Estos <<gudaris>> que oyen misa fervorosamente antes del combate, no pueden ser los que pongan en peligro la civilización.

Ces <<gudaris>> qui, avant le combat, assistant avec ferveur á la messe, ne peuvent pas être ceux qui mettent en péril a civilization.

These <<gudaris>> who fervently hear mass before the battle, cannot be those who are endangering civilization.

The decision to show the gudaris in this image taking mass before battle was meant as a direct challenge to the Nationalist notion that the Republicans were opposed to religion. Though Republican areas did experience a large number of church burnings and a high degree of violence directed at members of the clergy, the Basque region was often singled out for its low level of revolutionary violence.