L. G. C. E. Pugh Papers, 1940 - 1986 (MSS 0491)

Access: Document contained in Box 39, Folder 12 is restricted because of its fragility; researchers must use the photocopy substitute. Photographs of Channel swimmers located in Box 49, Folder 4 are deemed medical records and are restricted accordingly.

Extent: 43.5 Linear feet 88 archives boxes, 1 record carton, 5 card files and 48 oversize folders

The papers of L.G.C.E. Pugh, a British physiologist and mountaineer who combined field and laboratory research in pioneering work in modern high-altitude physiology and sports medicine. Pugh conducted studies on the impact of the environment on human physiology and performance during the 1952 British Himalayan Expedition to Mt. Cho Oyu, the 1953 British Himalayan Expedition to Mt. Everest, the 1960-1961 Himalayan Scientific and Mountaineering Expedition to Mt. Everest, and the 1957-1958 Trans-Antarctic Expedition. His research interests were altitude, temperature and exertion. The data he obtained on Mt. Cho Oyu demonstrated the importance of adequate hydration and oxygen, findings that were crucial to the first successful climb of Mt. Everest in 1953. Pugh was the lead scientist on that expedition, and, with Edmund Hillary, he co-led the 1960-1961 Himalayan Scientific and Mountaineering Expedition, ("Silver Hut'), which spent five months at 19,000 ft. or higher on Mt. Everest. Pugh also studied distance swimmers and runners and took part in the evaluation and training of athletes for the 1968 Olympic Games. The collection contains Pugh's expedition and laboratory research files with notes, calculations and graphs documenting his experiments with mountain climbers, swimmers, runners and his work on respiration for polio patients; correspondence, much of it related to his research; reprints and drafts of journal articles, reports and unpublished writings; information on laboratory equipment and techniques, and photographic material documenting expeditions and experiments. The papers are arranged in twelve series: 1) MISCELLANEOUS MATERIAL; 2) GENERAL CORRESPONDENCE; 3) WRITINGS BY PUGH; 4) EXPEDITIONS; 5) PHYSIOLOGICAL STUDIES, 1940-1949; 6) PHYSIOLOGICAL STUDIES, 1950-1959; 7) PHYSIOLOGICAL STUDIES, 1960-1969; 8) PHYSIOLOGICAL STUDIES, 1970-1979; 9) LABORATORY APPARATUS, CALIBRATIONS AND TECHNIQUES; 10) CONFERENCES, LECTURES AND SYMPOSIA, 11) WRITINGS OF OTHERS, and 12) ORIGINALS OF PRESERVATION PHOTOCOPIES.

Lewis Griffith Cresswell Evans Pugh was born on October 19, 1909, in Shrewsbury, England. He studied medicine at Oxford University and obtained his medical degree in 1939. At the start of World War II he joined the British Army as a medical officer and in 1943 was sent to the Mountain Warfare Training Centre to select, train and evaluate the fitness of ski troops at a school for mountain warfare in Lebanon. There he began a career of research into the physiological effects of altitude, temperature and exertion.

At the end of the war Pugh was in Belgium carrying out research in rheumatology, which he concluded in England at the British Postgraduate Medical School, London.

He then began cardiovascular research but was interrupted in 1947 by an invitation from the British Navy to accompany a voyage to the Arctic. This expedition brought him back to field physiology and the study of responses to cold. In 1950 Pugh joined the Medical Research Council's new Division in Human Physiology, set up to study the effects of extreme environments. He continued his research on cold and carried out groundbreaking work in determining the thermal conductivity of human tissue and the role of subcutaneous fat in tolerance to cold water immersion.

Pugh went on four more expeditions during his career, three to the Himalayas (Mt. Cho Oyu, 1952, Mt. Everest, 1953, and the Scientific and Mountaineering Expedition 1960-1961), and the 1957 Trans-Antarctic Expedition. The data he collected from the Cho Oyu climbers indicated that adequate hydration and nutrition were important factors, and that the oxygen equipment and clothing used by earlier expeditions had not been optimally designed. His work on hydration, nutrition, oxygen flow rates and protective clothing solved many of the problems of high altitude activity and contributed to the success of the 1953 British expedition to Mt. Everest. Pugh had helped plan and outfit the expedition, participated as the lead scientist and physician and became part of the group of scientists- Bruno Balke, R.B. and T.B. Bourdillon, David Bruce Dill, Charles Houston, Ulrich Luft, Nello Pace, Michael Ward, John West- that established modern high altitude physiology.

In 1957 Pugh took part, with Nello Pace, in the first Trans-Antarctic Expedition, visiting Scott Base and the South Pole. He studied cold stress and the effects of solar radiation on humans and the adaptive mechanisms of seals. In 1960, he headed the scientific team on the Himalayan Scientific and Mountaineering Expedition, led by Edmund Hillary. This expedition became known as the Silver Hut Expedition, named for the laboratory set up on the Ming Bo glacier at 19,000 ft. Researchers spent five months investigating the physiology of exertion and levels of respiratory oxygen.

When not on expeditions, Pugh conducted laboratory research at the Medical Research Council's Human Physiology Division. In 1954 the Council appointed Pugh to study respiratory failure and the use of respirators in cases of poliomyelitis. He set up the Laboratory for Field Physiology at the National Hospital in London, where he also carried out research in carbon monoxide poisoning.

In 1964 the deaths of four hikers from exposure led to Pugh's continuing his research into the effects of cold. In a series of field and laboratory experiments, he demonstrated that the combined cooling effects of wind and wet clothing could quickly lead to hypothermia even when the temperature was above freezing. The next year, the British Olympic Committee asked Pugh to head a research group to study the effects of altitude on athletes in preparation for the 1968 Olympic Games in Mexico City, located above 7,000 ft. Pugh also found that distance runners were subject to heat stress. For the rest of the decade, and into the 1970s, Pugh designed and conducted experiments with athletes as subjects, and closed his career with studies using infra-red thermography to learn how athletes regulate body temperature.

Pugh died on December 22, 1994.

Sources: THE TIMES (London), January 7, 1995; HYPOXIA SYMPOSIUM, J.R. Sutton, et al., eds., 1993; West, J., HIGH LIFE: A HISTORY OF HIGH-ALTITUDE PHYSIOLOGY AND MEDICINE, 1998.

The papers of L.G.C.E. Pugh document his scientific career and his participation in the 1952 British Himalayan Expedition to Mt. Cho Oyu, the 1953 British Himalayan Expedition to Mt. Everest, the 1957-1958 Trans-Antarctic Expedition, and the 1960-1961 British Himalayan Scientific and Mountaineering Expedition. The collection contains administrative and organizational reports, correspondence, draft writings and reprints, research and expedition notes, calculations and data, photographic material, manufacturers' brochures and catalogs of equipment used in the laboratory and the field. The bulk of the collection documents Pugh's research. The papers span the period 1940-1986, occupy 43 linear feet and are arranged in twelve series: 1) MISCELLANEOUS MATERIAL; 2) CORRESPONDENCE; 3) WRITINGS BY PUGH; 4) EXPEDITIONS; 5) PHYSIOLOGICAL STUDIES, 1940-1949; 6) PHYSIOLOGICAL STUDIES, 1950-1959; 7) PHYSIOLOGICAL STUDIES, 1960-1969; 8) PHYSIOLOGICAL STUDIES, 1970-1979; 9) LABORATORY APPARATUS, CALIBRATIONS, TECHNIQUES; 10) CONFERENCES, LECTURES AND SYMPOSIA; 11) WRITINGS OF OTHERS, and 12) ORIGINALS OF PRESERVATION PHOTOCOPIES.

SERIES 1: MISCELLANEOUS MATERIAL

The MISCELLANEOUS MATERIAL is arranged in two subseries: A) General and B) Appointment Calendars.

A) General. This subseries is arranged alphabetically by topic and contains Pugh's summaries of his career, annual reports (1956-1974) of the Laboratory for Field Physiology, and meeting minutes (1956-1958) of the Medical Research Council's scientific staff. It also includes a file of newspaper reports that refer to Pugh's work on cases of hypothermia and photographs of Pugh in formal and informal settings.

B) Appointment Calendars. Pugh's desk calendars, which he called "planners," track his appointments for an eighteen year period between 1950 and 1973. They were used mainly for scheduling his speaking, travel and social engagements, but the second part of the 1958 diary has long entries made during his participation in the Trans-Antarctic expedition that year.

SERIES 2: CORRESPONDENCE

The CORRESPONDENCE series, arranged alphabetically by correspondent, contains letters from members of the high altitude physiology community including David B. Dill, Ulrich Luft, Nello Pace, Michael P. Ward, and John B. West. Also included are letters from professional organizations, sports clubs, journals, and expedition planners. Pugh also kept correspondence in his expedition and research files.

SERIES 3: WRITINGS BY PUGH

The WRITINGS series begins with chronological lists of Pugh's publications and contains almost all of his published and unpublished works. Most of the published works are journal articles that summarize the results of his experimental physiology studies and are often in multiple drafts accompanied by research notes, data, reference material, and copies of previous work. Also included are articles describing his experiences and research on expeditions. There are chapters Pugh contributed to physiology textbooks and reports he wrote as a medical officer during World War II filed under "Mountain Warfare Training Centre." Pugh's work in physiological measurement often provided the first instance of baseline data, e.g., "Thermal Conductivity of Human Fat and Muscle." His "Report on Scientific Work in Connection with the Mount Everest Expedition in 1953," incorporating his findings from the Mt. Cho Oyu expedition research, was the foundation for the success of the British expedition in 1953.

SERIES 4: EXPEDITIONS

The EXPEDITIONS series documents Pugh's participation in three major mountaineering expeditions, an Antarctic expedition and several miscellaneous expeditions and is arranged in five subseries: A) British Himalayan Expedition to Mt. Cho Oyu, 1952; B) British Himalayan Expedition to Mt. Everest, 1953; C) Trans-Antarctic Expedition, 1957-1958; D) Silver Hut, 1960-1961; and E) Miscellaneous Expeditions Material, 1947-1959. Each subseries is arranged alphabetically by topic.

A) British Himalayan Expedition to Mt. Cho Oyu, 1952. Expedition leader Eric Shipton asked Pugh to to serve as physician and physiologist for this reconnaissance expedition for the planned 1953 Everest attempt. Pugh was to test oxygen units and other equipment and determine the most efficient oxygen flow rate to improve climbers' performance. Pugh subjected expedition members and their equipment to intensive evaluation. Data analysis indicated that adequate hydration and nutrition were important factors and that the oxygen equipment and protective clothing used by earlier expeditions had not been optimally designed. This subseries contains Pugh's letters to Shipton, his expedition diary and notebooks with field data and information he gathered on equipment and rations used by previous expeditions. It also includes photographs of mountain terrain and villages, climbing equipment, expedition members and local people.

B) British Himalayan Expedition to Mt. Everest, 1953. Pugh was the "lead scientist" on the first expedition to reach the summit, again in a dual role as researcher and physician. This subseries contains correspondence among expedition members Charles Evans, Edmund Hillary, John Hunt and others, an expedition diary Pugh kept during the climb, research notes and data, questionnaires on food and equipment completed by expedition members, lists and descriptions of equipment. It includes photographs of expedition members, campsites, local people, equipment, and terrain.

C) Trans-Antarctic Expedition, 1957-1958. Pugh accompanied this expedition to study the effects of low temperatures, the danger of carbon monoxide poisoning and to evaluate equipment. Polar expeditions arrived in the summer, spent the winter doing research and were picked up the following summer. While in Antarctica Pugh and Edmund Hillary thought about the possibility of adapting this type of schedule for a Himalayan expedition. This subseries contains correspondence, research data, notes and information about equipment, and photographs. See also SERIES 1B: Appointment Calendar 1958 and SERIES 7P.

D) Silver Hut Expedition, 1960-1961.

Pugh and Hillary used the polar expedition model for this expedition, formally called the Himalayan Scientific and Mountaineering Expedion, and set up a research laboratory, the "Silver Hut," at 19,000 feet. The subseries contains the plan for the expedition, the legal agreement with its sponsor, correspondence among expedition members Edmund Hillary, J.S. Milledge, John West and others, and blueprints for the Silver Hut laboratory. Also included are descriptions of the scientific program, EKGs for expedition members, questionnaires they completed after the expedition, photographs, minutes of a meeting held by the scientific team, equipment lists and descriptions and financial records. See also SERIES 7G and 7H.

E) Miscellaneous Expedition Material, 1947-1971. Pugh's earliest expedition, after his wartime assignments, was with the Royal Naval Expedition to the Arctic in 1947. This subseries contains Pugh's research notes from that expedition, as well as correspondence and miscellaneous material from other expeditions he was consulted about or that interested him.

ARRANGEMENT OF THE PHYSIOLOGICAL STUDIES SERIES

Throughout his career, Pugh emphasized the importance of field work. He would identify and define problems in the laboratory, work toward solutions in the field and return to the laboratory to analyze field data and design follow-up experiments. His approach, influenced by his war experiences and the focus of the Medical Research Council's environmental program, was to examine the effects of extremes: high altitude, low temperature, and elite athletes. He also developed practical applications of his findings, preparing guidelines and designing equipment for survival in harsh conditions.

Pugh's physiology research files reflect his approach and methods and are arranged in four series of PHYSIOLOGICAL STUDIES, arranged by decade. Individual projects and experiments are arranged alphabetically in subseries within the series in which they begin. For the most part, the subseries folders retain Pugh's original file headings.

SERIES 5: PHYSIOLOGICAL STUDIES, 1940-1949.

A) Channel Swimming. From the late 1940s through the mid-1950s Pugh conducted a series of experiments on long distance swimmers attempting to cross the English Channel. The experimental protocols measured body type, specific gravity, subcutaneous fat, cold tolerance, and diet. His findings indicated that body build and fat played an important role in a swimmer's success. Included are data notebooks, protocols, graphs, maps, and correspondence.

B) Lung Volume. The subject of oxygen transport was central to Pugh's interest in the effects of the environment and exertion upon performance. This subseries contains experimental data that spans a decade of his measurements of lung capacity, dead space and the analysis of gases in expired air.

C) Mountain Warfare Training Centre. In 1942 Pugh was assigned to the Ski Wing of this training center located in Lebanon at over 6,000 ft. He was responsible for designing procedures and writing reports on the selection, training, testing, and maintenance of mountain warfare troops. This subseries contains data on prospective trainees gathered at different points during the selection and training process, reference material, notes, and memoranda on rations, clothing, equipment, navigation, and survival in cold and snow. See also SERIES 3: Mountain Warfare Training Centre.

D) Polish Refugee Camp and Epidemic Thyphus. Prior to his assignment at the Training Center, Pugh was stationed at a camp receiving Polish refugees, some of whom had contracted typhus. The subseries contains data on the origin of the epidemic, the course of the disease in patients and recommendations on rations.

E) Rheumatoid Arthritis. At the end of the war, Pugh carried out a series of experiments on healthy soldiers in Holland in 1945 and continued this line of research in England at Hammersmith Hospital from 1947-1950. The preliminary work focused on the relationship of trigger points and nodules as indices of the disease, and the Hammersmith work went on to explore blood flow, the effects of cold water immersion and why jaundice and pregnancy brought about remission. Included are data notebooks and correspondence.

SERIES 6: PHYSIOLOGICAL STUDIES, 1950-1959

A) Blood Experiments. Between 1950-1972 Pugh worked on the analysis of blood gases using several techniques and various subjects: cigarrette smokers, mothers and babies and Weddell seals. He looked at the effects of smoking, carbon monoxide and blood volumes on blood gases. Included are data notebooks, protocols and procedures.

B) Carbon Monoxide Poisoning. This set of experiments conducted between 1953-1960 focused on the carbon monoxide dissociation curve in deoxygenated blood samples and tested various methods of resuscitation on dogs. The subseries contains experimental data.

C) Hypnosis. This small set of experiments conducted in 1959-1960 looked at respiratory and metabolic changes in hypnotized human subjects and contains protocols, experimental data and graphs.

D) Miscellaneous Experiments, "Old". This is the first of the two categories Pugh used for single file experiments. Work in this subseries was done in 1950-1959, and represents several research areas: thermal conductivity, carbon dioxide sensitivity and body fat measurement.

E) Respiration and Poliomyelitis. This subseries contains data gathered on patients at Queen's Square Hospital in1955-1956, and material on Pugh's work with the Working Party on Bulbar Paralysis (1954-1957), which looked into areas of respiratory paralysis in need of research, and the Breathing Machines Group (1955-1960), which evaluated the types of machines available to polio patients. The Groups' recommendations cover clinical assessment and diagnosis, management of patients in respirators, and basic research into respiratory failure. The subseries contains correspondence, agendas, memoranda, reports and press releases. See also SERIES 3: Report on Visit to Copenhagen..., and SERIES 9A: Poliomyelitis Breathing Machines.

F) Resting Experiments. There are two small experiments in this subseries. The "Slimming Experiment," conducted in 1956-1957, involved an overweight, thirty-three year old subject in a weight loss program, and measured respiratory exchange, food and fluids, water loss, and water content of body fat. The "Meditation Experiment" examined the effects of meditation and measured oxygen volume, ventilation and respiration before, during and after meditation.

G) Solar Radiation. The experiments in this subseries used data gathered in the Trans-Antarctic Expedition, 1958-1959, to examine the relationships between clothing, insulation, temperture, and radiation. It includes handwritten research data and notes from the Antarctic expedition. See also SERIES 4C.

H) Work Experiments. A long series of experiments, 1951-1965, measured physiological responses to a variety of activities: bicycling, the Harvard step test, standing, swimming, and walking. Pugh was often one of the subjects in these experiments. The protocols measured oxygen consumption, calorie cost, heart rate, gas mixtures and Wolf temperature pill results. Included are protocols, experimental data and graphs.

SERIES 7: PHYSIOLOGICAL STUDIES, 1960-1969

A) Bracknell 40 Km. Trials. Looking toward British participation in the Mexico City Olympic Games in 1968, runners and walkers participated in a series of experiments at the Bracknell outdoor track to evaluate performance. Protocols measured blood, lactic acid, body temperature, and weight. Pugh was particularly concerned about chronic dehydration in the endurance events, and one experiment had a special diet for long distance walkers. Included are research notes, experimental data, protocols, and graphs.

B) Cardiac Output. This 1963-1964 set of experiments used different approaches- the acetylene, carbon dioxide and Haldane combustion methods- to measure cardiac output. Includes protocols, data notebooks and graphs.

C) Edale 1 and Edale 2 - Exposure. Named for a town in the Derbyshire Hills, these 1964-1965 experiments had a group of Rover Scouts, nineteen to twenty-five years old, walk twenty miles of hilly terrain in 10 to 12 hours. Not long before, four young hikers had died from hypothermia during a hill-walking race and Pugh was asked to investigate the possible causes. The protocols recorded blood volume, energy expenditure, lactic acid, heart rates, skin temperatures, and urine composition. Included are data notebooks, experimental results and graphs. See also Series 3: Thermal Metabolic, Blood and Circulatory Adjustments in Prolonged Outdoor Exercise.

D) Exposure. These laboratory experiments, conducted between 1965 and 1971, follow on from the Edale field work, further investigating physiological responses to cold, damp and windy conditions. Data was gathered in wind tunnel and cold chamber experiments, in post-mortem examinations, and case histories. Included are experimental data, protocols, case histories, information, and a fabric sample for a "survival suit."

E) Farnborough Treadmill. This 1967-1968 study focused on the effects of wind on treadmill running. Protocols measured oxygen consumption, expired air, and velocity. The subseries includes data, graphs and photographs of Pugh, a runner and a treadmill chamber.

F) Font Romeu Pre-Olympic Games Training Center. The work done at this center in 1967 investigated the effects of high altitude on Olympic-level athletes. Protocols recorded data on 20-mile race walkers and runners in the three mile and marathon events, measuring their oxygen consumption, heart rate, sweat rate, and blood gases. Pugh's focus was air resistance, oxygen debt, arterial oxygen saturation, running efficiency, body temperature, and the effect of prior altitude training on sea level performance. The subseries includes experimental data, protocols and notes on proposed research.

G) Himalayan Blood Experiments. Blood data was collected during the 1960-1961 Himalayan Scientific and Mountaineering Expedition and samples from British and Sherpa climbers were taken and analyzed for carbon dioxide dissociation, pH and saturation levels in relation to altitude levels. The subseries includes experimental data, notes and graphs. See also SERIES 4D.

H) Himalayan Expedition Experiments. This set of experiments focused on "work" related factors-- cardiac output, blood pressure and gases, and expired air-- gathering data from climbers during the 1960-1961 Himalayan expedition. Expedition data was then compared to sea level data collected before the trip. This subseries also contains data from Man Bahadur, the "Nepalese pilgrim" who wandered into the base camp, and from Sherpas and other Indians. See also SERIES 4D.

I) Marathon Running. These experiments were conducted between 1966 and 1968 and addressed Pugh's concern with heat stress in distance runners. Data was collected from several races with protocols measuring body temperature, weight, lactic acid, and diet. The subseries includes experimental data, correspondence and graphs.

J) Mexico City, 1965. In preparation for Britain's participation in the 1968 Olympic Games, Pugh studied six long distance runners in a month-long series of tests and evaluations in Mexico City at 7,434 feet. Protocols measured oxygen intake, work rates, carbon dioxide percentages, heart rates, and temperature. The subseries includes a notebook with newspaper clippings about Pugh and the experiments, protocols, graphs, and data notebooks.

K) Mexico City, 1967-1968. This subseries contains data collected shortly before and during the Games. The protocols cover calcium levels, urine and plasma analyses, and EKGs. Also included is a scrapbook kept by Mike Turner, an Olympic distance runner and one of Pugh's long-term research subjects. The scrapbook contains event results, newspaper clippings and annotations.

L) Miscellaneous Experiments - "Z Series". This is the second of Pugh's categories for single file experiments and contains work done between 1951-1972, although most are from the 1960s. Again, this subseries represents a range of Pugh's continuing research areas: oxygen, carbon monoxide, lactic acid, and adds work on blood glucose, women's temperatures and laboratory techniques. It includes experimental data, notes, graphs, and reference material.

M) Motspur Park and St. Mary's Tracks. These experiments carried out between 1966 and 1969 focused on air resistance and the energy cost of running on an outdoor track. There are protocols for a glycogen-fat study, oxygen consumption and respiratory exchange. The subseries includes data notebooks, protocols and graphs.

N) Ski Girls. These experiments conducted between 1966 and 1972 compared three groups of women: Olympic-level skiers, competent skiers and non-skiers or "normals." The subjects performed several types of tests- knee bends, step tests and pedaling. Protocols measured oxygen intake, heart rate, skinfold thickness, among others. Included are experimental notes and data, protocols and graphs. The subseries also includes correspondence, newspaper clippings and photographs.

O) Skin and Rectal Temperature. These 1967-1975 experiments investigated heat regulation in runners and were conducted at outdoor tracks and under controlled conditions in the laboratory. Protocols recorded body temperature, EKGs, respiratory water, and metabolic weight loss. Included are experimental notes and data, protocols and graphs.

P) Solar Radiation. These studies were done between 1958-1975, with the bulk of the experiments conducted between 1960 and 1969. Data was collected in Antarctica, the Himalayas, Mexico City, and the Kew Observatory in Surrey, England. Protocols cover sextant altitude, sextant error, parallax, and latitude. The subseries includes experimental protocols, data, notes, graphs, and correspondence. See also SERIES 4C.

Q) Treadmill Wind Experiments. Most of these 1968-1970 experiments were conducted in wind tunnels with subjects walking or skating on treadmills and gradients. Protocols measured work rate, oxygen consumption, wind, and drag. The subseries includes experimental protocols, notes, data, graphs, and photographs.

SERIES 8: PHYSIOLOGICAL STUDIES, 1970-1979

A) Cardiac Output. This 1970-1974 work involved two cyclists, a fourteen year old subject and a non-athlete female subject. Protocols measured heart rate, expired air, and gas analysis. In 1973-1974 Pugh was secretary of the Exercise Subcommittee, Working Party on Cardiac Rehabilitation, and this subseries includes correspondence and meeting agendas for the group. Also included are protocols, experimental data, graphs, and EKG printouts.

B) Cycling. The protocols for these 1971-1972 experiments measured the energy costs of cycling and recorded speed, resistance and skin temperature. This subseries includes experimental data graphs, correspondence, and photographs of apparatus and subjects. See also SERIES 3: The Relation of Oxygen Intake and Speed in Competition Cycling and Comparative Observations on the Bicycle Ergometer.

C) Maximum Oxygen Intake. A variety of subjects were examined in these 1969-1974 experiments: female athletes, middle- and long-distance runners, climbers, skiers, cyclists and athletes in their 50s and 60s. Protocols recorded oxygen volume, EKGs and acetone levels. Included are protocols, experimental data, graphs, and correspondence.

D) Maximum Oxygen Intake in Men and Women. This 1972 experiment measured resting metabolic rates, the relation of body weight to oxygen efficiency, degrees of force, and drew statistical comparisons between male and female subjects. Included are experimental notes and data, statistical comparisons and graphs.

E) Thermography. These experiments conducted between 1967-1974 used infra-red color thermography to picture skin temperature variations in athletes standing and running outdoors. Subjects were filmed with an AGA model 680 thermovision camera and this subseries contains the "cut-outs" or photoprints of sections of the runner's body. See also SERIES 3: Skin Temperature during Running: A Study Using Infra-Red Colour Thermography.

F) Treadmill Running and Walking Against Wind. These 1967-1974 laboratory experiments used a treadmill in a wind tunnel and added factors of load, restraint, and gradient. Protocols measured speed, heart rate, respiration, and expired air. Included are experimental protocols, data and graphs.

SERIES 9: APPARATUS, CALIBRATIONS AND TECHNIQUES

The APPARATUS, CALIBRATIONS AND TECHNIQUES series consists of Pugh's original files on equipment for the physiology laboratory and field research and use his headings for the three subseries: A) Apparatus, B) Calibrations and C) Techniques. Each subseries begins with a set of index cards that Pugh used for several purposes: as a directory of manufacturers, to locate material in the files, to record bibliographic references to the work of others, and to relate experiments to specific laboratory equipment and methods.

A) Apparatus Brochures and Catalogs. This subseries contains manufacturers' brochures, catalogs, manuals, instructions on use, photographs, and correspondence on standard laboratory equipment for sampling and analysis. It also contains material Pugh collected on breathing machines for his study of respiration and poliomyelitis. See also SERIES 6E.

B) Calibrations. This subseries contains correspondence, manufacturers' instructions and Pugh's notes and instructions on calibrating various types of apparatus.

C) Techniques. In addition to Pugh's notes and data on procedures for using apparatus, he compiled comparative data on their performance. This subseries contains his notes and instructions, reference material and correspondence.

SERIES 10: CONFERENCES, LECTURES AND SYMPOSIA

Pugh's association with dangerous pursuits in exotic locations, particularly the Mt. Everest expeditions, and his work with Channel swimmers, Olympic athletes and British hikers, gave him public visibility, and his original and rigorous research studies earned him the high regard of his scientific colleagues. The combination created great demand for him as a speaker. This series, arranged by title, contains material from Pugh's appearances in the venues of his several roles: as a public figure explaining and interpreting his work to the general public, as a lecturer in academia, and as a researcher addressing his peers at symposia and conferences. The series is broadly representative of the range of Pugh's pure and applied research, his expedition experiences and the variety of his audiences. In some cases there are complete final texts of his presentations, accompanied by drafts, notes and correspondence. Sometimes there is only an abstract or a conference program.

SERIES 11: WRITINGS OF OTHERS.

Pugh maintained extensive reference files of reprints of others who worked in his own and related fields. The series begins with his numbered list of reprints, dating between 1901 and 1973, but not retained in the collection. It also contains typescripts by some of Pugh's colleagues in high altitude physiology, including R.B. and T.D. Bourdillon, J.S. Milledge, J. West, S. Lahiri, and others. They are in typescript and most of them cover high altitude topics.

SERIES 12: ORIGINALS OF PRESERVATION PHOTOCOPIES.

The ORIGINALS OF PRESERVATION PHOTOCOPIES series contains the originals of brittle, or high acid content documents that have been photocopied.

Container List

MISCELLANEOUS MATERIAL

General

Box: 1 Folder: 1
Biographical material, 1942 - 1962

Typescript copies of request for assignment as a ski instructor, typescript and handwritten biographical notes and career summaries. Includes immunization certificates and sailing club membership card.

Box: 95 Folder: 1
Household expense notebook
Box: 1 Folder: 2
Laboratory for Field Physiology (Hampstead). Annual reports, 1956 - 1974

Typescript, handwritten and published reports, some with publication lists and correspondence.

Box: 1 Folder: 3
Medical Research Council. Scientific Staff Meetings. Minutes, 1956 - 1958

Typescripts.

Box: 1 Folder: 4
Newspaper clippings, 1968 - 1969

Articles quoting Pugh or citing his work in connection with the Isafjordur trawler disaster, other cases of hypothermia and Olympic athlete studies.

Notebook, 1971-1974
Box: 1 Folder: 5
Photographs of L.G.C.E. Pugh, 1950 - 1970

Formal black-and-white portrait prints of Pugh and informal black-and-white and color prints of Pugh with others.

Box: 1 Folder: 6
Photographs of others

Ca. 1950s. Josephine Pugh and daughter [?.]

Box: 95 Folder: 2-3
Poultry farm records
Box: 1 Folder: 7
Release of Medical Officers Memorandum

Ca. 1945. Typescript.

Box: 2 Folder: 1
Useful Addresses, 1950 - 1980

Index cards, 3"x5", alphabetized.

Appointment Calendars

Box: 3 Folder: 1
Planner, 1950

Pocket diary with appointments and addresses.

Box: 3 Folder: 2
Planner, 1953

Diary with appointments and notes.

Box: 3 Folder: 3
Planner, 1954

Diary with appointments.

Box: 3 Folder: 4
Planner, 1955

Diary with appointments.

Box: 3 Folder: 5
Planner, 1956

Diary with appointments.

Box: 3 Folder: 6
Planner, 1957

Diary with appointments, handwritten and typescript notes and invitations.

Box: 3 Folder: 7
Planner, 1958

Diary 1 with appointments.

Box: 3 Folder: 8
Planner, 1958

Diary 2 with extensive handwritten notes made during the Trans-Antarctic Expedition, laid-in loose notes and miscellaneous material. See also Series 4C.

Box: 4 Folder: 1
Planner, 1959

Diary with appointments.

Box: 4 Folder: 2
Planner, 1960

Diary with appointments.

Box: 4 Folder: 3
Planner, 1961

Diary with appointments.

Box: 4 Folder: 4
Planner, 1962

Diary with appointments, laid-in invitations and notes.

Box: 4 Folder: 5
Planner, 1963

Diary with appointments and laid-in invitations.

Box: 4 Folder: 6
Planner, 1964

Diary with appointments.

Box: 5 Folder: 1
Planner, 1966

Diary with appointments.

Box: 5 Folder: 2
Planner, 1967

Diary with appointments and notes.

Box: 5 Folder: 3
Planner, 1970

Diary with appointments.

Box: 5 Folder: 4
Planner, 1972

Diary with appointments.

Box: 5 Folder: 5
Planner, 1973

Diary with appointments.

CORRESPONDENCE

Box: 6 Folder: 1
A - Miscellaneous
Box: 6 Folder: 2
Academic Press Inc. (London) Ltd., 1974
Box: 6 Folder: 3
Anderson, K. Lange, 1964 - 1965
Box: 6 Folder: 4
Anglo-Jordanian Expedition, 1967 - 1968

Typescript description and itinerary.

Box: 6 Folder: 5
Arnstein, H.R.V., 1962
Box: 6 Folder: 6
Austrian Alpine Club, 1969 - 1970
Box: 6 Folder: 7
B - Miscellaneous
Box: 6 Folder: 8
Balke, Bruno, 1972
Box: 6 Folder: 9
Bannister, Roger G., 1953 - 1957
Box: 6 Folder: 10
Barnet, David, 1972
Box: 6 Folder: 11
Bourdillon, R.B., 1951 - 1953
Box: 6 Folder: 12
Bourdillon, Tom D., 1952 - 1954
Box: 6 Folder: 13
Bowles, Susan, 1973 - 1974
Box: 6 Folder: 14
Brasher, Shirley, 1973
Box: 6 Folder: 15
Brendel, W., 1955 - 1956
Box: 6 Folder: 16
British Amateur Athletic Board, 1967 - 1970
Box: 6 Folder: 17
British Association of Sport and Medicine, 1973
Box: 6 Folder: 18
British Broadcasting Corporation, 1953 - 1974

Contracts and payment slips for Pugh's participation in programs. Also includes typescript for program "Man at High Altitude," by Nesta Pain.

Box: 6 Folder: 19
British Council, 1959
Box: 6 Folder: 20
British Industries Fair, 1954
Box: 6 Folder: 21
British Medical Association, 1953
Box: 6 Folder: 22
BRITISH MEDICAL JOURNAL, 1952 - 1975

Typescript copies of reviews Pugh wrote for the BRITISH MEDICAL JOURNAL.

Box: 6 Folder: 23
British Nutrition Foundation, 1972 - 1974
Box: 6 Folder: 24
British Olympic Association, 1972 - 1975

Agenda and minutes for meetings. Includes badge with Association insignia.

Box: 6 Folder: 25
Brotherhood, John R., 1971 - 1972
Box: 6 Folder: 26
Brown, John, 1955
Box: 6 Folder: 27
Brozovic, B., 1972 - 1974
Box: 6 Folder: 28
Bunje, Henry, 1972 - 1974
Box: 6 Folder: 29
Buskirk, E.R., 1962 - 1963
Box: 6 Folder: 30
Bywaters, Eric G.L., 1957 - 1970
Box: 6 Folder: 31
C - Miscellaneous
Box: 6 Folder: 32
Campbell, Paul A., 1955
Box: 6 Folder: 33
Camper and Nicholsons Ltd., 1973 - 1975

Yacht Builders, Naval Architects and Marine Engineers.

Box: 6 Folder: 34
Carlson, Loren D., 1962 - 1963
Box: 6 Folder: 35
Carson, Peter, 1973
Box: 6 Folder: 36
Cavanagh, Sandy, 1960
Box: 6 Folder: 37
Cave, Peter, 1959 - 1960
Box: 6 Folder: 38
Christensen, E. Hohwu, 1957
Box: 6 Folder: 39
CIBA (A.R.L.), 1961

Synthetic Resins and Adhesives.

Box: 6 Folder: 40
CIBA Foundation for the Promotion of International Co-operation in Medical and Chemical Research, 1970 - 1971

Foundation's annual report for 1971 and program with abstracts for High Altitude Physiology Symposium, February 17-18, 1971.

Box: 6 Folder: 41
Cole, Philip, 1953 - 1954
Box: 6 Folder: 42
Commonwealth Relations Office, 1957
Box: 6 Folder: 43
Cooper, Keith E., 1964 - 1967
Box: 6 Folder: 44
Cotes, P. Mary, 1960
Box: 6 Folder: 45
Crow, Kenneth D., 1968
Box: 6 Folder: 46
Cudkowicz, L., 1959
Box: 6 Folder: 47
D - Miscellaneous
Box: 6 Folder: 48
Daniels, Farrington, 1955 - 1959
Box: 6 Folder: 49
Davies, C.T. Mervyn, 1973 - 1983
Box: 6 Folder: 50
Davies, Dai H., 1968
Box: 7 Folder: 1
DeCourcy, Kenneth, 1953
Box: 7 Folder: 2
Dejours, Pierre, 1958 - 1962
Box: 7 Folder: 3
Department of the Navy (United States). Office of Naval Research, 1955
Box: 7 Folder: 4
Dienhart, John W., 1963
Box: 7 Folder: 5
Dill, David Bruce, 1944 - 1983
Box: 7 Folder: 6
Dockland Settlements, West Highland School of Adventure, 1963 - 1964

Brochure.

Box: 7 Folder: 7
Drew, Robert, 1962

Pugh's typescript note, "Medical Hazards of Climbing Mount Kenya," dated July 18, 1962.

Box: 7 Folder: 8
Duke of Edinburgh's Award. Physical Activity Panel, 1974 - 1975

Includes memorandum and agenda for meetings of Panel.

Box: 7 Folder: 9
Duke University, 1963
Box: 7 Folder: 10
E - Miscellaneous
Box: 7 Folder: 11
Easton, Kenneth C., 1972 - 1975
Box: 7 Folder: 12
Edwards, Richard H.T., 1969 - 1975
Box: 7 Folder: 13
Eitelberg, Raul, 1960
Box: 7 Folder: 14
Elsner, Robert W., 1960 - 1961
Box: 7 Folder: 15
Emslie-Smith, Donald, 1975
Box: 7 Folder: 16
F - Miscellaneous
Box: 7 Folder: 17
Farquhar, James W., 1954
Box: 7 Folder: 18
Federated Mountain Clubs of New Zealand, 1958 - 1959
Box: 7 Folder: 19
Feigen, George, 1963

Includes correspondence from Priscilla Feigen.

Box: 7 Folder: 20
Fletcher, Ronald F., 1962
Box: 7 Folder: 21
Freeman, James, 1972 - 1973
Box: 7 Folder: 22
G - Miscellaneous
Box: 7 Folder: 23
G. Wilkinson, Scientific Glass Blower, 1959 - 1963
Box: 7 Folder: 24
Galindo-Estrada, I.G., 1971
Box: 7 Folder: 25
Gardner, N.H.N., 1958
Box: 7 Folder: 26
George Allen and Unwin, Ltd., 1953 - 1954
Box: 7 Folder: 27
GEOGRAPHICAL JOURNAL, 1955 - 1957

Includes typescript copies of book reviews Pugh wrote for the GEOGRAPHICAL JOURNAL.

Box: 7 Folder: 28
Goldberger, Maria, 1965 - 1975

Editor, KANDAHAR REVIEW and Chairman of the Ladies' Racing Subcommittee, National Ski Federation of Great Britain.

Box: 7 Folder: 29
Gornergletscher Glaciological Survey, 1958 - 1961
Box: 7 Folder: 30
Granada Television Network Ltd., 1956 - 1957

Includes typescript of Pugh's "Notes for a Television Script."

Box: 7 Folder: 31
Greene, Raymond, 1952 - 1962
Box: 7 Folder: 32
Gregory, Alfred, 1958 - 1961
Box: 7 Folder: 33
Groden, Bernard M., 1973 - 1974
Box: 7 Folder: 34
H - Miscellaneous
Box: 7 Folder: 35
Hall, William H., Lt. Colonel, 1962 - 1963

U.S. Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine.

Box: 7 Folder: 36
Hamer, John, 1970
Box: 7 Folder: 37
Harbord, R.P., 1956
Box: 7 Folder: 38
Harper, A.A., 1954
Box: 7 Folder: 39
Heberden Society, 1954 - 1956

Includes agenda and minutes.

Box: 7 Folder: 40
Hecht, Hans H., 1960
Box: 7 Folder: 41
Henderson, Jill, 1957

Regarding arrangements for Tensing Norkey's visit to the United Kingdom.

Box: 7 Folder: 42
Hervey, G.R., 1955 - 1958
Box: 7 Folder: 43
High Commissioner for India. Military Adviser, 1960 - 1961
Box: 7 Folder: 44
Himalayan Mountaineering Institute, 1972
Box: 7 Folder: 45
Hodder and Stoughton, Ltd., 1953
Box: 7 Folder: 46
Hornbein, Thomas F., 1961 - 1962
Box: 7 Folder: 47
Horvath, Steven, 1962 - 1963
Box: 7 Folder: 48
Hugh-Jones, Philip, 1957 - 1958
Box: 7 Folder: 49
Hutchinson Publishing Group Ltd., 1955 - 1968
Box: 7 Folder: 50
Hyman, Martin, 1966 - 1972
Box: 8 Folder: 1
I - Miscellaneous
Box: 8 Folder: 2
International Academy of Astronautics, 1973 - 1975
Box: 8 Folder: 3
International Society for Capillary and Blood Research, 1958 - 1960
Box: 8 Folder: 4
J - Miscellaneous
Box: 8 Folder: 5
J. Ainsborough Everiss and Associates, 1956

Two sample sizes of polytetrafluoroethylene tubes.

Box: 8 Folder: 6
James, B., 1959
Box: 8 Folder: 7
James, W.P.T., 1975
Box: 8 Folder: 8
Johnson, Ralph H., 1966 - 1973
Box: 8 Folder: 9
Jokl, Ernst, 1955 - 1975
Box: 8 Folder: 10
Jones, Arthur, 1967
Box: 8 Folder: 11
Jones, Barry, 1958 - 1959
Box: 8 Folder: 12
Jones, June I., 1960
Box: 8 Folder: 13
JOURNAL OF GLACIOLOGY, 1953 - 1954

Includes galley proof of "More About Mountains Under Snow," by Gerald Seligman.

Box: 8 Folder: 14
K - Miscellaneous
Box: 8 Folder: 15
Kandahar Ski Club, 1959 - 1967
Box: 8 Folder: 16
Kemp, Hugh B.S., 1972 - 1975
Box: 8 Folder: 17
Kettering Cartons, Ltd., 1958
Box: 8 Folder: 18
Kew Observatory, Air Ministry, Meteorological Office, London, 1957 - 1973
Box: 8 Folder: 19
Klenerman, Leslie, 1973
Box: 8 Folder: 20
Knudsen, E.T., 1958

Medical Department, Beecham Research Laboratories.

Box: 8 Folder: 21
L - Miscellaneous
Box: 8 Folder: 22
LANCET, 1953 - 1972

Letters to the Editor written by Pugh.

Box: 8 Folder: 23
Layer, Graham T., 1973
Box: 8 Folder: 24
Lee, Harold B., 1966 - 1970
Box: 8 Folder: 25
Leeds Polytechnic, 1975
Box: 8 Folder: 26
Leithead, Charles S., 1962
Box: 8 Folder: 27
LeMasurier, John, 1966 - 1971
Box: 8 Folder: 28
Lembeck, F., 1958
Box: 8 Folder: 29
Levene, C.L., 1958
Box: 8 Folder: 30
Little, George M., 1955
Box: 8 Folder: 31
Lloyd, Brian, 1958 - 1959
Box: 8 Folder: 32
London Borough of Lambeth. Director of Administration and Legal Services, 1973
Box: 8 Folder: 33
London Office Machines, Ltd., 1954
Box: 8 Folder: 34
Luft, Ulrich, 1963
Box: 8 Folder: 35
M - Miscellaneous
Box: 8 Folder: 36
Maehlum, Sverre, 1975
Box: 8 Folder: 37
Matthews, Donald S., 1954
Box: 8 Folder: 38
Medical Commission on Accident Prevention, 1972 - 1975
Box: 8 Folder: 39
Medical Research Council, 1954 - 1975
Box: 8 Folder: 40
MEDICINE AND SCIENCE IN SPORTS, 1972 - 1976
Box: 8 Folder: 41
Medvei, V.C., 1959
Box: 8 Folder: 42
Ministry of Supply, Directorate of Stores and Clothing (Development), 1959

Clothing and Textiles Experimental Unit, Royal Aircraft Establishment, Farnborough, Hants.

Box: 8 Folder: 43
Mitchell, J.P., 1974 - 1975
Box: 8 Folder: 44
Molyneux, Julie, 1972
Box: 8 Folder: 45
Moore, Terris F., 1972 - 1975

Includes typescript of T.F. Moore's paper, "Unexpected Effects of the Peculiar Shape of the Envelope of the Earth's Atmosphere: A Study for Physiologists," 1972.

Box: 8 Folder: 46
Morgan, Andrew, 1959
Box: 8 Folder: 47
Morikofer, W., 1959
Box: 8 Folder: 48
Mount Everest Foundation, 1957 - 1958
Box: 8 Folder: 49
Mulgrew, Peter D., 1959 - 1960
Box: 8 Folder: 50
Munro, I.A.H., 1958
Box: 8 Folder: 51
N - Miscellaneous
Box: 8 Folder: 52
Nagle, R.E., 1973 - 1974
Box: 9 Folder: 1
Narayanan, K.R., 1956
Box: 9 Folder: 2
National Institute of Sports, Patiala, India, 1974
Box: 9 Folder: 3
NATURE, 1953 - 1971

Includes typescript copies of Pugh's reviews for NATURE.

Box: 9 Folder: 4
Naval Medical Research Institute, 1963
Box: 9 Folder: 5
NEW SCIENTIST, 1957
Box: 9 Folder: 6
New Zealand Meteorological Service, 1959 - 1960
Box: 9 Folder: 7
Newton, Margaret, 1970 - 1972
Box: 9 Folder: 8
Noyce, Wilfrid, 1957

Arrangements for Tensing Norkey's visit to the United Kingdom.

Box: 9 Folder: 9
O - Miscellaneous
Box: 9 Folder: 10
Ortenburger, Irene, 1963
Box: 9 Folder: 11
Outward Bound Moray Sea School, 1972 - 1974

Agenda and minutes.

Box: 9 Folder: 12
Outward Bound Mountain School, Ullswater, 1974

Brochure and handbooks.

Box: 9 Folder: 13
Outward Bound Trust, 1972 - 1974
Box: 9 Folder: 14
Owen, Raymond, 1970 - 1973

Typescript copy of R. Owen's lecture, "Medical Aspects of the Olympic Games."

Box: 9 Folder: 15
P - Miscellaneous
Box: 9 Folder: 16
Pace, Nello, 1955 - 1963
Box: 9 Folder: 17
Pappenheimer, John R., 1962 - 1963
Box: 9 Folder: 18
Patey, T.W., 1957
Box: 9 Folder: 19
Pepsodent Sales, Ltd., 1953 - 1954
Box: 9 Folder: 20
Peyman, M.A., 1967 - 1968
Box: 9 Folder: 21
Poulton, E.C., 1957 - 1964
Box: 9 Folder: 22
PROCEEDINGS OF THE NUTRITION SOCIETY, 1953 - 1954
Box: 9 Folder: 23
Pugh family members, 1943 - 1975
Box: 9 Folder: 24
Pugh, Josephine, 1945 - 1957

Wife of Pugh.

Box: 9 Folder: 25
Q - Miscellaneous
Box: 9 Folder: 26
Quillian, J.P., 1956
Box: 9 Folder: 27
R - Miscellaneous
Box: 9 Folder: 28
Rawlinson, Anthony K., 1961
Box: 9 Folder: 29
Reader's Digest Association, Ltd., 1974
Box: 9 Folder: 30
Rees, W.H., 1959
Box: 9 Folder: 31
Reeve, E.B., 1962 - 1963
Box: 9 Folder: 32
Riddell, W.J., 1944 - 1945
Box: 9 Folder: 33
Riley, Richard L., 1955 - 1963
Box: 9 Folder: 34
Road Runners Club, 1966 - 1971
Box: 9 Folder: 35
Roberts, James, 1975
Box: 9 Folder: 36
Robinson, Sid, 1962
Box: 9 Folder: 37
Rolex Watch Company, Ltd., 1952 - 1958
Box: 9 Folder: 38
Rothamsted Experimental Station, 1957
Box: 9 Folder: 39
Royal Aeronautical Society, 1975
Box: 9 Folder: 40
Royal College of Physicians, 1954 - 1975
Box: 9 Folder: 41
Royal Geographical Society, 1952 - 1957
Box: 9 Folder: 42
Russell, R. Scott, 1953
Box: 9 Folder: 43
Rutherford, Robert, 1969 - 1971
Box: 9 Folder: 44
S - Miscellaneous
Box: 10 Folder: 1
St. Albans Diocesan Mission to the Deaf and Dumb, 1957
Box: 10 Folder: 2
St. Mary's College, 1969 - 1973
Box: 10 Folder: 3
Salkeld, Audrey, 1977 - 1984
Box: 10 Folder: 4
Scales, John T., 1972 - 1974
Box: 10 Folder: 5
Schaefer, Karl E., 1960 - 1972
Box: 10 Folder: 6
Scott Polar Research Institute, 1955 - 1960
Box: 10 Folder: 7
Semple, T., 1973 - 1975
Box: 10 Folder: 8
Ski Club of Great Britain, 1966 - 1972
Box: 10 Folder: 9
South Georgia Survey, 1955 - 1956

Typescript outlines of surveys for 1951-1952 and 1953-1954.

Box: 10 Folder: 10
Sperryn, Peter N., 1972 - 1973
Box: 10 Folder: 11
Spillers Ltd., 1974 - 1975

Research and Technology Center.

Box: 10 Folder: 12
Sports Council, 1974 - 1975
Box: 10 Folder: 13
T - Miscellaneous
Box: 10 Folder: 14
Tarmac Construction Company, 1973 - 1974
Box: 10 Folder: 15
Thomson, M.L., 1960
Box: 10 Folder: 16
TIMES (London), 1953 - 1973

"Letter to the Editor" by Pugh.

Box: 10 Folder: 17
Tomlinson, Ken
Box: 10 Folder: 18
Tulloh, Bruce, 1968 - 1971
Box: 10 Folder: 19
Turner, D. Mike, 1968 - 1974
Box: 10 Folder: 20
U - Miscellaneous
Box: 10 Folder: 21
UNIVERSITY COLLEGE HOSPITAL MAGAZINE, 1953 - 1954
Box: 10 Folder: 22
University of California, Berkeley, 1955
Box: 10 Folder: 23
University of Glasgow, 1973 - 1975
Box: 10 Folder: 24
V - Miscellaneous
Box: 10 Folder: 25
Vasquez, Cesar L., 1964
Box: 10 Folder: 26
W - Miscellaneous
Box: 10 Folder: 27
Waddell, Gordon, 1973
Box: 10 Folder: 28
Wallace, Hugh J., 1974 - 1975
Box: 10 Folder: 29
Ward, Michael P., 1953 - 1975
Box: 10 Folder: 30
West, John B., 1973 - 1984
Box: 10 Folder: 31
White, A.E., 1975
Box: 10 Folder: 32
William Heinemann Medical Books, Ltd., 1973
Box: 10 Folder: 33
Williams, Edward S., 1955 - 1957

London School of Economics Mountaineering Club Himalayan Expedition, 1956.

Box: 10 Folder: 34
Williams, J.G.P., 1973 - 1974
Box: 10 Folder: 35
Williams, P.O., 1956 - 1959

Undated typescript "The British Expedition to Sola Khumbu 1959, Programme of Cardiological Research."

Box: 10 Folder: 36
Williams, Tony, 1972 - 1973
Box: 10 Folder: 37
Woodcock, Alan H., 1963
Box: 10 Folder: 38
World Health Organization, 1969 - 1971

WHO Biomedical Research Information Service, "Query 1371 Altitude Research," May 24, 1969.

Box: 10 Folder: 39
Wyers, H.J.G., 1955 - 1956
Box: 10 Folder: 40
Y - Miscellaneous
Box: 10 Folder: 41
Z - Miscellaneous
Box: 10 Folder: 42
Zacks, Richard, 1972 - 1974

WRITINGS BY PUGH

Box: 11 Folder: 1
Lists of Pugh's publications, 1945 - 1976
Box: 11 Folder: 2
Notebooks. Publications and Lectures [by Pugh], 1967 - 1976

Entries give dates, titles, locations, and payments.

Box: 11 Folder: 3
A.C.T.H. [adrenocorticotrophic hormone] in Rheumatoid Arthritis, 1950

With Ellis Dresner, et al. Reprint only.

Box: 11 Folder: 4
Accidental Hypothermia among Hill-Walkers and Climbers in Britain, 1966

Typescript drafts and reviewer's [?] comments.

Box: 11 Folder: 5
Accidental Hypothermia in Walkers, Climbers and Campers: Report to the Medical Commission on Accident..., 1966

Part 1. Reprint, typescripts and handwritten drafts.

Box: 11 Folder: 6
Accidental Hypothermia in Walkers, Climbers and Campers: Report to the Medical Commission on Accident..., 1966

Part 2. Typescript and handwritten drafts.

Box: 11 Folder: 7
Adrenal Activity of Acclimatized Man at Altitude, 1962 - 1963

With F.C. Grimes, et al. Typescript and handwritten drafts, notes, graphs, and correspondence.

Box: 11 Folder: 8
Adrenal Cortex and Winter Sports with a Note on Other Exercise, 1959

Part 1. Reprint, typescript drafts and correspondence.

Box: 11 Folder: 9
Adrenal Cortex and Winter Sports with a Note on Other Exercise, 1959

Part 2. Handwritten and typescript drafts, notes and graphs.

Box: 11 Folder: 10 Oversize: FB28001
Adrenal Cortex and Winter Sports with a Note on Other Exercise, 1959

Graphs. Oversize.

Box: 11 Folder: 11
Adrenal Cortical Function in Normal Human Subjects: Suggested Studies

Undated. Typescript and notes.

Box: 11 Folder: 12
Aerobic Capacity of Forty British Women Aged 17-27 Years, 1974

Reprint, typescript and handwritten notes.

Box: 11 Folder: 13
Air Resistance and Its Effect on Human Performance in Running and Walking

Undated. Typescripts, handwritten notes and reference material.

Box: 12 Folder: 1
Air Resistance in Sport, 1976

Part 1. Reprint and typescript drafts.

Box: 12 Folder: 2
Air Resistance in Sport, 1976

Part 2. Typescript and handwritten drafts, research notes and reference material.

Box: 12 Folder: 3 Oversize: FB28002
Air Resistance in Sport, 1976

Graphs. Oversize.

Box: 12 Folder: 4
Air Resistance to a Runner, 1969

Typescript, data, graphs, and correspondence.

Box: 12 Folder: 5
ALTITUDE. Chapter 1: The Environment at High Altitude, 1969 - 1971

Typescript and handwritten drafts for volume in textbook series, ENVIRONMENTAL PHYSIOLOGY. Includes publishing contract, correspondence and notecards with bibliography.

Box: 12 Folder: 6
Altitude and Athletic Performance, 1965

Reprint, galley proof, typescript, and correspondence.

Box: 12 Folder: 7
Alveolar Gas Composition at 21,000 to 25,700 Ft. (6400-7830 M.), 1961

With M.B. Gill, et al. Reprint, typescript and correspondence.

Box: 12 Folder: 8
Anglo-American Physiological Report, 1958

Typescripts and handwritten drafts, notes and data. See also Series 3, "Antarctica," 1971.

Box: 12 Folder: 9
Animals in High Altitudes: Man above 5,000 Meters - Mountain Exploration, 1964

Reprint only. Chapter 55 of the HANDBOOK OF PHYSIOLOGY, edited by D.B. Dill, et al.

Box: 12 Folder: 10 Oversize: FB28003
Animals in High Altitudes: Man above 5,000 Meters - Mountain Exploration

Graphs. Oversize.

Box: 12 Folder: 11
Antarctica, 1971

Typescript draft.

Box: 12 Folder: 12
Arterial Oxygen Saturation during Exercise at High Altitude, 1962

With J.B. West, et al. Reprint, typescript and graphs.

Box: 13 Folder: 1
ASCENT OF EVEREST - Appendix 6 and Appendix 7, 1953 - 1954

Book by John Hunt with two appendices by Pugh: Appendix 6, "Diet," with G.C. Rand, and Appendix 7, "Physiology and Medicine," with M.P. Ward. Typescripts, galley proofs and correspondence.

Box: 13 Folder: 2
ASCENT OF MOUNT EVEREST: SCIENTIFIC ASPECTS AND PHYSIOLOGICAL STUDIES, 1978

Part 1. Typescripts of sections from proposed book. Includes copy of five page letter from Drummond Rennie, Deputy Editor of THE NEW ENGLAND JOURNAL OF MEDICINE, giving a critique and suggestions.

Box: 13 Folder: 3
ASCENT OF MOUNT EVEREST: SCIENTIFIC ASPECTS AND PHYSIOLOGICAL STUDIES

Part 2. Typescripts of sections from proposed book.

Box: 13 Folder: 4
ASCENT OF MOUNT EVEREST: SCIENTIFIC ASPECTS AND PHYSIOLOGICAL STUDIES, 1978

Part 3. Typescripts of sections from proposed book, with handwritten notes and data. Includes typescript transcription of notes made during the expedition.

Box: 13 Folder: 5
Aspects of the Physiology of Cold, 1950

Reprints, note, graphs, and reference material.

Box: 13 Folder: 6
Athletes at Altitude, 1967

Part 1. Reprint, typescript drafts, handwritten notes, and correspondence.

Box: 13 Folder: 7
Athletes at Altitude

Part 2. Handwritten and typescript drafts and notes.

Box: 13 Folder: 8
Athletes at Altitude

Part 3. Graphs and correspondence.

Box: 13 Folder: 9 Oversize: FB28201
Athletes at Altitude

Graphs. Oversize.

Box: 14 Folder: 1
Basal Metabolism and Respiration in Men Living at 5,800 M. (19,000 Ft.), 1964

Part 1. With M.B. Gill. Reprint, handwritten draft, notes, and data.

Box: 14 Folder: 2
Basal Metabolism and Respiration in Men Living at 5,800 M. (19,000 Ft.), 1964

Part 2. First and second typescript drafts. Includes notecards with bibliography and notes.

Box: 14 Folder: 3
Basal Metabolism and Respiration in Men Living at 5,800 M. (19,000 Ft.), 1964

Part 3. "Final draft as submitted to the JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSIOLOGY, 25 March 1964." Typescripts and galley proof.

Box: 14 Folder: 4
Blood Volume and Haemoglobin Concentration at Altitudes above 18,000 Ft. (5500 m), 1964

Part 1. Reprint, galley proof, typescript, and handwritten drafts.

Box: 14 Folder: 5
Blood Volume and Haemoglobin Concentration at Altitudes above 18,000 Ft. (5500 m), 1964

Part 2. Typescript drafts.

Box: 14 Folder: 6
Blood Volume Changes in Outdoor Exercise of 8-10 Hour Duration, 1969

Reprint and typescript drafts.

Box: 14 Folder: 7
Breathing Machines and Assisted Respiration, 1955

Reprint, typescript drafts and an illustration.

Box: 14 Folder: 8
British Himalayan Expedition to Cho Oyu, 1952

Part 1. Typescripts, black-and-white prints (2), map, and graphs.

Box: 14 Folder: 9
British Himalayan Expedition to Cho Oyu, 1952

Part 2. Handwritten and typescript drafts. Includes black-and-white photographs and maps.

Box: 15 Folder: 1 Oversize: FB28006
British Himalayan Expedition to Cho Oyu, 1952

Graphs. Oversize.

Box: 15 Folder: 2
British Olympic Association Investigation in Mexico City: Report of the Medical Committee, 1966

In REPORT OF MEDICAL RESEARCH PROJECT INTO EFFECTS OF ALTITUDE IN MEXICO CITY IN 1965. Published report, typescripts, data, and graphs.

Box: 15 Folder: 3
Carbon Monoxide in Smoking: Concentration of Carbon Monoxide in Blood of Smokers and Non-Smokers, 1960

Typescripts and correspondence.

Box: 15 Folder: 4
Carbon Monoxide Calculations

Undated handwritten draft and notes.

Box: 15 Folder: 5
Carbon Monoxide Content of the Blood and Other Observations on Weddell Seals, 1959

Reprint, galley proof, typescript drafts, and correspondence.

Box: 15 Folder: 6
Carbon Monoxide Content of Foetal and Maternal Blood, 1963

With I. M. Young. Reprint, typescript drafts, notes, and correspondence.

Box: 15 Folder: 7
Carbon Monoxide Dissociation Curve of Human Blood, 1957

With N. Joels. Part 1. Typescript and handwritten drafts, notes, data, and correspondence.

Box: 15 Folder: 8
Carbon Monoxide Dissociation Curve of Human Blood, 1957

With N. Joels. Part 2. Reprint, final draft, notes, and graphs.

Box: 15 Folder: 9
Carbon Monoxide Hazard in Antarctica, 1959

Reprint, typescript draft, graphs, and correspondence.

Box: 15 Folder: 10 Oversize: FB28009
Carbon Monoxide Hazard in Antarctica, 1959

Graphs. Oversize.

Box: 16 Folder: 1
Cardiac Output in Muscular Exercise at 5,800 m (19,000 Ft.), 1964

Part 1. Reprint, galley proof, typescript drafts, and notes.

Box: 16 Folder: 2
Cardiac Output in Muscular Exercise at 5,800 m (19,000 Ft.), 1964

Part 2. Typescript and handwritten drafts.

Box: 16 Folder: 3 Oversize: FB28011
Cardiac Output in Muscular Exercise at 5,800 m (19,000 Ft.)

Graphs and drawings for slides. Oversize.

Box: 16 Folder: 4
Circulatory Effects of High Spinal Anaesthesia in Hypertensive and Control Subjects, 1950

With C.L. Wyndham. Reprint only.

Box: 16 Folder: 5
Circulatory Effects of Mercurial Diuresis in Congestive Heart Failure, 1949

With C.L. Wyndham. Reprint only.

Box: 16 Folder: 6
Climatic and Environmental Factors in the Rheumatic Diseases, 1947

Chapter 7 in the TEXTBOOK OF RHEUMATIC DISEASES, edited by W.S.C. Copeman. Reprint, handwritten drafts and notes. Includes typescripts, "Summary of Reports Received by the Committee on Medical Research, Office of Scientific Research and Development, April 23 - April 28, and May 14 - May 19, 1945."

Box: 16 Folder: 7
Climatology and Heat Balance in Runners, 1968

Typescript drafts and handwritten notes.

Box: 16 Folder: 8
Climbing Efficiency, 1953 - 1954

Typescript and research notes on "Lung Diffusing Capacity" and "Heat and Water Loss from the Lungs," with charts for individual climbers.

Box: 16 Folder: 9
Clothing Insulation and Accidental Hypothermia in Youth, 1966

Reprint, typescript drafts, handwritten notes, graphs, research material, and correspondence.

Box: 16 Folder: 10
Clothing Problems in Polar Exploration and Mountaineering

Undated typescript, graphs and reference material.

Box: 16 Folder: 11
Cold Stress and Muscular Exercise, with Special Reference to Accidental Hypothermia, 1967

Reprint, typescript and handwritten drafts and notes.

Box: 17 Folder: 1
Colour Thermography in Running, 1974

Reprint only.

Box: 17 Folder: 2
Conquest of Everest, 1954

Reprint only.

Box: 17 Folder: 3
Contribution of Solar Radiation to the Thermal Environment of Man in Antarctica, 1961

With F.A. Chrenko. Part 1. Reprint, typescript drafts and handwritten notes.

Box: 17 Folder: 4
Contribution of Solar Radiation to the Thermal Environment of Man in Antarctica, 1961

With F.A. Chrenko. Part 2. Typescript and handwritten research notes and graphs.

Box: 17 Folder: 5 Oversize: FB28203
Contribution of Solar Radiation to the Thermal Environment of Man in Antarctica, 1961

Graphs. Oversize.

Box: 17 Folder: 6
Deaths from Exposure on Four Inns Walking Competition, March 14-15, 1964

Reprint, handwritten and typescript drafts and correspondence.

Box: 17 Folder: 7 Oversize: FB28012
Deaths from Exposure on Four Inns Walking Competition, March 14-15, 1964

Graphs. Oversize.

Box: 17 Folder: 8
Dehydration Treatment of Rheumatic Fever, 1950

With W.S.C. Copeman. Reprint only.

Box: 17 Folder: 9
Draft for B. Bishop's Section of the Royal Geographical Paper on the Scientific Work of the 1960-1961..., 1962

Typescript.

Box: 17 Folder: 10
Effect of Altitude on Athletic Performance, 1965

Typescript and handwritten drafts.

Box: 17 Folder: 11
Effect of Body Fat on the Rate of Cooling during Swimming, 1954

With O.G. Edholm. Typescripts, handwritten notes and graphs.

Box: 17 Folder: 12
Effective Area of the Human Body with Respect to Direct Solar Radiation, 1966

With F.A. Chrenko. Reprint, galley proof, typescript draft, and handwritten notes.

Box: 17 Folder: 13 Oversize: FB28013
Effective Area of the Human Body with Respect to Direct Solar Radiation, 1966

Graphs. Oversize.

Box: 17 Folder: 14
Effect of Acute and Chronic Exposure to Low Oxygen Supply on Consciousness, 1962

Reprint, handwritten draft, typescript figure captions, and graphs.

Box: 17 Folder: 15
Effects of Altitude on Food and Oxygen Intake on Basal Metabolism, 1965

Tables prepared for handbook entitled ENVIRONMENTAL BIOLOGY. Includes correspondence.

Box: 17 Folder: 16
Effects of Artificial Dehydration in Rheumatism, 1945

Reprint only.

Box: 17 Folder: 17
Effects of High Altitude on Man, 1964

Reprint only.

Box: 17 Folder: 18
Effects of Oxygen on Acclimated Men at High Altitude, 1954

Reprint and typescript drafts.

Box: 17 Folder: 19
Energy Cost of Walking and Running against Wind, 1970

Typescripts and handwritten notes. "Paper used in conjunction with graphs for Opening Day, May 5, 1970."

Box: 18 Folder: 1
Epidemic Typhus Fever among Polish Evacuees from Russia, 1942

Typescripts and handwritten notes.

Box: 18 Folder: 2
Everest Clothing Story, 1954

Reprint, galley proof and correspondence.

Box: 18 Folder: 3
Everest Then and Now, 1983

With John R. Sutton. Typescript, handwritten drafts and correspondence.

Box: 18 Folder: 4
Everest without Oxygen: A Theoretical Study by L.G.C.E. Pugh and J.R. Sutton, 1982

Part 1. "Rough draft, 15.7.82.," correspondence, reference material, and reprints of others.

Box: 18 Folder: 5
Everest without Oxygen: A Theoretical Study by L.G.C.E. Pugh and J.R. Sutton, 1982

Part 2. Notes and reprints of others.

Box: 18 Folder: 6
Everest without Oxygen: A Theoretical Study by L.G.C.E. Pugh and J.R. Sutton, 1982

Part 3. Handwritten drafts and notes, typescripts and reprints of others.

Box: 18 Folder: 7
Everest without Oxygen: A Theoretical Study by L.G.C.E. Pugh and J.R. Sutton, 1982

Part 4. Handwritten notes, correspondence and reprints of others.

Box: 18 Folder: 8
Exercise at Altitude, 1982

With John R. Sutton, et al. Typescript and handwritten notes.

Box: 18 Folder: 9
Exposure: Accidental Hypothermia, 1969 - 1970

Chapter 5 of TEACHING FIRST AID... by the Medical Commission on Accident Prevention. Typescript of book and correspondence.

Box: 18 Folder: 10
Exposure and Wet Clothing, 1966

Digest of a paper published in NATURE, vol. 209, no. 5030, March, 1966.

Box: 18 Folder: 11
Fabrics, Tents and Windproof Clothing, 1950 - 1954

Typescript draft.

Box: 18 Folder: 12
Fitness Tests on Skiers Training for the British Women's Alpine Ski Team, 1973

Reprints.

Box: 18 Folder: 13
Food Consumption and Energy Balance at Various Altitudes, 1954

Reprint only.

Box: 19 Folder: 1
Gooseflesh Syndrome (Acute Anhidrotic Heat Exhaustion) in Long Distance Runners, 1972

Reprint, typescript and handwritten drafts and notes.

Box: 19 Folder: 2
Habituation in Mountains

Undated typescript.

Box: 19 Folder: 3
Habituation in Relation to Mountain Safety

Undated typescript and handwritten drafts.

Box: 19 Folder: 4
Haematological Status of Middle- and Long-Distance Runners, 1975

Reprint only.

Box: 19 Folder: 5
Haemoglobin Levels on the British Himalayan Expedition to Cho Oyu in 1952 and Everest in 1953, 1954

Reprint, data and correspondence.

Box: 19 Folder: 6
Heat Exchanges in Long Distance Running, 1975

Part 1. Typescript and handwritten drafts.

Box: 19 Folder: 7
Heat Exchanges in Long Distance Running, 1975

Part 2. Handwritten notes, data and photographs of a runner.

Box: 19 Folder: 8
Heat Losses from the Moving Limbs in Running: The "Pendulum" Effect, 1974

Reprint only.

Box: 19 Folder: 9
High Altitude Physiology, 1959

Reprint, typescript drafts and correspondence.

Box: 19 Folder: 10
High Altitude Research: [The Everest Expedition], 1954

Typescript drafts.

Box: 19 Folder: 11
High Altitudes, 1965

Part 1. In EXPLORATION MEDICINE, O.G. Edholm et al., editors.

Box: 19 Folder: 12
High Altitudes, 1965

Part 1. Chapter 5 in THE PHYSIOLOGY OF SURVIVAL. Galley proof, typescript drafts and handwritten notes.

Box: 20 Folder: 1
High Altitudes, 1965

Part 2. Chapter 5 in THE PHYSIOLOGY OF SURVIVAL. Typescript and handwritten drafts, notes and index cards with citations.

Box: 20 Folder: 2 Oversize: FB28015
High Altitudes, 1965

Chapter 5 of THE PHYSIOLOGY OF SURVIVAL. Graphs. Oversize.

Box: 20 Folder: 3
Himalayan Rations with Special Reference to the 1953 Expedition to Mount Everest, 1954

Reprint, typescript drafts, notes, and correspondence. Includes small notebook with six lines of annotations.

Box: 20 Folder: 4
Himalayan Scientific and Mountaineering Expedition,1960-1961

1962-1963. Part 1. Handwritten and typescript drafts with revisions and comments.

Box: 20 Folder: 5
Himalayan Scientific and Mountaineering Expedition,1960-1961

1962-1963. Part 2. "Preliminary draft. Draft (containing pencilled amendments) from which final draft was typed for Sir Charles, M.P.W. and B.M.J." Typescripts.

Box: 20 Folder: 6
Himalayan Scientific and Mountaineering Expedition,1960-1961

1962-1963. Part 3. "Draft submitted to the Royal Geographical Society." Typescript drafts and notecards with references.

Box: 20 Folder: 7
Himalayan Scientific and Mountaineering Expedition,1960-1961

1962-1963. Part 4. Reprint and "final draft." Typescripts and handwritten drafts.

Box: 20 Folder: 8
Himalayan Winter at 19,000 Feet, 1962

Typescripts and correspondence.

Box: 20 Folder: 9
Human Factors in a Space Cabin, with Special Reference to Weight and Economy, 1958

Reprint, galley proof, typescript and handwritten drafts, and charts. Also presented at the Space Medicine Symposium, October 16-17, 1958.

Box: 21 Folder: 1
Hypothermia in Mountain Accidents, 1969

Reprint, galley proof, typescript drafts, and correspondence.

Box: 21 Folder: 2
Inflatable Survival Suit, 1957

Typescript drafts and correspondence.

Box: 21 Folder: 3
Influence of Wind Resistance in Running and Walking and the Apparent Mechanical Efficiency of Work..., 1970

Typescript draft, notes and graphs.

Box: 21 Folder: 4
Influence of Wind Resistance in Running and Walking and the Mechanical Efficiency of Work..., 1970

Part 1. Reprint, galley proof, typescript drafts, and correspondence.

Box: 21 Folder: 5
Influence of Wind Resistance in Running and Walking and the Mechanical Efficiency of Work..., 1970

Part 2. Typescript drafts, handwritten notes and graphs.

Box: 21 Folder: 6 Oversize: FB28018
Influence of Wind Resistance in Running and Walking and the Mechanical Efficiency of Work..., 1970

Graphs. Oversize.

Box: 21 Folder: 7
Information and Advice [for athletes at Mexico City Olympic Games], 1968
Box: 21 Folder: 8
International Physiological Expedition to the Antarctic: Note on a Visit to San Francisco, June 14-18, 1957

Typescripts.

Box: 21 Folder: 9
Investigation and Prevention of Skiing Accidents, 1965

Reprint, typescript draft, notes, and graph.

Box: 21 Folder: 10
Isafjordur Trawler Disaster, February 5, 1968

Correspondence, 1968-1970. Includes autopsy reports and area map.

Box: 21 Folder: 11
Isafjordur Trawler Disaster: Medical Aspects, 1968

Reprint, typescript and handwritten drafts and notes. Includes clipping from THE GUARDIAN, October 16, 1968.

Box: 21 Folder: 12
Life in the Highest Human Dwelling in the World, 1961

Typescript press release.

Box: 21 Folder: 13
Logistics of the Polar Journeys of Scott, Shackleton and Amundsen, 1972

Reprint, typescript drafts, correspondence, and photographs.

Box: 22 Folder: 1
Majes Project [Peru]. Camps at 3,100 and 3,500 Feet: Health Aspects, 1974 - 1975

Handwritten draft and notes.

Box: 22 Folder: 2
Majes Project [Peru]. Correspondence on High Altitude Working and Living Conditions, 1974 - 1975

Spiral bound photocopies of correspondence, reports and reprints. Includes Pugh's "High Altitudes," Chapter 5 of THE PHYSIOLOGY OF SURVIVAL (1965).

Box: 22 Folder: 3
Majes Project [Peru], 1974 - 1975

Correspondence and reprints of others.

Box: 22 Folder: 4
Man at High Altitude, 1964

Part 1. Reprint, galley proof, typescript draft, and correspondence. Published in THE SCIENTIFIC BASIS OF MEDICINE ANNUAL REVIEWS. Pugh's original folder annotation: "Based on British Post-Graduate Medical Foundation lecture, 18.1.62. Final draft as sent to Sir James Paterson Ross, B.P.M.F. 13th March 1963, and amendments given in letter to Sir J.P.R."

Box: 22 Folder: 5
Man at High Altitude, 1964

Part 2. Typescript drafts.

Box: 22 Folder: 6
Man at High Altitude, 1969

Reprint, galley proof, typescript and handwritten drafts, and correspondence. Published in the JOURNAL OF THE ROYAL COLLEGE OF PHYSICIANS, LONDON.

Box: 22 Folder: 7
Maximum Oxygen Intake in Himalayan Mountaineers, 1971

Reprint, typescript drafts, notes, graphs, correspondence, and comments.

Box: 23 Folder: 1
Maximum Oxygen Uptake at Low Altitude

Undated handwritten draft.

Box: 23 Folder: 2
Mean Skin and Rectal Temperature in Outdoor Running, 1974 - 1975

Part 1. Typescript draft and correspondence. This paper was revised and resubmitted as "Skin Temperature during Running: A Study Using Infra-Red Colour Thermography," and published in 1976.

Box: 23 Folder: 3
Mean Skin and Rectal Temperature in Outdoor Running, 1974 - 1975

Part 2. Typescripts and handwritten drafts.

Box: 23 Folder: 4
Mean Skin and Rectal Temperature in Outdoor Running, 1974 - 1975

Part 3. Typescripts and handwritten drafts.

Box: 23 Folder: 5
Measurement of Cardiac Output and Changes Which Occur during Training, 1965

Typescript. "Extract from ERGONOMICS, volume 8, number 2, page 275, April, 1965."

Box: 23 Folder: 6 Oversize: FB28020
Measurement of Cardiac Output and Changes Which Occur during Training, 1965

Graphs. Oversize.

Box: 23 Folder: 7
Measurement of Skin Temperature during Running in an Outdoor Environment, 1974 - 1975

Typescript drafts, handwritten notes and correspondence. This paper was revised, resubmitted and published as "Skin Temperature during Running: A Study Using Infra-Red Colour Thermography," 1976.

Box: 23 Folder: 8
Medical Aspects of Competitive Athletics, 1967

Abstract only.

Box: 23 Folder: 9
Medical Hazards of Climbing Mount Kenya. 18 July, 1962

Typescript.

Box: 23 Folder: 10
Memorandum: Conversations with B.C. Bishop on 4th December 1963 Re His Ascent of Mount Everest in May, 1963

Typescript.

Box: 23 Folder: 11
Metabolic Response to Cold during Exercise and Its Relation to Accidental Hypothermia

Undated typescript draft and graphs.

Box: 23 Folder: 12 Oversize: FB28021
Metabolic Response to Cold during Exercise and Its Relation to Accidental Hypothermia, 1966 - 1967

Graphs. Oversize.

Box: 23 Folder: 13
Metabolism, Breathing Regulations and Oxygen Saturation of Human Beings in the Highest Laboratory in the World, 1961

Typescript.

Box: 23 Folder: 14
Modified Acetylene Method for the Determination of Cardiac Output during Muscular Exercise, 1972

Part 1. Reprint and typescript draft entitled "Cardiac Output at High Work Intensity Measured by Grollman's Acetylene Method with Estimation of Acetylene by Combustion." Includes handwritten notes and graphs.

Box: 23 Folder: 15
Modified Acetylene Method for the Determination of Cardiac Output during Muscular Exercise, 1972

Handwritten and typescript drafts.

Box: 24 Folder: 1
Mount Cho Oyu, 1952, Mount Everest, 1953, 1983

Reprint, typescript draft, abstract, and correspondence.

Box: 24 Folder: 2
Mountain Exploration. In AMERICAN HANDBOOK OF PHYSIOLOGY, 1963

Part 1. Galley proof, typescript and handwritten drafts.

Box: 24 Folder: 3
Mountain Exploration. In AMERICAN HANDBOOK OF PHYSIOLOGY, 1963

Part 2. Handwritten and typescript drafts.

Box: 24 Folder: 4
Mountain Warfare Training Centre. Mountaineer Wing, 1943 - 1944

"Injuries Due to Sun and Cold." Typescript and handwritten draft and notes.

Box: 24 Folder: 5
Mountain Warfare Training Centre. Mountaineer Wing, 1943 - 1944

"Medical Report." Typescript.

Box: 24 Folder: 6
Mountain Warfare Training Centre. Mountaineer Wing, 1943 - 1944

"Notes on Equipment: A. Clothing; B. Personal Equipment." Typescript.

Box: 24 Folder: 7
Mountain Warfare Training Centre. Mountaineer Wing, 1943 - 1944

"Notes on Handling Casualties During [Training] at the Wing;" "Evacuation of Casualties." Typescripts. Also includes pamphlet, "MILITARY REPORTS ON THE UNITED NATIONS," number 15, 15 February 1944, issued by the War Department, Military Intelligence Division, Washington, D.C.

Box: 24 Folder: 8
Mountain Warfare Training Centre. Mountaineer Wing, 1943 - 1944

"Notes on Hygiene." Typescript and handwritten draft.

Box: 24 Folder: 9
Mountain Warfare Training Centre. Mountaineer Wing, 1943 - 1944

"Notes on Mountain Training in Cold Weather Conditions." Typescript.

Box: 24 Folder: 10
Mountain Warfare Training Centre. Mountaineer Wing, 1943 - 1944

"Physiological Considerations." Typescript and handwritten drafts.

Box: 24 Folder: 11
Mountain Warfare Training Centre. Mountaineer Wing, 1943 - 1944

"Rations for Mountaineer Troops." Typescript and handwritten notes.

Box: 24 Folder: 12
Mountain Warfare Training Centre. Mountaineer Wing, 1943 - 1944

"Selection of Personnel." Typescripts.

Box: 24 Folder: 13
Mountain Warfare Training Centre. Mountaineer Wing, 1943 - 1944

"The Step Test and Its Value as a Test of Physical Fitness for Strenuous Exertion Considered in Relation to Mountain [Warfare] Training." Typescript, notes, data, and reports on the step test.

Box: 24 Folder: 14
Mountain Warfare Training Centre. Mountaineer Wing, 1943 - 1944

"The Theory and Practice of Load Carrying by Man Pack." Handwritten draft and notes. Includes photograph of painting of a [?] mountaineer soldier.

Box: 24 Folder: 15
Mountain Warfare Training Centre. Ski Wing. Final Report, 1942 - 1943

Typescript reports with handwritten notes.

Box: 24 Folder: 16
Mountain Warfare Training Centre. Ski Wing. Final Report, 1942 - 1943

Section 2, Selection of Personnel, Section 9, Range and Load Carrying and Section 11, Hygiene, of the "Final Report." Typescript and handwritten drafts and notes.

Box: 25 Folder: 1
Mountain Warfare Training Centre. Supplement Number 1 to Final Report, 1943 - 1944

"Manual of Ski Technique and Method of Instruction." Typescript with handwritten notes.

Box: 25 Folder: 2
Mountain Warfare Training Centre. Supplement Number 2 to Final Report, 1942 - 1943

"The Physiology of Military Ski-ing." Typescript.

Box: 25 Folder: 3
Mountaineer Physiologist, 1965