral Death (Grand Rounds Symposium), 1970
Box 8 Folder 60
CNV in the Monkey, 1970

Paper presented at the Western Psychological Association CNV (Contingent Negative Variation) Workshop.

Box 8 Folder 61
Microflexes, 1970
Box 8 Folder 62
Sleep and Dreams, January 31, 1970

UC Extension. Includes correspondence and notes.

Box 8 Folder 63
Pocket EEG Diagnostic Monitor for the Neurologist, 1970

Program from American EEG Society Meeting.

Box 8 Folder 64
Another Way of Being? The Alpha Rhythm of Our Brain Waves, June 5, 1971

UC Extension. Includes notes and correspondence.

Box 8 Folder 65
Automation in Neurology : Present and Future Trends, June 24, 1971

Includes correspondence, notes, and calendar.

Box 8 Folder 66
Compressed Spectral Arrays, 1971

American Medical Association Videotaping Session.

Box 8 Folder 67
Computer and Enunciator System for Estimation of Brain Death, 1971

San Diego Biomedical Symposium.

Box 8 Folder 68
Future Trends in Clinical Electroencephalography, 1971

San Diego Neurological Society Meeting.

Box 8 Folder 69
Human Alpha Rhythm and Auditory Feedback Demonstration and Discussion, 1971

UCSD Neurosciences department seminar.

Box 8 Folder 70
Instrumentation Problem in EEG, 1971

Instrument Society of America, Precision Measurement Association. Includes correspondence.

Box 9 Folder 1
Processing the Human Alpha Rhythm, 1971
Box 9 Folder 2
Man's Brain: A New Look, 1971

UC Extension.

Box 9 Folder 3
New Pictorial EEG Report, 1971

San Diego Neurological Society Meeting.

Box 9 Folder 4
Some New Automation Techniques in Neurology, 1971

UC Irvine Neurology Lecture. Includes correspondence.

Box 9 Folder 5
Today's Morality: Ethics in Wonderland, 1971

UC Extension. Includes correspondence.

Box 9 Folder 6
Brain Activity: Alpha Rhythms, 1972

UCSD Hospitals Auxiliary Lecture.

Box 9 Folder 7
Brain Wave in Health and Disease, 1972

Meet the Scientist Lecture Program.

Box 9 Folder 8
Consciousness: Its Boundaries, 1972

UC Extension. What Neuroscientists Know About Alpha Rhythm and Consciousness.

Box 9 Folder 9
Listening to Brain Waves, 1972

Smithsonian Institution Lecture. Includes correspondence.

Box 9 Folder 10
Modern Biology: Shaping Things to Come, 1972

UC Extension. What Computer Can and Cannot Tell Us About the Brain. Includes notes and correspondence.

Box 9 Folder 11
Shifts in EEG Frequency and Neuronal Firing Related to Anesthesia, 1972

International Congress of Anesthesiology, Kyoto, Japan.

Box 9 Folder 12
Today's Morality: Ethics in Wonderland, 1972

UC Extension. Includes correspondence.

Box 9 Folder 13
Western Institute of Epilepsy, San Diego, 1972

Includes draft, correspondence, notes, and brochures.

Box 9 Folder 14
Applications of the EEG to the Practice of Anesthesia, 1973

Anesthesia Lecture Series, UCSD Hospital.

Box 9 Folder 15
CSA Somnagram - A Multiparameter Spectral Sleep and Coma Display, 1973

Eastern Association of Electroencephalographers, New York, NY.

Box 9 Folder 16
EEG Monitoring in Epilepsy and Anesthesia Research, 1973

Society for Neuroscience 3rd Annual Meeting, San Diego, CA.

Box 9 Folder 17
Gadgets, Gab, and Grog, 1973

San Diego Biomedical Symposium, San Diego, CA. Includes various lectures.

Box 9 Folder 18
New EEG System for Remote Servo Control of Anesthesia, 1973

American Society of Anesthesiologists Annual Meeting, San Francisco, CA.

Box 9 Folder 19
Removal of EKG Artifact from EEG in Brain Death and Other Recordings, 1973

8th Annual Continuation Course in Clinical Electrencephalography, Boston, MA.

Box 9 Folder 20
Symposium on Practice of EEG, 1973

Western Electroencephalography Society, San Diego, CA.

Box 9 Folder 21
Changes in Seizure Discharge - "Penetrance" Resulting from Cerebellar Stimulation in Animal and Man..., 1974

Epilepsy Society, New York, NY.

Box 9 Folder 22
Concept of Seizure Gating Mechanisms, 1974

Child Neurology Society.

Box 9 Folder 23
Course in Clinical Electroencephalography - "Activation Procedures", 1974

Lecture in Seattle.

Box 9 Folder 24
EEG: Its Nature and Clinical Application, 1974

Talk at Brawley. Draft.

Box 9 Folder 25
Multiparameter Numerographic Somnogram, 1974

American EEG Society Meeting, Seattle, WA.

Box 9 Folder 26
Discussion of Automation or Computerization of the EEG, 1975

Transcript of cassette tape.

Box 9 Folder 27
School Talk: Brain Wave Demonstration, 1975

Short notes on talk to high school group.

Box 9 Folder 28
State of the Art in EEG, 1975

Notes on Federation of Neurology teaching session.

Box 9 Folder 29
Auditory Evoked Response Symposium, 1976

Islandia Hotel. San Diego, CA.

Box 9 Folder 30
Automated Cerebral Electrgram (ACE): A New Approach to EEG and Evoked Potential Measures in the Clinic, 1978

American Association of Neurological Surgeons.

Box 9 Folder 31
Parr Lecture, 1978

English EEG Society, London, England.

Box 9 Folder 32
Promise of EEG - Will It Be Fufilled, 1978

Lecture given in Boston.

Box 9 Folder 33
Future of EEG and Computer, 1979

Southern EEG Society Meeting.

Box 9 Folder 34
Electrophysical Techniques in O.R. and I.C.U. Monitoring, 1980

California Medical Association 109th Annual Scientific Assembly.

Box 9 Folder 35
Western Electroencephalograph Society Lecture, 1980

Denver, CO.

Box 9 Folder 36
Circuitry of Epilepsy - Western Institute on Epilepsy, 1981

Lennox Lecture, Reno, NV.

Box 9 Folder 37
Loss of Consciousness and Its Triggers, 1981

Ralph Rossen Lecture to Be Presented at the American Medical EEG Society Meeting at Lake Tahoe.

Box 9 Folder 38
Brain Waves: Windows on the Mind, 1983

Discovery Center of Del Mar, San Diego.

Box 9 Folder 39
Digital EEG - The Future of EEG (and EP), 1983

American Electroencephalography Society, Orlando, FL.

Box 9 Folder 40
South American Talks, 1983

Various lectures given at different programs in South America. Includes related correspondence.

Box 9 Folder 41
EEG Threatened - Will New Technologies Rescue the Field?, 1985

Wilder Penfield Memorial Lecture, Western Electroencephalography Society, Albuquerque, NM.

Box 9 Folder 42
From EAEEG Meeting in New York, 1985
Box 9 Folder 43
Magnetic Stimulation, 1985

Magnetic Symposium, Purdue University, IN.

Box 9 Folder 44
Neuronal Stimulation with Magnetic Pulses, 1985

Electroencephalography Meeting, New York, NY.

Box 9 Folder 45
Talk for the Residents on EEG, 1985
Box 9 Folder 46
Talk to Orthopedic Group, 1985
Box 9 Folder 47
Golden Jubilee - Mayo Clinic 50th Anniversary Meeting, 1986

Rochester, MN.

Box 9 Folder 48
Magnetic Stimulation Methods, 1986

Motor Evoked Potential Conference, Purdue University, IN.

Box 9 Folder 49
Electrophysiological Investigation on Function Assymmetry of the Brain, 1987

VII International Congress of Electromyography and Related Clinical Neurophysiology, Sorrento, Italy.

Box 9 Folder 50
Use of EEG and EP Mapping Techniques in Clinical and Experimental Neurophysiology - Advantages and Pitfalls, 1988
Box 9 Folder 51
Application of Computers in Neurology
Box 9 Folder 52
Applications and Limitations of Computer Averaging in Neurology
Box 9 Folder 53
Computation Aspects of the Electroencephalogram
Box 9 Folder 54
Computed Audiomotor Response (CAR): A New Test of Auditory Function
Box 9 Folder 55
Computer Aids to Depth Recording and Stimulation of the Human Brain
Box 9 Folder 56
Computer Investigation Into Brain Function: Use of Averaging for the Detection of Neuronal Signals
Box 9 Folder 57
Computers and Brain Function
Box 9 Folder 58
Development of Instrumentation for Monitoring and Automatic Control of Anesthesia
Box 10 Folder 1
History of the Mind as a Mechanism
Box 10 Folder 2
How Are We to Teach Diomathematics of the Future?
Box 10 Folder 3
Information, Transmission, and the Brain
Box 10 Folder 4
Magnetic Recording and Stimulation of the Central Nervous System
Box 10 Folder 5
Magnetic Stimulation of Nerves - Clinical and Research Observations
Box 10 Folder 6
Magnetic Stimulation of Peripheral Nervous System
Box 10 Folder 7
Medical, Legal and Moral Issues Involved in Resuscitation, EEG Aspects
Box 10 Folder 8
Microprocessor Device for Data Acquistion and Averaging of Brainstem Auditory Responses
Box 10 Folder 9
Microflex System and Its Application in Diagnoses
Box 10 Folder 10
Mind-Brain: New Perspectives
Box 10 Folder 11
Myogenic Artifacts in Average Responses
Box 10 Folder 12
Nature of Computer Averaged Evoked Response to Auditory Stimulation in Man
Box 10 Folder 13
Nature of the Averaged Postauricular Response to Sound Stimulation in Man
Box 10 Folder 14
Neurological Implcations of Centrifugal Averaging

Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN.

Box 10 Folder 15
On the Mechanism of Trigger Epilepsies
Box 10 Folder 16
Pattern Sensitive Epilepsies

Presented at program in honor of Dr. Haddow Keith.

Box 10 Folder 17
Properties of the Photomotor Response System
Box 10 Folder 18
Processing Evoked Potentials
Box 10 Folder 19
Post-Traumatic Seizures
Box 10 Folder 20
Research Trends in Psychiatry
Box 10 Folder 21
Seizures Occuring in Rats with Hyperacute Autoimmune Encephalomyelitis
Box 10 Folder 22
Sensory Precipitation and Reflex Mechanisms in Epilepsy
Box 10 Folder 23
Signal Handling in the Brain
Box 10 Folder 24
Some Highlights in Depth Electrography Research
Box 10 Folder 25
Studies on the Mechanism of Television
Box 10 Folder 26
Triggering of Spike and Wave Discharge
Box 10 Folder 27
Triggers Lecture
Box 10 Folder 28
Use of EEG and EP Mapping Techniques in Clinical and Experimental Neurophysiology - Advantages and Pitfalls
Box 10 Folder 29
Unidentified lecture notes
Box 10 Folder 30
Miscellaneous lectures
Box 10 Folder 31
Index of lectures

GRANT MATERIALS

Scope and Content of Series

Series 5) GRANT MATERIALS: This series, arranged chronologically, comprises applications and correspondence concerning grants that Bickford and colleagues proposed from 1964-1990. Notable research grants include, "Magnetic Excitation - Nerve, Brain, Heart - (Animal, Man)" (1987-1990) and "Automatic Pattern Recognition on Electroencephalogram" (1977).

Box 10 Folder 32
Computer Retrieval of Brain Function Literature, 1964 - 1965
Box 10 Folder 33
Electrocerebral Response to Sensory Pattern, 1966

Project site visit.

Box 10 Folder 34
Evaluation of Digital Computer Analysis of the EEG, 1967 - 1972
Box 10 Folder 35
Electrophysiological Sleep Lab Study of Sleep in Insomnia, 1974

Final study.

Box 10 Folder 36
EEG Power Spectral Density to Index Infant Language, 1975
Box 10 Folder 37
Automatic Pattern Recognition on Electroencephalogram, 1977
Box 11 Folder 1
Automatic Pattern Recognition on Electroencephalogram - Addendum, 1979
Box 11 Folder 2
Levels of Hemisphere Specialization in Infancy, 1979
Box 11 Folder 3
Microflexes in Aging, Dementia, and Behavior Study, 1983 - 1984
Box 11 Folder 4-5
Magnetic Excitation - Nerve, Brain, Heart (Animal - Man), 1987 - 1990

Grant Application.

Box 11 Folder 6
Magneto-Electric Excitation Nerve Cord Brain-Animal, Man, 1987 - 1989
Box 11 Folder 7
Research and Clinical EEG Training at UCSD
Box 11 Folder 8-9
Miscellaneous grants, 1958 - 1979
Box 11 Folder 10
Equipment grants and leases

RESEARCH FILES

Scope and Content of Series

Series 6) RESEARCH FILES: This series, arranged alphabetically, includes various subject materials related to Dr. Bickford's personal and research interests, including several folders documenting the Mayo Clinic organization and project development. The files span Bickford's career, including early research notes from his days in the Royal Air Force. Specific projects related to Bickford's interests in anesthesia, Alzheimer's disease, epilepsy, depth recording, and EEG training are documented within the series.

Box 11 Folder 11
Acupuncture
Box 11 Folder 12
AIDS
Box 11 Folder 13
Alzheimer's Disease, 1984 - 1987
Box 11 Folder 14
Amplifier distortion, 1947
Box 11 Folder 15
Analog computer
Box 11 Folder 16
Anesthesia, 1984
Box 11 Folder 17
Animal experiment, 1965 - 1987
Box 11 Folder 18
Animal instrumentation
Box 11 Folder 19
Animal photometrazol, 1951
Box 11 Folder 20
Animal studies - Monkey, 1949
Box 12 Folder 1
Automatic Apparatus for Administering Drugs - Patent, 1940 - 1955
Box 12 Folder 2
BAER patterns, 1976
Box 12 Folder 3
Biomathematics
Box 12 Folder 4
C.A.T. color chart experiment
Box 12 Folder 5
Cancer tumors, 1990
Box 12 Folder 6
Chloralose experiment, 1966
Box 12 Folder 7
CIA, 1967 - 1968

Correspondence and letter to the editor.

Box 12 Folder 8
Common sense
Box 12 Folder 9
Comprehension
Box 12 Folder 10
Computer viruses, 1988
Box 12 Folder 11
Computers
Box 12 Folder 12
Costello movie
Box 12 Folder 13
Depth electrography

Depth study

Box 12 Folder 14
Correspondence and notes, 1958
Box 12 Folder 15
Organization
Box 12 Folder 16
Procedures
Box 12 Folder 17
Depth stimulation, 1953
Box 12 Folder 18
Early notes
Box 12 Folder 19
EEG apparatus
Box 12 Folder 20
EEG circuits, 1942 - 1949
Box 12 Folder 21
EEG - General
Box 12 Folder 22
EEG Simulation Studies - Mechanical and computer simulations
Box 12 Folder 23
Electrochemistry, 1940
Box 12 Folder 24
Electrodecrement seizures
Box 12 Folder 25
Electrodes
Box 13 Folder 1
Epilepsy
Box 13 Folder 2
Event study
Box 13 Folder 3
Evoked potentials, 1978
Box 13 Folder 4
Evoked potentials - Drug Study, 1977
Box 13 Folder 5
Expectancy wave program, 1965
Box 13 Folder 6
Experiment in Cross-Correlation: Music to Music, 1964
Box 13 Folder 7
Fortescue Circuits
Box 13 Folder 8
FUN WITH BRAIN WAVES - Television program on KCST-TV, 1984 - 1985
Box 13 Folder 9
Further Comment on the Cat, 1965

Includes photographic negatives.

Box 13 Folder 10
Hip pain, 1984
Box 13 Folder 11
Home monitor system
Box 13 Folder 12
Human Alpha Rhythm Project, 1985
Box 13 Folder 13
Human brain death, 1971 - 1975
Box 13 Folder 14
Human brain film, 1976
Box 13 Folder 15
Human brain function
Box 13 Folder 16
Human brain mapping, 1984 - 1986
Box 13 Folder 17
Humanities and science
Box 13 Folder 18
Hypoaesthesia, 1937
Box 13 Folder 19
Laboratory inventory
Box 13 Folder 20
Localization and polarity determination, 1964
Box 13 Folder 21
Magnetic stimulation, 1985 - 1987
Box 13 Folder 22
Magneto-Electric Non-Invasive Stimulation of the Nervous System (Nerves and Brain)..., 1986 - 1987
Box 13 Folder 23
Magnetometry

Mayo Clinic EEG Laboratory

Box 13 Folder 24
1955, 1955
Box 13 Folder 25
Organization, 1963
Box 14 Folder 1
Special EEG and Clinical Research Projects, 1965
Box 14 Folder 2
Mayo Clinic Research Fellowship, 1964 - 1966
Box 14 Folder 3
Mayo Clinic Research Projects
Box 14 Folder 4
Mayo Regional Medical Educational Program Committee, 1967 - 1968

Minutes, reports, and correspondence.

Box 14 Folder 5
Medical ethics
Box 14 Folder 6
Medical transcription
Box 14 Folder 7
Metrazol Activation
Box 14 Folder 8
Microreflexes
Box 14 Folder 9
Neuroelectronics, 1983 - 1984