Stephen Leavitt Fieldnotes and Recordings, 1984 - 1989 (MSS 0027)

Restrictions: The collection may only be used with the written permission of Stephen Leavitt. Also, audio recordings in Series 3 are restricted; researchers must request user copies be produced. For more information contact the Mandeville Special Collections Library.

Extent: 3.6 Linear feet 4 archives boxes and 11 card file boxes

Ethnographic fieldnotes and audio cassette recordings (1984-1986) created by Stephen Leavitt, American anthropologist and researcher in Melanesian culture. Included are fieldnotes, tape recorded interviews, interview transcripts, census materials, and Arapesh language materials related to the ethnography of the Bumbita Arapesh people of East Sepik Province, Papua New Guinea.

Stephen Christopher Leavitt (1959- ), American anthropologist, graduated with a B.A. from Swarthmore College in 1981. He attended the University of California, San Diego, where he earned his doctorate in anthropology in 1989. His dissertation, entitled CARGO, CHRIST, AND NOSTALGIA FOR THE DEAD: THEMES OF INTIMACY AND ABANDONMENT IN BUMBITA ARAPESH SOCIAL EXPERIENCE, was based on fieldwork in Papua New Guinea from 1984-1986, for which he received a Fulbright Research Grant. While in the field, Leavitt worked closely with Professor Donald F. Tuzin, whose own work centered on the neighboring Ilahita Arapesh. In 1989, Leavitt received a Rockefeller Fellowship in the Humanities, which supported his residence at the Center for Pacific Islands Studies at the University of Hawaii. Since then, he has taught at Washington University (St. Louis) and, currently, at Union College (Schenectady). His work has been published in ETHOS, ETHNOLOGY, SOCIAL SCIENCE AND MEDICINE, and THE JOURNAL OF PSYCHOHISTORY. Leavitt is married to anthropologist Karen Brison, who also conducted fieldwork in the East Sepik Province with the Gawanga people.

The Stephen Leavitt fieldnotes and recordings document ethnographic research conducted among the Bumbita Arapesh people of East Sepik Province, Papua New Guinea, which formed the core of Leavitt's doctoral dissertation in anthropology at UCSD. The materials are arranged in three series: 1) FIELDNOTES, 2) TRANSCRIPTIONS OF RECORDINGS, and 3) RECORDINGS.

SERIES 1: FIELDNOTES

The FIELDNOTES series contains photocopies of notebooks arranged in chronological order. Several notebooks focus on specific topics, including children on children, parents on children, and causes of death. Also included are census and genealogical materials for several villages and files on the Bumbita Arapesh language.

SERIES 2: TRANSCRIPTIONS OF RECORDINGS

The TRANSCRIPTIONS OF RECORDINGS series is contains copies of Leavitt's transcriptions of selected recorded interviews with informants.

SERIES 3: RECORDINGS

The RECORDINGS series contains audio cassette recordings of field interviews and social events conducted in the Bumbita Arapesh language as well as recorded English translations of some of the sound recordings. The recordings were arranged in a numeric order by Leavitt. The box numbers in the container list reflect each cassette's location, and the folder numbers designate Leavitt's numeric order. In addition, an appendix to this guide, supplied by Leavitt, provides added description of the contents of each recording.

Container List

FIELDNOTES

Box: 1 Folder: 1
Book 1, 1984
Box: 1 Folder: 2
Book 2, 1984
Box: 1 Folder: 3
Book 3, 1984 - 1985
Box: 1 Folder: 4
Book 4, 1985
Box: 1 Folder: 5
Book 5, 1985
Box: 1 Folder: 6
Book 6, 1985
Box: 1 Folder: 7
Book 7, 1985
Box: 1 Folder: 8
Book 8, 1985
Box: 1 Folder: 9
Book 9, 1985
Box: 1 Folder: 10
Book 10, 1985
Box: 1 Folder: 11
Book 11, 1985
Box: 1 Folder: 12
Book 12, 1985
Box: 2 Folder: 1
Book 13, 1985 - 1986
Box: 2 Folder: 2
Book 14, 1986
Box: 2 Folder: 3
Book 15, 1986
Box: 2 Folder: 4
Book 16, 1986
Box: 2 Folder: 5
Book 17, 1986
Box: 2 Folder: 6
Book 18, 1986
Box: 2 Folder: 7
Book 19, 1986
Box: 2 Folder: 8
Book 20, 1986
Box: 2 Folder: 9
Book 21, 1986
Box: 2 Folder: 10
Book 22, 1986
House-by-house lists of inhabitants, including names, ages, educational levels attained, marriages, children, and kinship
Box: 2 Folder: 11
Census: Bumbita
Box: 2 Folder: 12
Census: Urita
Box: 3 Folder: 1
Census: Sa'unes
Box: 3 Folder: 2
Census: Buter/Aor
Box: 3 Folder: 3
Census: Indipi [Indibi]
Box: 3 Folder: 4
Language - drills. Tok Pisin to Bumbita Arapesh
Box: 3 Folder: 5
Language - Bumbita Arapesh word list. Tok Pisin to Bumbita Arapesh. A-S only; T-Z not listed
Box: 3 Folder: 6
Language - monologues. Bumbita Arapesh with Tok Pisin translations
Box: 3 Folder: 7
Topics: Causes of death
Box: 3 Folder: 8
Topics: Parents on children
Box: 3 Folder: 9
Topics: Children on children
Box: 3 Folder: 10
Sexual ideology and experience in a Papua New Guinea society - Journal article. Published in: Social Science & Medicine (1991) v. 3 n. 8: 897-907. Earlier version delivered at the 87th meeting of the American Anthropological Association, 1988
Box: 3 Folder: 11
Miscellaneous - Catalog of slides. [These slides are not included in the collection]
Box: 3 Folder: 12
Miscellaneous - Field note index
Box: 3 Folder: 13
Miscellaneous - Maps, genealogy charts and tables
Box: 3 Folder: 14
Miscellaneous - Urita court cases index

TRANSCRIPTIONS OF RECORDINGS

Box: 4 Folder: 1
Personal interview: Ahaurim
Box: 4 Folder: 2
Personal interview: Michael Kora
Box: 4 Folder: 3
Personal interview: Paul of Imbras
Box: 4 Folder: 4
Personal interview: Endyohimp
Box: 4 Folder: 5
Personal interview: Kuna'ara
Box: 4 Folder: 6
Personal interview: O'weriwa
Box: 4 Folder: 7
Personal interview: Sua'a
Box: 4 Folder: 8
Personal interview: Arehin
Box: 4 Folder: 9
Personal interview: Pihinguh
Box: 4 Folder: 10
Personal interview: Karauri
Box: 4 Folder: 11
Personal interview: Mungahan
Box: 4 Folder: 12
Personal interview: Robert
Box: 4 Folder: 13
Personal interview: Anien
Box: 4 Folder: 14
Personal interview: Antosiom
Box: 4 Folder: 15
Personal interview: Michael Uhiar. Revival and thinking of Christians and heathens
Box: 4 Folder: 16
Personal interview: Raikos
Box: 4 Folder: 17
Dreams
Box: 4 Folder: 18
Personal interview: Umbuahember
Box: 4 Folder: 19
Myths

RECORDINGS

Box: 5 Folder: 1-2
Meeting of the Totems, 1984
Box: 5 Folder: 3
Ethnographic interview: Guria, Kumul myths, 1985
Box: 5 Folder: 4
Uritas Fight with Balanga
Box: 5 Folder: 5
Ethnographic interview: Bumbita villages rout Kamanakor, 1985
Box: 5 Folder: 6
Personal interview: Anien - On his illness, 1985
Box: 5 Folder: 7
Meeting of Salata and Balanga over land. Day 1, 1985
Box: 5 Folder: 8-9
Meeting of Salata and Balanga over land. Day 2, 1985
Box: 5 Folder: 10-11
Meeting of Salata and Balanga over land. Day 3 - Side B: Myths of routing Kwanga and Apu'u, 1985
Box: 5 Folder: 12
Komsio songs and a myth, 1985
Box: 5 Folder: 13-14
Letter to Mantandan telling of wife's death, 1985
Box: 5 Folder: 15
Ethnographic interview: Causes of Areli'wen's death, 1985
Box: 5 Folder: 16
Ethnographic interview: The Balanga gift and previous fight, 1985
Box: 5 Folder: 17-18
Meeting of Balanga, Salata over ground: Final mediation, 1985
Box: 6 Folder: 19
Kiap's meeting in Maprik with Urita, Salata and Balanga, 1985
Box: 6 Folder: 20
Ethnographic interview: Raikos on "Birua," Ua'hun / Traditional songs
Box: 6 Folder: 21
Informal discussion with Balanga at Salata, 1985
Box: 6 Folder: 22-23
Meeting at Sapimp over land, 1985
Box: 6 Folder: 24
Revival Banter / Ethnographic interview: Ambun myth, Arehin, 1985
Box: 6 Folder: 25
Meeting at Umbuahimin over land, 1985
Box: 6 Folder: 26
Meeting on a prospective marriage, at Mahines, 1985
Box: 6 Folder: 27-28
Meeting over land at Ambolip's house in Buter, 1985
Box: 6 Folder: 29
Ethnographic interview: Origin of fire, Ambun myths, 1985
Box: 6 Folder: 30
Ethnographic interview: Salinau on Maolomu Tambaran, 1985
Box: 6 Folder: 31
Personal interview: Michael Kora #1 - Guria myth, etc., 1985
Box: 6 Folder: 32-33
Urita court case: Ta'vanangas marriage / Sanguna meeting at Alawinge, 1985
Box: 6 Folder: 34
Personal interview: Mungahan #1 - Childhood, 1985
Box: 7 Folder: 35
Personal interviews: Ahaurim #1 - Father and land, 1985
Box: 7 Folder: 36
Personal interview: Mungahan #2 - On his wives and Christianity, 1985
Box: 7 Folder: 37
Ethnographic interview: MBana on magic, Tembaran myth, 1985
Box: 7 Folder: 38-39
Personal interview: Karari #1 - Life history, 1985
Box: 7 Folder: 40
Personal interview: Michael Kora #2 - Life history, 1985
Box: 7 Folder: 41-42
Meeting over land at Suru'wa, 1985
Box: 7 Folder: 43-44
Personal interview: Michael Kora #3 - On sorcery, 1985
Box: 7 Folder: 45
Funeral of Weipim at Matous, 1985
Box: 7 Folder: 46-47
Meeting over sorcery, at Maunite: The death of Waipi'eru's son, 1985
Box: 7 Folder: 48
Personal interview: Michael Kora #4 - On Buas and two myths, 1985
Box: 7 Folder: 49
Personal interview: Mungahan #3 - Exchange partners and Tumbuan, 1985
Box: 7 Folder: 50
Meeting at Alawinge: Departure of Ingalimbi, 1985
Box: 7 Folder: 51
Personal interview: Michael Kora #5 - Wa'hun history, 1985
Box: 8 Folder: 52
Personal interview: Michael Kora #6 - Conversion to Christianity, 1985
Box: 8 Folder: 54
Personal interview: Mungahan #4 - Revival and changes with Christianity, 1985
Box: 8 Folder: 55
Meeting over attempts to kill Raikos, at Atim, 1986
Box: 8 Folder: 56
Personal interview: Michael Kora #7 - Missionaries and myths, 1985
Box: 8 Folder: 57
Personal interview: Michael Kora #8 - Tatangohom myth and the past, 1985
Box: 8 Folder: 58
Personal interview: Michael Kora #9 - Childhood, father, first marriage, 1985
Box: 8 Folder: 59
Ethnographic interview: Origin of sorcery, on sorcerers, 1986
Box: 8 Folder: 60
Personal interview: Michael Kora #10 - On the war, 1986
Box: 8 Folder: 61
Meeting over death of a Wa'hun woman, at Atim, 1986
Box: 8 Folder: 62-63
Personal interview: Ahauim #2 - Childhood and father, 1986
Box: 8 Folder: 64
Personal interview: Karauri #3 - Kwar Tambaran, 1986
Box: 8 Folder: 65
Ethnographic interviews: Antosiom on sorcery, 1986
Box: 8 Folder: 66
Ethnographic interview: Ahaurim #3 - Adolescence and marriage, 1986
Box: 8 Folder: 67
Personal interview: Pihinguh #1 - Life history, 1986
Box: 8 Folder: 68
Personal interview: Pihinguh #2 - Childhood and girls, 1986
Box: 8 Folder: 69
Meeting over exhange partners' dispute over land, at Bumbuinga, 1986
Box: 9 Folder: 70-71
Personal interview: Michael Kora #11 - Origins of scorcery; life history after war, 1986
Box: 9 Folder: 72
Urita court - Swambien's wives and Sam against Wa'hun, 1986
Box: 9 Folder: 73
Personal interview: Pihinsuh #3 - Childhood and eating food, 1986
Box: 9 Folder: 74
Personal interview: Pihinsuh #4 - More childhood visinettes, 1986
Box: 9 Folder: 75
Personal interview: Karairi #4 - On losing customs and Christianity, 1986
Box: 9 Folder: 76
Personal interview: Pihinsuh #5 - Court, plantations and children, 1986
Box: 9 Folder: 77
Some songs, Ya'utes, 1986
Box: 9 Folder: 78
Meeting over land between Sa'unes and Buter, at Niuh, 1986
Box: 9 Folder: 79-80
Meeting over death of Kuniari's baby, at Mahines, 1986
Box: 9 Folder: 81
Personal interview: Pihinsuh #6 & 7 - Christianity and revival, 1986
Box: 9 Folder: 82-83
Meeting on compensation to Wa'hun over deaths, 1986
Box: 9 Folder: 84-85
Meeting to mark a new boundary for Sa'unes and Buter / Lua'i on Yam magic, 1986
Box: 9 Folder: 86
Pihinsuh #7 (concluded) / Personal interview: Pihinsuh #8 - Fathers, mothers, 1986
Box: 10 Folder: 87
Personal interview: O'weriwa #1 - Fight with husband, life history, 1986
Box: 10 Folder: 88
Personal interview: Pihinsuh #10 & 11 - 10: Tamboran 11: Self-image, 1986
Box: 10 Folder: 89
Meeting over land between Salata and Balanga, at Balif, 1986
Box: 10 Folder: 90
Ethnographic interview: Ta'vanangus land dispute with Inakor, 1986
Box: 10 Folder: 91
Urita court: Sorcery changes between Batin and Ausera of Wa'hun, 1986
Box: 10 Folder: 92
Personal interview: Pihinsuh #9 - Bighead, plantations and marriage, 1986
Box: 10 Folder: 93
Ethnographic interview: Ta'vanangas clan myths and history, 1986
Box: 10 Folder: 94
Ethnographic interview: Lua'i on Tambaran Kwar, 1986
Box: 10 Folder: 95
Personal interview: Ahaurim #4 - Lehin Tambaran and the dead, 1986
Box: 10 Folder: 96
Personal interview: Arehin #1 & 2 - Plantation experiences; Hunting, 1986
Box: 10 Folder: 97
Slit Gong calls, whistle talk and Slit Gong songs, 1986
Box: 10 Folder: 98
Slit Gong songs, 1986
Box: 10 Folder: 99
Men's cult sounds and music: Trumpets, whistles, flutes, etc.
Box: 10 Folder: 100
Keening at Arehiwen's death, 1986
Box: 10 Folder: 101
Personal interview: Arehin #2 - Pig hunting and pig magic, 1986
Box: 10 Folder: 102
Ethnographic interview: Paikos on Kwar Tambaran, 1986
Box: 10 Folder: 103
Urita court - Me'in's compensation for custom, 1986
Box: 11 Folder: 104
Personal interview: Endyohimp #1 - Childhood and reactions to customs, 1986
Box: 11 Folder: 105
Divination for MBana'a illness, 1986
Box: 11 Folder: 106
Ethnographic interview: Raikos on Me'in's compensation, 1986
Box: 11 Folder: 107-108
Ethnographic interview: Teimo on sorcery, 1986
Box: 11 Folder: 109
Personal interview: Arehin #3 - On Yams, 1986
Box: 11 Folder: 110
Personal interview: Pihinguh #11 & 12 - On self / Sorcery of the dead - Part 2
Box: 11 Folder: 111
Personal interview: O'weriwa #2 - Life history after marriage, 1986
Box: 11 Folder: 112
Discussion over food at MBana's funeral, 1986
Box: 11 Folder: 113
Ethnographic interview: Raikos on Wahitineri Tambaran and music, 1986
Box: 11 Folder: 114
Personal interview: Sua'a #1 - On menstruation, 1986
Box: 11 Folder: 115
Personal interview: Kuna'ara #1 - Belief and relations with men, 1986
Box: 11 Folder: 116
Personal interviews: Umbuahember on ghosts, etc., 1986
Box: 11 Folder: 117
At Korogo village, Iatmul: Myths, war stories, initiation, 1986
Box: 11 Folder: 118
Personal interview: Arehin #4 - Magic and death of father, 1986
Box: 11 Folder: 119
Urita meditation, 1986
Box: 11 Folder: 120
Urita court - Arahin and Sunduhu man / Speeches, keening at Arehin's death, 1986
Box: 12 Folder: 121
Urita court : Yaroku and girl's adoption; Manihueren sorcery change, 1986
Box: 12 Folder: 122
Personal interview: Endyohimp #2 - Fight with Ma'arien, marriage attitiudes, 1986
Box: 12 Folder: 123
Personal interviews: Sua'a #2 & 3 - Early life, courtship / Later life, convers, 1986
Box: 12 Folder: 124
Ethnographic interview: Raikos on his conflict with Mandro, 1986
Box: 12 Folder: 125
Ethnographic interview: Michael Uhiar on the revival, Christianity, 1986
Box: 12 Folder: 126
Ethnographic interview: Raikos on Sisilhu myth and totem
Box: 12 Folder: 127
Ethnographic interview: Mandro on Raikos' claim to Urita land, 1986
Box: 12 Folder: 128
Personal interview: Ahairim #5 - Hallucination about me, 1986
Box: 12 Folder: 129-130
Meeting at Indahroa over water and land, 1986
Box: 12 Folder: 131
Meeting at Atim over attempts to kill Raikos - Part 2 (continued from tape 55), 1986
Box: 12 Folder: 132
Personal interview: Endyohimp #3 - Life history and the dead, 1986
Box: 12 Folder: 133
Personal interview: Kora #1 & 2 - Life history, 1986
Box: 12 Folder: 134
Personal interviews: Ahairim #6 - Reflections on his illness, 1986
Box: 12 Folder: 135
Speeches at feast for Raikos over attempts to ensorcel him, 1986
Box: 12 Folder: 136
Personal interview: Karairi #5 - Dreams and the dead, 1986
Box: 12 Folder: 137
Two myths: How women bear children; Piupatu and flying foxes, 1986
Box: 13 Folder: 138
Personal interview: Kairen #1 - Start of life history, 1986
Box: 13 Folder: 139
Personal interview: Endyohimp #4 - Revival and death of father, 1986
Box: 13 Folder: 140-141
Personal interview: Karauri #6 - Penis bleeding, Tambaran, music; getting rid of music, 1986
Box: 13 Folder: 142
Personal interview: O'weriwa #3 - On her beliefs and attitudes towards me, 1986
Box: 13 Folder: 143
Personal interview: Ahaurim #7 / Ahaurim and Amboim fight, 1986
Box: 13 Folder: 144
Ethnographic interviews: Buas Musik - Start to end, 1986
Box: 13 Folder: 145-146
Personal interviews: Paul of Imbras on his beliefs, myths, and Christianity, 1986
Box: 13 Folder: 147
Meeting at Ombuit over Swambien's illness, 1986
Box: 13 Folder: 148
Urita court: Two cases on sorcery rumors, changes, 1986
Box: 13 Folder: 149
Ethnographic interview: Antosiom on Wa'hun disputes, 1986
Box: 13 Folder: 150-151
Urita court: Wehnenimp of Imbras leaves husband; other cases, 1985
Box: 13 Folder: 152
Personal interview: Ousim Komburi (child) - Dreams, fears
Box: 13 Folder: 153
Bumbita songs. Saliman's songs; tape demo
Box: 13 Folder: 154
Bumbita Arapesh language drills
Box: 14 Folder: 155
Story survey: Endyohimp and Kuna'ara
Box: 14 Folder: 156
Story survey: Arehin and Pihinguh
Box: 14 Folder: 157
Story survey: Sambohim and Sua'a
Box: 14 Folder: 158-159
Story survey: Saliman and O'weriwa
Box: 14 Folder: 160-161
Translation of tapes 1, 2
Box: 14 Folder: 162
Translation of tapes 1, 2 / Translation of tape 143
Box: 14 Folder: 163
Translation of tape 8 (discussion before Balanga meeting)
Box: 14 Folder: 164
Translation of tape 14 (letter to Mantandan, part 2)
Box: 14 Folder: 165-167
Translation of tape numbers 46, 47 (sorcery meeting at Maunite)
Box: 14 Folder: 168
Translation of tape numbers 46, 47 (conclusion) / Translation of tape numbers 41
Box: 14 Folder: 169
Translation of tape numbers 41, 42 (meeting at Suru'wa land) - Part 2
Box: 14 Folder: 170
Translation of tape numbers 41, 42 - Translation of tape numbers 32, 33 (Alawing) - Part 3, Part 1
Box: 14 Folder: 171
Translation of tape numbers 32, 33 (Alawinge sorcery meeting) - Part 2
Box: 15 Folder: 172
Translation of tape numbers 22, 23 (meeting at Sapimp over land)
Box: 15 Folder: 173
Translation of tape number 69 (exchange partners' dispute, Bumbuinge)
Box: 15 Folder: 174-175
Translation of tape number 61 (meeting at Atim over Wa'hun death)
Box: 15 Folder: 176
Translation of tape number 147 (finding Swambien's illness)
Box: 15 Folder: 177
Post - Fieldwork letter from Aines of Sa'unes