Armed Revolutionary Organizations in Mexico documents, 1965-1998 (MSS 0523)

Extent: 0.2 Linear feet (9 microfilm reels and 3 folders in one document box)

View OnlineThis collection has been digitized.

A microfilm collection comprised of printed and manuscript materials created between 1965 and 1998 by twenty-two separate revolutionary groups in Mexico. The collection presents a wealth of primary material documenting the organization and activities of these twenty-two groups. It is particularly strong in ephemeral communiques and periodicals dating from the 1970s and 1980s. The microfilm was generated from a privately owned collection. A small but significant part of the collection is made up of preservation copies made by the Centro de Investigaciones Historicas de los Movimientos Armadas (Mexico, D.F.) However, a great portion of the printed materials are low quality photocopies, stencils, or mimeographs, which may make some frames on the microfilm more difficult to read. Each roll of microfilm corresponds to a box in the container list.

Nine rolls of 35 mm microfilm containing documents and publications created between 1965 and 1998 by 22 armed revolutionary organizations in Mexico. All of the groups represented in the collection espoused a militarized brand of Marxism and advocated clandestine and guerrilla operations against the Mexican government and North American corporations. Several of the groups aimed at uniting the urban working classes with student groups and indigenous peoples.

Each roll of microfilm corresponds to a box in the container list. Each folder description contains the frame count for the folder, but the frame count does not necessarily reflect the document count since some documents are small and photographed two to a frame.

The collection contains a copious amount of material relating to student groups, specifically the Comite Comunista Estudiantil and Frente Estudiantil Revolucionario. Several documents issued by the Liga Comunista Espartaco within days of the Tlatelolco massacre of 1968 reflect Mexico's involvement in the radical student movement of the period. The student periodical 13 de Junio issued in the 1980s by the CCE documents the continuing efforts of radical student organizations in Mexico.

In addition to the student periodicals, the collection includes runs of several other underground revolutionary newsletters. Among these is an extensive run of the Liga Comunista 23 de Septiembre's magazine Madera (1970s-1980s). Other periodicals represented include PROCUP's Proletario, EPR's Editorial del Pueblo and the LCE's Militar.

The few books in the collection tend to focus on military tactics, especially weapons and explosive use, guerrilla warfare, and the like. There is also a manual on emergency medical techniques for use in the field.

Series 1: Asociacion Civica Guerrerense (ACG)

Founded in 1959, the ACG marks the beginning of the modern guerrilla movement in Mexico. Active through the mid-1960s, the ACG focused its activities in the Costa Chica, Costa Grande and Tierra Caliente regions of the state. Much of the group's program was aimed against the Abarca-Mirandista administration in the state and the PRI in general. Genaro Vazquez Rojas was a leader of the ACG. The group carried out a number of political kidnappings.

Series 2: Asociacion Civica Nacional Revolucionaria (ACNR)

The ACNR, founded in the 1960s by Genaro Vazquez Rojas, resulted from a fusion of several earlier groups, including the ACG. The group set forth a plan for a national revolutionary party to be led by a five-member Comando Central Nacional. Several of the documents contained in the collection relate to the ACNR's efforts toward the release of Vazquez during his imprisonment in the Carcel Municipal of Iguala Guerrero.

Series 3: Comandos Armados del Pueblo (CAP)

Founded in 1971 by two intellectuals, Jeronimo Martinez Diaz and Roque Reyes Garcia, who believed the solutions to Mexico's social and economic problems lay with armed revolution. The group probably developed as a direct consequence of the 1968 Tlatelolco massacre.

Series 4: Comite Comunista Estudiantil (CCE)

A radical student group active through most of the 1980s. The material, mostly issues of the newsletter "13 de Junio," focuses on clandestine operations and practical directions relating to gun use and military tactics. Also included are reports on revolutionary efforts throughout the world.

Series 5: Consejo de Autodefensa del Pueblo--Guerrero (CAPGR)

The CAPGR focused its efforts in Guerrero and was especially critical of the Abarca-Mirandista administration in that state. The CAPGR collaborated with other groups in Guerrero, such as the Central Campesina Independiente, in dealing with problems affecting capesinos in the state. Active during the mid- to late 1960s.

Series 6: Ejercito Indigena Revolucionario Liberacion Nacional (EIRLN)

The collection contains a single item relating to the EIRLN, a copy of a fax issued from "the mountains" of Oaxaca, dated April 1998.

Series 7: Ejercito Popular Revolucionario (EPR)

Active in the 1990s, the EPR, through its political arm, the Partido Democratico Popular Revolutionario (PDPR), called for reorganization of government, including a new constitution based on the needs of the Mexican people, and a better organized economy. Included in the collection is a manifesto of the EPR in an issue of El Insurgente, reflecting the group's status as an armed insurgent organization. A manual of basic military tactics issued for EPR use is also in the collection.

Series 8: Ejercito Zapatista de Liberacion Nacional (EZLN)

The EZLN is the most recent of the groups represented in this collection. Its charismatic spokesperson Subcommander Marcos was greatly influenced by earlier organizations such as the LC23S (particularly through Arturo Gamez), and the guerrilla leader Lucio Cabanas. In spite of world attention and a national agenda, the EZLN's primary focus has been on the issues affecting the poor of Chiapas, e.g. land reform, education, and true political representation. Unlike some of the early revolutionary groups based in Mexico City, the EZLN downplays ideological links to Marxist-Leninism, preferring to emphasize its historical roots in the Chiapas region. The group changed its name to Frente Zapatista de Liberacion Nacional (FZLN).

Series 9: Federacion de Estudiantes Universitarios de Sinaloa (FEUS)

This student group was important as a vehicle for the activities of the "enfermos de Sinaloa," a student based movement with origins in the transformation of the Sinaloan economy from a largely rural based community of small farmers to one dominated by new industries and agribusiness. This change occured in the mid-1960s through the 1970s, within an atmosphere of student strikes and general unrest at the University Autonoma Sinaloa (UAS).

Series 10: Frente Estudiantil Revolucionario (FER)

The efforts of this group seem to have been focused in Guadalajara. Hostilities between government and FER forces on 24 December 1973 in Guadalajara resulted in the death of leader Pedro Orozco Guzman. The FER was allied with the Liga Comunista 23 de Septiembre.

Series 11: Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias (FAR)

The FAR was founded on a straightforward Marxist platform and was active in the mid 1970s.

Series 12:Fuerzas de Liberacion Nacional (FLN)

The collection contains two minor items for this armed guerrilla group. One is a special extract of General A. Bayo's work on military tactics compiled especially for the FLN.

Series 13: Fuerzas Revolucionarias Armadas del Pueblo (FRAP)

This organization was active through the 1970s. The FRAP conducted several armed bank robberies in the state of Chihuahua in January 1972. In 1973 FRAP members kidnapped the American consul at Guadalajara, Terrance Leon Hardy, in order to secure the release of thirty political prisoners.

Series 14: Guerra Popular (GPG)

The GPG was active in the 1960s. It was greatly influenced by the writings and actions of Arturo Gamiz, a revolutionary leader killed in 1965 during an attack on a military barracks in Chihuahua.

Series 15: Liga Comunista Espartaco (LCE)

Active in the late 1960s and early 1970s, the LCE was vocal in the wake of the Tlatelolco massacre of student protesters. The LCE issued a periodical titled Militante which identifies the group's roots in student protests of the early 1960s and earlier Marxist workers organizations.

Series 16: Liga Comunista 23 de Septiembre (LC23S)

Founded by Ignacio Arturo Salas Obregon, this Marxist-Lenist group is named for the September 1965 attack on the Madera barracks in Chihuahua led by revolutionary leader and ex-school teacher Arturo Gamiz. The LC23S was primarily an urban movement. The group produced a periodical, Madera, throughout the 1970s and early 1980s. The collection includes extensive holdings of LC23S publications.

Series 17: Movimiento de Accion Revolucionaria (MAR)

This group was founded by a veteran of the LC23S, Manuel Gomez Garcia. The MAR (along with other groups such as FRAP, FAR and LC23S), had its origins in the response to the government repression of the student movement of 1968. Active during the late 1970s and early 1980s.

Series 18: Movimiento Popular Revolucionario (MPR)

The MPR set forth a five-point plan for a "Revolucion de Nueva Democracia" in Mexico, including confiscation of "imperialist" property, land redistribution, equality and independence for native peoples, and equality for women. Represented by a single item in the collection issued after 1992.

Series 19: Partido de los Pobres (PDLP)

The PDLP was primarily a rural movement based in the state of Guerrero. This group maintained a policy of respect for all religious traditions. Founded by Profesor Lucio Cabanas Barrientos in 1967 and active through the 1970s.

Series 20: Partido Proletario Unido de America (PPUA)

Though based in Mexico, the PPUA represents an effort at a pan American revolutionary movement. The collection includes a single document from the PPUA, issued after 1976.

Series 21: Partido Revolucionario Obrero Clandestino Union del Pueblo (PROCUP)

The PROCUP, active through the 1980s and 1990s, was closely allied with the PDLP. The collection includes extensive holdings of PROCUP publications, including many issues of the newsletter Proletario.

Series 22: PROCESOS

Various articles on the revolutionary process in Mexico.

Series 23: Vanguardia Armada del Pueblo (VAP)

The collection includes a single item from the VAP, a book dated 1976 on the origins of socialism and capitalism, the strategy of the armed revolutionary movement in Mexico, etc.

Container List

Asociacion Civica Guerrerense (ACG)

Box: 1 Folder: 1

Undated. Typescript. Announces support of a strike of physicians in Guerrero. (0002-0003)

Box: 1 Folder: 2

Undated. Critical of local government in Guerrero, especially Abarca and PRI politicians in general. (0005-0009)

Box: 1 Folder: 3

November. 9. Typescript. Bottom of leaf is ragged and unreadable in places. Press release calling on the people of Guerrero to throw out the PRI government in the upcoming elections. (0011-0013)

Box: 1 Folder: 4

Undated. Carbon copy of typescript. Points to the inequalities dividing the population of Guerrero, focusing on the exploitation of campesinos by large landowners and politicians. (0015-0017)

Box: 1 Folder: 5

Undated. Carbon copy of typescript. Concerns police repression of the ACG, economic inequality among Mexicans, and exploitation of the poor by the government and large industries. (0019-0026)

Box: 1 Folder: 6

Undated. Carbon copy of typescript, with corrections. Relates to repression of the ACG at the hands of the police and the government. Critical of the revolution of 1910, which is described as having been for the benefit of the rich capitalists. Includes economic statistics to demonstrate inequality in the country. (0028-0038)

Asociacion Civica Nacional Revolucionaria (ACNR)

Box: 1 Folder: 7

June. Annotated in red ink. Refers to increased militarization of southern states in Mexico, principally in Michoacan, Morelos, Puebla and Oaxaca, and calls for renewed collaboration of intellectuals. (0041-0043)

Box: 1 Folder: 8

March. Incomplete. Response to article published in the magazine Siempre (26 Feb. 1969), and general critique of current government of Mexico. (0045-0046)

Box: 1 Folder: 9

Undated. Mimeograph sheet. Rules of conduct based on the principles of class conflict, democratic centralism, selectivity and secrecy. (0048-0050)

Box: 1 Folder: 10

August 10. Photocopy. Rallying students against the administration of Diaz Ordaz, calls for an armed revolutionary movement against the government. (0052-0054)

Box: 1 Folder: 11

February 5. Photocopy of 30 p. essay. After an analysis of current political groups in Mexico, sets forth a plan of organization for a popular revolutionary party to be led by a five-member Comando Central Nacional. (0056-0071)

Box: 1 Folder: 12

November. 2 onion skin pages. Legal complaint regarding the imprisonment of Genaro Vazquez Rojas in the Carcel Municipal of Iguala Guerrero. (0073-0075)

Box: 1 Folder: 13

Undated. Declaration of principles and strategic outline of the ACNR. (0077-0090)

Box: 1 Folder: 14

April 25. Typed letter with list of names in manuscript. Petition addressed to the Judge of the District of Acapulco calling for justice in the case of Genaro Vazquez Rojas. (0092-0095)

Box: 1 Folder: 15

February. Typed statement, signed. Critical of the government of Guerrero, calling on the population to support the Asociacion Civica Guerrerense. Call for the release of Genaro Vazquez Rojas. (0097-0099)

Box: 1 Folder: 16

Undated. Typescript with signatures. Press release from the Union de Productores Independientes de Cafe. (0101-0102)

Box: 1 Folder: 17

Undated. Sets forth principles and general outline of ACNR. (0104-0111)

Box: 1 Folder: 18

October 26. Typescript with signatures. Critical of the government of Raymundo Abarca. (0113-0114)

Comandos Armados del Pueblo (CAP)

Box: 1 Folder: 19

December 31. Partial carbon copy of typescript. Top of first page is missing, as is page or pages after anexo no. 2. History and background of the armed revolutionary movement in wake of 1968 Tlatelolco massacre. (0118-0145)

Box: 1 Folder: 20

Julio. Carbon copy of typescript. A Marxist analysis of University organization and governing structure. (0147-0151)

Comite Comunista Estudiantil (CCE)

Box: 1 Folder: 21

May 17. Mimeograph. Overview of May Day activities, principles of the CCE, also CCE associations with other revolutionary groups. (0154-0159)

Box: 1 Folder: 22

June 13. Pamphlet. Detailed illustrated manual of military tactics for use of revolutionary groups in confrontations with police or armed forces. (0161-0187)

Box: 1 Folder: 23

June 10. Newsletter. Collection of articles relating to confrontations between Mexican revolutionary groups and military, including a supplement to June 1981 issue of Madera. (0189-0198)

Box: 1 Folder: 24

December. Newsletter. Collection of articles and notices relating to activities of the CCE. (0200-0207)

Box: 1 Folder: 25

May. Newsletter, No. 6. Notices on recent activities of the CCE. (0209-0222)

Box: 1 Folder: 26

May. Newsletter, no. 7. Directions on use of handguns. (0224-0233)

Box: 1 Folder: 27

May. No. 8 Newsletter. First aid for gunshot and knife wounds. Strategies of the CCE. (0235-0244)

Box: 1 Folder: 28

May. No. 9 Newsletter. Notes on the "new" revolution in Mexico. Further directions on the use of handguns. Microfilm lack one page. Complete photocopy also available in the collection (in folder marked 1.28) (0246-0254)

Box: 1 Folder: 29

June. No. 10 Newsletter. New plan for the newsletter, tactics for the CCE, guidelines for armed revolutionaries. (0256-0269)

Box: 1 Folder: 30

August. No. 11 Newsletter. Article on political situation in Peru. Also clandestine organization. (0271-0299)

Box: 1 Folder: 31

December. No. 13 Newsletter. Political philosophy of the revolutionary movement. (0301-0323)

Box: 1 Folder: 32

May. No. 16. Newsletter. Various articles on Marxist-Leninist philosophy, May Day around the world, focus on situation in Mexico. (0325-0337)

Box: 1 Folder: 33

August. No. 16. Newsletter. Brief notes on student movement. (0339-0343)

Box: 1 Folder: 34

May. No. 17. Newsletter. Various articles on student revolutionary movement. (0345-0352)

Box: 1 Folder: 35

January. No. 18. Newsletter. Reflections on recent earthquake and criticism of government response to same. Article on President Reagan. Also military tactics. (0354-0369)

Box: 1 Folder: 36

April. No. 19, Newsletter. Articles on world oil market, Haiti, Libya, others. Political cartoons. (0371-0380)

Box: 1 Folder: 37

July. No. 20, Newsletter. Notes on revolutionaries killed. Articles on Mexican external debt and other economic issues. (0382-0397)

Box: 1 Folder: 38

November. No. 21, Newsletter. Articles on economic issues, military tactics, and a story, "El auto de Juan." Microfilm copy lacks pages 18 and 19. Complete photocopy also available (in folder marked 1.38). (0399-0410)

Box: 1 Folder: 39

January. No. 21, Newsletter. Brief notices of student movement. (0412-0415)

Box: 1 Folder: 40

September. No. 12, Photocopy of Newsletter. Special edition. History of the Liga Comunista, priciples of revolutionary groups, fallen revolutionaries, editorials, political cartoons, and bibliography. (0417-0471)

Consejo de Autodefensa del Pueblo--Guerrero (CAPGR)

Box: 1 Folder: 41

May 30. Carbon copy of typescript, signed. Protests the actions of judicial police in the town of Atoyac de Alvarez and the imprisonment of Genaro Vazquez Rojas. (0474-0475)

Box: 1 Folder: 42

Autograph draft of statement. Protests the attempted assassination of Genaro Vazquez Rojas. (0476-0480)

Box: 1 Folder: 43

Autograph document. Critical of repression of the CAPGR at the hands of the Abarca-Mirandista government. (0482-0485)

Box: 1 Folder: 44

Undated. Carbon copy of incomplete typescript (page 3 and thereafter are missing). Explains the public protest of the CAPGR stemming from police actions in the town of Atoyac, and the repression of protests at the hands of the Abarca-Mirandista government. (0487-0489)

Box: 1 Folder: 45

Carbon copy of incomplete typescript, with second leaf inscribed with names and titles. Announces a joint meeting of the Liga Agraria Revolucionaria with the Central Campesina Independiente to deal with issues affecting campesinos in Guerrero. (0491-0493)

Box: 1 Folder: 46

No year, May 15. Broadside. Protests the government in Iguala, especially that of Abarca-Mirandista, points to the exploitation of campesinos and unemployment. (0495-0496)

Box: 1 Folder: 47

July 23. Broadside. Prints the four "acuerdos" resulting from General Assembly of the CAPGR. (0498-0499)

Box: 1 Folder: 48

Undated. Typescript. Public protest of the government of Raymundo Abarca in Atoyac. (0501-0504)

Box: 1 Folder: 49

Undated. Typescript. Press release announcing the CAPGR's protest of the Diaz Ordaz administration's repression of student groups in Mexico City. (0506-0507)

Box: 1 Folder: 50

September 20. Mimeograph copy of typescript. Petition to the Camara de Diputados by representatives of several towns and cities in Guerrero relating to economic and social problems in the state and the ineptitude of the Abarca government. (0509-0515)

Box: 1 Folder: 51

July 17. Typescript, signed by numerous leaders of CAPGR groups. Letter to President Diaz Ordaz petitioning the government to remove Raymundo Abarca from power in Guerrero for abuse of power. (0517-0522)

Box: 1 Folder: 52

Undated. Carbon copy of typescript with 2 page holograph draft. Praise from the CAPGR for a recent article published in the magazine Sucesos. (0524-0527)

Box: 2 Folder: 1

Undated. Broadside. The Union Libre de Asociaciones Copreras calls on workers in Guerrero to unite in their efforts against the "caciques." (0001-0002)

Box: 2 Folder: 2

July 4. Carbon copy of typescript. Declaration by an alliance of two campesino groups from Guerrero. (0004-0006)

Box: 2 Folder: 3

July 15. Broadside. Calls on all workers and small landowners to unite against the government of Abarca. Points to the corruption in Acapulco, unemployment and generally poor living conditions of workers. (0008-0009)

Box: 2 Folder: 4

November 9. Two holograph drafts of statement, one on letterhead. Announces the arrest of Genaro Vazquez Rojas in Mexico City and asks for intervention to prevent his execution. (0011-0014)

Box: 2 Folder: 5

Undated. Broadside, with holograph note on verso. The Comite Coprero del Bejuco sets forth its five primary objectives. (0016-0018)

Box: 2 Folder: 6

Undated. Broadside. An informational circular. (0020-0021)

Box: 2 Folder: 7

Undated. Holograph document. Concerns the exploitation of independent coconut growers and workers by the goverment and industry. (0023-0028)

Box: 2 Folder: 8

Undated. Annotated carbon copy of typescript. Agenda for convocation of the Liga Agraria Revolucionaria del Sur Emiliano Zapata. (0030-0032)

Box: 2 Folder: 9

Undated. Typescript. The Union Libre de Asociaciones Copreras rails against upcoming elections described as being controlled by the state government and the Rios family. (0034-0035)

Ejercito Indigena Revolucionario Liberacion Nacional (EIRLN)

Box: 2 Folder: 10

April 27. Fax. Notice addressed to the state and federal authorities of Mexico. (0038-0039)

Ejercito Popular Revolucionario (PDPR)

Box: 2 Folder: 11

November. No.3 Newsletter. Includes manifesto of the Partido Democratico Popular Revolucionario. Editorial and various political issues. (0042-0071)

Box: 2 Folder: 12

Photocopy of publication. Various communications of the EPR and PDPR to the people of Michoacan, the Congreso Nacional Indigena, among others. (0073-0151)

Box: 2 Folder: 13

Undated. Photocopy of publication. Manual of basic military tactics for use of the EPR. (0153-0191)

Box: 2 Folder: 14

April 10. Photocopy of document. Calls on workers and campesinos to unite efforts in the revolutionary movement. (0193-0195)

Box: 2 Folder: 15

1 folded sheet. Political and economic plan for Mexico as set forth by the PDPR. (0197-0199)

Ejercito Zapatista de Liberacion Nacional (EZLN)

Box: 2 Folder: 16

December. No. 1, Newsletter. Declaration of war against the Mexican army, instructions for EZLN leaders, regulations governing armed revolutionaries, rights of women and agrarian revolutionaries, etc. (0202-0213)

Box: 2 Folder: 17

After 1993. Photocopy of annotated typescript. Economic and social conditions in Mexico, objectives of the EZLN. (0215-0247)

Box: 2 Folder: 18

Acuerdo; Documento 1--Pronunciamiento conjunto que el gobierno federal y el EZLN enviaran a las instancias de debate y decision nacional; Documento 2--Propuestas conjuntas que el gobierno federal y el EZLN se comprometen a enviar a las instancias de debate y decision nacional, correspondientes al punto 1.4 de las reglas de procedimiento; Documento 3.1--Compromisos para Chiapas del gobierno del estado y federal y el EZLN, correspondientes al punto 1.3 de las reglas de procedimiento; Documento 3.2--Acciones y medidas para Chiapas compromisos y propuestas conjuntas de los gobiernos del estado y federal y el EZLN. Photocopy of annotated typescript. Includes text of an accord and other resolutions between the EZLN and the Mexican government. (0249-0268)

Box: 2 Folder: 19

October 14. Printout of FAX. Address to the Convencion Nacional Democratica by a leader of the EZLN. (0270-0272)

Box: 2 Folder: 20

May. No. 34, Photocopy of Newsletter. Various messages from Subcommander Marcos. (0274-0281)

Federacion de Estudiantes Universitarios de Sinaloa (FEUS) (associated with Movimiento Enfermo de Si)

Box: 3 Folder: 1

After 1972. Holograph manuscript. An overview of the development of radical student groups in Sinaloa from the 1950s through the 1970s. (0002-0009)

Frente Estudiantil Revolucionario (FER)

Box: 3 Folder: 2

Photocopy of typescript. Calls for a socialist revolution in Mexico, with focus on the situation at the University of Guadalajara. (0012-0018)

Box: 3 Folder: 3

Carbon copy of typescript. Charts the theoretical and historical development of the socialist revolutionary movement in Mexico. (0020-0030)

Box: 3 Folder: 4

January 10. Photocopy of typescript. On the death of Pedro Orozco Guzman as a result of hostilities on 24 December 1973 in Guadalajara. Much on the efforts of FER. (0032-0044)

Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias (FAR)

Box: 3 Folder: 5

Undated. By-laws of the FAR, including rules governing members and use of arms. (0047-0052)

Fuerzas de Liberacion Nacional (FLN)

Box: 3 Folder: 6

Photocopy of undated publication. Extracts from a work of military tactics by General A. Bayo for the use of the FLN. (0055-0064)

Box: 3 Folder: 7

October 24. Flyer. Illustrated propaganda circular. (0066-0067)

Fuerzas Revolucionarias Armadas Del Pueblo (FRAP)

Box: 3 Folder: 8

Annotated mimeograph typescript. Questions and answers regarding revolutionary actions conducted by FRAP. (0070-0072)

Box: 3 Folder: 9

After 1972. Carbon copy of typescript. Background on "Operation Madera" including interviews with individuals involved in FRAP bank robberies in the state of Chihuahua in January 1972. (0074-0078)

Box: 3 Folder: 10

May 4. Carbon copy of typescript. Announces kidnapping of American consul Terrance Leon Hardy by FRAP and requirements for his release. (0080-0082)

Box: 3 Folder: 11

Undated. Carbon copy of typescript. Background information on FRAP agenda and actions, including historical material. (0084-0087)

Box: 3 Folder: 12

November 7. Annotated carbon copy of typescript. Autobiographical account by Francisco Juventino Campana Lopez, including details of his torture at hands of police officials and his imprisonment in Guadalajara. (0089-0118)

Box: 3 Folder: 13

After 1973. Carbon copy of typescript. Autobiographical account by a member of the FRAP. (0120-0148)

Box: 3 Folder: 14

Undated. Carbon copy of typescript. Essay on the origins of the armed revolutionary movement in Mexico by Francisco Perez. (0150-0156)

Guerra Popular (GPG)

Box: 3 Folder: 15

February. Photocopies. Both items relate to the life of Arturo Gamiz, especially actions in Madera, Chihuahua. (0159-0192)

Box: 3 Folder: 16

March 26. A collection of photocopied pages of various text pages, extensively annotated in the margins, in Spanish. The source text is not identified, but appears to be an autobiographical account of a Chinese revolutionary. (0194-0208)

Box: 3 Folder: 17

February. Photocopy of typescript. Overview of agrarian reform efforts in Mexico since Porfirio Diaz, by Pablo Gomez Ramirez. (0210-0213)

Box: 3 Folder: 18

Undated. First hand account of revolutionary activities. (0215-0222)

Box: 3 Folder: 19

September 23. Photocopy. Biography of Dr. Pablo Gomez Ramirez. (0224-0225)

Box: 3 Folder: 20

Undated. Photocopy. Account of various participants in revolutionary movement in the mid-1960s with names changed, e.g. "Ernesto" is Arturo Gamiz. (0227-0233)

Box: 3 Folder: 21

July. No. 6. Photocopy of newsletter. Land issues and other topics of concern to the campesinos of Chihuahua and Durango. (0235-0240)

Box: 3 Folder: 22

September. No. 8. Photocopy of newsletter. Calls for the resignation of Governor Giner Duran. Other articles relating to land distribution. (0242-0247)

Box: 3 Folder: 23

Undated. No. 2. Photocopy of publication. Overview of colonial economic system. (0249-0254)

Box: 3 Folder: 24

Undated. No. 3. Photocopy of publication. Summary history of Mexico. (0256-0266)

Box: 3 Folder: 25

Undated. No. 5. Photocopy of publication. Overview of revolutionary groups and activities in Mexico. Calls for armed revolution in Mexico. (0268-0276)

Liga Comunista Espartaco (LCE)

Box: 3 Folder: 26

March 15. Carbon copy of document. Concerns of the "celula Sierra Maestra" regarding organization issues of the LCE. (0279-0283)

Box: 3 Folder: 27

October 14. Carbon copy of document. Circular notice in the wake of the Tlatelolco massacre. (0285-0287)

Box: 3 Folder: 28

October 7. Carbon copy of document. General statement on direction of LCE and student movement. (0289-0294)

Box: 4 Folder: 1

September. Vol. 1, no. 2. Features articles entitled: "Nace la liga comunista espartaco," "Critica del trotskismo," and "Quiebra del "tercer Mundo'". (0002-0025)

Box: 4 Folder: 2

December. Vol. 1, no. 3. Features articles entitled: "Contradicciones en el seno de la gran burguesia mexicana" and "Las posiciones politicas del MRP." Also supplement: "Discrepancias en el movimiento comunista internacional." (0027-0044)

Box: 4 Folder: 3

March 20. Vol. 5, no. 16. Reports of protests and actions in Monterrey, Ciudad Juarez, Durango, and elsewhere. (0047-0056)

Liga Comunista 23 de Septiembre (LC23S)

Box: 4 Folder: 4

January. Marxist-Leninist manifesto. (0060-0124)

Box: 4 Folder: 5

February. Calls for the downfall of capitalism, with backdrop of meeting of foreign ministers in Mexico. (0126-0133)

Box: 4 Folder: 6

November. Issues facing armed revolutionary groups in Mexico. (0135-0151)

Box: 4 Folder: 7

October 2. Reproduction produced in 1978. Manifesto for student movement. (0153-0162)

Box: 4 Folder: 8

December. Reprint produced 1977. Issues relating to the socialist workers movement. (0164-0181)

Box: 4 Folder: 9

May. Reprint produced 1979 February. National workers plan. (0183-0194)

Box: 4 Folder: 10

After 1972. Photocopy of typescript. Historical development of workers movement in Mexico. (0196-0206)

Box: 4 Folder: 11

November 30. Photocopy. Political and military planning. (0208-0214)

Box: 4 Folder: 12

Undated. Carbon copy of typescript. Marxist-Leninist call to arms. (0216-0226)

Box: 4 Folder: 13

Text of both articles is identical. Internal ideological documents of the LC23S. (0228-0248)

Box: 4 Folder: 14

October. Publication. Impressions of the revolutionary movement in rural areas by "Oseas." (0250-0259)

Box: 4 Folder: 15

July. Mimeograph publication. Marxist-Leninist call to arms. (0261-0268)

Box: 4 Folder: 16

Undated. Mimeograph document. Essay concerning socialist revolution in Mexico addressed to student revolutionaries. (0270-0280)

Box: 4 Folder: 17

June. Calls for a boycott of elections. (0282-0293)

Box: 4 Folder: 18

April. Supplement to newsletter. Article on May Day. (00295-0298)

Box: 4 Folder: 19

February. Photocopy of publication. On strikes in the industrial area of Naucalpan. (0300-0307)

Box: 4 Folder: 20

June. Calls for boycott of elections. (0309-0320)

Box: 4 Folder: 21

November. Photocopy of publication. Emergency medical manual for revolutionaries. (0322-0349)

Box: 4 Folder: 22

October. Marxist-Leninist call to arms. (0351-0373)

Box: 5 Folder: 1

January. Newsletter. Addressed to groups of factory workers. (0002-0007)

Box: 5 Folder: 2

January. Two copies. One a photocopy of a typescript, the other a printout of a different typescript of the same text. Analysis of the manifesto of the revolutionary movement in Mexico. (0009-0051)

Box: 5 Folder: 3

November. Newsletter. Addressed to railroad workers. (0053-0057)

Box: 5 Folder: 4

Undated. Mimeograph typescript. Addressed to the workers of Naucalpan. (0059-0064)

Box: 5 Folder: 5

February. Call to arms addressed to the workers of C.I.S.A. (0066-0070)

Box: 5 Folder: 6

October. Photocopy of typescript. On class conflict in the Costa Chica region of Oaxaca. (0072-0080)

Box: 5 Folder: 7

February. Photocopy. A call to the workers of Altos Hornos to strike. (0082-0087)

Box: 5 Folder: 8

November. Photocopy of typescript. Call to arms. Cites example of workers of Medalla de Oro. (0089-0105)

Box: 5 Folder: 9

June 30. Newsletter. Concerns student movement, especially that of the Facultad de Estudios Superiores de Cuautitlan. (0107-0111)

Box: 5 Folder: 10

July. Newsletter. Concerns the formation of a Consejo General de Representantes in the U.N.A.M. (0113-0118)

Box: 5 Folder: 11

September 7. Newsletter. Relates to Sept. 10 strike by workers of the UNAM. (0120-0123)

Box: 5 Folder: 12

July. Incomplete publication (lacking pages after p. 48). Relates to strikes by university workers in Mexico. (0125-0151)

Box: 5 Folder: 13

Transcription of conference proceedings. (0153-0206)

Box: 5 Folder: 14

November 5. Relates to teachers meeting in Mexico City to demand wage increases. (0208-0212)

Box: 5 Folder: 15

October. A call to arms addressed to Mexican workers. (0214-0222)

Box: 5 Folder: 16

Undated. Photocopy of typescript. Calls on workers of a Philco factory to undertake a massive strike. (0224-0228)

Box: 5 Folder: 17

March. Relates to use of police to repress political demonstrations. Includes recommendations to revolutionaries on conducting clandestine activities. (0230-0243)

Box: 5 Folder: 18

March 28. Carbon copy of typescript. Student movement in the UNAM, also preparations for upcoming May Day. (0245-0248)

Box: 5 Folder: 19

October 12. Newsletter. Strikes by university workers. (0250-0255)

Box: 5 Folder: 20

April. Notes on preparing for May Day, also expressions of solidarity with revolutionaries in Vietnam and Cambodia. (0257-0263)

Box: 5 Folder: 21

September. Illustrated manual of military tactics, including directions on use of firearms. (0265-0304)

Box: 6 Folder: 1

Undated. Carbon copy of typescript. Tasks of the student movement. (0002-0004)

Box: 6 Folder: 2

March. Calls for revolutionary actions instead of usual celebrations for May Day. (0006-0009)

Box: 6 Folder: 3

June. Photocopy of newsletter. Reviews repression of student protesters ten years before in Nuevo Leon. (0011-0017)

Box: 6 Folder: 4

February 5. No. 5. Photocopy of typescript for program. Agenda of the LC23S. (0020-0043)

Box: 6 Folder: 5

December. No. 6. Photocopy of mimeograph newsletter. Internal documents relating to activities and agenda of LC23S. (0045-0074)

Box: 6 Folder: 6

Includes two other titles also related to organization: Organizacion de masas y consejo de representantes and Acerca de los consejos de representantes. (0077-0087)

Box: 6 Folder: 7

February. The importance of the student movement within the revolution. (This folder was omitted from the microfilm by error. Complete photocopy also availble; in folder marked 6.7) (0089-0093)

Box: 6 Folder: 8

Undated. No. 3. Stencil publication. Marxist-Leninist background. (0095-00111)

Box: 6 Folder: 9

June. No. 3 bis. Photocopy of reprint produced in 1981 August. Marxist-Leninist background by Ignacio Arturo Salas Obregon (OSEAS). (0113-0141)

Box: 6 Folder: 10

April 19. No. 4. Stencil publication. Exploitation of workers in Mexican capitalism, class conflict, further economic and historical background of the LC23S. (0143-0159)

Box: 6 Folder: 11

January. Ano 2, no. 2. Stencil publication. Editorial on the LC23S role in directing national days of "agitation and combat." Also a section on the revolutionary movement in Sinaloa and Guadalajara. (0161-0187)

Box: 6 Folder: 12

April. No. 3. Photocopy. Various articles on the activities of the LC23S. (0189-0260)

Box: 6 Folder: 13

May. No. 4. Photocopy. A reunion of revolutionary groups, organizing a revolutionary newspaper, also lengthy articles on general direction of the LC23S. (0262-0295)

Box: 6 Folder: 14

December. No. 6. Photocopy. Editorial plus several articles on direction of revolutionary movement in Mexico, the downfall of capitalism, etc. (0297-0317)

Box: 6 Folder: 15

February. No. 9. Photocopy. Collection of articles on direction of LC23S, also calls to the workers of General Electric, and maquila workers of Tapetes, S.A. of Texcoco (Estado de Mexico). (0319-0365)

Box: 6 Folder: 16

March. No. 10. Editorial and articles on exploitation of workers under capitalism in Mexico. (0367-0393)

Box: 7 Folder: 1

April. No. 11. May Day sign of solidarity with workers of Indochina, also articles on the crisis of capitalism, events at the UNAM, etc. (0002-0026)

Box: 7 Folder: 2

May. No. 13. Photocopy. May Day, letter to construction workers, etc. (0028-0053)

Box: 7 Folder: 3

May. No. 13. This issue differs substantially in format from those described above. Editorial on developments in Vietnam and Cambodia. Also May Day in Guadalajara. (0055-0078)

Box: 7 Folder: 4

March. Nos. 18 and 20. Strikes, movimiento "enfermo" in Sinaloa, etc. (0080-0105)

Box: 7 Folder: 5

May. No. 21. Photocopy. Call to boycott elections. (0107-0120)

Box: 7 Folder: 6

September. No. 24. Photocopy. Devaluation of the peso, letter to railroad workers, and a call for intensified revolutionary efforts among maquiladora workers. (0122-0136)

Box: 7 Folder: 7

April. No. 30. Photocopy. Letter to the workers of Cerveceria Modelo, the most recent mobilizations in Monterrey, etc. (0138-0154)

Box: 7 Folder: 8

November. No. 33. Photocopy. General strike in Colombia, developments at the UNAM, criticism of Brezhnev. (0156-0174)

Box: 7 Folder: 9

June. No. 37. Perspectives on the telephone workers strike, events in Sonora, etc. (0176-0195)

Box: 7 Folder: 10

September. No. 38. Railroad workers should prepare themselves for a fight, the poor of Huasteca and the Sierra Norte of Puebla, the chronicles of 1968. (0197-0216)

Box: 7 Folder: 11

November. No. 39. Hunger strikes for the release of detained revolutionaries, boycotting upcoming elections in Sonora. (0218-0237)

Box: 7 Folder: 12

March. No. 40. Events in Nicaragua, Vietnam, and Iran. (0239-0260)

Box: 7 Folder: 13

June. No. 41. Events on Monclova, Nicaragua, and elsewhere. (0262-0280)

Box: 7 Folder: 14

August. No. 42. Photocopy. Oil and the revolutionary movement in Mexico, socialism in Cuba. (0282-0298)

Box: 7 Folder: 15

March. No. 50. Photocopy. Includes an editorial that reviews last six years of the publication's existence, tributes to founders of LC23S, also events in El Salvador, etc. (0300-0318)

Box: 7 Folder: 16

July. No. 51. Photocopy. Nicaragua, El Salvador, university and railroad workers, list of lost or fallen comrades. (0320-0334)

Box: 7 Folder: 17

April. No. 52. Events at the UNAM, workers in Ciudad Juarez, remembrance lost or fallen comrades, preparations for national teachers' strike. (0336-0355)

Box: 7 Folder: 18

September. No. 53. Workers in Poland, events in El Salvador, capitalism in Mexico, mobilization of rural students in Mexico. (0357-0375)

Box: 7 Folder: 19

October. No. 54. Workers in Ciudad Juarez, memorial to three fallen revolutionaries killed in Chihuahua in 1977. (0377-0395)

Box: 7 Folder: 20

November. No. 55. Photocopy. El Salvador, fallen comrades, university workers, teachers' strike, Airco strike, etc. (0397-0413)

Box: 8 Folder: 1

December. No. 56. Events in Sonora, Sinaloa, El Salvador, fallen comrades, analysis of capital flight from Mexico, summary of the revolutionary movement. (0002-0019)

Box: 8 Folder: 2

April. No. 57. Overview of teachers' strike, revolutionary activities relating to the 1982 elections. (0021-0038)

Movimiento de Accion Revolucionaria (MAR)

Box: 8 Folder: 3

Undated. Holograph manuscript, accompanied by complete transcript. Analysis of Marxist-Leninist ideas. (0041-0078)

Box: 8 Folder: 4

Undated. Photocopy of holograph manuscript. Class conflict, general notes on Marxist ideas. List of books. (0080-0088)

Box: 8 Folder: 5

Undated. Photocopy lacking p. 23. General manual of the MAR (origins, flag, hymn, etc.), relationships between various revolutionary groups, brief history of the armed revolutionary movement, use of weapons and explosives, military organization, food and diet in the field. (0090-0110)

Box: 8 Folder: 6

Undated. Photocopy. Syllabus of military instruction conducted by Prof. Miguel Quinones and Dr. Pablo Gamez. (0112-0114)

Box: 8 Folder: 7

Undated. Photocopy. Report on organization and program of study of a school for revolutionaries. (0116-0122)

Box: 8 Folder: 8

December. Photocopy. Program of study for a seminar or small school of military topics. (0124-0133)

Box: 8 Folder: 9

Undated. Photocopy. Overview of history of armed revolutionary movement in Mexico since 1959. (0135-0139)

Box: 8 Folder: 10

Undated. Photocopy of incomplete typescript (last page or more are missing). The crisis of capitalism. (0141-0149)

Box: 8 Folder: 11

Undated. Photocopy. Manual of "safety measures" for clandestine revolutionary activity, including transportation, communication, codes, weapons, propaganda, "expropriation" of automobiles for military use, etc. (0151-0167)

Box: 8 Folder: 12

August. Photocopy. Outlines military and organizational strategy of the revolutionary movement. With extensive notes on organizing workers into armed units. Also general philosophical background of the revolutionary movement in Mexico. (0169-0196)

Box: 8 Folder: 13

Winter. Photocopy. Imperialism, the Mexican state, class conflict, political mobilization, outline history of the armed revolutionary movement. (0199-0207)

Movimiento Popular Revolucionario (MPR)

Box: 8 Folder: 14

Undated. After 1992. Broadsheet. Rails against political parties in Mexico (particularly the PRD), elections, North American imperialism. (0210-0212)

Partido de los Pobres (PDLP)

Box: 8 Folder: 15

January. Paste-ups. Principles and background of the PDLP. (0215-0218)

Box: 8 Folder: 16

March. Paste-ups. Objectives of the PDLP. (0220-0223)

Box: 8 Folder: 17

August 26. Paste-up. From Revista Punto Critico, no. 9. Reports on an attack by the PDLP on the Mexican army. (0225-0226)

Box: 8 Folder: 18

August. Photocopy of article published in Revista Punto Critico, no. 9. Explains the objectives of the PDLP, addresses members of the Mexican military as well as workers and campesinos. (0228-0230)

Box: 8 Folder: 19

May 9. Photocopy. Regarding a meeting between leaders of the PDLP and Senator Figueroa. (0232-0233)

Box: 8 Folder: 20

May. Photocopy. Regarding Figueroa's reply to Castro's previous communication. (0235-0236)

Box: 8 Folder: 21

Undated. Carbon copy of typescript. Explanation of compartmentalization of tasks within an organization. (0238-0241)

Box: 8 Folder: 22

Undated. Carbon copy of typescript. Steps toward forming a revolutionary army of poor workers and campesinos. (0243-0247)

Box: 8 Folder: 23

Undated. Carbon copy of typescript. Plan for organizing workers against the rich. (0249-0253)

Box: 8 Folder: 24

Undated. Photocopy. Principles and objectives of the PDLP. (0255-0260)

Box: 8 Folder: 25

Undated. Photocopy. Plan for organizing a small groups of poor workers. (0262-0264)

Box: 8 Folder: 26

Undated. Carbon copy of typescript. Biography of Cabanas, his example as a revolutionary leader, his death at hands of Mexican military, objectives of the PDLP. (0266-0270)

Partido Proletario Unido de America (PPUA)

Box: 8 Folder: 27

After 1976. Photocopy. Objectives and general program of the PPUA, especially uniting Latin America against "yankee imperialism." (0273-0289)

Partido Revolucionario Obrero Clandestino Union del Pueblo (PROCUP)

Box: 9 Folder: 1

April. Computer printout. Concerns increased levels of repression by police officials, answers to statements against PROCUP made by Miguel Angel Granados Chapa. (0002-0003)

Box: 9 Folder: 2

April. Computer printout. Communique by the PROCUP answering to statements by the P.R.T. and the F.N.C.R. (0005-0006)

Box: 9 Folder: 3

Undated. Carbon copy. A call to workers, students, and the public in general, to join the revolutionary movement. (0008-0012)

Box: 9 Folder: 4

February. Stencil printing. Comminque No. 1 by the PROCUP addressed to the working class, campesinos, students and Indians. (0014-0018)

Box: 9 Folder: 5

September. Stencil printing. Communique no. 2. Calls for the formation of the Ejercito del Pueblo. (0020-0028)

Box: 9 Folder: 6

Undated. Mimeograph. Reports on a group of comrades that have fallen into enemy hands in Mexico City. Also sets forth guidelines of the organization. (0030-0031)

Box: 9 Folder: 7

Undated. Carbon copy. Outline of organization for clandestine revolutionary groups, including tactics, mode of action, etc. (0033-0042)

Box: 9 Folder: 8

Undated. Carbon copy. Economic and political basis for the guerrilla movement. (0044-0047)

Box: 9 Folder: 9

Undated. Carbon copy. History of Mexican Revolution and background of later revolutionary movements in Mexico from Marxist-Leninist perspective. (0049-0064)

Box: 9 Folder: 10

October. Stencil printing. Celebrates the revolutionary movement in light of the 500th anniversary of Columbus' arrival in America. (0067-0069)

Box: 9 Folder: 11

May. Stencil printing. Communique no. 3. Names traitors to the movement, including detailed accusations. (0071-0074)

Box: 9 Folder: 12

Undated. Carbon copy. By Jose Luis Cortes Gutierrez. Regarding the direction and leadership of the PROCUP. (0076-0080)

Box: 9 Folder: 13

July 7. Stencil printing. Regarding the capture of four comrades and general comments on political repression and legalized violence against revolutionary groups. (0083-0085)

Box: 9 Folder: 14

July 10. Photocopy publication. Perspectives of the PROCUP for a Convencion Nacional Democratica called by the EZLN. (0087-0092)

Box: 9 Folder: 15

July. Ano XIII, no. 40. Analysis of economic situation in Mexico, also article on the revolutionary movement in other parts of Latin America and a poem. (0094-0107)

Box: 9 Folder: 16

September. Ano XIII, no. 41. Editorial on economic situation in Mexico, notes on recent history of revolutionary movement in Mexico (especially 23 Sept. 1965), also "Yankee" intervention in Mexico and a poem in honor of an Irish Republican Army hero. (0109-0116)

Box: 9 Folder: 17

November. Ano XIII, no. 42. Marxist-Leninist ideological guide for the worker. Also editorial against worldwide capitalist imperialism. Also a poem. (0118-0127)

Box: 9 Folder: 18

May-June. Ano XIV, no. 45. Outlines history of PROCUP and the PDLP, reprints several press releases by PROCUP. Also article on imperialist interventions in Mexico and Latin America. (0129-0139)

Box: 9 Folder: 19

July-August. Ano XIV, no. 46. Reviews actions at offices of La Jornada on 2 April. Summary of five press releases issued in June and July 1990. The role of women in the revolutionary movement. Also a poem. (0141-0151)

Box: 9 Folder: 20

September-October. Ano XV, no. 47. The crisis of capitalism in the wake of NAFTA, homage to Che Guevara, importance of September in annals of Mexican revolutions. Also a poem. (0153-0167)

Box: 9 Folder: 21

January-February. Anox XIX, no. 73. Mexico's economic crisis, devaluation of the peso, also Mexico's recent elections. (0169-0181)

Box: 9 Folder: 22

September-October. Ano XX, no. 77. Economic situation in Mexico, official political repression, declaration of the PROCUP addressed to the workers of Mexico. Statement of solidarity with the EZLN. (0183-0205)

PROCESOS

Box: 9 Folder: 23

December. Photocopy. Dynamics of revolutionary movement in Mexico, especially after 1968. (0208-0244)

Box: 9 Folder: 24

November. Photocopy. The revolutionary process. (0226-0233)

Box: 9 Folder: 25

December. Photocopy. Right hand margins are truncated on pp. 3 and 4. Historical process of the revolution. (0235-0237)

Box: 9 Folder: 26

September. Carbon copy. Overview of history and direction of revolutionary movement in Mexico by Raul Ramos Zavala, with focus on the Juventud Comunista (JC). (0239-0273)

Vanguardia Armada del Pueblo (VAP)

Box: 9 Folder: 27

January-May. Stencil printing. Primitive communism, origins of socialism, world capitalism, imperialism, outline history of capitalism in Mexico. Strategy and character of the armed revolution in Mexico, creation of a revolutionary newspaper in Mexico. (0275A-0341)