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  1. Robert Livingston shown here with an aqualung during the Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953), this expedition was the first to use scuba divers to explore the Pacific. Livingston participated in the expedition, as the medical officer and also as one of the early scuba divers. February 16, 1953.

    • Collection: Scripps Institution of Oceanography Photographs
    • Name: Scripps Institution of Oceanography; Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953); Spencer F. Baird (Ship); Livingston, Robert
    • Date: 1953-02-16
    • Topic: Scuba diving
    • Format: image
  2. Robert Livingston shown here with an aqualung prepares to go over the side on the last dive of the Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953) this expedition was the first to use scuba divers to explore the Pacific. Livingston participated in the expedition, as the medical officer and also as one of the early scuba divers. February 16, 1953.

    • Collection: Scripps Institution of Oceanography Photographs
    • Name: Scripps Institution of Oceanography; Spencer F. Baird (Ship); Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953); Livingston, Robert
    • Date: 1953-02-16
    • Topic: Scuba diving
    • Format: image
  3. Willard N. Bascom inspecting the \"aqua lungs\" on deck of the R/V Spencer Baird (ship) during the Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953). This was the first Scripps Institution of Oceanography expedition to use scuba divers to explore the Pacific. February 16, 1953.

    • Collection: Scripps Institution of Oceanography Photographs
    • Name: Scripps Institution of Oceanography; Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953); Spencer F. Baird (Ship); Bascom, Willard N., 1916-
    • Date: 1953-02-16
    • Topic: Scuba diving
    • Format: image
  4. Diver, either Walter Munk or Robert Livingston, doing some underwater field work during the Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953) off the island of Vava'u, part of the Tonga island chains in the South Pacific Ocean. This was the first Scripps expedition to use scuba divers to explore the Pacific. January 5, 1953.

    • Collection: Scripps Institution of Oceanography Photographs
    • Name: Scripps Institution of Oceanography; Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953); Spencer F. Baird (Ship)
    • Date: 1953-01-05
    • Topic: Coral; Scuba diving
    • Format: image
  5. Diver, either Walter Munk or Robert Livingston, doing some underwater field work during the Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953) off the island of Vava'u, part of the Tonga island chains in the South Pacific Ocean. This was the first Scripps expedition to use scuba divers to explore the Pacific. January 5, 1953.

    • Collection: Scripps Institution of Oceanography Photographs
    • Name: Scripps Institution of Oceanography; Spencer F. Baird (Ship); Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953)
    • Date: 1953-01-05
    • Topic: Scuba diving; Coral
    • Format: image
  6. Diver, either Walter Munk or Robert Livingston, doing some underwater field work during the Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953) off the island of Vava'u, part of the Tonga island chains in the South Pacific Ocean. This was the first Scripps expedition to use scuba divers to explore the Pacific. January 5, 1953.

    • Collection: Scripps Institution of Oceanography Photographs
    • Name: Scripps Institution of Oceanography; Spencer F. Baird (Ship); Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953)
    • Date: 1953-01-05
    • Topic: Scuba diving; Coral
    • Format: image
  7. Diver, either Walter Munk or Robert Livingston, doing some underwater field work during the Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953) off the island of Vava'u, part of the Tonga island chains in the South Pacific Ocean. This was the first Scripps expedition to use scuba divers to explore the Pacific. January 5, 1953.

    • Collection: Scripps Institution of Oceanography Photographs
    • Name: Scripps Institution of Oceanography; Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953); Spencer F. Baird (Ship)
    • Date: 1953-01-05
    • Topic: Coral; Scuba diving
    • Format: image
  8. Diver, either Walter Munk or Robert Livingston, doing some underwater field work during the Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953) off the island of Vava'u, part of the Tonga island chains in the South Pacific Ocean. This was the first Scripps expedition to use scuba divers to explore the Pacific. January 5, 1953.

    • Collection: Scripps Institution of Oceanography Photographs
    • Name: Scripps Institution of Oceanography; Spencer F. Baird (Ship); Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953)
    • Date: 1953-01-05
    • Topic: Scuba diving; Coral
    • Format: image
  9. Diver, either Walter Munk or Robert Livingston, doing some underwater field work during the Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953) off the island of Vava'u, part of the Tonga island chains in the South Pacific Ocean. This was the first Scripps expedition to use scuba divers to explore the Pacific. January 5, 1953.

    • Collection: Scripps Institution of Oceanography Photographs
    • Name: Scripps Institution of Oceanography; Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953); Spencer F. Baird (Ship)
    • Date: 1953-01-05
    • Topic: Coral; Scuba diving
    • Format: image
  10. Scripps Institution of Oceanography's own Walter H. (Walter Heinrich) Munk and Robert B. Livingston reviewing the sandy ocean bottom of the Vava'u Islands in the island nation of Tonga, in the South Pacific during the Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953). January 5, 1953.

    • Collection: Scripps Institution of Oceanography Photographs
    • Name: Scripps Institution of Oceanography; Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953); Spencer F. Baird (Ship); Munk, Walter H. (Walter Heinrich), 1917-; Livingston, Robert
    • Date: 1953-01-05
    • Topic: Scuba diving
    • Format: image
  11. Under water diving in the Vava'u Island group in the Kingdom of Tonga in the south Pacific, during the Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953). This was the first Scripps expedition to use scuba divers to explore the Pacific. January 5, 1953.

    • Collection: Scripps Institution of Oceanography Photographs
    • Name: Scripps Institution of Oceanography; Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953); Spencer F. Baird (Ship)
    • Date: 1953-01-05
    • Topic: Coral; Scuba diving
    • Format: image
  12. Unidentified scuba divers on the ocean floor near Vava'u Island, in the island nation of Tonga in the South Pacific during the Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953), this was the first Scripps Institution of Oceanography expedition to use scuba divers to explore the Pacific. January 5, 1953.

    • Collection: Scripps Institution of Oceanography Photographs
    • Name: Scripps Institution of Oceanography; Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953); Spencer F. Baird (Ship)
    • Date: 1953-01-05
    • Topic: Submarine geology; Scuba diving
    • Format: image
  13. Unidentified scuba divers on the ocean floor near Vava'u Island, in the island nation of Tonga in the South Pacific during the Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953), this was the first Scripps Institution of Oceanography expedition to use scuba divers to explore the Pacific. January 5, 1953.

    • Collection: Scripps Institution of Oceanography Photographs
    • Name: Scripps Institution of Oceanography; Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953); Spencer F. Baird (Ship)
    • Date: 1953-01-05
    • Topic: Scuba diving
    • Format: image
  14. Unidentified scuba divers on the ocean floor near Vava'u Island, in the island nation of Tonga in the South Pacific during the Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953), this was the first Scripps Institution of Oceanography expedition to use scuba divers to explore the Pacific. January 5, 1953.

    • Collection: Scripps Institution of Oceanography Photographs
    • Name: Scripps Institution of Oceanography; Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953); Spencer F. Baird (Ship)
    • Date: 1953-01-05
    • Topic: Submarine geology; Scuba diving
    • Format: image
  15. Unidentified scuba divers on the ocean floor near Vava'u Island, in the island nation of Tonga in the South Pacific during the Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953), this was the first Scripps Institution of Oceanography expedition to use scuba divers to explore the Pacific. January 5, 1953.

    • Collection: Scripps Institution of Oceanography Photographs
    • Name: Scripps Institution of Oceanography; Spencer F. Baird (Ship); Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953)
    • Date: 1953-01-05
    • Topic: Submarine geology; Scuba diving
    • Format: image
  16. Diving on Alexia Bank. Left to right: William C. "Buddy" King, Robert Floyd Dill (tee shirt), Walter H. Munk, Robert Livingston, Philip E. Jackson, John B. MacFall, two unidentified. Capricorn Expedition, December 9, 1952

    • Collection: Edward Sheldon Barr Papers
    • Name: Barr, Edward Sheldon, 1933-; Spencer F. Baird (Ship); Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953); MacFall, John B.; King, William C.; Dill, Robert Floyd, 1927-; Livingston, Robert; Munk, Walter H. (Walter Heinrich), 1917-; Jackson, Philip E.
    • Date: 1952-12-09
    • Topic: Cameras; Scuba diving
    • Format: image
  17. Phil Jackson dives on Alexa Bank

    • Collection: Edward Sheldon Barr Papers
    • Name: Barr, Edward Sheldon, 1933-; Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953); Spencer F. Baird (Ship); Jackson, Philip E.
    • Date: 1952-12-09
    • Topic: Scuba diving
    • Format: image
  18. Diver, possibly Willard Bascom, during the Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953), showed here following a tow line in a drowned atoll known as Alexa Bank on the Melanesian border plateau. December 8, 1952.

    • Collection: Scripps Institution of Oceanography Photographs
    • Name: Scripps Institution of Oceanography; Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953); Spencer F. Baird (Ship)
    • Date: 1952-12-08
    • Topic: Scuba diving
    • Format: image
  19. Diver, possibly Willard Bascom, during the Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953), showed here following a tow line in a drowned atoll known as Alexa Bank on the Melanesian border plateau. December 8, 1952.

    • Collection: Scripps Institution of Oceanography Photographs
    • Name: Scripps Institution of Oceanography; Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953); Spencer F. Baird (Ship)
    • Date: 1952-12-08
    • Topic: Scuba diving
    • Format: image
  20. Divers, Philip E. Jackson and Robert F. Dill, during the Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953), showed here following a tow line in a drowned atoll known as Alexa Bank on the Melanesian border plateau. December 8, 1952.

    • Collection: Scripps Institution of Oceanography Photographs
    • Name: Scripps Institution of Oceanography; Spencer F. Baird (Ship); Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953); Dill, Robert Floyd, 1927-; Jackson, Philip E.
    • Date: 1952-12-08
    • Topic: Scuba diving
    • Format: image
  21. Divers, Philip E. Jackson and Robert F. Dill, during the Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953), showed here following a tow line in a drowned atoll known as Alexa Bank on the Melanesian border plateau. December 8, 1952.

    • Collection: Scripps Institution of Oceanography Photographs
    • Name: Scripps Institution of Oceanography; Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953); Spencer F. Baird (Ship); Dill, Robert Floyd, 1927-; Jackson, Philip E.
    • Date: 1952-12-08
    • Topic: Free diving; Scuba diving
    • Format: image
  22. Phillip E. Jackson, diver and laboratory technician during the Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953), showed here carrying an underwater camera where they were filming in a drowned atoll known as Alexa Bank on the Melanesian border plateau. December 8, 1952.

    • Collection: Scripps Institution of Oceanography Photographs
    • Name: Scripps Institution of Oceanography; Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953); Spencer F. Baird (Ship)
    • Date: 1952-12-08
    • Topic: Scuba diving; Cameras; Oceanographic instruments
    • Format: image
  23. Underwater shot of an unknown diver at the water surface near a boat during the Scripps Institution of Oceanography Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953) near Alexa bank northwest of Samoa. December 8, 1952.

    • Collection: Scripps Institution of Oceanography Photographs
    • Name: Scripps Institution of Oceanography; Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953); Spencer F. Baird (Ship)
    • Date: 1952-12-08
    • Topic: Scuba diving
    • Format: image
  24. Diving on Alexia Bank

    • Collection: Edward Sheldon Barr Papers
    • Name: Barr, Edward Sheldon, 1933-; Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953)
    • Date: 1952-12
    • Topic: Scuba diving; Scientific expeditions; Scuba apparatus; Reefs
    • Format: image
  25. Phil Jackson in scuba gear over Alexa Bank

    • Collection: Edward Sheldon Barr Papers
    • Name: Barr, Edward Sheldon, 1933-; Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953); Jackson, Philip E.
    • Date: 1952-12
    • Topic: Scuba apparatus; Scuba diving; Reefs
    • Format: image
  26. Scientist/scuba divers including Walter Heinrich Munk (securing belt) and Willard Bascom (to right of Munk) working from a motor launch at a Pleistocene atoll called Alexa Bank during the Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953). This was the first Scripps Institution of Oceanography expedition to use scuba divers to explore the Pacific. Research ships Horizon and Spencer F. Baird mapped seamounts and guyots and other features of the Pacific seafloor. Scientists studied the 35,400 foot deep Tonga Trench, the second deepest place in the ocean, and measured heat flow on the East Pacific Rise. December 1952.

    • Collection: Scripps Institution of Oceanography Photographs
    • Name: Scripps Institution of Oceanography; Spencer F. Baird (Ship); Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953); Livingston, Robert; Bascom, Willard N., 1916-; Munk, Walter H. (Walter Heinrich), 1917-
    • Date: 1952-12
    • Topic: Scuba diving
    • Format: image
  27. This underwater photo was taken during the Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953). It shows the floor of the Pleistocene atoll called Alexa Bank, at a depth of 20 fathoms just inside the eastern rim. The coral is Echinopora lamellosa, the scuba diver is Scripps Institution of Oceanography's Walter H. (Walter Heinrich) Munk. December 1952.

    • Collection: Scripps Institution of Oceanography Photographs
    • Name: MacFall, John B.; Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953); Spencer F. Baird (Ship); Munk, Walter H. (Walter Heinrich), 1917-
    • Date: 1952-12
    • Topic: Coral; Reefs; Scuba apparatus; Scuba diving
    • Format: image
  28. [Diver] Underwater 1/100 - 5.6, clear water 12-15 ft., R/V Horizon

    • Collection: Scripps Institution of Oceanography Photographs
    • Name: Scripps Institution of Oceanography; Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953); Horizon (Ship)
    • Date: 1952
    • Topic: Coral; Scuba diving
    • Format: image
  29. A skiff being launched with diving gear and divers, who will explore Falcon Island part of the Tonga group in the south central Pacific Ocean, during the Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953). This was the first Scripps expedition to use scuba divers to explore the Pacific. Circa 1952.

    • Collection: Scripps Institution of Oceanography Photographs
    • Name: Scripps Institution of Oceanography; Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953); Spencer F. Baird (Ship)
    • Date: 1952
    • Topic: Lifeboats; Scuba diving
    • Format: image
  30. A skiff is prepared with diving gear for divers, who will explore Falcon Island part of the Tonga group in the south central Pacific Ocean, during the Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953). This was the first Scripps expedition to use scuba divers to explore the Pacific. Circa 1952.

    • Collection: Scripps Institution of Oceanography Photographs
    • Name: Scripps Institution of Oceanography; Spencer F. Baird (Ship); Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953)
    • Date: 1952
    • Topic: Lifeboats; Scuba diving
    • Format: image
  31. A skiff is prepared with diving gear for divers, who will explore Falcon Island part of the Tonga group in the south central Pacific Ocean, during the Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953). This was the first Scripps expedition to use scuba divers to explore the Pacific. Circa 1952.

    • Collection: Scripps Institution of Oceanography Photographs
    • Name: Scripps Institution of Oceanography; Spencer F. Baird (Ship); Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953)
    • Date: 1952
    • Topic: Scuba diving; Lifeboats
    • Format: image
  32. A skiff used during the Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953). 1952.

    • Collection: Scripps Institution of Oceanography Photographs
    • Name: Scripps Institution of Oceanography; Baird (Ship); Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953)
    • Date: 1952
    • Topic: Lifeboats; Scuba diving
    • Format: image
  33. An unknown diver underwater during the Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953). 1952.

    • Collection: Scripps Institution of Oceanography Photographs
    • Name: Scripps Institution of Oceanography; Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953); Baird (Ship)
    • Date: 1952
    • Topic: Scuba diving
    • Format: image
  34. Diver doing some underwater field work during the Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953) off the island of Vava'u, part of the Tonga island chains in the South Pacific Ocean. This was the first Scripps expedition to use scuba divers to explore the Pacific. 1952.

    • Collection: Scripps Institution of Oceanography Photographs
    • Name: Scripps Institution of Oceanography; Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953); Spencer F. Baird (Ship)
    • Date: 1952
    • Topic: Scuba diving; Corals
    • Format: image
  35. Diver doing some underwater field work during the Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953) off the island of Vava'u, part of the Tonga island chains in the South Pacific Ocean. This was the first Scripps Institution of Oceanography's expedition to use scuba divers to explore the Pacific. 1952.

    • Collection: Scripps Institution of Oceanography Photographs
    • Name: Scripps Institution of Oceanography; Spencer F. Baird (Ship); Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953)
    • Date: 1952
    • Topic: Scuba diving; Corals
    • Format: image
  36. Divers preparing to launch a skiff, who will explore Falcon Island part of the Tonga group in the south central Pacific Ocean, during the Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953). This was the first Scripps expedition to use scuba divers to explore the Pacific. Circa 1952.

    • Collection: Scripps Institution of Oceanography Photographs
    • Name: Scripps Institution of Oceanography; Spencer F. Baird (Ship); Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953)
    • Date: 1952
    • Topic: Lifeboats; Scuba diving
    • Format: image
  37. Four men rowing a skiff during the Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953). 1952.

    • Collection: Scripps Institution of Oceanography Photographs
    • Name: Scripps Institution of Oceanography; Baird (Ship); Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953)
    • Date: 1952
    • Topic: Scuba diving; Lifeboats
    • Format: image
  38. Scientist/scuba divers including Walter Heinrich Munk (left center) and Robert Livingson (right center), working from a motor launch at a Pleistocene atoll called Alexa Bank during the Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953). This was the first Scripps Institution of Oceanography expedition to use scuba divers to explore the Pacific. Research ships Horizon and Spencer F. Baird mapped seamounts and guyots and other features of the Pacific seafloor. Scientists studied the 35,400 foot deep Tonga Trench, the second deepest place in the ocean, and measured heat flow on the East Pacific Rise. 1952.

    • Collection: Scripps Institution of Oceanography Photographs
    • Name: Scripps Institution of Oceanography; Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953); Munk, Walter H. (Walter Heinrich), 1917-
    • Date: 1952
    • Topic: Scuba diving
    • Format: image
  39. Scuba diver Philip E. Jackson carrying up a underwater camera, using a line leading up to one of the research ships during the Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953), this was the first Scripps Institution of Oceanography expedition to use scuba divers to explore the Pacific. 1952.

    • Collection: Scripps Institution of Oceanography Photographs
    • Name: Scripps Institution of Oceanography; Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953); Jackson, Philip E.
    • Date: 1952
    • Topic: Cameras; Scuba diving
    • Format: image
  40. Scuba diver Philip E. Jackson carrying up a underwater camera, using a line leading up to one of the research ships during the Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953), this was the first Scripps Institution of Oceanography expedition to use scuba divers to explore the Pacific. 1952.

    • Collection: Scripps Institution of Oceanography Photographs
    • Name: Scripps Institution of Oceanography; Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953); Jackson, Philip E.
    • Date: 1952
    • Topic: Scuba diving; Cameras
    • Format: image
  41. Scuba diver Philip E. Jackson carrying up a underwater camera, using a line leading up to one of the research ships during the Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953), this was the first Scripps Institution of Oceanography expedition to use scuba divers to explore the Pacific. 1952.

    • Collection: Scripps Institution of Oceanography Photographs
    • Name: Scripps Institution of Oceanography; Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953); Jackson, Philip E.
    • Date: 1952
    • Topic: Scuba diving; Cameras
    • Format: image
  42. Scuba gear on deck

    • Collection: Edward Sheldon Barr Papers
    • Name: Barr, Edward Sheldon, 1933-; Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953)
    • Date: 1952
    • Topic: Scuba apparatus; Scuba diving
    • Format: image
  43. Unidentified diver pointing to some sea growth in a clam shell during the Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953), this was the first Scripps Institution of Oceanography expedition to use scuba divers to explore the Pacific. 1952.

    • Collection: Scripps Institution of Oceanography Photographs
    • Name: Scripps Institution of Oceanography; Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953)
    • Date: 1952
    • Topic: Shells; Scuba diving
    • Format: image
  44. Unidentified diver surrounded by air bubbles during the Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953), this was the first Scripps Institution of Oceanography expedition to use scuba divers to explore the Pacific. 1952.

    • Collection: Scripps Institution of Oceanography Photographs
    • Name: Scripps Institution of Oceanography; Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953)
    • Date: 1952
    • Topic: Scuba diving
    • Format: image
  45. Unidentified divers in coral growth during the Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953), this was the first Scripps Institution of Oceanography expedition to use scuba divers to explore the Pacific. 1952.

    • Collection: Scripps Institution of Oceanography Photographs
    • Name: Scripps Institution of Oceanography; Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953)
    • Date: 1952
    • Topic: Scuba diving; Coral
    • Format: image
  46. Unidentified divers reviewing the sea growth on the ocean floor during the Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953), this was the first Scripps Institution of Oceanography expedition to use scuba divers to explore the Pacific. 1952.

    • Collection: Scripps Institution of Oceanography Photographs
    • Name: Scripps Institution of Oceanography; Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953)
    • Date: 1952
    • Topic: Submarine geology; Scuba diving
    • Format: image
  47. Unidentified divers shown here are using a skiff during the Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953). Circa 1952.

    • Collection: Scripps Institution of Oceanography Photographs
    • Name: Scripps Institution of Oceanography; Spencer F. Baird (Ship); Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953)
    • Date: 1952
    • Topic: Scuba diving; Lifeboats
    • Format: image
  48. Unknown diver in an underwater shot during the Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953) this expedition was the first to use scuba divers to explore the Pacific. 1952.

    • Collection: Scripps Institution of Oceanography Photographs
    • Name: Scripps Institution of Oceanography; Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953)
    • Date: 1952
    • Topic: Scuba diving
    • Format: image
  49. Willard N. Bascom doing some underwater field work on Falcon reef during the Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953) off Falcon Island - one of the islands in the Great Palm Island group, off the eastern coast of Queensland, Australia. This was the first Scripps expedition to use scuba divers to explore the Pacific. 1952.

    • Collection: Scripps Institution of Oceanography Photographs
    • Name: Scripps Institution of Oceanography; Baird (Ship); Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953); Bascom, Willard N., 1916
    • Date: 1952
    • Topic: Scuba diving; Anchors; Reefs
    • Format: image