Kathleen Fraser Papers, 1909-2019 (MSS 529)

Restrictions: Materials in box 40, folders 10-15 are restricted until the year 2052, according to state and federal laws. Materials in box 40, folders 16-17 are restricted until the year 2077, according to state and federal laws. Original audiovisual and digital media are restricted; listening/viewing copies may be available to researchers.

Extent: 43 Linear feet (104 archives boxes, 3 card file boxes, 1 tube, and 4 oversize folders), + 90 GB of digital files

Digital Content

The collection contains a small number of individually described digital files, in addition to a large series of files (Series 23: DIGITAL MEDIA) that contains the content of one hard drive, one iBook G4 laptop, and one flash drive.

Papers of Kathleen Fraser (1935-2019), American poet, teacher and scholar. Influenced by the experimental poets of the New York School in the 1960s, Fraser became a prolific poet, an advocate of innovative women's writing, and a professor of creative writing at San Francisco State University. The collection contains correspondence with prominent poets and scholars; manuscript and typescript drafts of Fraser's published and unpublished poetry and prose; administrative and production materials related to the literary magazine HOW(ever); interviews with Fraser; teaching materials; sound and video recordings; and digital media.

Kathleen Joy Fraser was born in Tulsa, Oklahoma, in 1935 and attended high school in Covina, California. After discovering the work of writers such as Virginia Woolf, Walt Whitman and e.e. cummings while a student at Occidental College, Fraser decided to major in English literature and began to write her own poetry. She graduated in 1959 and moved to New York City where she developed her skills as a poet in workshops with Kenneth Koch and Robert Lowell at the New School for Social Research and with Stanley Kunitz at the Poetry Center at the YMHA.

In Kunitz's poetry workshop, Fraser met her first husband, poet Jack Marshall, whom she married in 1960. Their son David was born in 1966, and they soon relocated to San Francisco. Fraser also used the name Kathleen Fraser Marshall during her marriage. In 1969, they were both offered teaching positions at the Iowa Writer's Workshop. After their separation in 1970, Fraser became director of the Poetry Center (1972-1975) and professor of creative writing (1972-1992) at San Francisco State University. In addition to teaching poetry workshops and seminars, she founded the American Poetry Archives and compiled a video anthology featuring women poets entitled Women Working in Literature (1992).

Responding to the need for a place to discuss women's language issues and to publish experimentalist poetry by women, Fraser founded the journal HOW(ever). From 1983 to 1992, Fraser published the work of living women poets and recovered the neglected work of modernist women poets such as H.D., Mina Loy, and Mary Butts. Fraser continued this investigation into innovative women's writing through the online journal How2 which she edited from 1999 to 2000. Fraser handed over the position as editor-in-chief to Australian scholar Ann Vickery in 2001 to allow more time for her own writing.

Fraser has published many volumes of poetry, including: Change of Address and Other Poems (1966); In Defiance (of the Rains) (1969); Little Notes to You, From Lucas Street: Poems 1970-1971 (1972); What I Want (1974); New Shoes (1978); Each Next: Narratives (1980); Something (even human voices) in the foreground, a lake (1984); Notes Preceding Trust (1987); boundayr (1987); From a Text (1993); When New Time Folds Up (1993); Wing (1995); il cuore: The Heart, Selected Poems 1970-1995 (1996); h i dde violeth i dde violet (2003); Discrete Categories Forced into Coupling (2004); ii ss (with Hermine Ford) (2011); and movable TYYPE (2011). Selections from her work were recorded on Even Human Voices (1986). She has also published a collection of critical essays, Translating the Unspeakable: Poetry and the Innovative Necessity (2000).

Fraser's poetry has been published in numerous journals and magazines since the late 1950s, and she has given readings and talks on poetry across the United States, as well as in Italy and Japan. Her poetry is characterized by a technically sophisticated deconstruction of language that is highly innovative. In addition to displaying her technical skill, Fraser's poetry is also intensely emotional, meditative, playful, and lyrical. Fraser divided her time between San Francisco and Rome with her second husband, the philosopher and playwright Arthur K. Bierman, whom she married in 1985. Fraser died on February 5, 2019 in Emeryville, California.

The Kathleen Fraser Papers document the literary and professional career of a prolific poet, advocate of innovative women's writing and professor of creative writing at San Francisco State University. Materials include correspondence with prominent poets and scholars, manuscript and typescript drafts of Fraser's published and unpublished poetry and prose; administrative and production materials related to the literary magazine HOW(ever); interviews with Fraser; teaching materials; sound and video recordings, and digital media.

Accession Processed in 2002

Arranged in nine series: 1) CORRESPONDENCE, 2) HOW(EVER) MATERIALS, 3) WRITINGS BY FRASER, 4) WRITINGS BY OTHERS, 5) TEACHING MATERIALS, 6) CONFERENCES, 7) INTERVIEWS WITH/BY AND ARTICLES ON FRASER, 8) MISCELLANEOUS MATERIALS, and 9) RECORDINGS.

Accession Processed in 2007

Arranged in eight series: 10) CORRESPONDENCE, 11) HOW2 ONLINE JOURNAL MATERIALS, 12) WRITINGS BY FRASER, 13) TEACHING MATERIALS, 14) CONFERENCES, 15) INTERVIEWS WITH/BY FRASER AND ARTICLES ON FRASER, 16) MISCELLANEOUS MATERIALS, and 17) SOUND RECORDINGS.

Accessions Processed in 2019-2020

Arranged in six series: 18) BIOGRAPHICAL, 19) CORRESPONDENCE, 20) WRITINGS, 21) PHOTOGRAPHS, 22) SOUND RECORDINGS, and 23) DIGITAL MEDIA.

Container List

Accession Processed in 2002

CORRESPONDENCE

Scope and Content of Series

Series 1) CORRESPONDENCE: Correspondence to and from prominent poets and scholars, including Charles Bernstein, Ted Berrigan, Mei-mei Berssenbrugge, Carolyn Burke, Norma Cole, Robert Creeley, Beverly Dahlen, Patricia Dienstfrey, Rachel Blau DuPlessis, Barbara Einzig, Kenward Elmslie, Susan Gevirtz, Robert Glück, Barbara Guest, Fanny Howe, Susan Howe, Frances Jaffer, Adrienne Rich, Ron Silliman, and Diane Wakoski. Carbon and printed copies of Fraser's outgoing correspondence are filed under the recipient's name. The series includes photographs, ephemera, and drafts of writings by correspondents. Some correspondence relevant to Fraser's publications, academic positions, conferences, readings and workshops are located in the appropriate series. Arranged alphabetically.

Box 1 Folder 1
13th Moon, 1974 - 1993
Box 1 Folder 2
A - Miscellaneous
Box 1 Folder 3
Aaron, Howard, 1972 - 1974
Box 1 Folder 4
Abbott, Steve - Regarding the anthology Joys, 1979
Box 1 Folder 5
Adams, Maureen, 1991 - 1996
Box 1 Folder 6
Adams, Megan/Camille Roy, 1984 - 1993
Box 1 Folder 7
Adler, Janet, 1993 - 1995
Box 1 Folder 8
Adnan, Etel, 1988 - 2000
Box 1 Folder 9
Ahlgren, Calvin, 1970 - 1973
Box 1 Folder 10
Akers, Ellery, 1985 - 1988
Box 1 Folder 11
Alcosser, Sandra, 1976 - 1996
Box 1 Folder 12
American Poetry Review (David Bonanno), 1978 - 1992
Box 1 Folder 13
Anderson, Linda, 1988 - 1989
Box 1 Folder 14
Anderson, Maggie, 1977 - 1980
Box 1 Folder 15
Anderson, Sujenna, 1970 - 1992
Box 1 Folder 16
Andrews, Bruce, 1986 - 1996
Box 1 Folder 17
Angel, Ralph, 1979 - 1987
Box 1 Folder 18
Antaeus (David Halpern), 1975 - 1978
Box 1 Folder 19
Armantrout, Rae, 1979 - 1980
Box 1 Folder 20
Avec (Cydney Chadwick), 1990 - 1993
Box 1 Folder 21
B - Miscellaneous
Box 1 Folder 22
Bacigalupo, Massimo, 1994 - 1998
Box 1 Folder 23
Bantam Books (Kathryn Ruby) - Regarding the anthology Women: The New Voice (1975), 1972 - 1974
Box 1 Folder 24
Basham, Kate, 1970 - 1987
Box 1 Folder 25
Bates, Milton, 1992
Box 1 Folder 26
Bell, Marvin, 1963
Box 1 Folder 27
Bellamy, Dodie, 1980 - 1997
Box 1 Folder 28
Benedikt, Michael, 1974 - 1985
Box 1 Folder 29
Benson, Steve, 1991 - 1995
Box 1 Folder 30
Benton, Bill, 1974 - 1991
Box 1 Folder 31
Benton, Janet, 1989 - 1997
Box 2 Folder 1
Berge, Carol, 1974 - 1994
Box 2 Folder 2
Bernstein, Charles, 1984 - 2000
Box 2 Folder 3
Berrigan, Ted, 1963 - 1965
Box 2 Folder 4
Berssenbrugge, Mei-mei, 1980 - 1994
Box 2 Folder 5
Bettoja, Jo, 1991
Box 2 Folder 6
Bierman family - Letters to the Bierman children: Manny, Leo, and Eli, 1997
Box 2 Folder 7
Black Box (Elizabeth Brown), 1975 - 1978
Box 2 Folder 8
Black Sparrow Press (John Martin), 1970 - 1992
Box 2 Folder 9
Blaser, Robin, 1995 - 2000
Box 2 Folder 10
Bochner, Mel and Lizbeth Marano, 1987 - 1994
Box 2 Folder 11
Bonstock, Shari, 1989
Box 2 Folder 12
Bowen, Nancy, 1989 - 1994
Box 2 Folder 13
Bragdon, Paul - President of Reed College, 1972
Box 2 Folder 14
Braverman, Melanie, 1990
Box 2 Folder 15
Brodine, Karen, 1987
Box 2 Folder 16
Bromige, David - Contains correspondence sent to Fraser of ongoing argument between Leslie Scalapino and David Bromige, 1972 - 1997
Box 2 Folder 17
Broner, Sari, 1992
Box 2 Folder 18
Brossard, Nicole, 1991
Box 2 Folder 19
Broughton, John, 1993
Box 2 Folder 20
Brown, Evangeline, 1984 - 1985
Box 2 Folder 21
Brown, Michael Dennis, 1971 - 1998
Box 2 Folder 22
Brown, Pete, undated
Box 2 Folder 23
Bruce, Lennart, 1988 - 1990
Box 2 Folder 24
Bryan, Sharon, 1991 - 1994
Box 2 Folder 25
Burke, Carolyn, 1986 - 1999
Box 2 Folder 26
Butterick, George - Regarding proposed anthology of innovative writing by contemporary women (aborted after Butterick's death), 1986
Box 2 Folder 27
Bye, Reed, 1996
Box 2 Folder 28
C - Miscellaneous
Box 2 Folder 29
Caddell, Rick, 1994
Box 3 Folder 1
Callahan, Eileen O'Malley, 1989 - 1998
Box 3 Folder 2
Camboni, Marina, 1988 - 1998
Box 3 Folder 3
Carter, Michelle, 1993 - 1996
Box 3 Folder 4
Ceravolo, Joseph, 1980
Box 3 Folder 5
Ceravolo, Rosemary, 1972
Box 3 Folder 6
Chaffee, Marta, 1993 - 1995
Box 3 Folder 7
Chamberlain, Lori, 1987
Box 3 Folder 8
Chelsea (Barbara Guest), 1994
Box 3 Folder 9
Chernoff, Maxine and Paul Hoover, 1997 - 1998
Box 3 Folder 10
Chester, Laura, 1973 - 1994
Box 3 Folder 11
Clark, Tom, 1966 - 1998
Box 3 Folder 12
Clary, Killarney, 1979 - 1992
Box 3 Folder 13
Clausen, Jan, 1983
Box 3 Folder 14
Cole, Norma, 1985 - 1998
Box 3 Folder 15
Collecott, Diane, 1987 - 2000
Box 3 Folder 16
Colorado Review (Donald Revell), 1994 - 1996
Box 3 Folder 17
Common Knowledge (Robert Nelson), 1997 - 1998
Box 3 Folder 18
Conjunctions (Bradford Morrow), 1986 - 1995
Box 3 Folder 19
Conoley, Gillian, 1994 - 1996
Box 3 Folder 20
Coolidge, Clark, 1992
Box 3 Folder 21
Cooper, Jane, 1973 - 1982
Box 3 Folder 22
Corbett, Bill, 1993
Box 3 Folder 23
Corman, Cid, 1984
Box 3 Folder 24
Cox, Sarah Ann, 1995 - 1996
Box 3 Folder 25
Creedon, Michael, 1974 - 1982
Box 3 Folder 26
Creeley, Robert, 1972 - 1994
Box 3 Folder 27
Curtis Brown, Ltd. (Marilyn Marlow), 1973
Box 3 Folder 28
D - Miscellaneous
Box 3 Folder 29
Daerr, Alexa, 1995 - 1998
Box 3 Folder 30
Dahlen, Beverly, 1985 - 1996
Box 3 Folder 31
Davidson, Michael, 1983 - 1984
Box 3 Folder 32
Davis, Leslie, 1994
Box 3 Folder 33
Davis, Lydia, 1986 - 1996
Box 3 Folder 34
DeKoven, Marianne, 1987 - 2004
Box 3 Folder 35
di Prima, Diane, 1995 - 1997
Box 3 Folder 36
Dickison, Steve, 1998
Box 3 Folder 37
Dickey, William, undated
Box 3 Folder 38
Dienstfrey, Patricia, 1979 - 1999
Box 4 Folder 1
Dissanayake, Ellen, 1970 - 1999
Box 4 Folder 2
Doherty, Alexandria (Alix), 1973 - 1996
Box 4 Folder 3
Donahue, Joseph, 1992 - 1998
Box 4 Folder 4
Donnelley, Daide (Adelaide), 1985 - 1999
Box 4 Folder 5
Dorfman, Elsa, 1977 - 1995
Box 4 Folder 6
Doris, Stacy, 1990 - 1992
Box 4 Folder 7
Doubiago, Sharon, 1975
Box 4 Folder 8
Doubleday and Company, Inc. (Florence Howe and Ellen Bass) - Regarding the anthology No More Masks! (1973), 1972 - 1973
Box 4 Folder 9
Doyle, Sally, 1990 - 2007
Box 4 Folder 10
Drucker, Johanna, 1991
Box 4 Folder 11
Duffy, Bruce, 1988
Box 4 Folder 12
Duncan, Robert, 1961
Box 4 Folder 13-14
DuPlessis, Rachel Blau, 1980 - 1989
Box 5 Folder 1
DuPlessis, Rachel Blau, 1990 - 2000
Box 5 Folder 2
Dydo, Ulla, 1989 - 1998
Box 5 Folder 3
E - Miscellaneous
Box 5 Folder 4
Edwards, Ken, 1994 - 1995
Box 5 Folder 5
Edwards, Mary Ellen (Mary Ellen McTamaney), 1984 - 1998
Box 5 Folder 6
Effros, Susan, 1973 - 1974
Box 5 Folder 7
Ehret, Terry, 1988 - 1997
Box 5 Folder 8
Einzig, Barbara, 1983 - 1994
Box 5 Folder 9
Elmslie, Kenward, 1975 - 1995
Box 5 Folder 10
EM Press Group, 1992 - 1994
Box 5 Folder 11
Enslin, Ted, 1962
Box 5 Folder 12
Equi, Elaine, 1997 - 1998
Box 5 Folder 13
Eshleman, Clayton, 1983 - 1999
Box 5 Folder 14
Essman, Eric, 1996 - 1997
Box 5 Folder 15
F - Miscellaneous
Box 5 Folder 16
Feminist Studies (Claire Moses), 1980 - 1983
Box 5 Folder 17
Ferlinghetti, Lawrence, 1993 - 1994
Box 5 Folder 18
Field, Edward, undated
Box 5 Folder 19
The Figures (Geoff Young), 1988 - 1993
Box 5 Folder 20
Five Finger Press (John High), 1990 - 1994
Box 5 Folder 21
Flynn, Nancy, 1974 - 1993
Box 5 Folder 22
Foley, Jack, 1993 - 1994
Box 5 Folder 23
Ford, Hermine, 1977 - 1997
Box 6 Folder 1
Foster, Paul, undated
Box 6 Folder 2
Fox, Denise (Lawson), 1990 - 1999
Box 6 Folder 3
Fried, Ricki, 1973 - 1994
Box 6 Folder 4
Friedman, Ellen, 1987 - 1989
Box 6 Folder 5
Friedman, Susan Stanford, 1990-1992
Box 6 Folder 6
Frontiers, 1988 - 1989
Box 6 Folder 7
Frost, Elizabeth, 1992 - 1994
Box 6 Folder 8
Frym, Gloria, 1974 - 1993
Box 6 Folder 9
Fund for Poetry, 1988
Box 6 Folder 10
G - Miscellaneous
Box 6 Folder 11
Gander, Forrest, 1989 - 1996
Box 6 Folder 12
Gangel, Sue, 1978 - 1998
Box 6 Folder 13
Gardiner, Leonard, 1972
Box 6 Folder 14
Garrett-Currier, Charlotte, 1986 - 1987
Box 6 Folder 15
Gavronsky, Serge, 1982 - 1984
Box 6 Folder 16-19
Gevirtz, Susan, 1985 - 1999

Includes photograph of Susan Gevirtz and David Delp.

Box 6 Folder 20
Gilbert, Celia, 1984 - 1991
Box 6 Folder 21
Gilmartin, Stephen, 1984 - 1992
Box 6 Folder 22
Gizzi, Michael, 1992
Box 7 Folder 1
Glück, Bob, 1981 - 1997
Box 7 Folder 2
Going, Dale, 1990 - 1999
Box 7 Folder 3
Golding, Alan, 1993
Box 7 Folder 4
Goldoni, Annalisa, 1982 - 1999
Box 7 Folder 5
Graham, Jorie, undated
Box 7 Folder 6
Gregory, Ellen, 1998 - 1999
Box 7 Folder 7
Grenier, Bob, 1988
Box 7 Folder 8
Grim, Jessica, 1989 - 1991
Box 7 Folder 9
Guest, Barbara, 1964 - 2000
Box 7 Folder 10
Guggenheim Fellowship, 1980
Box 7 Folder 11
H - Miscellaneous
Box 7 Folder 12
Hadas, Rachel, 1988
Box 7 Folder 13
Hall, Donald, 1978
Box 7 Folder 14
Halprin, Ann, 1974
Box 7 Folder 15
Hamilton, David, 1985 - 1987
Box 7 Folder 16
Hammond, Karla, 1978
Box 7 Folder 17
Hampl, Patricia, 1972 - 1988
Box 7 Folder 18
Hannan, Mark, 1989 - 1993
Box 7 Folder 19
Hanson, Kenneth, 1995
Box 7 Folder 20
Harcourt Brace and Jovanovich - Regarding the anthologies Starting Poetry with Sidney Zimmerman, and Golden Gate Watershed: 19 American Poets (1983) with Philip Dow, 1972 - 1983
Box 7 Folder 21
Harper and Row Publishers, Inc., 1976 - 1984
Box 7 Folder 22
Harper, Michael, 1972
Box 7 Folder 23
Harryman, Carla, 1983 - 1992
Box 7 Folder 24
Hass, Robert, 1973
Box 7 Folder 25
Hatlen, Burton, 1996 - 1997
Box 7 Folder 26
Hawkins, Bobbie Louise, 1991
Box 7 Folder 27
Hayden, Mary Ann, 1991 - 1996
Box 8 Folder 1
Hejinian, Lyn, 1975 - 2000
Box 8 Folder 2
Henderson, Bill, 1993 - 1996
Box 8 Folder 3
Hickman, Leland, 1988 - 1989
Box 8 Folder 4
Hillman, Brenda, 1985 - 1999
Box 8 Folder 5
Hitchcock, George, 1971 - 2010
Box 8 Folder 6
Hogan, Desmond, 1963 - 1997
Box 8 Folder 7-8
Hogue, Cynthia, 1995 - 1999
Box 8 Folder 9
Hollenberg, Donna, 1996
Box 8 Folder 10
Homans, Margaret, 1983
Box 8 Folder 11
Hooven, Coille, 1993 - 1998
Box 8 Folder 12
Howard, Richard, undated
Box 8 Folder 13
Howe, Fanny, 1982 - 1998
Box 8 Folder 14
Howe, Susan, 1977 - 1993
Box 8 Folder 15
Human Sciences Press - Regarding the journal Dreamworks, 1979
Box 8 Folder 16
Hungry Mind Review (Bart Schneider, editor), 1993 - 1994
Box 8 Folder 17
I - Miscellaneous
Box 8 Folder 18
Iliescu, Sandra
Box 8 Folder 19
The Iowa Review, 1981 - 1996
Box 8 Folder 20
Ironwood (Michael Cuddihy), 1973 - 1988
Box 8 Folder 21
J - Miscellaneous
Box 8 Folder 22
Jacobus, Mary, 1985 - 1987
Box 8 Folder 23
Jaffe, Sherril, 1973
Box 8 Folder 24
Jaffer, Frances, 1974 - 1998
Box 9 Folder 1
Jenkins, Edith, 1981 - 1995
Box 9 Folder 2
Johnson, Ronald, 1984 - 2013
Box 9 Folder 3
Johnson-Bickford, Laura, 1984
Box 9 Folder 4
Juhasz, Suzanne, 1975 - 1984
Box 9 Folder 5
K - Miscellaneous
Box 9 Folder 6
Kaplan, Alan, 1971 - 1992
Box 9 Folder 7
Keller, Lynn, 1992 - 2008
Box 9 Folder 8
Keller, Madeleine, 1988
Box 9 Folder 9
Kelly, Robert, 1961 - 1963
Box 9 Folder 10
Kelsey Street Press - Correspondence with Rena Rosenwasser and Patricia Dienstfrey, and minutes for meeting of the advisory board, to which Fraser belonged, 1990 - 1999
Box 9 Folder 11
Kennedy, David, 1969 - 1978
Box 9 Folder 12
Kherdian, David, 1976 - 1977
Box 9 Folder 13
Killian, Kevin, 1994 - 1999
Box 9 Folder 14
Kim, Myung Mi, 1987 - 1993
Box 9 Folder 15
King, Susan, 1986 - 1991
Box 9 Folder 16
Kinnahan, Linda, 1997 - 2000
Box 9 Folder 17
Kinnell, Galway, 1971
Box 9 Folder 18
Kirkpatrick, Patricia, 1976 - 1995
Box 9 Folder 19
Koch, Kenneth, 1974
Box 9 Folder 20
Koch, Stephen and Sydney, 1971 - 1993
Box 9 Folder 21
Koestenbaum, Wayne, 1994 - 2004
Box 9 Folder 22
Kohn, Vicky, 1993
Box 9 Folder 23
Kolodny, Annette, 1977 - 1987
Box 9 Folder 24
Koolish, Lynda, 1977 - 2007
Box 9 Folder 25
Kowit, Steve, 1982 - 1990
Box 9 Folder 26
Krauss, Ruth, 1984
Box 9 Folder 27
Kray, Betty, 1970
Box 9 Folder 28
Krusoe, Jim, 1985 - 1988
Box 9 Folder 29
Kush, 1988
Box 9 Folder 30
L - Miscellaneous
Box 9 Folder 31
La Polla, Franco, 1984 - 2006
Box 9 Folder 32
Lance, Jeanne, 1983 - 1992
Box 9 Folder 33
Lafia, Collette, 1985
Box 9 Folder 34
Lesniak, Rose, 1975 - 1976
Box 9 Folder 35
Lauterbach, Ann, 1992 - 1994
Box 10 Folder 1
Lawrence, Lisa, 1982 - 1997
Box 10 Folder 2
Lazer, Hank, 1994 - 1999
Box 10 Folder 3
Lease, Joseph, 1992 - 1993
Box 10 Folder 4
Brody-Lederman, Stephanie, 1980 - 1998
Box 10 Folder 5
Leider, Emily, 1987 - 1998
Box 10 Folder 6
Lentini, James, 1997
Box 10 Folder 7
Levertov, Denise, 1973 - 1975
Box 10 Folder 8
Lewis, Joel, 1989 - 1994
Box 10 Folder 9
Lish, Gordon, 1979
Box 10 Folder 10
Io (Lindy Hough), 1973
Box 10 Folder 11
Lowe, Pelle, 1996 - 2000
Box 10 Folder 12
Lowitz, Leza, 1992 - 1997
Box 10 Folder 13
Lubeski, Lori, 1985 - 1999
Box 10 Folder 14
Lucas, Burke (R.B.), 1990 - 1995
Box 10 Folder 15
Luria-Sukenick, Lynn, 1972 - 1995
Box 10 Folder 16
M - Miscellaneous
Box 10 Folder 17
MacAdams, Lewis, undated
Box 10 Folder 18
Mackey, Nate, 1991
Box 10 Folder 19
Magee, Kevin, 1992 - 1995
Box 10 Folder 20
Mandel, Tom, 1990 - 1996
Box 10 Folder 21
Maraini, Toni, 1985 - 1991
Box 10 Folder 22
Marlott, Daphne, 1984 - 1994
Box 10 Folder 23
Marron, John, 1973 - 2000

Includes photographs of John Marron.

Box 10 Folder 24
Martin, Stephen Paul, 1989 - 1997
Box 10 Folder 25
Martin, Valerie, 1995 - 1999
Box 10 Folder 26
Mathews, Harry, 1991
Box 10 Folder 27
Mathews, Lou, 1978 - 1996
Box 10 Folder 28
Mattingly, George, 1974
Box 10 Folder 29
McCullough, Fran, 1992 - 1998
Box 10 Folder 30
McDowell, Jennifer, 1976 - 1977
Box 10 Folder 31
McGrath, Connell, 1990 - 1991
Box 11 Folder 1
McHale, Brian, 1996 - 1997
Box 11 Folder 2
McHugh, Heather, 1990 - 1993
Box 11 Folder 3
McNoughton, Duncan, 1994 - 2000
Box 11 Folder 4
M/E/A/N/I/N/G (Susan Bee), 1987 - 1994
Box 11 Folder 5
Mellen, Joan, 1989 - 1992
Box 11 Folder 6
Middlebrook, Diane, 1994
Box 11 Folder 7
Middleton, Peter, 1993
Box 11 Folder 8
Miles, Josephine, 1975
Box 11 Folder 9
Miller, Jane, 1983 - 1996
Box 11 Folder 10
Minh-Ha, Trinh T., 1990
Box 11 Folder 11
Möckel-Rieke, Hannah, 1989 - 1996
Box 11 Folder 12
Moore, James, 1982 - 1996
Box 11 Folder 13
Moore, Richard (Dick), 1992
Box 11 Folder 14
Morbiducci, Morina, 1991 - 1999
Box 11 Folder 15
Moriarty, Laura, 1995 - 1997
Box 11 Folder 16
Morris, Adelaide (Dee), 1981 - 1995
Box 11 Folder 17
Moxley, Jennifer, 1997
Box 11 Folder 18
Mulford, Wendy, 1989 - 2006
Box 11 Folder 19
Mullen, Laura, 1996
Box 11 Folder 20
Mullins, Brighde (Bridgett), 1996
Box 11 Folder 21
Murray, Aífe (Betsy), 1991 - 1996
Box 11 Folder 22
Muske-Dukes, Carol, 1971 - 1994
Box 11 Folder 23
N - Miscellaneous
Box 11 Folder 24
National Endowment for the Arts, 1970
Box 11 Folder 25
Naropa Institute, Summer Writing Program (Max Regan, director), 1995 - 1996
Box 11 Folder 26
The New Yorker (Howard Moss), 1976 - 1979
Box 11 Folder 27
Ngai, Sianne, 1992 - 1994
Box 11 Folder 28
Niccolai, Guilia, 1984 - 1989
Box 11 Folder 29
Niedecker, Lorine (copy of letter to Ezra Pound), 1934
Box 11 Folder 30
Nin, Anaïs, 1972 - 1973
Box 11 Folder 31
Norton, Camille, 1996 - 1999
Box 11 Folder 32
Norton, Linda, 1995
Box 11 Folder 33
Nowak, Mark, 1990 - 2000
Box 11 Folder 34
O - Miscellaneous
Box 11 Folder 35
Oblek (Peter Gizzi), 1988 - 1994
Box 11 Folder 36
O'Brien, Geoffrey, 1987 - 2004
Box 11 Folder 37
Ogden, Katherine, 1989 - 1999
Box 11 Folder 38
O'Hara, Frank, 1964
Box 11 Folder 39
Oppen, George, 1965 - 1984
Box 11 Folder 40
Osman, Jena, 1992
Box 11 Folder 41
Ostriker, Alicia, 1980 - 1988
Box 11 Folder 42
O'Sullivan, Maggie, 1995
Box 11 Folder 43
Overmyer, Eric, 1973 - 1992
Box 11 Folder 44
Owen, Maureen, 1979 - 1991
Box 12 Folder 1
P - Miscellaneous
Box 12 Folder 2
Pages (Robert Sheppard, editor), undated
Box 12 Folder 3
Palmer, Michael, 1984 - 1995
Box 12 Folder 4
Parker, Steve, 1973 - 1978
Box 12 Folder 5
Parnassus - Poetry in Review (Herb Leibowitz), 1985 - 1998
Box 12 Folder 6
Partisan Review (John Ashbery, editor), 1978
Box 12 Folder 7
Penberthy, Jenny, 1987 - 1998
Box 12 Folder 8
Paradigm Press (Gale Nelson), 1990 - 1992
Box 12 Folder 9
Perelman, Bob, 1991 - 2001
Box 12 Folder 10
Perloff, Marjorie, 1979 - 2000
Box 12 Folder 11
Phillips, Dennis, 1987 - 1998
Box 12 Folder 12
Phillips, Frances, 1985 - 1993
Box 12 Folder 13
Piekarski, Thomas, 1977
Box 12 Folder 14
Piombino, Nick, 1993
Box 12 Folder 15
Ploughshares (Marilyn Hacker), 1984 - 1989
Box 12 Folder 16
The Poetry Center and American Poetry Archives, 1987 - 1997
Box 12 Folder 17
Poetry Flash (Joyce Jenkins, editor), 1993 - 2011
Box 12 Folder 18
Poetry Project (Ron Padgett), 1977 - 1994
Box 12 Folder 19
Potes and Poets Press, Inc. (Peter Ganick), 1990 - 1991
Box 12 Folder 20
Powell, Jim, 1994
Box 12 Folder 21
Prado, Holly, 1984 - 1995
Box 12 Folder 22
Pratl, Carol, 1986 - 1989
Box 12 Folder 23
Presley, Frances, 1996
Box 12 Folder 24
Primary Writing (Phyllis Rosenzwieg), 1995 - 1997
Box 12 Folder 25
Pritchett, Patrick, 1996 - 1998
Box 12 Folder 26
Q - Miscellaneous
Box 12 Folder 27-28
Quartermain, Peter and Meredith, 1989 - 1999
Box 13 Folder 1
Quaytman, Rebecca, 1993 - 1995
Box 13 Folder 2
Quinn, Alice, 1985 - 1987
Box 13 Folder 3
R - Miscellaneous
Box 13 Folder 4
Raddle Moon, 1989 - 1995
Box 13 Folder 5
Randall, Margaret, 1984 - 1986
Box 13 Folder 6
Ratcliffe, Stephen, undated
Box 13 Folder 7
Ray, Ruth, 1971 - 1974
Box 13 Folder 8
Rea, Steven, 1974 - 1975
Box 13 Folder 9
Reisz, Julia, 1985 - 1997
Box 13 Folder 10
Resurgent: New Writing by Women (Lou Robinson), 1990 - 1991
Box 13 Folder 11
Retallack, Joan, 1991 - 1992
Box 13 Folder 12
Rich, Adrienne, 1963 - 1992
Box 13 Folder 13
Riding, Laura (Laura Riding Jackson) - Includes letters from Theodore Wilentz, 1984
Box 13 Folder 14
Rivera, Elena, 1992 - 1995
Box 13 Folder 15
Robbins, Corin, 1991
Box 13 Folder 16
Robinson, Elizabeth, 1989
Box 13 Folder 17
Robles, Jaime, 1988 - 2009
Box 13 Folder 18
Rodefer, Stephen, 1982 - 1985
Box 13 Folder 19
Rohrs, Sarah, 1995 - 1996
Box 13 Folder 20
Rosenwasser, Rena, 1984 - 1995
Box 13 Folder 21
Roth, Martha, 1990
Box 13 Folder 22
Rothenberg, Jerome, 1992
Box 13 Folder 23
Russo, Linda, 1997 - 1998
Box 13 Folder 24
S - Miscellaneous
Box 13 Folder 25
Sadoff, Ira, 1976 - 1984
Box 13 Folder 26
Saloy, Mona Lisa, 1985 - 1989
Box 13 Folder 27
Salter, James, 1976 - 1990
Box 13 Folder 28
San Francisco State University, 1989 - 1995
Box 13 Folder 29
Savren, Shelley, 1976
Box 13 Folder 30
Scalapino, Leslie, 1979 - 1997
Box 13 Folder 31
Schor, Mira, 1987 - 1999
Box 13 Folder 32
Schultz, Kathy, 1994 - 1997
Box 13 Folder 33
Schwerner, Armand, 1975 - 1984
Box 13 Folder 34
Scott, Gail, 1993 - 1994
Box 13 Folder 35
Scully, Maurice, 1996
Box 13 Folder 36
Sears, Peter, 1973 - 1999
Box 13 Folder 37
Seed, John, 1994
Box 14 Folder 1
Seymour, Diane, 1984 - 1985
Box 14 Folder 2
Sherry, James, 1991
Box 14 Folder 3
Sherwin, Judy, 1979
Box 14 Folder 4
Shima, Alan, 1986 - 1994
Box 14 Folder 5
Silliman, Ron, 1982 - 1995
Box 14 Folder 6
Silverberg, Leonard H. (Lenny), 1985
Box 14 Folder 7
Simic, Charles, 1974 - 1988
Box 14 Folder 8
Simon and Schuster (Laura Chester, editor) - Regarding the anthology Rising Tides, 1971 - 1973
Box 14 Folder 9
Simone, Carol, 1978
Box 14 Folder 10
Simpson, Megan, 1991 - 1993
Box 14 Folder 11
Skolnick, Irene, 1965 - 1996
Box 14 Folder 12-13
Sloan, Mary Margaret, 1988 - 1999
Box 14 Folder 14
Smith, Martha Nell, 1986 - 1987
Box 14 Folder 15
Snow, Carol, 1996
Box 14 Folder 16
Soucie, Lily Iona, 1993 - 1995
Box 14 Folder 17
Spahr, Juliana, 1992 - 1995
Box 14 Folder 18
Spero, Nancy, 1988 - 2000
Box 14 Folder 19
Spivack, Kathleen, 1982 - 1985
Box 14 Folder 20
Stafford, William, 1971
Box 14 Folder 21
Starbuck, George, 1973 - 1976
Box 14 Folder 22
Stimpson, Catherine R. (Kate), 1986 - 1989
Box 14 Folder 23
Stolloff, Carolyn, 1993 - 1995
Box 14 Folder 24
Stowell, Phyllis, 1988 - 1998
Box 14 Folder 25
Stricker, Meredith, 1989 - 2000
Box 14 Folder 26
Sullivan, Gary, undated
Box 14 Folder 27
Sun and Moon Press (Douglas Messerli), 1991 - 2007
Box 14 Folder 28
T - Miscellaneous
Box 15 Folder 1
Talisman House Publishers (Ed Foster), 1989 - 1998
Box 15 Folder 2
Tamminen, Suzanna, 1998 - 2007
Box 15 Folder 3
Tate, Trudi, 1983
Box 15 Folder 4
Testa, Wanda, 1988 - 1993
Box 15 Folder 5
Thomas, Heather, 1992 - 1996
Box 15 Folder 6
Thornton, Louise, 1984 - 1986
Box 15 Folder 7
Treadwell, Elizabeth, 1997
Box 15 Folder 8
Tremblay-McGaw, Robin, 1994 - 1997
Box 15 Folder 9
Trent, Luke, 1995 - 1996
Box 15 Folder 10
Tuma, Keith and Maeera Shreiber (Mina Loy: Woman and Poet), 1993 - 1995
Box 15 Folder 11
Turner, Alberta, 1977 - 1978
Box 15 Folder 12
Tysh, Chris, 1988
Box 15 Folder 13
Tyuonyi (Phillip Foss), 1986 - 1988
Box 15 Folder 14
U - Miscellaneous
Box 15 Folder 15
Ugolini, JoAnn and Don Cushman, 1986 - 1999
Box 15 Folder 16
University of Illinois Press (Charlotte Mac Donald) - Regarding the anthology American Women Poets - Colonial to Contemporary, 1971 - 1972
Box 15 Folder 17
University of Iowa (Connie Brothers), 1981 - 1984
Box 15 Folder 18
V - Miscellaneous
Box 15 Folder 19
Vaeth, Kim, 1984 - 1994
Box 15 Folder 20
Valentine, Jean, 1998
Box 15 Folder 21
Vas Dias, Robert, 1978 - 1982
Box 15 Folder 22
Villet, Susan, 1970 - 1984
Box 15 Folder 23
W - Miscellaneous
Box 15 Folder 24
W.W. Norton and Company - Regarding the anthology MotherSongs, 1994 - 1996
Box 15 Folder 25
Wakowski, Diane, 1962 - 1974
Box 15 Folder 26
Waldman, Anne, 1974 - 1994
Box 15 Folder 27
Waldrop, Rosmarie, 1988 - 2006
Box 15 Folder 28
Walsh, Charlie, 1975 - 1998
Box 15 Folder 29
Watanabe, Momoko, 1989 - 1997
Box 15 Folder 30
Watershed Foundation (Anne Becker), 1985 - 1990
Box 15 Folder 31
Webb, Phyllis, 1986
Box 15 Folder 32
Weiner, Hannah, 1989
Box 15 Folder 33
Weiner, Sandy, 1973 - 1974
Box 15 Folder 34
Weiners, John, 1975
Box 15 Folder 35
Weingarten, Roger, 1971 - 1978
Box 15 Folder 36
Weinstein, Norm, 1984 - 1987
Box 16 Folder 1
Weir, Virginia, 1984 - 1986
Box 16 Folder 2
Welish, Marjorie, 1984 - 1994
Box 16 Folder 3
Weltner, Peter, 1987 - 1998
Box 16 Folder 4
Wessner, Laura, 1976 - 1986
Box 16 Folder 5
Wheelock, John Hall, 1967
Box 16 Folder 6
Whitney, Stanley, 1994 - 1995
Box 16 Folder 7
Wilcox, Michael, 1995
Box 16 Folder 8
Wilentz, Ted, 1985
Box 16 Folder 9
Will, Fred, 1972 - 1973
Box 16 Folder 10
Willis, Elizabeth (Liz), 1991 - 1997
Box 16 Folder 11
Woman Poet (Elaine Dallman), 1978 - 1987
Box 16 Folder 12
Woodruff, Cheryl, 1972 - 1995
Box 16 Folder 13
Wright, C.D., 1986 - 1994
Box 16 Folder 14
Y - Miscellaneous
Box 16 Folder 15
Z - Miscellaneous
Box 16 Folder 16
Zoland Books, 1994 - 1996
Box 16 Folder 17-20
Unidentified correspondents

HOW(EVER) MATERIALS

Scope and Content of Series

Series 2) HOW(EVER) MATERIALS: Resources connected with HOW(ever), a journal founded by Fraser to publish experimental women's poetry. Arranged in five subseries: A) Journal - Administrative, B) Journal - Production Materials, C) Book Series, D) Online Archive and How2, and E) Correspondence.

A) Journal - Administrative: Financial records, mailing lists and rejection notices for HOW(ever), arranged alphabetically by title.

B) Journal – Production: Submissions, notes, drafts, correspondence, mock-ups, proofs and correspondence for HOW(ever), arranged chronologically by issue.

C) Book Series: Correspondence, publicity, reviews, and typescripts of books and chapbooks proposed for publication.

D) Online Archive and How2: Correspondence and proofs concerning the formation of the online archive of HOW(ever) and the online journal How2, arranged chronologically.

E) Correspondence: Correspondence with HOW(ever) editors Carolyn Burke, Beverly Dahlen, Rachel Blau DuPlessis, Susan Gevirtz, Frances Jaffer, and Meredith Stricker, arranged alphabetically.

Journal - Administrative

Box 17 Folder 1-2
Correspondence and notes regarding submissions rejected from HOW(ever), 1984 - 1989
Box 17 Folder 3
Correspondence regarding subscriptions, submissions, and fund-raising, 1983 - 1990
Box 17 Folder 4
Distribution materials, undated
Box 17 Folder 5
Freebie lists and miscellaneous subscription materials, undated
Box 17 Folder 6-7
Finances, 1983 - 1992
Box 18 Folder 1
Grant applications, 1983 - 1989
Box 18 Folder 2
Index of contributors, 1983 - 1989
Box 18 Folder 3-5
Mailing lists, 1983 - 1992
Box 18 Folder 6
Miscellaneous material regarding potential editorial content and contributions, undated
Box 18 Folder 7
Notes, correspondence and publicity regarding public events concerned with HOW(ever), 1987
Box 18 Folder 8
Photographs of editors, 1986 November

Includes photographs of Kathleen Fraser, Beverly Dahlen, Susan Gevirtz, Rachel Blau DuPlessis, and Frances Jaffer.

Box 18 Folder 9
Publicity materials and reviews of HOW(ever), 1983 - 1990
Box 18 Folder 10
Quotes considered for back page of HOW(ever), undated
Box 18 Folder 11
Receipts for bookstores taking HOW(ever) on consignment, undated
Box 18 Folder 12
Sources for editor's notes and postcards, undated
Box 18 Folder 13
Unused submissions for HOW(ever), undated

Journal - Production Materials

HOW(ever) Vol. I

Box 18 Folder 14-15
No. 1 (May 1983) - Notes, drafts, correspondence, typescript and mock-ups, 1982 - 1983
Box 19 Folder 1-2
No. 2 (Oct. 1983) - Notes, drafts, submissions, correspondence, typescript and proofs, 1983
Box 19 Folder 3-4
No. 3 (Oct. 1983) - Notes, drafts, submissions, typescript and proofs, 1983
Box 19 Folder 5-6
No. 4 (May 1984) - Notes, drafts, submissions, correspondence and proofs, 1984

HOW(ever) Vol. II

Box 19 Folder 7
No. 1 (Nov. 1984) - Notes, drafts, submissions, and correspondence, 1984
Box 19 Folder 8-9
No. 2 (Feb. 1985) - Notes, drafts, submissions, correspondence and proofs, 1985
Box 19 Folder 10-11
No. 3 (May 1985) - Notes, drafts, submissions, correspondence, typescript and proofs, 1985
Box 20 Folder 1-2
No. 4 (Nov. 1985) - Notes, drafts, submissions, correspondence and proof, 1985

HOW(ever) Vol. III

Box 20 Folder 3-4
No. 1 (Jan. 1986) - Notes, drafts, submissions, correspondence, mock-up and proof, 1986
Box 20 Folder 5-6
No. 2 (April 1986) - Notes, drafts, submissions, correspondence, mock-up and proof, 1985 - 1986
Box 20 Folder 7-8
No. 3 (Oct. 1986) - Notes, drafts, submissions, correspondence, typescript, proof and final copies, 1985 - 1986
Box 20 Folder 9-10
No. 4 (Jan. 1987) - Notes, drafts, submissions, correspondence, typescript, mock-up, and proofs, 1986

HOW(ever) Vol. IV

Box 20 Folder 11
No. 1 (April 1987) - Notes, submissions and correspondence, 1986 - 1987
Box 20 Folder 12
No. 2 (Oct. 1987) - Notes, drafts, submissions, and correspondence, 1986 - 1987
Box 21 Folder 1-2
No. 3 (Jan. 1988) - Notes, drafts, submissions, correspondence and proofs, 1986 - 1987
Box 21 Folder 3-4
No. 4 (April 1988) - Notes, drafts, submissions, correspondence, mock-ups and proofs, 1988

HOW(ever) Vol. V

Box 21 Folder 5-6
No. 1 (Oct. 1988) - Notes, drafts, submissions, correspondence, mock-up and proof, 1987 - 1988
Box 21 Folder 7-8
No. 2 (Jan. 1989) - Notes, drafts, submissions, correspondence, mock-up and proofs, 1987 - 1989
Box 21 Folder 9-10
No. 3 (April 1989) - Notes, drafts, submissions, correspondence and proofs, 1987 - 1989
Box 21 Folder 11
No. 4 (Oct. 1989) - Notes, drafts, submissions, and correspondence, 1989
Box 22 Folder 1
No. 4 (Oct. 1989) - Mock-ups and proofs, 1989

HOW(ever) Vol. VI

Box 22 Folder 2
No. 1-3 (1990-1991) - Correspondence with guest editor Meredith Stricker, 1989 - 1991
Box 22 Folder 3-5
No. 4 (Jan. 1992) - Notes, drafts, submissions, correspondence, artwork, photographs, mock-up and proofs, 1991 - 1992

Book Series

Fraser, Kathleen

Box 22 Folder 6
HOW(ever) Anthology - Correspondence with Sue Roe (editor at Routledge), 1989

New Poetry by American Women: Series 1

Box 22 Folder 7
Correspondence with Sam Francis, Lapis Press and potential contributors, 1989 - 1990
Box 22 Folder 8
Submissions and correspondence from Marjorie Welish, Maureen Owen and Myung Mi Kim, 1989
Box 22 Folder 9-10
Jaffer, Frances. Alternate Endings (1985) - Typescript, correspondence, publicity and reviews

Online Archive and How2

Box 22 Folder 11
Correspondence regarding HOW(ever) archive and How(2) online journal, 1997 - 1998
Box 23 Folder 1-2
Correspondence and proofs of HOW(ever) archive and HOW(2) online journal, 1998 - 1999

Correspondence

Box 23 Folder 3
Burke, Carolyn, 1983 - 1987
Box 23 Folder 4
Blumenreich, Julia, 1986 - 1989
Box 23 Folder 5
Brossard, Nicole, 1985
Box 23 Folder 6
Campbell, Marsha, 1983 - 1987
Box 23 Folder 7
Dahlen, Beverly, 1983 - 1987
Box 23 Folder 8
DuPlessis, Rachel Blau, 1983 - 1989
Box 23 Folder 9
Einzig, Barbara, 1985
Box 23 Folder 10
Gevirtz, Susan, 1987 - 1989
Box 23 Folder 11
Guest, Barbara, 1984