Steven Horvath Papers, 1938-1992 (MSS 449)

Extent: 2.4 Linear feet (6 archives boxes)

Papers (1938-1992) of Steven Michael Horvath, professor of physiology, researcher and director (1962-1984) of the Institute of Environmental Stress at the University of California, Santa Barbara.

Steven Michael Horvath was born in Cleveland, Ohio, on September 15, 1911. In 1930 he enrolled at Oberlin College to study chemistry and after one year transferred to Miami (Ohio) University where he earned a B.A. degree in chemistry and physical education in 1934 and an M.S. in physiology in 1935. After two years at Ohio State University (1935-1937), he went to Harvard University, earning a Ph.D. in physiology and biology in 1942.

As a student Horvath held research and teaching assistantships at the Woods Hole Biology Laboratory and Miami (Ohio) University. At Harvard he worked in the Fatigue Laboratory under the direction of David Bruce Dill, whose daughter, Elizabeth, Horvath married in 1940.

In the 1940s and 1950s, Horvath held a variety of medical research and teaching positions: director of physiological research at the Massachusetts State Hospital for the Insane (1939-1942); on the faculty of the University of Pennsylvania and the State University of Iowa (1949-1958); and, head of the Department of Physiology at Lankenau Hospital in Philadelphia (1958-1961). He was a visiting professor at the University of Copenhagen, Denmark, in 1958-1959 and at Jefferson Medical College in 1959-1961.

In 1961 Horvath joined the faculty of the Department of Physical and Health Education at the University of California, Santa Barbara, where he helped establish the Institute of Environmental Stress and served as its director (1962-1984). Horvath also worked on the proposal to establish the Center for Aging Research at UCSB.

Papers of Steven Michael Horvath, professor of physiology, researcher and director (1962-1984) of the Institute of Environmental Stress at the University of California, Santa Barbara. Horvath studied the physiological effects of the environment, particularly air pollutants, altitude, and heat. The bulk of the material documents Horvath's career after 1961, when he joined the faculty of the University of California, Santa Barbara, and took part in establishing the Institute of Environmental Stress. Materials documenting the Institute director's correspondence (1962-1984), administrative files, annual reports, contracts and grants, photographs, and symposium files. The collection also includes reprints and typescripts of his research papers and articles on his studies into the effects of environment on health, miscellaneous UCSB minutes and committee reports, and Center for Aging Research materials.


Additional writings by Steven Horvath can be found in the David Bruce Dill and Harvard Fatigue Laboratory Reprints (MSS 517), Special Collections & Archives, UC San Diego.

Container List


Scope and Content of Series

Series 1) BIOGRAPHICAL MATERIALS: Arranged alphabetically and contains awards and certificates of appreciation given to Horvath in the course of his career, personal correspondence, a curriculum vita dated 1962, and photographs of Horvath alone and with others, as well as images of a research laboratory at the University of Iowa in the 1950s.

Box 1 Folder 1
Awards and certificates, 1938 - 1988
Box 1 Folder 2
Correspondence, 1962 - 1972
Box 1 Folder 3
Curriculum vita, ca. 1962

Photographs of Steven Horvath

Box 1 Folder 4
Two informal portraits, 1992
Box 1 Folder 5
Horvath with others, 1960 - 1980
Box 1 Folder 6
Research and testing facilities at the University of Iowa - Photographs, 1950


Scope and Content of Series

Series 2) WRITINGS BY HORVATH: Begins with a chronological list of Horvath's publications from 1938 to 1962. Included in the series are typescript drafts, photocopies of published articles, and reprints. Writings are arranged alphabetically by title, reflecting Horvath's research interests in the physiological effects of a variety of substances and situations: air pollutants, particularly carbon monoxide; high altitude; desert heat; and aging. The series contains only a few of his papers, and is not a complete representation of his work.

Box 1 Folder 7
Publications list, 1938 - 1962
Box 1 Folder 8
Age, Smoking Habits, Heat Stress, and Their Interactive Effects with Carbon Monoxide and Peroxyacetylnitrate, with P.B. Raven, et al., 1974
Box 1 Folder 9
Aging and Heat Stress, ca. 1966
Box 1 Folder 10
Air Pollution, Exercise and Heat Stress, with Barbara L. Drinkwater, et al., 1974
Box 1 Folder 11
Carbon Monoxide - Number 13, Environmental Health Criteria, published by the World Health Organization, 1979
Box 1 Folder 12
Carbon Monoxide and Human Vigilance, with T.E. Dahms, 1971
Box 1 Folder 13
Carbon Monoxide and Vigilance: Potential Danger from Existing Urban Concentrations, with J.F. O'Hanlon, et al., 1970
Box 1 Folder 14
Carbon Monoxide Elimination, with J.A. Wagner, et al., undated
Box 1 Folder 15
Effect of Carbon Monoxide and Peroxacetyl Nitrate on Man's Maximal Aerobic Capacity, with P.B. Raven, et al., 1974
Box 1 Folder 16
Effects of Age on Plasma Aldoterone Levels and Hemoconcentration at Altitude, with R.C. Jung, et al., 1971
Box 1 Folder 17
Effects of Carbon Monoxide on Human Behavior, 1973
Box 1 Folder 18
Electrocardiogram of Burros, with Taketoshi Morimoto, et al., 1975
Box 1 Folder 19
Exercise at Ambient and High Oxygen Pressure and High Altitude and at Sea Level, with K. Klausen, et al., 1970
Box 1 Folder 20
Hemoconcentration at Altitude, with D.B. Dill, et al., 1969
Box 1 Folder 21
Influence of Glycine on Muscular Strength, with C.A. Knehr, et al., 1941
Box 1 Folder 22
Man's Physiologic Response to Long-Term Work during Thermal and Pollutant Stress, with J.A. Gliner, et al. - Abstract, undated
Box 1 Folder 23
Maximal Aerobic Capacity at Different Levels of Carboxyhemoglobin, with P.B. Raven, et al., undated
Box 1 Folder 24
Miscellaneous individual projects, undated
Box 1 Folder 25
My Institute, undated
Box 1 Folder 26
Peripheral Blood Flow Response to Exercise Consequent to Physical Training, with R.H. Rochelle, et al., 1971
Box 1 Folder 27
Rapid Acclimatization to Work in Hot Climate, 1943
Box 1 Folder 28
Rapid, Accurate Technique for Determination of Carbon Monoxide in Blood, with T.E. Dahms, 1974
Box 1 Folder 29
Respiratory and Circulatory Responses to Acute Carbon Monoxide Poisoning, with H. Chiodi, et al., 1941
Box 1 Folder 30
Responses to Exercise as Related to Age, with D.B. Dill, et al., 1958
Box 1 Folder 31
Spirometric Changes Following Long-Term Work in Polluted Environments, with P.B. Raven, et al., undated
Box 1 Folder 32
Sweat Electrolytes in Desert Walks, with D.B. Dill, et al., 1967
Box 1 Folder 33
Technique for Accurately Producing Desired Carboxyhemoglobin during Rest and Exercise, with T.E. Dahms, et al., undated


Scope and Content of Series

Series 3) CENTER FOR AGING RESEARCH: Arranged alphabetically by subjects related to establishing this center at UCSB and includes drafts and the final proposal, a descriptive brochure, sources of funding, correspondence, and miscellaneous material on aging.

Box 2 Folder 1
Development Case Statement, 1980
Box 2 Folder 2
Fund sources in aging, 1978 - 1984
Box 2 Folder 3
Funding publicity letters, 1982 - 1983
Box 2 Folder 4
Invitations to become associate of Center for Aging Research, January 22, 1983
Box 2 Folder 5
Miscellaneous aging material, 1978 - 1983
Box 2 Folder 6
Opportunities for Giving - Includes brochure and draft cover letter, 1982

Project for a Center for Research on Aging

Box 2 Folder 7
Handwritten and typescript notes - Includes "Funding Source Information for Educational Programs for the Aging" and list of names of medical specialists, undated
Box 2 Folder 8
Miscellaneous reprints and typescripts by various authors, 1969 - 1982


Scope and Content of Series

Series 4) INSTITUTE OF ENVIRONMENTAL STRESS: Arranged in four subseries: A) Administrative Files, B) Annual Reports, C) Contracts and Grants, and D) Humans Under Stress Symposium. A) Administrative Files contains drafts and a final copy of the plan to establish the Institute, curricula vitae for members of the staff, and the director's correspondence (1962-1984). B) Annual Reports contains eleven years of accounts of Institute activities, a five-year review and material for a history of the Institute. C) Contracts and Grants contains abstracts, interim and final reports on work done under contract to the California Air Resources Board, the Environmental Protection Agency, the National Institutes of Health, and the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health. D) Humans Under Stress: Will They Survive symposium honored Steven Horvath on his 80th birthday in 1991. The subseries contains material related to planning and organizing of the Symposium, letters of invitation, abstracts of papers presented, and photographs of Deborah Dreschler-Parks, the Symposium's organizer, and Steven Horvath.

Administrative History

Box 2 Folder 9
Correspondence, 1962 - 1984
Box 2 Folder 10
Curriculum planning and staffing, 1961 - 1980
Box 2 Folder 11
Curricula vitae for staff at the Institute of Environmental Stress, 1957 - 1964

For Institute Scrapbook

Box 2 Folder 12
Includes humorous certificates, verse and correspondence, 1968 - 1972
Box 2 Folder 13
Newspaper clippings, 1954 - 1973
Box 2 Folder 14
Individual Adaptations Symposium, 1977
Box 2 Folder 15
Laboratory Policy - Includes typescript description of laboratory equipment needs and handwritten procedure for carbon-14 studies, undated
Box 2 Folder 16
Miscellaneous write-ups on Institute, 1966 - 1975
Box 3 Folder 1
Plan for the establishment of the Institute of Environmental Stress, April 5, 1963
Box 3 Folder 2
Publications and manuscripts concerning carbon monoxide, 1975


Box 3 Folder 3
Group pictures of faculty, students and staff of the Institute of Environmental Stress, 1967 - 1981
Box 3 Folder 4
Miscellaneous unidentified photographs of Institute students, faculty and staff, undated

Annual Reports

Box 3 Folder 5
1966 [?] - Includes copy of The University as a Major Influence in the State. Proceedings of the University of California Twenty-Second All-University Faculty Conference, March 20-23, 1967. Annotated by Steven M. Horvath
Box 3 Folder 6
1970 [?]
Box 3 Folder 7-13
1972 - 1977
Box 4 Folder 1-6
1977 - 1984
Box 4 Folder 7
Five-Year Review, 1976 - 1981
Box 4 Folder 8
History - Includes "Analysis of Experiments by Type and Year", 1971 - 1985

Contracts and Grants

California Air Resources Board

Box 4 Folder 9
Influence of Carbon Monoxide in Normal and Cardiovascular Stressed Animals - Abstract of final report, 1971 - 1974
Box 4 Folder 10
Interaction of Two Air Pollutants, Sulphur Dioxide and Ozone, on Lung Function, with L. J. Folinsbee, 1975 - 1977
Box 4 Folder 11
Physiological Effects of Exposure to Different Concentrations of Ozone, with L.J. Folinsbee, et al., 1975 - 1978
Box 4 Folder 12
Physiological Effects of Air Pollutants during Long and Short Term Work..., with P.B. Raven, et al. - Abstract, 1971 - 1974
Box 4 Folder 13
Response to Oxidants, with J.F. Bedi, 1981 - 1983
Box 4 Folder 14
Response to Oxidants: Human Exposure to Sulphur Dioxide and Ozone..., 1978 - 1980
Box 4 Folder 15
Responses to Oxidants: Pre-Exposure to Low Ozone Concentrations Does Not..., with J.F. Bedi, 1981 - 1982
Box 5 Folder 1
Rest and Work During Carbon Monoxide Exposures at Altitude, 1982 - 1985
Box 5 Folder 2
Synergistic Effects of Sulphur Dioxide and Ozone and Adaptation to Ozone, with J.A. Gliner, 1982

Environmental Protection Agency

Box 5 Folder 3
Effects of Low Levels of Ozone and Temperature Stress on Cardiac..., with L.J. Folinsbee, 1974 - 1975
Box 5 Folder 4
Effects of Sulfuric Acid Mist Exposure on Human Pulmonary Function, 1977 - 1980
Box 5 Folder 5
Related Ozone Exposures, undated
Box 5 Folder 6
National Institutes of Health. Cardiovascular Adjustments to Cold Exposure, with J.A. Wagner, 1979 - 1982
Box 5 Folder 7
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health. Physiological Adaptation of Women to Heat Stress, with B.L. Drinkwater, 1979 - 1982

Humans Under Stress Symposium

Box 5 Folder 8
Abstracts of papers presented at the Symposium, 1992
Box 5 Folder 9
Financial records, 1991 - 1992
Box 5 Folder 10
Fund raising letters, notes and brochures, 1990 - 1992
Box 5 Folder 11
Letters of invitation and replies, 1991 - 1992
Box 5 Folder 12
Photographs of Deborah Dreschler-Parks, Steven M. Horvath and others, 1992
Box 5 Folder 13
Proposal form and planning material, 1990 - 1992


Scope and Content of Series

Series 5: UCSB MISCELLANEOUS: Consists primarily of correspondence related to funding sources, university relations and proposals for a research center and a visual science program.

Box 6 Folder 1
Cheadle, Vernon I., Chancellor - Correspondence, 1963 - 1985
Box 6 Folder 2
Gifts and endowments, 1966 - 1984
Box 6 Folder 3
Scientific Center of Research Excellence, 1970 - 1974
Box 6 Folder 4
Systemwide Estate Monies - Correspondence, 1981 - 1982
Box 6 Folder 5
University Relations - Correspondence
Box 6 Folder 6
Visual Science Program at the University of California at Santa Barbara, proposal, 1982


Scope and Content of Series

Series 6) WRITINGS OF OTHERS: Contains typescript copies of papers on topics in physiology and an English translation by D.B. Dill's son of a 1979 article in a Chilean newspaper describing an expedition to a mountain in the Andes (Aucanquilcha) that Dill's father had studied during the International High Altitude Expedition to Chile in 1935.

Box 6 Folder 7
Astorga, Luz M. "Searching for the Top of Man's World", 1979

English translation by D.B. Dill, Jr. Includes letter in Spanish from D.B. Dill, Jr. to A. Araneda, July 1, 1979.

Box 6 Folder 8
"Changes in Adaptability to Heat and Cold Stress of the 'Climateric' Female with and without Estrogen Therapy", undated

Costill, David

Box 6 Folder 9
"Appendix: Glycogen Depletion Pattern in Human Muscle Fibers during Distance Running", undated
Box 6 Folder 10
"Glucose Ingestion at Rest and During Prolonged Exercise", undated
Box 6 Folder 11
Horstman, Donald Herbert. "Glycogen Resynthesis in Man: Role of Depletion, Carbohydrate and Insulin", 1970
Box 6 Folder 12
Lin, Yu-Chong. "Proposal 1: Studies on the Sympathetic Activity and Cardiovascular Parameters...", undated
Box 6 Folder 13
Project Menlec. "The Effects of the Menstrual Cycles upon Eccrine Sweating and Electrolyte Loss...", undated

Robinson, Sid

Box 6 Folder 14
"The Effects of Hot Environments on Men", 1944
Box 6 Folder 15
"Physiological Adjustments of Men to Stress", 1966