Charles Reznikoff Papers, 1912-1976 (MSS 0009)

Extent: 9.7 Linear feet (26 archives boxes, 1 oversize folder)

The papers of a distinguished American literary figure. Reznikoff was a prolific writer of poetry, prose, essays, and chronicler of Judaism and the American Jewish experience. He worked both as an editor and contributing author on The Menorah Journal and Family Chronicle, and was in close association with such noted writers as Ezra Pound, George Oppen, and William Carlos Williams. The correspondence, which provides documentation of the literary community of 40s, 50s, and 60s America, as well as providing insights into Reznikoff's personal life, includes letters from Robert Creeley, David Ignatow, Denise Levertov, George Oppen, John Perlman, Willilam Carlos Williams, and Louis Zukofsky. Also included are the various exchanges between Reznikoff and his numerous publishers. The bulk of the collection consists of Reznikoff's writings, ranging from original source materials up to finished typescripts, and includes thousands of pages of revisions. Most of the materials in the collection date from the 1940's to the early 1970's. The 1989 addition to the Reznikoff papers consists primarily of letters written by Reznikoff to his wife Marie Syrkin between 1928 and 1939. Also included are Reznikoff's letter of will to his wife dated 1961; letters of condolence to Marie following the poet's death in 1976; and several miscellaneous correspondences. In addition, Reznikoff's personal copies (with annotations) of eight of his published works have been included. The 1991 addition to the Reznikoff papers contains personal letters from Reznikoff to Marie Syrkin written in 1930 before their marriage; financial records which detail Reznikoff's activities between 1947 and 1976; and miscellaneous memorabilia.

Charles Reznikoff's long and productive life began 31 August 1894 in Brooklyn, New York. His parents, Nathan Reznikoff and Sarah Yetta Wolvovsky Reznikoff, were Russian Jews who had recently immigrated to the United States. Reznikoff's family moved throughout the city, and the anti Semitism which Charles often encountered had a lasting effect on his work. When he was twelve Reznikoff's family moved to a section of Brooklyn that was isolated from the Jewish community; Reznikoff once described it as a place where "the hatred for Israel smoldered." He later wrote that he would have to rush home from high school in order to avoid the taunts of children leaving their grade school.

Despite his self consciousness and feelings of insecurity, Reznikoff was an excellent student. He finished grammar school three years ahead of the rest of his class and graduated from Boys High School in Brooklyn in 1909 at the age of fifteen. By the time he was sixteen Reznikoff was already certain that he wanted to become a writer. He studied journalism at the University of Missouri, but soon found that journalists' priorities were different than his -- they were more interested in news than in writing, while it was the writing itself that Reznikoff cared about.

Reznikoff left the University of Missouri after one year and returned to New York. He first worked at his parents' hat manufacturing business. Ten in 1912 he entered New York University's Law School. In 1915 he graduated second in his class, and the next year at the age of twenty two was admitted to the Bar of the State of New York. Although his training as a lawyer proved to be a long lasting influence on his poetry, Reznikoff actually practiced for a very brief period. He once said "I wanted to use whatever mental energy I had for my writing."

Reznikoff's first book of poetry, Rhythms, was published in 1918. It was a small volume that he printed on a press he had installed in the basement of his parents' home. After 1918 he held a number of jobs in order to support himself, but from this time on found ways to devote the majority of his time to writing. In 1919 he privately printed Rhythms II; then in 1920 Samuel Roth published Poems the first of his works to be published commercially. During the 1920's Reznikoff's reputation slowly grew, and he was able to publish some of his work in magazines; he also wrote four plays during that decade.

In 1930 Reznikoff married Marie Syrkin, who later became a distinguished professor at Brandeis University. Although his work still failed to make a commercial impact, Reznikoff continued to gain attention in the 1930's. Along with Louis Zukofsky, George Oppen, and Carl Rakosi, he became known as one of the principal proponents of the Objectivist group of poets. The poets formed the Objectivist Press, with whom Reznikoff published three of his works.

During the late thirties Reznikoff worked as a screen writer in Hollywood. When he returned from the West Coast he again took up his life of free lance writing. Marie Reznikoff has written that she and Charles grew estranged during the forties; when she was hired by the English department at Brandeis University, her husband stayed in Manhattan, and the Reznikoffs usually spent only holidays and weekends together. Charles supported himself by working on a number of projects, many of which dealt with the place of the Jewish community in America.

Reznikoff did not publish any poetry from 1941 through 1959, when Inscriptions: 1944 1956 appeared. Three years later, New Directions published By the Waters of Manhattan: Selected Verse, and in 1965 New Directions published Testimony, which, along with Holocaust, has been called one of Reznikoff's two major works. Marie Syrkin retired in 1966, and the Reznikoffs moved into a luxurious Manhattan apartment. Reznikoff continued to write through these years; the final work to be published during his lifetime was Holocaust. He died on 22 January 1976 after suffering a heart attack the previous day.

Selected Bibliography:

Rhythms (1918), Poems (1920), Uriel Acosta: A Play and a Fourth Group of Verse (1921), Chatterton, the Black Death, and Meriwether Lewis: Three Plays (1922), Coral, and Captive Israel: Two Plays (1923), Nine Plays, Five Groups of Verse (1927), By the Waters of Manhattan (1930), Jerusalem the Golden, Testimony, In Memoriam: 1933 (1934), Early History of a Sewing Machine Operator, Separate Way (1936), Going To and Fro and Walking Up and Down (1941), The Lionhearted (1944), The Jews of Charleston (1950), Inscriptions: 1944-1956 (1959), By the Waters of Manhattan: Selected Verse (1962), Family Chronicle (1963), Testimony: The United States 1885-1890: Recitative (1965), Testimony: The Unites States (1891-1900): Recitative (1968), By the Well of Living and Seeing and The Fifth Book of the Maccabees (1969), By the Well of Living and Seeing: New & Selected Poems, 1918-1973 (1974), Holocaust (1975), Poems 1918-1936: Volume I of the Complete Poems of Charles Reznikoff (1976), Poems 1937-1975: Volume II of the Complete Poems of Charles Reznikoff, The Manner "Music" (1977).

Accession Processed in 1977

The Reznikoff collection is arranged in six series: 1) CORRESPONDENCE, 2) WRITINGS, 3) REVIEWS, 4) PERSONAL ARTIFACTS, 5) MATERIALS RELATING TO REZNIKOFF'S PARENTS, and 6) WORKS BY AND ABOUT REZNIKOFF'S FRIENDS.

SERIES 1: CORRESPONDENCE

The CORRESPONDENCE series fills five archives boxes and includes letters from such celebrated literary figures as Robert Creeley, David Ignatow, Denise Levertov, George Oppen, John Perlman, William Carlos Williams, and Louis Zukofsky. Also included are the various exchanges between Reznikoff and his numerous publishers. These are revealing of the untiring energy with which Reznikoff pursued the publication of his works -- in both Europe and America -- and include a surprising amount of rejection letters! The correspondence section is in alphabetical order, with each particular correspondent assigned one file.

SERIES 2: WRITINGS

The WRITINGS series is broken into eight subsets: "books," "the idea file," "lectures and readings," "Menorah Journal materials," "miscellaneous notes," "notes on composition theory," "poetry," and "miscellaneous writings. The "books" section includes original drafts, typescripts, manuscripts, carbons, hand-written notes, paste-ups, and reviews; organized according to the title of each book, with the books listed alphabetically. The "books" subset comprises 12 archive boxes, more than half the entire Reznikoff collection. The "idea file" subset was organized by Reznikoff. It is a collection of short sketches, observations, verse fragments, and "situations"; organized alphabetically, with an index. The "lectures and readings" subset consists of drafts of public readings of both prose and verse. The "Menorah Journal materials" subset consists of eight short stories written for MJ, as well as an article on MJ written by Reznikoff for Midstream. The "miscellaneous notes" subset is made up of character sketches and other random notes concerning possible subjects for later works. The "notes on composition theory" subset contains notes on some aspects of writing dialogue, the use of rhythm, and the problem of writing history. The "poetry" subset includes finished works, with some corrections, from 1973 - 1975. The "miscellaneous writings" subset includes random unfinished notes for prose and verse from as early as the 1930s. Included in the "Miscellaneous Writings" section are materials concerning Julius Rosenmann, an old man Reznikoff met while walking in New York. Rosenmann provided Reznikoff with much material for writing, along with a $10,000 legacy.

SERIES 3: REVIEWS

The REVIEWS series contains only those reviews not previously listed under their respective titles in the Writings series. Thus all reviews pertaining to Holocaust are listed under Holocaust in the Writings section.

SERIES 4: PERSONAL ARTIFACTS

The PERSONAL ARTIFACTS series contains mailing lists, address books, Reznikoff's law school notes, photos, and other personal ephemera.

SERIES 5: MATERIALS RELATING TO REZNIKOFF'S PARENTS

MATERIALS RELATING TO REZNIKOFF'S PARENTS includes writings by Nathan and Sarah Reznikoff, both of whose memoirs were used by Charles as the basis of later writings. The original manuscript of Sarah Reznikoff's autobiography is in an extremely fragile condition, and photocopies on acid-free paper have been made for preservation purposes.

SERIES 6: MATERIALS RELATING TO REZNIKOFF'S FRIENDS

MATERIALS RELATING TO REZNIKOFF'S FRIENDS include materials by George Oppen and Marie Syrkin (Reznikoff's wife), as well as reviews of other poets' works.

The Charles Reznikoff papers provide a fascinating look into the life and writings of an important American author. Perhaps the most useful aspect of the collection is its opening-up for review the very processes by which Reznikoff wrote and re-wrote, for we can here follow his thoughts from early notes and rough drafts up through his multiple revisions. The insights provided by the materials, coupled with the wealth of biographical information contained in the collection, offer the reader a rich source of information on the personal life and aesthetic praxes of this remarkable author.

Accession Processed in 1990

The accession to the papers of Charles Reznikoff processed in 1990 is comprised of two archives boxes and contains two series: 1) CORRESPONDENCE and 2) AUTHOR'S COLLECTION.

In the CORRESPONDENCE series, there are two folders of letters written by the poet to his wife between 1928 and 1939; an informal letter of will dated 1961; several letters written to Marie following Reznikoff's death in 1976; and a few miscellaneous correspondences.

The AUTHOR'S COLLECTION series includes the author's annotated copies of the following published works: Five Groups of Verse (1927); Going To And Fro And Walking Up And Down (1941); By The Waters of Manhattan (1962); Testimony: The United States (1885-1890) (1965); "JOB" in Chelsea 24/25 (October, 1968); Testimony: The United States(1891-1900) (1968); By the Well of Living and Seeing and The Fifth Book of the Maccabees (1969); and By the Well of Living and Seeing: New and Selected Poems (1974). These items were acquired along with the original collection of Reznikoff's papers, but they were previously shelved in the Archive for New Poetry's "Author Collection."

Accession Processed in 1991

The accession to the Charles Reznikoff Papers processed in 1991 contains a significant collection of letters from Charles to his future wife, Marie Syrkin; financial records; and memorabilia. The materials are organized into four series: 1) CORRESPONDENCE; 2) CERTIFICATES AND DIPLOMAS; 3) FINANCIAL RECORDS; and 4) MISCELLANEOUS MATERIALS.

SERIES 1: CORRESPONDENCE

The most important element in the CORRESPONDENCE series is the strikingly personal collection of love letters from Reznikoff to Marie Syrkin, written before their marriage in 1930. The letters are undated.

SERIES 2: CERTIFICATES AND DIPLOMAS

The CERTIFICATES AND DIPLOMAS series contains various personal documents including Reznikoff's high school diploma and his law degree.

SERIES 3: FINANCIAL RECORDS

In the FINANCIAL RECORDS series, a record of Reznikoff's activities between 1947 and 1976 can be traced through entries in income and expense journals and notebooks. Reznikoff meticulously noted all his expenses including income derived from poetry readings.

SERIES 4: MISCELLANEOUS MATERIALS

Finally, the MISCELLANEOUS MATERIALS contain a photograph of Reznikoff, two poems by the poet, and Al Lewin memorabilia.

Container List

Accession Processed in 1977

CORRESPONDENCE

Box: 1 Folder: 1
Academy of American Poets. 7 ALs, 22 TLs, 4 D; 8 Rc
Box: 1 Folder: 2
American Jewish History Center. 10 TLs, 8 D; 8 Rc
Box: 1 Folder: 3
American Poetry Review. 1 TLs; 2 Rc
Box: 1 Folder: 4
Anonymous. 8 ALs; 2 Rc
Box: 1 Folder: 5
Auster, Paul. 2 ALs, 1 TLs, 1 D; 2 Rc
Box: 1 Folder: 6
Axelrod, Susan. 1 ALs, 7 TLs; 4 Rc
Box: 1 Folder: 7
A (misc.) 1 ALs, 7 TLs; 4 Rc
Box: 1 Folder: 8
Barnes, Djuna. 1 TLs, 1 D
Berg, Stephen

See Box 18, Folder 3.

Box: 1 Folder: 9
Berkson, Bill. 3 ALs, 2 TLs; 2 Rc
Box: 1 Folder: 10
Buck, Fred (Bezoar Magazine). 2 TLs; 2 Rc
Box: 1 Folder: 11
Business. 1 AL, 4 TLs; 7 Rc
Box: 1 Folder: 12
Business (cont.) 33 D
Box: 1 Folder: 13
B (misc.) 4 ALs, 1 TLs; 5 Rc
Box: 1 Folder: 14
Caplan, Ron. 3 TLs, 1 D; 1 Rc
Box: 1 Folder: 15
Carruth, Hayden. 1 ALs, 3 TLs, 1 D; 6 Rc
Box: 1 Folder: 16
Chapman, Abraham. 3 TLs, 1 D; 2 Rc
Box: 1 Folder: 17
Clark, Tom. 1 Rc
Box: 1 Folder: 18
Commentary Magazine. 1 ALs, 8 TLs; 3 Rc
Box: 1 Folder: 19
Cook, Albert. 5 TLs; 4 Rc
Box: 1 Folder: 20
Cooney, Seamus. 4 ALs, 14 TLs, 4 D; 14 Rc
Box: 1 Folder: 21
Corman, Cid. 4 TLs, 2 PP; 1 Rc; see also 19.1/2/3
Creeley, Robert

See Box 19, Folders 1-3.

Box: 1 Folder: 22
Crozier, Andrew. 4 ALs, 8 TLs, 4 D; 15 Rc
Box: 1 Folder: 23
Cuddihy, Michael. 2 TLs; 2 Rc
Box: 1 Folder: 24
C (misc.) 6 ALs, 6 TLs; 1 Rc
Box: 1 Folder: 25-27
Degnan, June Oppen. 13 ALs, 3 TL, 50 TLs, 32 D, 1 AR, 36 Rc
Box: 1 Folder: 28
Deemer, Bill. 1 ALs, 1 TLs; 2 MS; 1 Rc
Box: 2 Folder: 1
Dembo, L.S. 3 TLs; 2 Rc
Box: 2 Folder: 2
D (misc.) 1 ALs, 1 TLs; 2 Rc
Box: 2 Folder: 3
Enslin, Theodore. 2 TLs; 1 Rc
Box: 2 Folder: 4
Enters, Angna. 1 TLs, 3 D; 1 Rc
Erlich, J. W

See Academy of American Poets.

Box: 2 Folder: 5
Evanier, David. 8 TLs, 1 D; 7 Rc
Box: 2 Folder: 6
E (misc.) 1 ALs, 1 TLs; 2 Rc
Box: 2 Folder: 7
Fagin, Larry. 1 ALs
Box: 2 Folder: 8
Falk, Marcia. 1 ALs, 3 TLs, 2 D; 2 Rc
Box: 2 Folder: 9
Faucherau, Serge. 3 ALs, 1 TL; 3 Rc
Box: 2 Folder: 10
Finley, Ian Hamilton. 1 ALs; 2 Rc
Box: 2 Folder: 11
F (misc.) 2 ALs, 2 TLs; 2 Rc
Box: 2 Folder: 12
Gitin, David and Marcia. 2 ALs
Box: 2 Folder: 13
Gotham Book Mart. 12 TLs, 13 D; 3 Rc
Box: 2 Folder: 14
Guedalla, Roger. 5 TLs; 4 Rc
Box: 2 Folder: 15
G (misc.) 7 ALs, 5 TLs; 9 Rc
Box: 2 Folder: 16
Halper, Albers and Lorna. 4 ALs, 2 TLs; 1 Rc
Box: 2 Folder: 17
Halpern, Daniel. 2 TLs; 2 Rc
Box: 2 Folder: 18
Harper's Magazine. 4 TLs; 7 Rc

Correspondence concerning Joseph Auslander's plagiarism of CR's "Rashi."

Box: 2 Folder: 19
Hays, H. R. 1 TLs; 2 Rc
Box: 2 Folder: 20
Heilman, Robert. 5 TLs, 3 Rc
Box: 2 Folder: 21
Hindus, Milton. 11 TLs; 2 MS; 7 Rc

Correspondence includes unpublished articles by CR on Ezra Pound and Louis Zukofsky.

Box: 2 Folder: 22
Hoffman, Stanton. 5 TLs; 2 E; 3 Rc
Box: 2 Folder: 23
Hoberger, Eric. 2 TLs, 2 Rc
Box: 2 Folder: 24
H (misc.) 5 ALs, 16 TLs; 1 MS; 8 Rc
Box: 2 Folder: 25
Ignatow, David. 1 ALs, 6 TLs; 1 MS; 1 AR, 3 Rc
Box: 2 Folder: 26
Ishilf, Joseph. 1 ALs
Box: 2 Folder: 27
I (misc.) 1 TLs; 1 Rc
Box: 2 Folder: 28
Jewish Frontier. 1 ALs, 3 TLs, 1 D; 2 Rc
Box: 2 Folder: 29
Jewish Magazines. 2 ALs, 7 TLs, 1 D; 6 Rc
Box: 2 Folder: 30
Jewish Organizations. 2 ALs, 56 TLs, 11 D; 25 Rc
Box: 2 Folder: 31
J (misc.) 1 ALs, 3 TLs; 2 Rc
Box: 2 Folder: 32
Katz, Steve. 1 TLs, 1 D; 4 Rc
Box: 2 Folder: 33
Kesslar, Milton. 2 ALs, 1 TLs; 3 Rc
Box: 2 Folder: 34
Kherdian, David. 1 ALs, 1 TLs; 3 Rc
Box: 2 Folder: 35
Kosakoff, Reuven. 2 ALs
Box: 2 Folder: 36
K (misc.) 1 ALs, 13 TLs; 2 Rc
Box: 2 Folder: 37
Laughlin, James. 3 ALs, 6 TLs, 2 D; 5 Rc
Box: 2 Folder: 38
Levendosky, Charles. 2 TLs; 1 Rc
Box: 3 Folder: 1
Levertov, Denise. 2 ALs
Box: 3 Folder: 2
Libraries. 99 D
Box: 3 Folder: 3
Lopate, Phillip. 2 TLs; 1 MS; 1 Rc
Box: 3 Folder: 4
Lowenfels, Walter. 3 TLs; 1 MS; 1 Rc
Box: 3 Folder: 5
Luce, Gay. 1 TLs
Box: 3 Folder: 6
L (misc.) 5 ALs, 10 TLs, 3 D; 10 Rc
Box: 3 Folder: 7
Magazines (misc.) 5 ALs, 10 TLs, 3 D; 10 Rc
Box: 3 Folder: 8
Malanga, Gerard. 5 TLs, 1 D; 4 Rc
Box: 3 Folder: 9
Marshall, James. 6 TLs; 4 Rc
Box: 3 Folder: 10
Martin, John (Black Sparrow Press). 33 TLs, 11 D
Box: 3 Folder: 11
Martin, John. 1 AR, 25 Rc
Box: 3 Folder: 12
Meltzer, David. 4 TLs; 3 Rc
Box: 3 Folder: 13
Menorah Journal by Marie Syrkin. 6 TLsc; 16 Rc; 1 ALs
Box: 3 Folder: 14
Midstream. 7 TLs, 1 D; 1 MS; 3 Rc
Box: 3 Folder: 15
Montgomery, Stuart and Deirdere (Fulcrum Press). 7 TLs, 5 D; 1 AR, 6 Rc
Box: 3 Folder: 16
Museum of Modern Art (Lita Hornick). 2 TLs, 1 D
Box: 3 Folder: 17
M (misc.) 1 ALs, 7 TLs; 7 Rc
Box: 3 Folder: 18
National Institute of Arts and Letters. 5 TLs, 3 D, 3 Rc
Box: 3 Folder: 19
National Poetry Festival, Allendale, Mich. 1 ALs, 7 TLs, 4 D; 7 Rc
Box: 3 Folder: 20-21
New Directions. 2 ALs, 26 TLs, 34 D; 1 AR, 16 Rc
Box: 3 Folder: 22
New York University Law School. 2 TLs
Box: 4 Folder: 1
Niedecker, Lorine. 2 TLs; 2 MS
Box: 4 Folder: 2
N (misc.) 3 ALs, 6 TLs, 2 D; 5 Rc
Box: 4 Folder: 3
Objectivist Press. 1 D
Box: 4 Folder: 4
Oppen, George and Mary. 7 ALs, 3 TL, 10 TLs, 4 D; 4 Rc
Box: 4 Folder: 5
O (misc.) 2 ALs, 1 TLs; 1 Rc
Box: 4 Folder: 6
Padgett, Ron. 5 ALs, 5 TLs, 3 D; 5 Rc
Box: 4 Folder: 7
Perlman, John. 2 TLs; 1 MS; 1 Rc
Box: 4 Folder: 8
Pickard, Tom. 1 ALs
Box: 4 Folder: 9
Poetry Conference, Readings. 1 ALs, 1 TL, 9 TLs, 4 D; 3 Rc
Box: 4 Folder: 10
Publishers. 3 ALs, 1 TL, 35 TLs
Box: 4 Folder: 11
Publishers (cont.) 9 D; 24 Rc
Box: 4 Folder: 12
P (misc.) 2 ALs, 2 TLs; 2 Rc
Box: 4 Folder: 13
Rokosi, Carl. 2 ALs, 3 TLs; 1 Rc
Box: 4 Folder: 14
Reznikoff, Charles (family papers). 2 D
Box: 4 Folder: 15-16
Reznikoff, Charles. 5 ALs, 15 TLs, 5 MS

Letters of condolence and tributes sent to Marie Syrkin on CR's death.

Box: 4 Folder: 17
Riley, Peter. 2 TLs; 2 Rc
Box: 4 Folder: 18
Rosenblum, Martin J. 4 TLs; 1 Rc
Box: 4 Folder: 19
Rosenmann, Julius
Box: 4 Folder: 20
Ross, James. 1 TLs
Box: 4 Folder: 21
Rudolf, Anthony. 1 ALs, 3 TLs, 3 D; 2 Rc
Box: 4 Folder: 22
R (misc.) 7 ALs, 15 TLs, 4 D; 9 Rc
Box: 4 Folder: 23
Samperi, Frank. 2 ALs; 1 Rc
Box: 4 Folder: 24
San Francisco State Poetry Center. 4 TLs, 3 D; 7 Rc
Box: 4 Folder: 25
Savitt, Lynne. 1 ALs; 1 Rc
Box: 4 Folder: 26
Schneider, Duane. 5 TLs, 8 D; 4 Rc
Box: 4 Folder: 27
Seed, John. 6 ALs, 1 TLs, 2 D; 12 MS; 5 Rc
Box: 4 Folder: 28
Shapiro, Harvey. 1 TLs; 2 Rc
Box: 4 Folder: 29
Snow, C.P. 1 TLs; 1 Rc

See also 19.1/2/3.

Box: 4 Folder: 30
Spann, Marcella. 1 TLs; 1 Rc
Box: 4 Folder: 31
Syrkin, Marie. 11 ALs, 5 D; 2 Rc
Box: 4 Folder: 32
S (misc.) 9 ALs, 13 TLs, 1 TL; 10 Rc
Box: 5 Folder: 1
Tarn, Nathaniel. 1 ALs
Box: 5 Folder: 2
Tobias, Thoma. 1 ALs, 5 TLs; 3 Rc
Box: 5 Folder: 3
Tucker, Harvey. 1 TLs, 1 Rc
Box: 5 Folder: 4
T (misc.) 3 TLs, 1 D; 1 Rc
Box: 5 Folder: 5
U (misc.) 1 TL, 1 TLs; 1 Rc
Box: 5 Folder: 6
V (misc.) 1 TLs
Box: 5 Folder: 7
Waldman, Anne. 2 TLs, 1 D; 2 Rc
Warshow, Robert

See Box 18, Folder 18.

Box: 5 Folder: 8
WBAI Radio. 1 ALs, 5 TLs, 2 D; 2 Rc
Box: 5 Folder: 9
Weil, James. 5 TLs, 1 D; 5 Rc
Box: 5 Folder: 10
Weinberger, Eliot. 1 ALs, 5 TLs, 1 D; 4 Rc
Box: 5 Folder: 11
Williams, Gil. 4 TLs, 4 D; 1 Rc
Box: 5 Folder: 12
Williams, Jonathan. 1 TL, 1 TLs; 1 Rc
Box: 5 Folder: 13
Williams, William Carlos. 1 ALs, 1 TLs, 1 D
Box: 5 Folder: 14
W (misc.) 3 ALs, 8 TLs, 2 D; 1 AR, 7 Rc
Box: 5 Folder: 15
YMHA. 6 TLs, 2 D; 2 Rc
Box: 5 Folder: 16
Y (misc.) 1 ALs
Box: 5 Folder: 17
Zukofsky, Louis and Celia. 3 ALs, 3 D; 1 Rc
Box: 5 Folder: 18
Zychlinska, Rajzel. 6 ALs, 3 D; 7 MS
Box: 5 Folder: 19
Z (misc.) 2 TLs, 1 D

WRITINGS

Books

By the Waters of Manhattan
Box: 5 Folder: 20-22
Corrected proofs - Includes New Directions Volume
Box: 6 Folder: 1
Script for dramatic reading. Performed by the Sharon Temple Players, Temple Israel; Sharon, Mass
Reviews
Box: 6 Folder: 2
General
Box: 6 Folder: 3
1962 - 1963
Box: 6 Folder: 4
Ca. late 1960s & early 1970s
By the Well of Living and Seeing
Box: 6 Folder: 5
Ts of early draft, with corrections. Sections titled: A) "Notes for an Autobiography", B) "Notes for a Commonplace Book", C) " Family Chronicle: Notes for an Autobiography"
Box: 6 Folder: 6-8
Corrected 1968 TS
Box: 6 Folder: 9-11
Carbon TS with extensive revisions
Box: 6 Folder: 12
TS and paste-ups with corrections. Note from C.R. to publisher entitled "Printing Guide," concerning type, spacing, paper, etc
Box: 6 Folder: 13
TS of selected verse with heavy corrections
Box: 7 Folder: 1
Page paste-ups, version with corrections, 1972 - 1972
Box: 7 Folder: 2
Omitted materials - Omitted from 1969 and 1974 versions
Box: 7 Folder: 3
"Notes for an Autobiography" - Prose TS with corrections of material that later appeared in BTWoLAS. Also find paste-ups with corrections of "From a Notebook," material that appeared in BTWoLAS and was published separately in Midstream, Winter 1968
Box: 7 Folder: 4
Reviews
Holocaust
Box: 7 Folder: 5
Early draft with corrections
Box: 7 Folder: 6
Early drafts - Incomplete TS, complete TS marked "second draft" with corrections
Box: 7 Folder: 7
TS marked "third revision" - Also carbon with corrections and paste-ups
Box: 7 Folder: 8
TS marked "third revision" and arranged as script for dramatic reading
Box: 7 Folder: 9
TS marked "fourth revision" - Also carbon of letter sent to John Martin of Black Sparrow Press concerning proofs
Box: 8 Folder: 1-2
Xeroxed transcripts of Nazi War Trials, the basis for Holocaust
Box: 8 Folder: 3
Notes and news clippings with an "Introductory Note" by C.R. Also Night Words; a Midrash on the Holocaust by David Ruskies
Box: 8 Folder: 4
Miscellaneous TS and MS notes. Includes preface to a reading of Holocaust
Box: 8 Folder: 5
Verse fragments (carbon) and handwritten notes on chapter organization
Box: 8 Folder: 6
Reviews
Jews of Babylonia
Box: 8 Folder: 7
Early drafts, 1969 - 1969
Box: 8 Folder: 8
Completed Portuguese translation by Maximo Siminovich, published in Mundo Israelita, Buenos Aires
Manner Music
Box: 8 Folder: 9-10
Early drafts
Box: 8 Folder: 11
Reviews
Box: 9 Folder: 1-2
Nine Plays - "Uriel Acosta," paste-ups with corrections, 1961
Persons and Places
Box: 9 Folder: 3
TS with corrections, 1974 - 1974
Box: 9 Folder: 4
Carbon TS with corrections, 1974 - 1974
Box: 9 Folder: 5-7
Rejoice Young Man - Original typescript
Testimony: The United States, 1885-1915
Testimony: The United States, 1885-1890
Box: 10 Folder: 1
TS with preface and corrections
Box: 10 Folder: 2
Unmarked carbon of final TS
Box: 10 Folder: 3
Final printing version, corrections
Box: 10 Folder: 4
Proof sheets, with corrections
Box: 10 Folder: 5
Carbon of title page with notes on page and separate note on "the right of privacy"
Box: 10 Folder: 6
Outline of sections and lists of characters
Box: 10 Folder: 7
Reviews from 60s and early 70s
Testimony: The United States, 1891-1895
Box: 10 Folder: 8-9
First TS with corrections
Box: 11 Folder: 1-2
Carbon of first TS, corrections
Box: 11 Folder: 3
Carbon - Marked "as submitted to New Directions and afterwards revised"
Box: 11 Folder: 4
Carbon of TS, sent to New Directions, with corrections
Early TS draft, with source materials
Box: 11 Folder: 5
"South" section
Box: 11 Folder: 6-7
"West" section
Box: 12 Folder: 1-2
"North" section
Box: 12 Folder: 3
Revision of "South" section
Testimony: The United States, 1896-1900
Box: 12 Folder: 4
First draft - Handwritten outline, with xerox of original source materials
Box: 12 Folder: 5
Cover, with markings
Box: 12 Folder: 6-11
Original MS. 1891-1895 and 1896-1900 were originally conceived as separate books, this is the first attempt at merger, with corrections
Box: 13 Folder: 1-6
Carbon TS
Box: 13 Folder: 7
Final copy for private printing
Testimony: The United States, 1901-1905
Box: 13 Folder: 8-11
Source materials from law journals, with notes
Box: 14 Folder: 1-2
TS with numerous corrections
Box: 14 Folder: 3-8
Carbon of original TS. First assimilation of materials from 1901-1905 and 1906-1910
Testimony: The United States, 1901-1910
Box: 14 Folder: 9-14
Original MS with corrections, with some carbon and TS pages
Box: 15 Folder: 1-7
Carbon of original sent to England for Ferry Press edition (1968) with paste-ups and corrections, pages 1-236
Box: 16 Folder: 1-3
Carbon of original sent to England for Ferry Press edition (1968) with paste-ups and corrections, pages 238-308
Box: 16 Folder: 4-16
Carbons and discards, items with corrections
Testimony: The United States, 1911-1915
Box: 17 Folder: 1
Source materials from law journals
Box: 17 Folder: 2
TS with corrections and additional law journal notes
Box: 17 Folder: 3
Early drafts and source materials
Box: 17 Folder: 4
Copy sent to Stephen Berg of American Poetry Review, letter enclosed

Idea File

Box: 17 Folder: 5
Idea File - index
Box: 17 Folder: 6
Idea File - a
Box: 17 Folder: 7
Idea File - b
Box: 17 Folder: 8
Idea File - c
Box: 17 Folder: 9
Idea File - f
Box: 17 Folder: 10
Idea File - j
Box: 17 Folder: 11
Idea File - k
Box: 17 Folder: 12
Idea File - m
Box: 17 Folder: 13
Idea File - p
Box: 17 Folder: 14
Idea File - r
Box: 17 Folder: 15
Idea File - s
Box: 17 Folder: 16
Idea File - t
Box: 17 Folder: 17
Idea File - w

Lectures and Readings

American Jewish Historical Society
Box: 18 Folder: 1
Introduction to lecture titled "The Jews in American and English Poetry", 1965 - 1965
Box: 18 Folder: 2-5
Xeroxes and paste-ups of poems organized with notes as materials for lecture series
Box: 18 Folder: 6
"Introductions," file compiled by C.R. including introductions for readings
Box: 18 Folder: 7
Sparrow Lecture Series - TS of lecture given as part of series and carbon copy of speech for series

The Menorah Journal materials

Box: 18 Folder: 8-9
Short stories by C.R. for MJ, including: "Aprocrypha," offprint; "In the Country," offprint; "Meetings and Partings, Friends and Strangers," offprint; Murder will Out," TS; "Nudnik," offprint; "Passage after Arms," offprint; "The Snow on the Garage," TS; untitled story on David Franks, TS
Box: 18 Folder: 10
Article by C.R. on The Menorah Journal for Midstream, and Reviews of The Menorah Journal
Box: 18 Folder: 11
"Epitaph for a Jewish Magazine: Notes on The Menorah Journal," from Commentary, 1965 - 1965

Notes, Miscellaneous

Box: 18 Folder: 12
Notes for a Diary, 1959 - 1959
Box: 18 Folder: 13
Notes on "Projects to Finish"
Box: 18 Folder: 14
Notes by C.R. concerning himself, his writings, thoughts, etc
Box: 18 Folder: 15
Notes and source materials for article on Mayer Sulzherger
Box: 18 Folder: 16
Notes for prose on Salvador, and Bennetto and Major Noah
Box: 18 Folder: 17
Notes concerning the Jews of Cleveland - Includes letters sent to Sidney Vincent, a Cleveland Jew
Box: 18 Folder: 18
Notes and TS of historical prose fragments - Prose fragments on a newpaper reporter for the New York Herald in mid 1850s
Box: 18 Folder: 19
Notes and prose fragments, 1946 - 1946
Box: 18 Folder: 20
Notes for article on Karl Shapiro
Notes on Composition Theory
Box: 19 Folder: 1
Articles from The Nation (1961), with passages underlined with regards to the problem of "writing history," and untitiled poem on the difference between writing prose and verse
Box: 19 Folder: 2
"The Method of Revision," file titled by C.R. with originals and xeroxes of both notes and newspaper clippings; underlined , with notes in margins
Box: 19 Folder: 3
"The Objectivist Press," notes by C.R
Box: 19 Folder: 4
"The secret of effective narrative verse," and "as to method"
Box: 19 Folder: 5
"Studies in the Rhythm of Dialogue"
Box: 19 Folder: 6
Cut out page from book (title?) with excerpts by C.R. on "writing biography"

Poetry

Collection of Poetry from 1973-1975
Box: 19 Folder: 7-8
Items with corrections
Box: 19 Folder: 9
With extensive corrections , including "Incident in Mexico" and "The Good Old Days"
Box: 19 Folder: 10
Curse, poem with corrections
Box: 19 Folder: 11
Good Old Days: Recitative, Historical episodes in verse. Edited and sent to Stephen Berg of American Poetry Review, May 1975
Box: 19 Folder: 12
Recitative, carbon
Box: 19 Folder: 13
Rhythms III: Walking in New York. Marked "sent to Malanga," for inclusion in Autumn 1975 issue of Transatlantic Review, no. 52

Miscellaneous Writings

Box: 19 Folder: 14
Character sketches in prose
Charleston Jews
Box: 19 Folder: 15
Proposal for novel based on life of Frances Marion
Notes on Charleston Jews
Box: 19 Folder: 16
Notes and prose drafts for early history Charleston Jews, also find New York City Public Library receipts for newspapers from the 1830's, presumably check-out by C.R. as source materials
Box: 19 Folder: 17
Notes from McCrady, book of history of South Carolina, with notes and prose fragments by C.R. drawn from the text
Box: 19 Folder: 18
Note on ironical close to Charlestown; 1780
Charlestown: A Historical Novel
Box: 19 Folder: 19
Typescript
The Palmetto Fly
Box: 19 Folder: 20
Notes and TS of 2nd version of novel's opening
Box: 19 Folder: 21
TS with extensive correction
Box: 19 Folder: 22
Speech, typescript. Titled "The Life and times of Early American Jews, 1645-1800, in Charleston, South Carolina, and in the Beginning of the Congregation Beth Elohim"
Box: 19 Folder: 23
Current Prose 1954. File titled by C.R. containing notes for a novel on David Franks and Aaron Lopez, theme of American Jewry
Encyclopedia Judaica materials
Box: 19 Folder: 24
MS of article on Irving Kauffman
Box: 19 Folder: 25
Collected articles
Box: 19 Folder: 26
First There is Need - Xerox with corrections; essay published by Black Sparrow Press as Sparrow 52
Box: 19 Folder: 27
Four Themes for a Novel

File titled by figure from Elizabethan history and murder of Pesach Rubenstein, for more on C.R.'s writings on Rubenstein, see Pesach Rubenstein Materials

Box: 19 Folder: 28
Imaginative Prose, ca. 1955

File titled by C.R. with: notes and outlines for stories, two poems, and TS for Diaspora; 1st Century B.C.E.

Julius Rosenmann materials
Box: 19 Folder: 29
In Memoriam: Julius (Judah) Rosenmann (d.1961)
Box: 19 Folder: 30
Prose concerning Julius Rosemann from diary entry, 1951 - 1951
Box: 20 Folder: 1
Man of Honour - Thoughts on Louis Marshal
Box: 20 Folder: 2-3
Manuscript of a Novel Never Completed. A folder labeled by C.R., containing short prose from late 1930s early 1940s and verse fragments from the same period
Box: 20 Folder: 4
Pesach Rubenstein materials. Notes and rough draft (ca. 1947-50) on the Pesach Rubenstein murder case, including xerox of pamphlet "Thrilling Mysteries of the Pesach Rubenstein Murder" (1876)
Box: 20 Folder: 5
Story of Old Woman - Based on conversations with Julius Rosenmann, ca. 1951
Box: 20 Folder: 6
Tales of Benjamin III - TS and notes

REVIEWS

Box: 20 Folder: 7
Black Sparrow Press editions of C.R.'s work
Box: 20 Folder: 8
Family Chronicle, 1968
Box: 20 Folder: 9
Five Groups of Verse, 1927
Box: 20 Folder: 10
Nine Plays, 1927
Box: 20 Folder: 11
Poems, 1920
Box: 20 Folder: 12
Reading in Cleveland, 1969
Box: 20 Folder: 13
Inscriptions: 1944 - 1956, in Newleader

PERSONAL ARTIFACTS

Box: 20 Folder: 14
Address list
Box: 20 Folder: 15
Addresses, in composition book
Box: 20 Folder: 16
Addresses/mailing list for Family Chronicle
Box: 20 Folder: 17
Books to Read, list suggested by Kenneth Roxroth, and list compiled by C.R
Box: 20 Folder: 18
Brief biography of C.R
Box: 20 Folder: 19
Draft card and autographed copy of the U.S. Army's Infantry Drill Regulations
Box: 20 Folder: 20
Law school notes, 1912 - 1916
Box: 20 Folder: 21
Men of Achievement Award, 1973 - 1973
Box: 20 Folder: 22
Photos - George Oppen, Allen Ginsberg and others from the National Poetry Festival, Allendale, Michigan
Box: 20 Folder: 23
Xeroxes of biographical information on Reznikoff
Box: 20 Folder: 24
Things to do today - memo pad

MATERIALS RELATING TO REZNIKOFF'S PARENTS

Nathan Reznikoff

Box: 20 Folder: 25
Letter to N.R., and prose by N.R
Memoirs of Nathan Reznikoff
Box: 20 Folder: 26
Yiddish version
Box: 20 Folder: 27
Original binder
Box: 21 Folder: 1
English translation - Formed basis of "Early History of a Sewing Machine Operator" (1936)

Sarah Reznikoff

Autobiography
Box: 21 Folder: 2-3
Typescript & copies
Box: 21 Folder: 4-6
Manuscript
Box: 21 Folder: 7
Manuscript copy - Part I
Box: 22 Folder: 1-2
Manuscript copy - Part II-III
Box: 22 Folder: 3
Memoirs, the basis of "Early History of a Seamstress" -- MS. Bound composition book

WRITINGS BY AND ABOUT REZNIKOFF'S FRIENDS

Box: 22 Folder: 4
Oppen, George, Discrete Series - TS of Oppen's first book

Enclosed in boards and titled "1930's" on first page. "Zukofsky" is written on title page, with "George Oppen" written over it in C.R.'s handwriting. TS has numerous revisions and different arrangement than published version.

Box: 22 Folder: 5
Syrkin, Marie, Gleanings - Review
Box: 22 Folder: 6
Reviews and newsclippings relating to other poets

Accession Processed in 1990

CORRESPONDENCE

Box: 23 Folder: 1-2
Letters from Reznikoff to Marie Syrkin - Includes journal entries. AL, TL, typescript carbons, 1928 - 1961
Letters to Marie Syrkin after Reznikoff's death
Box: 23 Folder: 3
From Black Sparrow Press, (TL), 1976
Box: 23 Folder: 4
Miscellaneous Correspondence, (TL)
Box: 23 Folder: 5
Unidentified Correspondence, (TL), 1933 May 16

AUTHOR'S COLLECTION

Box: 23 Folder: 6
Five Groups of Verse - Annotated copy (hard-bound book), 1927
Box: 23 Folder: 7
Going To and Fro and Walking Up and Down - Annotated copy (hard-bound book), 1941
Box: 24 Folder: 1
By the Waters of Manhattan (soft-bound copy) - Copy has some missing sections and pages, 1962
Box: 24 Folder: 2
Testimony: The United States (1885-1890) (two paperback books) - Copy has missing pages, 1965
Box: 24 Folder: 3
JOB in Chelsea 24/25 - Annotated copy, 1968
Box: 24 Folder: 4
Testimony the United States (1891-1900) - Annotated copy (paperback book), 1968
Box: 24 Folder: 5
By the Well of Living and Seeing and The Fifth Book of the Maccabees - Annotated copies (3 paperback books), 1969
Box: 24 Folder: 6
By the Well of Living and Seeing: New and Selected Poems - Annotated copy with individual inserted notes (paperback book), 1974

Accession Processed in 1991

CORRESPONDENCE

Box: 25 Folder: 1
Boni, Charles, 1930
Box: 25 Folder: 2-3
Syrkin, Marie, 1930
Box: 25 Folder: 4
Pool, David de Sola, 1953

CERTIFICATES AND DIPLOMAS

Box: 25 Folder: 5 Oversize: MC-037-05
Miscellaneous

FINANCIAL RECORDS

Income and Expense Journals

Box: 25 Folder: 6
1947 - 1962
Box: 25 Folder: 7
1948 - 1962
Box: 25 Folder: 8
1965 - 1974
Box: 25 Folder: 9
1968 - 1975

Expense Notebooks

Box: 26 Folder: 1
1975
Box: 26 Folder: 2
1976

MISCELLANEOUS MATERIALS

Box: 26 Folder: 3
Al Lewin memorabilia
Box: 26 Folder: 4
Photograph of Reznikoff
Box: 26 Folder: 5
Two poems by Reznikoff ("Sonnet I" and "Day by Day")