L. G. C. E. Pugh Papers, 1940 - 1986 (MSS 491)

Access: Photographs of Channel swimmers located in Box 49, Folder 4 are deemed medical records and are restricted accordingly.
OFF-SITE STORAGE: COLLECTION STORED OFF-SITE. ALLOW ONE WEEK FOR RETRIEVAL OF MATERIALS.

Extent: 43.5 Linear feet 88 archives boxes, 1 record carton, 5 card files and 48 oversize folders

The papers of L.G.C.E. Pugh, a British physiologist and mountaineer who combined field and laboratory research in pioneering work in modern high-altitude physiology and sports medicine. Pugh conducted studies on the impact of the environment on human physiology and performance during the 1952 British Himalayan Expedition to Mt. Cho Oyu, the 1953 British Himalayan Expedition to Mt. Everest, the 1960-1961 Himalayan Scientific and Mountaineering Expedition to Mt. Everest, and the 1957-1958 Trans-Antarctic Expedition. His research interests were altitude, temperature and exertion. The data he obtained on Mt. Cho Oyu demonstrated the importance of adequate hydration and oxygen, findings that were crucial to the first successful climb of Mt. Everest in 1953. Pugh was the lead scientist on that expedition, and, with Edmund Hillary, he co-led the 1960-1961 Himalayan Scientific and Mountaineering Expedition, ("Silver Hut'), which spent five months at 19,000 ft. or higher on Mt. Everest. Pugh also studied distance swimmers and runners and took part in the evaluation and training of athletes for the 1968 Olympic Games. The collection contains Pugh's expedition and laboratory research files with notes, calculations and graphs documenting his experiments with mountain climbers, swimmers, runners and his work on respiration for polio patients; correspondence, much of it related to his research; reprints and drafts of journal articles, reports and unpublished writings; information on laboratory equipment and techniques, and photographic material documenting expeditions and experiments. The papers are arranged in twelve series: 1) MISCELLANEOUS MATERIAL; 2) GENERAL CORRESPONDENCE; 3) WRITINGS BY PUGH; 4) EXPEDITIONS; 5) PHYSIOLOGICAL STUDIES, 1940-1949; 6) PHYSIOLOGICAL STUDIES, 1950-1959; 7) PHYSIOLOGICAL STUDIES, 1960-1969; 8) PHYSIOLOGICAL STUDIES, 1970-1979; 9) LABORATORY APPARATUS, CALIBRATIONS AND TECHNIQUES; 10) CONFERENCES, LECTURES AND SYMPOSIA, 11) WRITINGS OF OTHERS, and 12) ORIGINALS OF PRESERVATION PHOTOCOPIES.

Lewis Griffith Cresswell Evans Pugh was born on October 19, 1909, in Shrewsbury, England. He studied medicine at Oxford University and obtained his medical degree in 1939. At the start of World War II he joined the British Army as a medical officer and in 1943 was sent to the Mountain Warfare Training Centre to select, train and evaluate the fitness of ski troops at a school for mountain warfare in Lebanon. There he began a career of research into the physiological effects of altitude, temperature and exertion.

At the end of the war Pugh was in Belgium carrying out research in rheumatology, which he concluded in England at the British Postgraduate Medical School, London.

He then began cardiovascular research but was interrupted in 1947 by an invitation from the British Navy to accompany a voyage to the Arctic. This expedition brought him back to field physiology and the study of responses to cold. In 1950 Pugh joined the Medical Research Council's new Division in Human Physiology, set up to study the effects of extreme environments. He continued his research on cold and carried out groundbreaking work in determining the thermal conductivity of human tissue and the role of subcutaneous fat in tolerance to cold water immersion.

Pugh went on four more expeditions during his career, three to the Himalayas (Mt. Cho Oyu, 1952, Mt. Everest, 1953, and the Scientific and Mountaineering Expedition 1960-1961), and the 1957 Trans-Antarctic Expedition. The data he collected from the Cho Oyu climbers indicated that adequate hydration and nutrition were important factors, and that the oxygen equipment and clothing used by earlier expeditions had not been optimally designed. His work on hydration, nutrition, oxygen flow rates and protective clothing solved many of the problems of high altitude activity and contributed to the success of the 1953 British expedition to Mt. Everest. Pugh had helped plan and outfit the expedition, participated as the lead scientist and physician and became part of the group of scientists- Bruno Balke, R.B. and T.B. Bourdillon, David Bruce Dill, Charles Houston, Ulrich Luft, Nello Pace, Michael Ward, John West- that established modern high altitude physiology.

In 1957 Pugh took part, with Nello Pace, in the first Trans-Antarctic Expedition, visiting Scott Base and the South Pole. He studied cold stress and the effects of solar radiation on humans and the adaptive mechanisms of seals. In 1960, he headed the scientific team on the Himalayan Scientific and Mountaineering Expedition, led by Edmund Hillary. This expedition became known as the Silver Hut Expedition, named for the laboratory set up on the Ming Bo glacier at 19,000 ft. Researchers spent five months investigating the physiology of exertion and levels of respiratory oxygen.

When not on expeditions, Pugh conducted laboratory research at the Medical Research Council's Human Physiology Division. In 1954 the Council appointed Pugh to study respiratory failure and the use of respirators in cases of poliomyelitis. He set up the Laboratory for Field Physiology at the National Hospital in London, where he also carried out research in carbon monoxide poisoning.

In 1964 the deaths of four hikers from exposure led to Pugh's continuing his research into the effects of cold. In a series of field and laboratory experiments, he demonstrated that the combined cooling effects of wind and wet clothing could quickly lead to hypothermia even when the temperature was above freezing. The next year, the British Olympic Committee asked Pugh to head a research group to study the effects of altitude on athletes in preparation for the 1968 Olympic Games in Mexico City, located above 7,000 ft. Pugh also found that distance runners were subject to heat stress. For the rest of the decade, and into the 1970s, Pugh designed and conducted experiments with athletes as subjects, and closed his career with studies using infra-red thermography to learn how athletes regulate body temperature.

Pugh died on December 22, 1994.

Sources: THE TIMES (London), January 7, 1995; HYPOXIA SYMPOSIUM, J.R. Sutton, et al., eds., 1993; West, J., HIGH LIFE: A HISTORY OF HIGH-ALTITUDE PHYSIOLOGY AND MEDICINE, 1998.

The papers of L.G.C.E. Pugh document his scientific research career, and his participation in the 1952 British Himalayan Expedition to Mt. Cho Oyu, the 1953 British Himalayan Expedition to Mt. Everest, the 1957-1958 Trans-Antarctic Expedition, and the 1960-1961 British Himalayan Scientific and Mountaineering Expedition. The collection contains administrative and organizational reports, correspondence, draft writings and reprints, research and expedition notes, calculations and data, photographic material, manufacturers' brochures and catalogs of equipment used in the laboratory and the field. The collection is arranged in twelve series: 1) MISCELLANEOUS MATERIAL; 2) CORRESPONDENCE; 3) WRITINGS BY PUGH; 4) EXPEDITIONS; 5) PHYSIOLOGICAL STUDIES, 1940-1949; 6) PHYSIOLOGICAL STUDIES, 1950-1959; 7) PHYSIOLOGICAL STUDIES, 1960-1969; 8) PHYSIOLOGICAL STUDIES, 1970-1979; 9) LABORATORY APPARATUS, CALIBRATIONS, TECHNIQUES; 10) CONFERENCES, LECTURES AND SYMPOSIA; 11) WRITINGS OF OTHERS, and 12) ORIGINALS OF PRESERVATION PHOTOCOPIES. A note on the arrangement of the PHYSIOLOGICAL STUDIES SERIES 5-8:

Throughout his career, Pugh emphasized the importance of field work. He would identify and define problems in the laboratory, work toward solutions in the field and return to the laboratory to analyze field data and design follow-up experiments. His approach, influenced by his war experiences and the focus of the Medical Research Council's environmental program, was to examine the effects of extremes: high altitude, low temperature, and elite athletes. He also developed practical applications of his findings, preparing guidelines and designing equipment for survival in harsh conditions.

Pugh's physiology research files reflect his approach and methods and are arranged in four series of PHYSIOLOGICAL STUDIES, arranged by decade. Individual projects and experiments are arranged alphabetically in subseries within the series in which they begin. For the most part, the subseries folders retain Pugh's original file headings.

Container List

MISCELLANEOUS MATERIAL

Scope and Content of Series

Series 1) MISCELLANEOUS MATERIAL: Arranged in two subseries: A) General and B) Appointment Calendars.

A) General. This subseries is arranged alphabetically by topic and contains Pugh's summaries of his career, annual reports (1956-1974) of the Laboratory for Field Physiology, and meeting minutes (1956-1958) of the Medical Research Council's scientific staff. It also includes a file of newspaper reports that refer to Pugh's work on cases of hypothermia and photographs of Pugh in formal and informal settings.

B) Appointment Calendars. Pugh's desk calendars, which he called "planners," track his appointments for an eighteen year period between 1950 and 1973. They were used mainly for scheduling his speaking, travel and social engagements, but the second part of the 1958 diary has long entries made during his participation in the Trans-Antarctic expedition that year.

General

Box 1 Folder 1
Biographical material, 1942 - 1962

Typescript copies of request for assignment as a ski instructor, typescript and handwritten biographical notes and career summaries. Includes immunization certificates and sailing club membership card.

Box 95 Folder 1
Household expense notebook
Box 1 Folder 2
Laboratory for Field Physiology (Hampstead). Annual reports, 1956 - 1974

Typescript, handwritten and published reports, some with publication lists and correspondence.

Box 1 Folder 3
Medical Research Council. Scientific Staff Meetings. Minutes, 1956 - 1958

Typescripts.

Box 1 Folder 4
Newspaper clippings, 1968 - 1969

Articles quoting Pugh or citing his work in connection with the Isafjordur trawler disaster, other cases of hypothermia and Olympic athlete studies.

Notebook, 1971-1974
Box 1 Folder 5
Photographs of L.G.C.E. Pugh, 1950 - 1970

Formal black-and-white portrait prints of Pugh and informal black-and-white and color prints of Pugh with others.

Box 1 Folder 6
Photographs of others

Ca. 1950s. Josephine Pugh and daughter [?.]

Box 95 Folder 2-3
Poultry farm records
Box 1 Folder 7
Release of Medical Officers Memorandum

Ca. 1945. Typescript.

Box 2 Folder 1
Useful Addresses, 1950 - 1980

Index cards, 3"x5", alphabetized.

Appointment Calendars

Box 3 Folder 1
Planner, 1950

Pocket diary with appointments and addresses.

Box 3 Folder 2
Planner, 1953

Diary with appointments and notes.

Box 3 Folder 3
Planner, 1954

Diary with appointments.

Box 3 Folder 4
Planner, 1955

Diary with appointments.

Box 3 Folder 5
Planner, 1956

Diary with appointments.

Box 3 Folder 6
Planner, 1957

Diary with appointments, handwritten and typescript notes and invitations.

Box 3 Folder 7
Planner, 1958

Diary 1 with appointments.

Box 3 Folder 8
Planner, 1958

Diary 2 with extensive handwritten notes made during the Trans-Antarctic Expedition, laid-in loose notes and miscellaneous material. See also Series 4C.

Box 4 Folder 1
Planner, 1959

Diary with appointments.

Box 4 Folder 2
Planner, 1960

Diary with appointments.

Box 4 Folder 3
Planner, 1961

Diary with appointments.

Box 4 Folder 4
Planner, 1962

Diary with appointments, laid-in invitations and notes.

Box 4 Folder 5
Planner, 1963

Diary with appointments and laid-in invitations.

Box 4 Folder 6
Planner, 1964

Diary with appointments.

Box 5 Folder 1
Planner, 1966

Diary with appointments.

Box 5 Folder 2
Planner, 1967

Diary with appointments and notes.

Box 5 Folder 3
Planner, 1970

Diary with appointments.

Box 5 Folder 4
Planner, 1972

Diary with appointments.

Box 5 Folder 5
Planner, 1973

Diary with appointments.

CORRESPONDENCE

Scope and Content of Series

Series 2) CORRESPONDENCE: This series, arranged alphabetically by correspondent, contains letters from members of the high altitude physiology community including David B. Dill, Ulrich Luft, Nello Pace, Michael P. Ward, and John B. West. Also included are letters from professional organizations, sports clubs, journals, and expedition planners. Pugh also kept correspondence in his expedition and research files.

Box 6 Folder 1
A - Miscellaneous
Box 6 Folder 2
Academic Press Inc. (London) Ltd., 1974
Box 6 Folder 3
Anderson, K. Lange, 1964 - 1965
Box 6 Folder 4
Anglo-Jordanian Expedition, 1967 - 1968

Typescript description and itinerary.

Box 6 Folder 5
Arnstein, H.R.V., 1962
Box 6 Folder 6
Austrian Alpine Club, 1969 - 1970
Box 6 Folder 7
B - Miscellaneous
Box 6 Folder 8
Balke, Bruno, 1972
Box 6 Folder 9
Bannister, Roger G., 1953 - 1957
Box 6 Folder 10
Barnet, David, 1972
Box 6 Folder 11
Bourdillon, R.B., 1951 - 1953
Box 6 Folder 12
Bourdillon, Tom D., 1952 - 1954
Box 6 Folder 13
Bowles, Susan, 1973 - 1974
Box 6 Folder 14
Brasher, Shirley, 1973
Box 6 Folder 15
Brendel, W., 1955 - 1956
Box 6 Folder 16
British Amateur Athletic Board, 1967 - 1970
Box 6 Folder 17
British Association of Sport and Medicine, 1973
Box 6 Folder 18
British Broadcasting Corporation, 1953 - 1974

Contracts and payment slips for Pugh's participation in programs. Also includes typescript for program "Man at High Altitude," by Nesta Pain.

Box 6 Folder 19
British Council, 1959
Box 6 Folder 20
British Industries Fair, 1954
Box 6 Folder 21
British Medical Association, 1953
Box 6 Folder 22
BRITISH MEDICAL JOURNAL, 1952 - 1975

Typescript copies of reviews Pugh wrote for the BRITISH MEDICAL JOURNAL.

Box 6 Folder 23
British Nutrition Foundation, 1972 - 1974
Box 6 Folder 24
British Olympic Association, 1972 - 1975

Agenda and minutes for meetings. Includes badge with Association insignia.

Box 6 Folder 25
Brotherhood, John R., 1971 - 1972
Box 6 Folder 26
Brown, John, 1955
Box 6 Folder 27
Brozovic, B., 1972 - 1974
Box 6 Folder 28
Bunje, Henry, 1972 - 1974
Box 6 Folder 29
Buskirk, E.R., 1962 - 1963
Box 6 Folder 30
Bywaters, Eric G.L., 1957 - 1970
Box 6 Folder 31
C - Miscellaneous
Box 6 Folder 32
Campbell, Paul A., 1955
Box 6 Folder 33
Camper and Nicholsons Ltd., 1973 - 1975

Yacht Builders, Naval Architects and Marine Engineers.

Box 6 Folder 34
Carlson, Loren D., 1962 - 1963
Box 6 Folder 35
Carson, Peter, 1973
Box 6 Folder 36
Cavanagh, Sandy, 1960
Box 6 Folder 37
Cave, Peter, 1959 - 1960
Box 6 Folder 38
Christensen, E. Hohwu, 1957
Box 6 Folder 39
CIBA (A.R.L.), 1961

Synthetic Resins and Adhesives.

Box 6 Folder 40
CIBA Foundation for the Promotion of International Co-operation in Medical and Chemical Research, 1970 - 1971

Foundation's annual report for 1971 and program with abstracts for High Altitude Physiology Symposium, February 17-18, 1971.

Box 6 Folder 41
Cole, Philip, 1953 - 1954
Box 6 Folder 42
Commonwealth Relations Office, 1957
Box 6 Folder 43
Cooper, Keith E., 1964 - 1967
Box 6 Folder 44
Cotes, P. Mary, 1960
Box 6 Folder 45
Crow, Kenneth D., 1968
Box 6 Folder 46
Cudkowicz, L., 1959
Box 6 Folder 47
D - Miscellaneous
Box 6 Folder 48
Daniels, Farrington, 1955 - 1959
Box 6 Folder 49
Davies, C.T. Mervyn, 1973 - 1983
Box 6 Folder 50
Davies, Dai H., 1968
Box 7 Folder 1
DeCourcy, Kenneth, 1953
Box 7 Folder 2
Dejours, Pierre, 1958 - 1962
Box 7 Folder 3
Department of the Navy (United States). Office of Naval Research, 1955
Box 7 Folder 4
Dienhart, John W., 1963
Box 7 Folder 5
Dill, David Bruce, 1944 - 1983
Box 7 Folder 6
Dockland Settlements, West Highland School of Adventure, 1963 - 1964

Brochure.

Box 7 Folder 7
Drew, Robert, 1962

Pugh's typescript note, "Medical Hazards of Climbing Mount Kenya," dated July 18, 1962.

Box 7 Folder 8
Duke of Edinburgh's Award. Physical Activity Panel, 1974 - 1975

Includes memorandum and agenda for meetings of Panel.

Box 7 Folder 9
Duke University, 1963
Box 7 Folder 10
E - Miscellaneous
Box 7 Folder 11
Easton, Kenneth C., 1972 - 1975
Box 7 Folder 12
Edwards, Richard H.T., 1969 - 1975
Box 7 Folder 13
Eitelberg, Raul, 1960
Box 7 Folder 14
Elsner, Robert W., 1960 - 1961
Box 7 Folder 15
Emslie-Smith, Donald, 1975
Box 7 Folder 16
F - Miscellaneous
Box 7 Folder 17
Farquhar, James W., 1954
Box 7 Folder 18
Federated Mountain Clubs of New Zealand, 1958 - 1959
Box 7 Folder 19
Feigen, George, 1963

Includes correspondence from Priscilla Feigen.

Box 7 Folder 20
Fletcher, Ronald F., 1962
Box 7 Folder 21
Freeman, James, 1972 - 1973
Box 7 Folder 22
G - Miscellaneous
Box 7 Folder 23
G. Wilkinson, Scientific Glass Blower, 1959 - 1963
Box 7 Folder 24
Galindo-Estrada, I.G., 1971
Box 7 Folder 25
Gardner, N.H.N., 1958
Box 7 Folder 26
George Allen and Unwin, Ltd., 1953 - 1954
Box 7 Folder 27
GEOGRAPHICAL JOURNAL, 1955 - 1957

Includes typescript copies of book reviews Pugh wrote for the GEOGRAPHICAL JOURNAL.

Box 7 Folder 28
Goldberger, Maria, 1965 - 1975

Editor, KANDAHAR REVIEW and Chairman of the Ladies' Racing Subcommittee, National Ski Federation of Great Britain.

Box 7 Folder 29
Gornergletscher Glaciological Survey, 1958 - 1961
Box 7 Folder 30
Granada Television Network Ltd., 1956 - 1957

Includes typescript of Pugh's "Notes for a Television Script."

Box 7 Folder 31
Greene, Raymond, 1952 - 1962
Box 7 Folder 32
Gregory, Alfred, 1958 - 1961
Box 7 Folder 33
Groden, Bernard M., 1973 - 1974
Box 7 Folder 34
H - Miscellaneous
Box 7 Folder 35
Hall, William H., Lt. Colonel, 1962 - 1963

U.S. Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine.

Box 7 Folder 36
Hamer, John, 1970
Box 7 Folder 37
Harbord, R.P., 1956
Box 7 Folder 38
Harper, A.A., 1954
Box 7 Folder 39
Heberden Society, 1954 - 1956

Includes agenda and minutes.

Box 7 Folder 40
Hecht, Hans H., 1960
Box 7 Folder 41
Henderson, Jill, 1957

Regarding arrangements for Tensing Norkey's visit to the United Kingdom.

Box 7 Folder 42
Hervey, G.R., 1955 - 1958
Box 7 Folder 43
High Commissioner for India. Military Adviser, 1960 - 1961
Box 7 Folder 44
Himalayan Mountaineering Institute, 1972
Box 7 Folder 45
Hodder and Stoughton, Ltd., 1953
Box 7 Folder 46
Hornbein, Thomas F., 1961 - 1962
Box 7 Folder 47
Horvath, Steven, 1962 - 1963
Box 7 Folder 48
Hugh-Jones, Philip, 1957 - 1958
Box 7 Folder 49
Hutchinson Publishing Group Ltd., 1955 - 1968
Box 7 Folder 50
Hyman, Martin, 1966 - 1972
Box 8 Folder 1
I - Miscellaneous
Box 8 Folder 2
International Academy of Astronautics, 1973 - 1975
Box 8 Folder 3
International Society for Capillary and Blood Research, 1958 - 1960
Box 8 Folder 4
J - Miscellaneous
Box 8 Folder 5
J. Ainsborough Everiss and Associates, 1956

Two sample sizes of polytetrafluoroethylene tubes.

Box 8 Folder 6
James, B., 1959
Box 8 Folder 7
James, W.P.T., 1975
Box 8 Folder 8
Johnson, Ralph H., 1966 - 1973
Box 8 Folder 9
Jokl, Ernst, 1955 - 1975
Box 8 Folder 10
Jones, Arthur, 1967
Box 8 Folder 11
Jones, Barry, 1958 - 1959
Box 8 Folder 12
Jones, June I., 1960
Box 8 Folder 13
JOURNAL OF GLACIOLOGY, 1953 - 1954

Includes galley proof of "More About Mountains Under Snow," by Gerald Seligman.

Box 8 Folder 14
K - Miscellaneous
Box 8 Folder 15
Kandahar Ski Club, 1959 - 1967
Box 8 Folder 16
Kemp, Hugh B.S., 1972 - 1975
Box 8 Folder 17
Kettering Cartons, Ltd., 1958
Box 8 Folder 18
Kew Observatory, Air Ministry, Meteorological Office, London, 1957 - 1973
Box 8 Folder 19
Klenerman, Leslie, 1973
Box 8 Folder 20
Knudsen, E.T., 1958

Medical Department, Beecham Research Laboratories.

Box 8 Folder 21
L - Miscellaneous
Box 8 Folder 22
LANCET, 1953 - 1972

Letters to the Editor written by Pugh.

Box 8 Folder 23
Layer, Graham T., 1973
Box 8 Folder 24
Lee, Harold B., 1966 - 1970
Box 8 Folder 25
Leeds Polytechnic, 1975
Box 8 Folder 26
Leithead, Charles S., 1962
Box 8 Folder 27
LeMasurier, John, 1966 - 1971
Box 8 Folder 28
Lembeck, F., 1958
Box 8 Folder 29
Levene, C.L., 1958
Box 8 Folder 30
Little, George M., 1955
Box 8 Folder 31
Lloyd, Brian, 1958 - 1959
Box 8 Folder 32
London Borough of Lambeth. Director of Administration and Legal Services, 1973
Box 8 Folder 33
London Office Machines, Ltd., 1954
Box 8 Folder 34
Luft, Ulrich, 1963
Box 8 Folder 35
M - Miscellaneous
Box 8 Folder 36
Maehlum, Sverre, 1975
Box 8 Folder 37
Matthews, Donald S., 1954
Box 8 Folder 38
Medical Commission on Accident Prevention, 1972 - 1975
Box 8 Folder 39
Medical Research Council, 1954 - 1975
Box 8 Folder 40
MEDICINE AND SCIENCE IN SPORTS, 1972 - 1976
Box 8 Folder 41
Medvei, V.C., 1959
Box 8 Folder 42
Ministry of Supply, Directorate of Stores and Clothing (Development), 1959

Clothing and Textiles Experimental Unit, Royal Aircraft Establishment, Farnborough, Hants.

Box 8 Folder 43
Mitchell, J.P., 1974 - 1975
Box 8 Folder 44
Molyneux, Julie, 1972
Box 8 Folder 45
Moore, Terris F., 1972 - 1975

Includes typescript of T.F. Moore's paper, "Unexpected Effects of the Peculiar Shape of the Envelope of the Earth's Atmosphere: A Study for Physiologists," 1972.

Box 8 Folder 46
Morgan, Andrew, 1959
Box 8 Folder 47
Morikofer, W., 1959
Box 8 Folder 48
Mount Everest Foundation, 1957 - 1958
Box 8 Folder 49
Mulgrew, Peter D., 1959 - 1960
Box 8 Folder 50
Munro, I.A.H., 1958
Box 8 Folder 51
N - Miscellaneous
Box 8 Folder 52
Nagle, R.E., 1973 - 1974
Box 9 Folder 1
Narayanan, K.R., 1956
Box 9 Folder 2
National Institute of Sports, Patiala, India, 1974
Box 9 Folder 3
NATURE, 1953 - 1971

Includes typescript copies of Pugh's reviews for NATURE.

Box 9 Folder 4
Naval Medical Research Institute, 1963
Box 9 Folder 5
NEW SCIENTIST, 1957
Box 9 Folder 6
New Zealand Meteorological Service, 1959 - 1960
Box 9 Folder 7
Newton, Margaret, 1970 - 1972
Box 9 Folder 8
Noyce, Wilfrid, 1957

Arrangements for Tensing Norkey's visit to the United Kingdom.

Box 9 Folder 9
O - Miscellaneous
Box 9 Folder 10
Ortenburger, Irene, 1963
Box 9 Folder 11
Outward Bound Moray Sea School, 1972 - 1974

Agenda and minutes.

Box 9 Folder 12
Outward Bound Mountain School, Ullswater, 1974

Brochure and handbooks.

Box 9 Folder 13
Outward Bound Trust, 1972 - 1974
Box 9 Folder 14
Owen, Raymond, 1970 - 1973

Typescript copy of R. Owen's lecture, "Medical Aspects of the Olympic Games."

Box 9 Folder 15
P - Miscellaneous
Box 9 Folder 16
Pace, Nello, 1955 - 1963
Box 9 Folder 17
Pappenheimer, John R., 1962 - 1963
Box 9 Folder 18
Patey, T.W., 1957
Box 9 Folder 19
Pepsodent Sales, Ltd., 1953 - 1954
Box 9 Folder 20
Peyman, M.A., 1967 - 1968
Box 9 Folder 21
Poulton, E.C., 1957 - 1964
Box 9 Folder 22
PROCEEDINGS OF THE NUTRITION SOCIETY, 1953 - 1954
Box 9 Folder 23
Pugh family members, 1943 - 1975
Box 9 Folder 24
Pugh, Josephine, 1945 - 1957

Wife of Pugh.

Box 9 Folder 25
Q - Miscellaneous
Box 9 Folder 26
Quillian, J.P., 1956
Box 9 Folder 27
R - Miscellaneous
Box 9 Folder 28
Rawlinson, Anthony K., 1961
Box 9 Folder 29
Reader's Digest Association, Ltd., 1974
Box 9 Folder 30
Rees, W.H., 1959
Box 9 Folder 31
Reeve, E.B., 1962 - 1963
Box 9 Folder 32
Riddell, W.J., 1944 - 1945
Box 9 Folder 33
Riley, Richard L., 1955 - 1963
Box 9 Folder 34
Road Runners Club, 1966 - 1971
Box 9 Folder 35
Roberts, James, 1975
Box 9 Folder 36
Robinson, Sid, 1962
Box 9 Folder 37
Rolex Watch Company, Ltd., 1952 - 1958
Box 9 Folder 38
Rothamsted Experimental Station, 1957
Box 9 Folder 39
Royal Aeronautical Society, 1975
Box 9 Folder 40
Royal College of Physicians, 1954 - 1975
Box 9 Folder 41
Royal Geographical Society, 1952 - 1957
Box 9 Folder 42
Russell, R. Scott, 1953
Box 9 Folder 43
Rutherford, Robert, 1969 - 1971
Box 9 Folder 44
S - Miscellaneous
Box 10 Folder 1
St. Albans Diocesan Mission to the Deaf and Dumb, 1957
Box 10 Folder 2
St. Mary's College, 1969 - 1973
Box 10 Folder 3
Salkeld, Audrey, 1977 - 1984
Box 10 Folder 4
Scales, John T., 1972 - 1974
Box 10 Folder 5
Schaefer, Karl E., 1960 - 1972
Box 10 Folder 6
Scott Polar Research Institute, 1955 - 1960
Box 10 Folder 7
Semple, T., 1973 - 1975
Box 10 Folder 8
Ski Club of Great Britain, 1966 - 1972
Box 10 Folder 9
South Georgia Survey, 1955 - 1956

Typescript outlines of surveys for 1951-1952 and 1953-1954.

Box 10 Folder 10
Sperryn, Peter N., 1972 - 1973
Box 10 Folder 11
Spillers Ltd., 1974 - 1975

Research and Technology Center.

Box 10 Folder 12
Sports Council, 1974 - 1975
Box 10 Folder 13
T - Miscellaneous
Box 10 Folder 14
Tarmac Construction Company, 1973 - 1974
Box 10 Folder 15
Thomson, M.L., 1960
Box 10 Folder 16
TIMES (London), 1953 - 1973

"Letter to the Editor" by Pugh.

Box 10 Folder 17
Tomlinson, Ken
Box 10 Folder 18
Tulloh, Bruce, 1968 - 1971
Box 10 Folder 19
Turner, D. Mike, 1968 - 1974
Box 10 Folder 20
U - Miscellaneous
Box 10 Folder 21
UNIVERSITY COLLEGE HOSPITAL MAGAZINE, 1953 - 1954
Box 10 Folder 22
University of California, Berkeley, 1955
Box 10 Folder 23
University of Glasgow, 1973 - 1975
Box 10 Folder 24
V - Miscellaneous
Box 10 Folder 25
Vasquez, Cesar L., 1964
Box 10 Folder 26
W - Miscellaneous
Box 10 Folder 27
Waddell, Gordon, 1973
Box 10 Folder 28
Wallace, Hugh J., 1974 - 1975
Box 10 Folder 29
Ward, Michael P., 1953 - 1975
Box 10 Folder 30
West, John B., 1973 - 1984
Box 10 Folder 31
White, A.E., 1975
Box 10 Folder 32
William Heinemann Medical Books, Ltd., 1973
Box 10 Folder 33
Williams, Edward S., 1955 - 1957

London School of Economics Mountaineering Club Himalayan Expedition, 1956.

Box 10 Folder 34
Williams, J.G.P., 1973 - 1974
Box 10 Folder 35
Williams, P.O., 1956 - 1959

Undated typescript "The British Expedition to Sola Khumbu 1959, Programme of Cardiological Research."

Box 10 Folder 36
Williams, Tony, 1972 - 1973
Box 10 Folder 37
Woodcock, Alan H., 1963
Box 10 Folder 38
World Health Organization, 1969 - 1971

WHO Biomedical Research Information Service, "Query 1371 Altitude Research," May 24, 1969.

Box 10 Folder 39
Wyers, H.J.G., 1955 - 1956
Box 10 Folder 40
Y - Miscellaneous
Box 10 Folder 41
Z - Miscellaneous
Box 10 Folder 42
Zacks, Richard, 1972 - 1974

WRITINGS BY PUGH

Scope and Content of Series

Series 3) WRITINGS BY PUGH: This series begins with chronological lists of Pugh's publications and contains almost all of his published and unpublished works. Most of the published works are journal articles that summarize the results of his experimental physiology studies and are often in multiple drafts accompanied by research notes, data, reference material, and copies of previous work.

Also included are articles describing his experiences and research on expeditions. There are chapters Pugh contributed to physiology textbooks and reports he wrote as a medical officer during World War II filed under "Mountain Warfare Training Centre." Pugh's work in physiological measurement often provided the first instance of baseline data, e.g., "Thermal Conductivity of Human Fat and Muscle." His "Report on Scientific Work in Connection with the Mount Everest Expedition in 1953," incorporating his findings from the Mt. Cho Oyu expedition research, was the foundation for the success of the British expedition in 1953.

Box 11 Folder 1
Lists of Pugh's publications, 1945 - 1976
Box 11 Folder 2
Notebooks. Publications and Lectures [by Pugh], 1967 - 1976

Entries give dates, titles, locations, and payments.

Box 11 Folder 3
A.C.T.H. [adrenocorticotrophic hormone] in Rheumatoid Arthritis, 1950

With Ellis Dresner, et al. Reprint only.

Box 11 Folder 4
Accidental Hypothermia among Hill-Walkers and Climbers in Britain, 1966

Typescript drafts and reviewer's [?] comments.

Box 11 Folder 5
Accidental Hypothermia in Walkers, Climbers and Campers: Report to the Medical Commission on Accident..., 1966

Part 1. Reprint, typescripts and handwritten drafts.

Box 11 Folder 6
Accidental Hypothermia in Walkers, Climbers and Campers: Report to the Medical Commission on Accident..., 1966

Part 2. Typescript and handwritten drafts.

Box 11 Folder 7
Adrenal Activity of Acclimatized Man at Altitude, 1962 - 1963

With F.C. Grimes, et al. Typescript and handwritten drafts, notes, graphs, and correspondence.

Box 11 Folder 8
Adrenal Cortex and Winter Sports with a Note on Other Exercise, 1959

Part 1. Reprint, typescript drafts and correspondence.

Box 11 Folder 9
Adrenal Cortex and Winter Sports with a Note on Other Exercise, 1959

Part 2. Handwritten and typescript drafts, notes and graphs.

Box 11 Folder 10 Oversize FB28001
Adrenal Cortex and Winter Sports with a Note on Other Exercise, 1959

Graphs. Oversize.

Box 11 Folder 11
Adrenal Cortical Function in Normal Human Subjects: Suggested Studies

Undated. Typescript and notes.

Box 11 Folder 12
Aerobic Capacity of Forty British Women Aged 17-27 Years, 1974

Reprint, typescript and handwritten notes.

Box 11 Folder 13
Air Resistance and Its Effect on Human Performance in Running and Walking

Undated. Typescripts, handwritten notes and reference material.

Box 12 Folder 1
Air Resistance in Sport, 1976

Part 1. Reprint and typescript drafts.

Box 12 Folder 2
Air Resistance in Sport, 1976

Part 2. Typescript and handwritten drafts, research notes and reference material.

Box 12 Folder 3 Oversize FB28002
Air Resistance in Sport, 1976

Graphs. Oversize.

Box 12 Folder 4
Air Resistance to a Runner, 1969

Typescript, data, graphs, and correspondence.

Box 12 Folder 5
ALTITUDE. Chapter 1: The Environment at High Altitude, 1969 - 1971

Typescript and handwritten drafts for volume in textbook series, ENVIRONMENTAL PHYSIOLOGY. Includes publishing contract, correspondence and notecards with bibliography.

Box 12 Folder 6
Altitude and Athletic Performance, 1965

Reprint, galley proof, typescript, and correspondence.

Box 12 Folder 7
Alveolar Gas Composition at 21,000 to 25,700 Ft. (6400-7830 M.), 1961

With M.B. Gill, et al. Reprint, typescript and correspondence.

Box 12 Folder 8
Anglo-American Physiological Report, 1958

Typescripts and handwritten drafts, notes and data. See also Series 3, "Antarctica," 1971.

Box 12 Folder 9
Animals in High Altitudes: Man above 5,000 Meters - Mountain Exploration, 1964

Reprint only. Chapter 55 of the HANDBOOK OF PHYSIOLOGY, edited by D.B. Dill, et al.

Box 12 Folder 10 Oversize FB28003
Animals in High Altitudes: Man above 5,000 Meters - Mountain Exploration

Graphs. Oversize.

Box 12 Folder 11
Antarctica, 1971

Typescript draft.

Box 12 Folder 12
Arterial Oxygen Saturation during Exercise at High Altitude, 1962

With J.B. West, et al. Reprint, typescript and graphs.

Box 13 Folder 1
ASCENT OF EVEREST - Appendix 6 and Appendix 7, 1953 - 1954

Book by John Hunt with two appendices by Pugh: Appendix 6, "Diet," with G.C. Rand, and Appendix 7, "Physiology and Medicine," with M.P. Ward. Typescripts, galley proofs and correspondence.

Box 13 Folder 2
ASCENT OF MOUNT EVEREST: SCIENTIFIC ASPECTS AND PHYSIOLOGICAL STUDIES, 1978

Part 1. Typescripts of sections from proposed book. Includes copy of five page letter from Drummond Rennie, Deputy Editor of THE NEW ENGLAND JOURNAL OF MEDICINE, giving a critique and suggestions.

Box 13 Folder 3
ASCENT OF MOUNT EVEREST: SCIENTIFIC ASPECTS AND PHYSIOLOGICAL STUDIES

Part 2. Typescripts of sections from proposed book.

Box 13 Folder 4
ASCENT OF MOUNT EVEREST: SCIENTIFIC ASPECTS AND PHYSIOLOGICAL STUDIES, 1978

Part 3. Typescripts of sections from proposed book, with handwritten notes and data. Includes typescript transcription of notes made during the expedition.

Box 13 Folder 5
Aspects of the Physiology of Cold, 1950

Reprints, note, graphs, and reference material.

Box 13 Folder 6
Athletes at Altitude, 1967

Part 1. Reprint, typescript drafts, handwritten notes, and correspondence.

Box 13 Folder 7
Athletes at Altitude

Part 2. Handwritten and typescript drafts and notes.

Box 13 Folder 8
Athletes at Altitude

Part 3. Graphs and correspondence.

Box 13 Folder 9 Oversize FB28201
Athletes at Altitude

Graphs. Oversize.

Box 14 Folder 1
Basal Metabolism and Respiration in Men Living at 5,800 M. (19,000 Ft.), 1964

Part 1. With M.B. Gill. Reprint, handwritten draft, notes, and data.

Box 14 Folder 2
Basal Metabolism and Respiration in Men Living at 5,800 M. (19,000 Ft.), 1964

Part 2. First and second typescript drafts. Includes notecards with bibliography and notes.

Box 14 Folder 3
Basal Metabolism and Respiration in Men Living at 5,800 M. (19,000 Ft.), 1964

Part 3. "Final draft as submitted to the JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSIOLOGY, 25 March 1964." Typescripts and galley proof.

Box 14 Folder 4
Blood Volume and Haemoglobin Concentration at Altitudes above 18,000 Ft. (5500 m), 1964

Part 1. Reprint, galley proof, typescript, and handwritten drafts.

Box 14 Folder 5
Blood Volume and Haemoglobin Concentration at Altitudes above 18,000 Ft. (5500 m), 1964

Part 2. Typescript drafts.

Box 14 Folder 6
Blood Volume Changes in Outdoor Exercise of 8-10 Hour Duration, 1969

Reprint and typescript drafts.

Box 14 Folder 7
Breathing Machines and Assisted Respiration, 1955

Reprint, typescript drafts and an illustration.

Box 14 Folder 8
British Himalayan Expedition to Cho Oyu, 1952

Part 1. Typescripts, black-and-white prints (2), map, and graphs.

Box 14 Folder 9
British Himalayan Expedition to Cho Oyu, 1952

Part 2. Handwritten and typescript drafts. Includes black-and-white photographs and maps.

Box 15 Folder 1 Oversize FB28006
British Himalayan Expedition to Cho Oyu, 1952

Graphs. Oversize.

Box 15 Folder 2
British Olympic Association Investigation in Mexico City: Report of the Medical Committee, 1966

In REPORT OF MEDICAL RESEARCH PROJECT INTO EFFECTS OF ALTITUDE IN MEXICO CITY IN 1965. Published report, typescripts, data, and graphs.

Box 15 Folder 3
Carbon Monoxide in Smoking: Concentration of Carbon Monoxide in Blood of Smokers and Non-Smokers, 1960

Typescripts and correspondence.

Box 15 Folder 4
Carbon Monoxide Calculations

Undated handwritten draft and notes.

Box 15 Folder 5
Carbon Monoxide Content of the Blood and Other Observations on Weddell Seals, 1959

Reprint, galley proof, typescript drafts, and correspondence.

Box 15 Folder 6
Carbon Monoxide Content of Foetal and Maternal Blood, 1963

With I. M. Young. Reprint, typescript drafts, notes, and correspondence.

Box 15 Folder 7
Carbon Monoxide Dissociation Curve of Human Blood, 1957

With N. Joels. Part 1. Typescript and handwritten drafts, notes, data, and correspondence.

Box 15 Folder 8
Carbon Monoxide Dissociation Curve of Human Blood, 1957

With N. Joels. Part 2. Reprint, final draft, notes, and graphs.

Box 15 Folder 9
Carbon Monoxide Hazard in Antarctica, 1959

Reprint, typescript draft, graphs, and correspondence.

Box 15 Folder 10 Oversize FB28009
Carbon Monoxide Hazard in Antarctica, 1959

Graphs. Oversize.

Box 16 Folder 1
Cardiac Output in Muscular Exercise at 5,800 m (19,000 Ft.), 1964

Part 1. Reprint, galley proof, typescript drafts, and notes.

Box 16 Folder 2
Cardiac Output in Muscular Exercise at 5,800 m (19,000 Ft.), 1964

Part 2. Typescript and handwritten drafts.

Box 16 Folder 3 Oversize FB28011
Cardiac Output in Muscular Exercise at 5,800 m (19,000 Ft.)

Graphs and drawings for slides. Oversize.

Box 16 Folder 4
Circulatory Effects of High Spinal Anaesthesia in Hypertensive and Control Subjects, 1950

With C.L. Wyndham. Reprint only.

Box 16 Folder 5
Circulatory Effects of Mercurial Diuresis in Congestive Heart Failure, 1949

With C.L. Wyndham. Reprint only.

Box 16 Folder 6
Climatic and Environmental Factors in the Rheumatic Diseases, 1947

Chapter 7 in the TEXTBOOK OF RHEUMATIC DISEASES, edited by W.S.C. Copeman. Reprint, handwritten drafts and notes. Includes typescripts, "Summary of Reports Received by the Committee on Medical Research, Office of Scientific Research and Development, April 23 - April 28, and May 14 - May 19, 1945."

Box 16 Folder 7
Climatology and Heat Balance in Runners, 1968

Typescript drafts and handwritten notes.

Box 16 Folder 8
Climbing Efficiency, 1953 - 1954

Typescript and research notes on "Lung Diffusing Capacity" and "Heat and Water Loss from the Lungs," with charts for individual climbers.

Box 16 Folder 9
Clothing Insulation and Accidental Hypothermia in Youth, 1966

Reprint, typescript drafts, handwritten notes, graphs, research material, and correspondence.

Box 16 Folder 10
Clothing Problems in Polar Exploration and Mountaineering

Undated typescript, graphs and reference material.

Box 16 Folder 11
Cold Stress and Muscular Exercise, with Special Reference to Accidental Hypothermia, 1967

Reprint, typescript and handwritten drafts and notes.

Box 17 Folder 1
Colour Thermography in Running, 1974

Reprint only.

Box 17 Folder 2
Conquest of Everest, 1954

Reprint only.

Box 17 Folder 3
Contribution of Solar Radiation to the Thermal Environment of Man in Antarctica, 1961

With F.A. Chrenko. Part 1. Reprint, typescript drafts and handwritten notes.

Box 17 Folder 4
Contribution of Solar Radiation to the Thermal Environment of Man in Antarctica, 1961

With F.A. Chrenko. Part 2. Typescript and handwritten research notes and graphs.

Box 17 Folder 5 Oversize FB28203
Contribution of Solar Radiation to the Thermal Environment of Man in Antarctica, 1961

Graphs. Oversize.

Box 17 Folder 6
Deaths from Exposure on Four Inns Walking Competition, March 14-15, 1964

Reprint, handwritten and typescript drafts and correspondence.

Box 17 Folder 7 Oversize FB28012
Deaths from Exposure on Four Inns Walking Competition, March 14-15, 1964

Graphs. Oversize.

Box 17 Folder 8
Dehydration Treatment of Rheumatic Fever, 1950

With W.S.C. Copeman. Reprint only.

Box 17 Folder 9
Draft for B. Bishop's Section of the Royal Geographical Paper on the Scientific Work of the 1960-1961..., 1962

Typescript.

Box 17 Folder 10
Effect of Altitude on Athletic Performance, 1965

Typescript and handwritten drafts.

Box 17 Folder 11
Effect of Body Fat on the Rate of Cooling during Swimming, 1954

With O.G. Edholm. Typescripts, handwritten notes and graphs.

Box 17 Folder 12
Effective Area of the Human Body with Respect to Direct Solar Radiation, 1966

With F.A. Chrenko. Reprint, galley proof, typescript draft, and handwritten notes.

Box 17 Folder 13 Oversize FB28013
Effective Area of the Human Body with Respect to Direct Solar Radiation, 1966

Graphs. Oversize.

Box 17 Folder 14
Effect of Acute and Chronic Exposure to Low Oxygen Supply on Consciousness, 1962

Reprint, handwritten draft, typescript figure captions, and graphs.

Box 17 Folder 15
Effects of Altitude on Food and Oxygen Intake on Basal Metabolism, 1965

Tables prepared for handbook entitled ENVIRONMENTAL BIOLOGY. Includes correspondence.

Box 17 Folder 16
Effects of Artificial Dehydration in Rheumatism, 1945

Reprint only.

Box 17 Folder 17
Effects of High Altitude on Man, 1964

Reprint only.

Box 17 Folder 18
Effects of Oxygen on Acclimated Men at High Altitude, 1954

Reprint and typescript drafts.

Box 17 Folder 19
Energy Cost of Walking and Running against Wind, 1970

Typescripts and handwritten notes. "Paper used in conjunction with graphs for Opening Day, May 5, 1970."

Box 18 Folder 1
Epidemic Typhus Fever among Polish Evacuees from Russia, 1942

Typescripts and handwritten notes.

Box 18 Folder 2
Everest Clothing Story, 1954

Reprint, galley proof and correspondence.

Box 18 Folder 3
Everest Then and Now, 1983

With John R. Sutton. Typescript, handwritten drafts and correspondence.

Box 18 Folder 4
Everest without Oxygen: A Theoretical Study by L.G.C.E. Pugh and J.R. Sutton, 1982

Part 1. "Rough draft, 15.7.82.," correspondence, reference material, and reprints of others.

Box 18 Folder 5
Everest without Oxygen: A Theoretical Study by L.G.C.E. Pugh and J.R. Sutton, 1982

Part 2. Notes and reprints of others.

Box 18 Folder 6
Everest without Oxygen: A Theoretical Study by L.G.C.E. Pugh and J.R. Sutton, 1982

Part 3. Handwritten drafts and notes, typescripts and reprints of others.

Box 18 Folder 7
Everest without Oxygen: A Theoretical Study by L.G.C.E. Pugh and J.R. Sutton, 1982

Part 4. Handwritten notes, correspondence and reprints of others.

Box 18 Folder 8
Exercise at Altitude, 1982

With John R. Sutton, et al. Typescript and handwritten notes.

Box 18 Folder 9
Exposure: Accidental Hypothermia, 1969 - 1970

Chapter 5 of TEACHING FIRST AID... by the Medical Commission on Accident Prevention. Typescript of book and correspondence.

Box 18 Folder 10
Exposure and Wet Clothing, 1966

Digest of a paper published in NATURE, vol. 209, no. 5030, March, 1966.

Box 18 Folder 11
Fabrics, Tents and Windproof Clothing, 1950 - 1954

Typescript draft.

Box 18 Folder 12
Fitness Tests on Skiers Training for the British Women's Alpine Ski Team, 1973

Reprints.

Box 18 Folder 13
Food Consumption and Energy Balance at Various Altitudes, 1954

Reprint only.

Box 19 Folder 1
Gooseflesh Syndrome (Acute Anhidrotic Heat Exhaustion) in Long Distance Runners, 1972

Reprint, typescript and handwritten drafts and notes.

Box 19 Folder 2
Habituation in Mountains

Undated typescript.

Box 19 Folder 3
Habituation in Relation to Mountain Safety

Undated typescript and handwritten drafts.

Box 19 Folder 4
Haematological Status of Middle- and Long-Distance Runners, 1975

Reprint only.

Box 19 Folder 5
Haemoglobin Levels on the British Himalayan Expedition to Cho Oyu in 1952 and Everest in 1953, 1954

Reprint, data and correspondence.

Box 19 Folder 6
Heat Exchanges in Long Distance Running, 1975

Part 1. Typescript and handwritten drafts.

Box 19 Folder 7
Heat Exchanges in Long Distance Running, 1975

Part 2. Handwritten notes, data and photographs of a runner.

Box 19 Folder 8
Heat Losses from the Moving Limbs in Running: The "Pendulum" Effect, 1974

Reprint only.

Box 19 Folder 9
High Altitude Physiology, 1959

Reprint, typescript drafts and correspondence.

Box 19 Folder 10
High Altitude Research: [The Everest Expedition], 1954

Typescript drafts.

Box 19 Folder 11
High Altitudes, 1965

Part 1. In EXPLORATION MEDICINE, O.G. Edholm et al., editors.

Box 19 Folder 12
High Altitudes, 1965

Part 1. Chapter 5 in THE PHYSIOLOGY OF SURVIVAL. Galley proof, typescript drafts and handwritten notes.

Box 20 Folder 1
High Altitudes, 1965

Part 2. Chapter 5 in THE PHYSIOLOGY OF SURVIVAL. Typescript and handwritten drafts, notes and index cards with citations.

Box 20 Folder 2 Oversize FB28015
High Altitudes, 1965

Chapter 5 of THE PHYSIOLOGY OF SURVIVAL. Graphs. Oversize.

Box 20 Folder 3
Himalayan Rations with Special Reference to the 1953 Expedition to Mount Everest, 1954

Reprint, typescript drafts, notes, and correspondence. Includes small notebook with six lines of annotations.

Box 20 Folder 4
Himalayan Scientific and Mountaineering Expedition,1960-1961

1962-1963. Part 1. Handwritten and typescript drafts with revisions and comments.

Box 20 Folder 5
Himalayan Scientific and Mountaineering Expedition,1960-1961

1962-1963. Part 2. "Preliminary draft. Draft (containing pencilled amendments) from which final draft was typed for Sir Charles, M.P.W. and B.M.J." Typescripts.

Box 20 Folder 6
Himalayan Scientific and Mountaineering Expedition,1960-1961

1962-1963. Part 3. "Draft submitted to the Royal Geographical Society." Typescript drafts and notecards with references.

Box 20 Folder 7
Himalayan Scientific and Mountaineering Expedition,1960-1961

1962-1963. Part 4. Reprint and "final draft." Typescripts and handwritten drafts.

Box 20 Folder 8
Himalayan Winter at 19,000 Feet, 1962

Typescripts and correspondence.

Box 20 Folder 9
Human Factors in a Space Cabin, with Special Reference to Weight and Economy, 1958

Reprint, galley proof, typescript and handwritten drafts, and charts. Also presented at the Space Medicine Symposium, October 16-17, 1958.

Box 21 Folder 1
Hypothermia in Mountain Accidents, 1969

Reprint, galley proof, typescript drafts, and correspondence.

Box 21 Folder 2
Inflatable Survival Suit, 1957

Typescript drafts and correspondence.

Box 21 Folder 3
Influence of Wind Resistance in Running and Walking and the Apparent Mechanical Efficiency of Work..., 1970

Typescript draft, notes and graphs.

Box 21 Folder 4
Influence of Wind Resistance in Running and Walking and the Mechanical Efficiency of Work..., 1970

Part 1. Reprint, galley proof, typescript drafts, and correspondence.

Box 21 Folder 5
Influence of Wind Resistance in Running and Walking and the Mechanical Efficiency of Work..., 1970

Part 2. Typescript drafts, handwritten notes and graphs.

Box 21 Folder 6 Oversize FB28018
Influence of Wind Resistance in Running and Walking and the Mechanical Efficiency of Work..., 1970

Graphs. Oversize.

Box 21 Folder 7
Information and Advice [for athletes at Mexico City Olympic Games], 1968
Box 21 Folder 8
International Physiological Expedition to the Antarctic: Note on a Visit to San Francisco, June 14-18, 1957

Typescripts.

Box 21 Folder 9
Investigation and Prevention of Skiing Accidents, 1965

Reprint, typescript draft, notes, and graph.

Box 21 Folder 10
Isafjordur Trawler Disaster, February 5, 1968

Correspondence, 1968-1970. Includes autopsy reports and area map.

Box 21 Folder 11
Isafjordur Trawler Disaster: Medical Aspects, 1968

Reprint, typescript and handwritten drafts and notes. Includes clipping from THE GUARDIAN, October 16, 1968.

Box 21 Folder 12
Life in the Highest Human Dwelling in the World, 1961

Typescript press release.

Box 21 Folder 13
Logistics of the Polar Journeys of Scott, Shackleton and Amundsen, 1972

Reprint, typescript drafts, correspondence, and photographs.

Box 22 Folder 1
Majes Project [Peru]. Camps at 3,100 and 3,500 Feet: Health Aspects, 1974 - 1975

Handwritten draft and notes.

Box 22 Folder 2
Majes Project [Peru]. Correspondence on High Altitude Working and Living Conditions, 1974 - 1975

Spiral bound photocopies of correspondence, reports and reprints. Includes Pugh's "High Altitudes," Chapter 5 of THE PHYSIOLOGY OF SURVIVAL (1965).

Box 22 Folder 3
Majes Project [Peru], 1974 - 1975

Correspondence and reprints of others.

Box 22 Folder 4
Man at High Altitude, 1964

Part 1. Reprint, galley proof, typescript draft, and correspondence. Published in THE SCIENTIFIC BASIS OF MEDICINE ANNUAL REVIEWS. Pugh's original folder annotation: "Based on British Post-Graduate Medical Foundation lecture, 18.1.62. Final draft as sent to Sir James Paterson Ross, B.P.M.F. 13th March 1963, and amendments given in letter to Sir J.P.R."

Box 22 Folder 5
Man at High Altitude, 1964

Part 2. Typescript drafts.

Box 22 Folder 6
Man at High Altitude, 1969

Reprint, galley proof, typescript and handwritten drafts, and correspondence. Published in the JOURNAL OF THE ROYAL COLLEGE OF PHYSICIANS, LONDON.

Box 22 Folder 7
Maximum Oxygen Intake in Himalayan Mountaineers, 1971

Reprint, typescript drafts, notes, graphs, correspondence, and comments.

Box 23 Folder 1
Maximum Oxygen Uptake at Low Altitude

Undated handwritten draft.

Box 23 Folder 2
Mean Skin and Rectal Temperature in Outdoor Running, 1974 - 1975

Part 1. Typescript draft and correspondence. This paper was revised and resubmitted as "Skin Temperature during Running: A Study Using Infra-Red Colour Thermography," and published in 1976.

Box 23 Folder 3
Mean Skin and Rectal Temperature in Outdoor Running, 1974 - 1975

Part 2. Typescripts and handwritten drafts.

Box 23 Folder 4
Mean Skin and Rectal Temperature in Outdoor Running, 1974 - 1975

Part 3. Typescripts and handwritten drafts.

Box 23 Folder 5
Measurement of Cardiac Output and Changes Which Occur during Training, 1965

Typescript. "Extract from ERGONOMICS, volume 8, number 2, page 275, April, 1965."

Box 23 Folder 6 Oversize FB28020
Measurement of Cardiac Output and Changes Which Occur during Training, 1965

Graphs. Oversize.

Box 23 Folder 7
Measurement of Skin Temperature during Running in an Outdoor Environment, 1974 - 1975

Typescript drafts, handwritten notes and correspondence. This paper was revised, resubmitted and published as "Skin Temperature during Running: A Study Using Infra-Red Colour Thermography," 1976.

Box 23 Folder 8
Medical Aspects of Competitive Athletics, 1967

Abstract only.

Box 23 Folder 9
Medical Hazards of Climbing Mount Kenya. 18 July, 1962

Typescript.

Box 23 Folder 10
Memorandum: Conversations with B.C. Bishop on 4th December 1963 Re His Ascent of Mount Everest in May, 1963

Typescript.

Box 23 Folder 11
Metabolic Response to Cold during Exercise and Its Relation to Accidental Hypothermia

Undated typescript draft and graphs.

Box 23 Folder 12 Oversize FB28021
Metabolic Response to Cold during Exercise and Its Relation to Accidental Hypothermia, 1966 - 1967

Graphs. Oversize.

Box 23 Folder 13
Metabolism, Breathing Regulations and Oxygen Saturation of Human Beings in the Highest Laboratory in the World, 1961

Typescript.

Box 23 Folder 14
Modified Acetylene Method for the Determination of Cardiac Output during Muscular Exercise, 1972

Part 1. Reprint and typescript draft entitled "Cardiac Output at High Work Intensity Measured by Grollman's Acetylene Method with Estimation of Acetylene by Combustion." Includes handwritten notes and graphs.

Box 23 Folder 15
Modified Acetylene Method for the Determination of Cardiac Output during Muscular Exercise, 1972

Handwritten and typescript drafts.

Box 24 Folder 1
Mount Cho Oyu, 1952, Mount Everest, 1953, 1983

Reprint, typescript draft, abstract, and correspondence.

Box 24 Folder 2
Mountain Exploration. In AMERICAN HANDBOOK OF PHYSIOLOGY, 1963

Part 1. Galley proof, typescript and handwritten drafts.

Box 24 Folder 3
Mountain Exploration. In AMERICAN HANDBOOK OF PHYSIOLOGY, 1963

Part 2. Handwritten and typescript drafts.

Box 24 Folder 4
Mountain Warfare Training Centre. Mountaineer Wing, 1943 - 1944

"Injuries Due to Sun and Cold." Typescript and handwritten draft and notes.

Box 24 Folder 5
Mountain Warfare Training Centre. Mountaineer Wing, 1943 - 1944

"Medical Report." Typescript.

Box 24 Folder 6
Mountain Warfare Training Centre. Mountaineer Wing, 1943 - 1944

"Notes on Equipment: A. Clothing; B. Personal Equipment." Typescript.

Box 24 Folder 7
Mountain Warfare Training Centre. Mountaineer Wing, 1943 - 1944

"Notes on Handling Casualties During [Training] at the Wing;" "Evacuation of Casualties." Typescripts. Also includes pamphlet, "MILITARY REPORTS ON THE UNITED NATIONS," number 15, 15 February 1944, issued by the War Department, Military Intelligence Division, Washington, D.C.

Box 24 Folder 8
Mountain Warfare Training Centre. Mountaineer Wing, 1943 - 1944

"Notes on Hygiene." Typescript and handwritten draft.

Box 24 Folder 9
Mountain Warfare Training Centre. Mountaineer Wing, 1943 - 1944

"Notes on Mountain Training in Cold Weather Conditions." Typescript.

Box 24 Folder 10
Mountain Warfare Training Centre. Mountaineer Wing, 1943 - 1944

"Physiological Considerations." Typescript and handwritten drafts.

Box 24 Folder 11
Mountain Warfare Training Centre. Mountaineer Wing, 1943 - 1944

"Rations for Mountaineer Troops." Typescript and handwritten notes.

Box 24 Folder 12
Mountain Warfare Training Centre. Mountaineer Wing, 1943 - 1944

"Selection of Personnel." Typescripts.

Box 24 Folder 13
Mountain Warfare Training Centre. Mountaineer Wing, 1943 - 1944

"The Step Test and Its Value as a Test of Physical Fitness for Strenuous Exertion Considered in Relation to Mountain [Warfare] Training." Typescript, notes, data, and reports on the step test.

Box 24 Folder 14
Mountain Warfare Training Centre. Mountaineer Wing, 1943 - 1944

"The Theory and Practice of Load Carrying by Man Pack." Handwritten draft and notes. Includes photograph of painting of a [?] mountaineer soldier.

Box 24 Folder 15
Mountain Warfare Training Centre. Ski Wing. Final Report, 1942 - 1943

Typescript reports with handwritten notes.

Box 24 Folder 16
Mountain Warfare Training Centre. Ski Wing. Final Report, 1942 - 1943

Section 2, Selection of Personnel, Section 9, Range and Load Carrying and Section 11, Hygiene, of the "Final Report." Typescript and handwritten drafts and notes.

Box 25 Folder 1
Mountain Warfare Training Centre. Supplement Number 1 to Final Report, 1943 - 1944

"Manual of Ski Technique and Method of Instruction." Typescript with handwritten notes.

Box 25 Folder 2
Mountain Warfare Training Centre. Supplement Number 2 to Final Report, 1942 - 1943

"The Physiology of Military Ski-ing." Typescript.

Box 25 Folder 3
Mountaineer Physiologist, 1965

Contribution by Pugh to the ROADRUNNERS' CLUB NEWSLETTER, No. 56, April. Reprint.

Box 25 Folder 4
Muscular Exercise at Great Altitudes, 1964

Part 1. With M.B. Grill, et al. Reprint, galley proof, typescript drafts, and graphs.

Box 25 Folder 5
Muscular Exercise at Great Altitudes, 1964

Part 2. Typescript and handwritten drafts.

Box 25 Folder 6 Oversize FB28107
Muscular Exercise at Great Altitudes, 1964

Graphs. Oversize.

Box 25 Folder 7
Muscular Exercise on Mount Everest, 1958

Part 1. Typescript draft dated January 5, 1957 and undated handwritten drafts.

Box 25 Folder 8
Muscular Exercise on Mount Everest, 1958

Part 2. Undated handwritten draft and typescript pages.

Box 25 Folder 9
Muscular Exercise on Mount Everest, 1958

Part 3. Galley proof, typescript draft and correspondence.

Box 25 Folder 10
Muscular Exercise on Mount Everest, 1957 - 1958

Part 4. Typescript and handwritten drafts, notes and correspondence.

Box 25 Folder 11
Muscular Exercise on Mount Everest, 1958

Graphs and tables.

Box 25 Folder 12 Oversize FB28108
Muscular Exercise on Mount Everest, 1958

Graphs and tables. Oversize.

Box 26 Folder 1
Notes on Temperature and Snow Conditions in the Everest Region in Spring 1952 and 1953

Reprint, typescript draft, graphs, and correspondence.

Box 26 Folder 2
Observations of the Effects of Solar Radiation on the Thermal Environment Inside Tents in Antarctica, 1961

With F.A. Chrenko. Reprint only.

Box 26 Folder 3
Olympic Research Project: Mexico City, October, 1967

Report to the British Olympic Association. With M. Turner, et al. Typescript draft, graphs, correspondence, and a memorandum, "Summary of Conclusions."

Box 26 Folder 4
Oxygen Intake and Energy Cost of Walking Before and After Unilateral Hip Replacement with Some Observations..., 1973

Part 1. Includes notebook with data, graphs and slides.

Box 26 Folder 5
Oxygen Intake and Energy Cost of Walking Before and After Unilateral Hip Replacement with Some Observations..., 1973

Part 2. Handwritten drafts, notebook and graphs.

Box 26 Folder 6
Oxygen Intake in Track and Treadmill Running with Observations on the Effect of Air Resistance, 1970

Part 1. Reprint, galley proof, typescript draft, and notes.

Box 26 Folder 7
Oxygen Intake in Track and Treadmill Running with Observations on the Effect of Air Resistance, 1970

Part 2. Galley proof, typescript and handwritten drafts, notes, and correspondence.

Box 26 Folder 8
Oxygen Intake in Track and Treadmill Running with Observations on the Effect of Air Resistance, 1970

Part 3. Typescript and handwritten drafts.

Box 26 Folder 9
Oxygen Intake in Track and Treadmill Running with Observations on the Effect of Air Resistance, 1970

Part 4. Typescript and handwritten drafts.

Box 26 Folder 10 Oversize FB28110
Oxygen Intake in Track and Treadmill Running with Observations on the Effect of Air Resistance, 1970

Graphs. Oversize.

Box 27 Folder 1
Oxygen on Everest, 1954

Reprint only.

Box 27 Folder 2
Physical Conditioning, 1974

With Richard Nagle. "Prepared for the British Cardiac Society." Typescript drafts and correspondence.

Box 27 Folder 3
Physical Environment and Rheumatic Disease: Climatic Distribution, 1951 - 1971

Chapter in multiple editions of TEXTBOOK OF THE RHEUMATIC DISEASES. Galley proof and correspondence.

Box 27 Folder 4
Physiological and Medical Aspects of the Himalayan Scientific and Mountaineering Expedition, 1960-1961, 1962

Reprints and typescript draft.

Box 27 Folder 5
Physiological Causes of Accidents, 1963

Reprint only.

Box 27 Folder 6
Physiological Commentary, 1959

"Published by the Ski Club of Great Britain." Typescript drafts and correspondence.

Box 27 Folder 7
Physiological Expedition to the Antarctic, 1957

Galley proof and typescript draft.

Box 27 Folder 8
Physiological Factors in Marathon Running, 1971

Reprint and typescript.

Box 27 Folder 9
Physiological Fitness Testing of Trainees and Members of the British Women's Alpine Ski Team

Undated typescripts.

Box 27 Folder 10
Physiological Investigations at Font-Romeu, September 19 - October 5, 1967

Typescript drafts.

Box 27 Folder 11
Physiological Observations on Marathon Runners in England, 1967

Undated typescript draft and handwritten notes.