Steven Horvath Papers, 1938-1992 (MSS 0449)

Extent: 2.4 Linear feet (6 archives boxes)

Papers (1938-1992) of Steven Michael Horvath, professor of physiology, researcher and director (1962-1984) of the Institute of Environmental Stress at the University of California, Santa Barbara.

Steven Michael Horvath was born in Cleveland, Ohio, on September 15, 1911. In 1930 he enrolled at Oberlin College to study chemistry and after one year transferred to Miami (Ohio) University where he earned a B.A. degree in chemistry and physical education in 1934 and an M.S. in physiology in 1935. After two years at Ohio State University (1935-1937), he went to Harvard University, earning a Ph.D. in physiology and biology in 1942.

As a student Horvath held research and teaching assistantships at the Woods Hole Biology Laboratory and Miami (Ohio) University. At Harvard he worked in the Fatigue Laboratory under the direction of David Bruce Dill, whose daughter, Elizabeth, Horvath married in 1940.

In the 1940s and 1950s, Horvath held a variety of medical research and teaching positions: director of physiological research at the Massachusetts State Hospital for the Insane (1939-1942); on the faculty of the University of Pennsylvania and the State University of Iowa (1949-1958); and, head of the Department of Physiology at Lankenau Hospital in Philadelphia (1958-1961). He was a visiting professor at the University of Copenhagen, Denmark, in 1958-1959 and at Jefferson Medical College in 1959-1961.

In 1961 Horvath joined the faculty of the Department of Physical and Health Education at the University of California, Santa Barbara, where he helped establish the Institute of Environmental Stress and served as its director (1962-1984). Horvath also worked on the proposal to establish the Center for Aging Research at UCSB.

Papers of Steven Michael Horvath, professor of physiology, researcher and director (1962-1984) of the Institute of Environmental Stress at the University of California, Santa Barbara. Horvath studied the physiological effects of the environment, particularly air pollutants, altitude, and heat. The bulk of the material documents Horvath's career after 1961, when he joined the faculty of the University of California, Santa Barbara, and took part in establishing the Institute of Environmental Stress. Materials documenting the Institute director's correspondence (1962-1984), administrative files, annual reports, contracts and grants, photographs, and symposium files. The collection also includes reprints and typescripts of his research papers and articles on his studies into the effects of environment on health, miscellaneous UCSB minutes and committee reports, and Center for Aging Research materials.

The papers are arranged in six series: 1) BIOGRAPHICAL MATERIALS, 2) WRITINGS BY HORVATH, 3) CENTER FOR AGING RESEARCH, 4) INSTITUTE OF ENVIRONMENTAL STRESS, 5) UCSB MISCELLANEOUS, and 6) WRITINGS OF OTHERS.

SERIES 1: BIOGRAPHICAL MATERIALS

The BIOGRAPHICAL MATERIALS series is arranged alphabetically and contains awards and certificates of appreciation given to Horvath in the course of his career, personal correspondence, a curriculum vita dated 1962, and photographs of Horvath alone and with others, as well as images of a research laboratory at the University of Iowa in the 1950s.

SERIES 2: WRITINGS BY HORVATH

The WRITINGS series begins with a chronological list of Horvath's publications from 1938 to 1962. Included in the series are typescript drafts, photocopies of published articles, and reprints. Writings are arranged alphabetically by title, reflecting Horvath's research interests in the physiological effects of a variety of substances and situations: air pollutants, particularly carbon monoxide; high altitude; desert heat; and aging. The series contains only a few of his papers, and is not a complete representation of his work.

SERIES 3: CENTER FOR AGING RESEARCH

The CENTER FOR AGING RESEARCH SERIES is arranged alphabetically by subjects related to establishing this center at UCSB and includes drafts and the final proposal, a descriptive brochure, sources of funding, correspondence, and miscellaneous material on aging.

SERIES 4: INSTITUTE OF ENVIRONMENTAL STRESS

This series is arranged in four subseries: A) Administrative Files, B) Annual Reports, C) Contracts and Grants, and D) Humans Under Stress Symposium.

A) The Administrative Files subseries contains drafts and a final copy of the plan to establish the Institute, curricula vitae for members of the staff, and the director's correspondence (1962-1984).

B) The Annual Reports subseries contains eleven years of accounts of Institute activities, a five-year review and material for a history of the Institute.

C) The Contracts and Grants subseries contains abstracts, interim and final reports on work done under contract to the California Air Resources Board, the Environmental Protection Agency, the National Institutes of Health, and the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health.

D) The symposium, Humans Under Stress: Will They Survive, honored Steven Horvath on his 80th birthday in 1991. The subseries contains material related to planning and organizing of the Symposium, letters of invitation, abstracts of papers presented, and photographs of Deborah Dreschler-Parks, the Symposium's organizer, and Steven Horvath.

SERIES 5: UCSB MISCELLANEOUS

The bulk of the UCSB MISCELLANEOUS series consists of correspondence related to funding sources, university relations and proposals for a research center and a visual science program.

SERIES 6: WRITINGS OF OTHERS

The WRITINGS OF OTHERS series contains typescript copies of papers on topics in physiology and an English translation by D.B. Dill's son of a 1979 article in a Chilean newspaper describing an expedition to a mountain in the Andes (Aucanquilcha) that Dill's father had studied during the International High Altitude Expedition to Chile in 1935.

Additional writings by Steven Horvath can be found in the David Bruce Dill and Harvard Fatigue Laboratory Reprints (MSS 517), Special Collections & Archives, UC San Diego.

Container List

BIOGRAPHICAL MATERIALS

Box: 1 Folder: 1
Awards and certificates, 1938 - 1988
Box: 1 Folder: 2
Correspondence, 1962 - 1972
Box: 1 Folder: 3
Curriculum vita, ca. 1962
Photographs of Steven Horvath
Box: 1 Folder: 4
Two informal portraits, 1992
Box: 1 Folder: 5
Horvath with others, 1960 - 1980
Box: 1 Folder: 6
Research and testing facilities at the University of Iowa - Photographs, 1950

WRITINGS BY HORVATH

Box: 1 Folder: 7
Publications list, 1938 - 1962
Box: 1 Folder: 8
Age, Smoking Habits, Heat Stress, and Their Interactive Effects with Carbon Monoxide and Peroxyacetylnitrate, with P.B. Raven, et al., 1974
Box: 1 Folder: 9
Aging and Heat Stress, ca. 1966
Box: 1 Folder: 10
Air Pollution, Exercise and Heat Stress, with Barbara L. Drinkwater, et al., 1974
Box: 1 Folder: 11
Carbon Monoxide - Number 13, Environmental Health Criteria, published by the World Health Organization, 1979
Box: 1 Folder: 12
Carbon Monoxide and Human Vigilance, with T.E. Dahms, 1971
Box: 1 Folder: 13
Carbon Monoxide and Vigilance: Potential Danger from Existing Urban Concentrations, with J.F. O'Hanlon, et al., 1970
Box: 1 Folder: 14
Carbon Monoxide Elimination, with J.A. Wagner, et al., undated
Box: 1 Folder: 15
Effect of Carbon Monoxide and Peroxacetyl Nitrate on Man's Maximal Aerobic Capacity, with P.B. Raven, et al., 1974
Box: 1 Folder: 16
Effects of Age on Plasma Aldoterone Levels and Hemoconcentration at Altitude, with R.C. Jung, et al., 1971
Box: 1 Folder: 17
Effects of Carbon Monoxide on Human Behavior, 1973
Box: 1 Folder: 18
Electrocardiogram of Burros, with Taketoshi Morimoto, et al., 1975
Box: 1 Folder: 19
Exercise at Ambient and High Oxygen Pressure and High Altitude and at Sea Level, with K. Klausen, et al., 1970
Box: 1 Folder: 20
Hemoconcentration at Altitude, with D.B. Dill, et al., 1969
Box: 1 Folder: 21
Influence of Glycine on Muscular Strength, with C.A. Knehr, et al., 1941
Box: 1 Folder: 22
Man's Physiologic Response to Long-Term Work during Thermal and Pollutant Stress, with J.A. Gliner, et al. - Abstract, undated
Box: 1 Folder: 23
Maximal Aerobic Capacity at Different Levels of Carboxyhemoglobin, with P.B. Raven, et al., undated
Box: 1 Folder: 24
Miscellaneous individual projects, undated
Box: 1 Folder: 25
My Institute, undated
Box: 1 Folder: 26
Peripheral Blood Flow Response to Exercise Consequent to Physical Training, with R.H. Rochelle, et al., 1971
Box: 1 Folder: 27
Rapid Acclimatization to Work in Hot Climate, 1943
Box: 1 Folder: 28
Rapid, Accurate Technique for Determination of Carbon Monoxide in Blood, with T.E. Dahms, 1974
Box: 1 Folder: 29
Respiratory and Circulatory Responses to Acute Carbon Monoxide Poisoning, with H. Chiodi, et al., 1941
Box: 1 Folder: 30
Responses to Exercise as Related to Age, with D.B. Dill, et al., 1958
Box: 1 Folder: 31
Spirometric Changes Following Long-Term Work in Polluted Environments, with P.B. Raven, et al., undated
Box: 1 Folder: 32
Sweat Electrolytes in Desert Walks, with D.B. Dill, et al., 1967
Box: 1 Folder: 33
Technique for Accurately Producing Desired Carboxyhemoglobin during Rest and Exercise, with T.E. Dahms, et al., undated

CENTER FOR AGING RESEARCH

Box: 2 Folder: 1
Development Case Statement, 1980
Box: 2 Folder: 2
Fund sources in aging, 1978 - 1984
Box: 2 Folder: 3
Funding publicity letters, 1982 - 1983
Box: 2 Folder: 4
Invitations to become associate of Center for Aging Research, January 22, 1983
Box: 2 Folder: 5
Miscellaneous aging material, 1978 - 1983
Box: 2 Folder: 6
Opportunities for Giving - Includes brochure and draft cover letter, 1982
Project for a Center for Research on Aging
Box: 2 Folder: 7
Handwritten and typescript notes - Includes "Funding Source Information for Educational Programs for the Aging" and list of names of medical specialists, undated
Box: 2 Folder: 8
Miscellaneous reprints and typescripts by various authors, 1969 - 1982

INSTITUTE OF ENVIRONMENTAL STRESS

Administrative History

Box: 2 Folder: 9
Correspondence, 1962 - 1984
Box: 2 Folder: 10
Curriculum planning and staffing, 1961 - 1980
Box: 2 Folder: 11
Curricula vitae for staff at the Institute of Environmental Stress, 1957 - 1964
For Institute Scrapbook
Box: 2 Folder: 12
Includes humorous certificates, verse and correspondence, 1968 - 1972
Box: 2 Folder: 13
Newspaper clippings, 1954 - 1973
Box: 2 Folder: 14
Individual Adaptations Symposium, 1977
Box: 2 Folder: 15
Laboratory Policy - Includes typescript description of laboratory equipment needs and handwritten procedure for carbon-14 studies, undated
Box: 2 Folder: 16
Miscellaneous write-ups on Institute, 1966 - 1975
Box: 3 Folder: 1
Plan for the establishment of the Institute of Environmental Stress, April 5, 1963
Box: 3 Folder: 2
Publications and manuscripts concerning carbon monoxide, 1975
Photographs
Box: 3 Folder: 3
Group pictures of faculty, students and staff of the Institute of Environmental Stress, 1967 - 1981
Box: 3 Folder: 4
Miscellaneous unidentified photographs of Institute students, faculty and staff, undated

Annual Reports

Box: 3 Folder: 5
1966 [?] - Includes copy of The University as a Major Influence in the State. Proceedings of the University of California Twenty-Second All-University Faculty Conference, March 20-23, 1967. Annotated by Steven M. Horvath
Box: 3 Folder: 6
1970 [?]
Box: 3 Folder: 7-13
1972 - 1977
Box: 4 Folder: 1-6
1977 - 1984
Box: 4 Folder: 7
Five-Year Review, 1976 - 1981
Box: 4 Folder: 8
History - Includes "Analysis of Experiments by Type and Year", 1971 - 1985

Contracts and Grants

California Air Resources Board
Box: 4 Folder: 9
Influence of Carbon Monoxide in Normal and Cardiovascular Stressed Animals - Abstract of final report, 1971 - 1974
Box: 4 Folder: 10
Interaction of Two Air Pollutants, Sulphur Dioxide and Ozone, on Lung Function, with L. J. Folinsbee, 1975 - 1977
Box: 4 Folder: 11
Physiological Effects of Exposure to Different Concentrations of Ozone, with L.J. Folinsbee, et al., 1975 - 1978
Box: 4 Folder: 12
Physiological Effects of Air Pollutants during Long and Short Term Work..., with P.B. Raven, et al. - Abstract, 1971 - 1974
Box: 4 Folder: 13
Response to Oxidants, with J.F. Bedi, 1981 - 1983
Box: 4 Folder: 14
Response to Oxidants: Human Exposure to Sulphur Dioxide and Ozone..., 1978 - 1980
Box: 4 Folder: 15
Responses to Oxidants: Pre-Exposure to Low Ozone Concentrations Does Not..., with J.F. Bedi, 1981 - 1982
Box: 5 Folder: 1
Rest and Work During Carbon Monoxide Exposures at Altitude, 1982 - 1985
Box: 5 Folder: 2
Synergistic Effects of Sulphur Dioxide and Ozone and Adaptation to Ozone, with J.A. Gliner, 1982
Environmental Protection Agency
Box: 5 Folder: 3
Effects of Low Levels of Ozone and Temperature Stress on Cardiac..., with L.J. Folinsbee, 1974 - 1975
Box: 5 Folder: 4
Effects of Sulfuric Acid Mist Exposure on Human Pulmonary Function, 1977 - 1980
Box: 5 Folder: 5
Related Ozone Exposures, undated
Box: 5 Folder: 6
National Institutes of Health. Cardiovascular Adjustments to Cold Exposure, with J.A. Wagner, 1979 - 1982
Box: 5 Folder: 7
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health. Physiological Adaptation of Women to Heat Stress, with B.L. Drinkwater, 1979 - 1982

Humans Under Stress Symposium

Box: 5 Folder: 8
Abstracts of papers presented at the Symposium, 1992
Box: 5 Folder: 9
Financial records, 1991 - 1992
Box: 5 Folder: 10
Fund raising letters, notes and brochures, 1990 - 1992
Box: 5 Folder: 11
Letters of invitation and replies, 1991 - 1992
Box: 5 Folder: 12
Photographs of Deborah Dreschler-Parks, Steven M. Horvath and others, 1992
Box: 5 Folder: 13
Proposal form and planning material, 1990 - 1992

UCSB MISCELLANEOUS

Box: 6 Folder: 1
Cheadle, Vernon I., Chancellor - Correspondence, 1963 - 1985
Box: 6 Folder: 2
Gifts and endowments, 1966 - 1984
Box: 6 Folder: 3
Scientific Center of Research Excellence, 1970 - 1974
Box: 6 Folder: 4
Systemwide Estate Monies - Correspondence, 1981 - 1982
Box: 6 Folder: 5
University Relations - Correspondence
Box: 6 Folder: 6
Visual Science Program at the University of California at Santa Barbara, proposal, 1982

WRITINGS OF OTHERS

Box: 6 Folder: 7
Astorga, Luz M. "Searching for the Top of Man's World", 1979

English translation by D.B. Dill, Jr. Includes letter in Spanish from D.B. Dill, Jr. to A. Araneda, July 1, 1979.

Box: 6 Folder: 8
"Changes in Adaptability to Heat and Cold Stress of the 'Climateric' Female with and without Estrogen Therapy", undated
Costill, David
Box: 6 Folder: 9
"Appendix: Glycogen Depletion Pattern in Human Muscle Fibers during Distance Running", undated
Box: 6 Folder: 10
"Glucose Ingestion at Rest and During Prolonged Exercise", undated
Box: 6 Folder: 11
Horstman, Donald Herbert. "Glycogen Resynthesis in Man: Role of Depletion, Carbohydrate and Insulin", 1970
Box: 6 Folder: 12
Lin, Yu-Chong. "Proposal 1: Studies on the Sympathetic Activity and Cardiovascular Parameters...", undated
Box: 6 Folder: 13
Project Menlec. "The Effects of the Menstrual Cycles upon Eccrine Sweating and Electrolyte Loss...", undated
Robinson, Sid
Box: 6 Folder: 14
"The Effects of Hot Environments on Men", 1944
Box: 6 Folder: 15
"Physiological Adjustments of Men to Stress", 1966