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  1. Helen Hill Raitt, the first woman to take part in an extended American oceanographic expedition called the Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953); she is doing clerical work at a desk during this expedition on the R/V Spencer F. Baird (ship). Capricorn Expedition was the first Scripps Institution of Oceanography expedition to use scuba divers to explore the Pacific. Research ships Horizon (ship) and Spencer F. Baird (ship) mapped seamounts and guyots and other features of the Pacific seafloor. Scientists studied the 35,400 foot deep Tonga Trench, the second deepest place in the ocean, and measured heat flow on the East Pacific Rise. Circa 1953.

    • Collection: SIO Photographs Collection
    • Name: Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953); Spencer F. Baird (Ship); Raitt, Helen
    • Date: 1935
    • Topic: Scientific Expeditions
    • Format: image
  2. Jim Haydn and his dog Spencer

    • Collection: Edward Sheldon Barr Papers
    • Name: Barr, Edward Sheldon, 1933-; Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953); Spencer F. Baird (Ship); Hayden, James A.
    • Date: 1950
    • Topic: Dogs
    • Format: image
  3. (Left to right) Philip E. Jackson, Arthur Eugene Maxwell and Richard E. Blumberg on aboard R/V Spencer F. Baird (ship) while on the Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953). They are shown here lowering the heat probe which records temperatures at various depths of the bottom sediments. The heat probe was used for the first successful heat flow measurements of the seafloor during the Expedition. 1952.

    • Collection: Scripps Institution of Oceanography Photographs
    • Name: Scripps Institution of Oceanography; Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953); Spencer F. Baird (Ship); Maxwell, Arthur Eugene, 1925-; Jackson, Philip E.; Blumberg, Richard E.
    • Date: 1952
    • Topic: Oceanographic instruments; Oceanographic research ships; Marine geology
    • Format: image
  4. (Left to right) Robert L. Fisher, Milton Nunn Bramlette and William Riedel are shown here with a core sample aboard the research vessel Spencer F. Baird (Ship), during the Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953). Circa 1952.

    • Collection: Scripps Institution of Oceanography Photographs
    • Name: Scripps Institution of Oceanography; Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953); Spencer F. Baird (Ship); Bramlette, Milton Nunn, 1896-1977; Riedel, W.R.; Fisher, Robert L.
    • Date: 1952
    • Topic: Marine geology; Oceanographers; Drill cores
    • Format: image
  5. (Left to right) Takaroan pearl divers Fereti and Tehaiere with diving goggles around their necks confer with Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953) diver Willard Bascom while village chief Paniora stands by holding weighted diving line. Geographically Takaroa is part of the King George Islands; it is an atoll in the Tauamotu group in French Polynesia, it is known for its fine pearls, including black pearls. This was the first Scripps Institution of Oceanography expedition to use scuba divers to explore the Pacific. 1952.

    • Collection: Scripps Institution of Oceanography Photographs
    • Name: Scripps Institution of Oceanography; Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953); Spencer F. Baird (Ship); Paniori; Bascom, Willard N, 1916-; Fereti; Tehaiere
    • Date: 1952
    • Topic: Tuamotu Archipelago; Pearl divers
    • Format: image
  6. [John D. Isaacs, ?, and Willard Bascom] Feeding wire out, Bikini area

    • Collection: Scripps Institution of Oceanography Photographs
    • Name: Scripps Institution of Oceanography; Spencer F. Baird (Ship); Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953); Isaacs, John D. (John Dove); Bascom, Willard N., 1916-
    • Date: 1952
    • Topic: Oceanographers; Oceanographic instruments
    • Format: image
  7. [Spencer F. Baird at port]

    • Collection: Scripps Institution of Oceanography Photographs
    • Name: Scripps Institution of Oceanography; Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953); Spencer F. Baird (Ship)
    • Date: 1952
    • Topic: Oceanographic research ships
    • Format: image
  8. [Spencer F. Baird]

    • Collection: Scripps Institution of Oceanography Photographs
    • Name: Scripps Institution of Oceanography; Spencer F. Baird (Ship); Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953)
    • Date: 1952
    • Topic: Oceanographic research ships
    • Format: image
  9. [William C.] King - haircut - Bucky

    • Collection: Scripps Institution of Oceanography Photographs
    • Name: Scripps Institution of Oceanography; Spencer F. Baird (Ship); Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953); King, William C.
    • Date: 1952
    • Topic: Haircutting
    • Format: image
  10. A damaged lead core barrel is positioned next to a new one. The old one was brought up from the Tonga Trench during the Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953). Circa 1952.

    • Collection: Scripps Institution of Oceanography Photographs
    • Name: Scripps Institution of Oceanography; Spencer F. Baird (Ship); Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953)
    • Date: 1952
    • Topic: Oceanographic instruments
    • Format: image
  11. A damaged lead core barrel is positioned next to a new one. The old one was brought up from the Tonga Trench during the Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953). Circa 1952.

    • Collection: Scripps Institution of Oceanography Photographs
    • Name: Scripps Institution of Oceanography; Spencer F. Baird (Ship); Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953)
    • Date: 1952
    • Topic: Oceanographic instruments
    • Format: image
  12. A frame [on Spencer F. Baird]

    • Collection: Scripps Institution of Oceanography Photographs
    • Name: Scripps Institution of Oceanography; Spencer F. Baird (Ship); Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953); Maxwell, Arthur Eugene, 1925-; Raitt, Russell W.
    • Date: 1952
    • Topic: Oceanographic research ships
    • Format: image
  13. A new winch cable for the R/V Spencer F. Baird (ship) used during the Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953). 1952.

    • Collection: Scripps Institution of Oceanography Photographs
    • Name: Scripps Institution of Oceanography; Spencer F. Baird (Ship); Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953)
    • Date: 1952
    • Topic: Oceanographic instruments
    • Format: image
  14. A skiff being launched with diving gear and divers, who will explore Falcon Island part of the Tonga group in the south central Pacific Ocean, during the Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953). This was the first Scripps expedition to use scuba divers to explore the Pacific. Circa 1952.

    • Collection: Scripps Institution of Oceanography Photographs
    • Name: Scripps Institution of Oceanography; Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953); Spencer F. Baird (Ship)
    • Date: 1952
    • Topic: Lifeboats; Scuba diving
    • Format: image
  15. A skiff is prepared with diving gear for divers, who will explore Falcon Island part of the Tonga group in the south central Pacific Ocean, during the Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953). This was the first Scripps expedition to use scuba divers to explore the Pacific. Circa 1952.

    • Collection: Scripps Institution of Oceanography Photographs
    • Name: Scripps Institution of Oceanography; Spencer F. Baird (Ship); Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953)
    • Date: 1952
    • Topic: Lifeboats; Scuba diving
    • Format: image
  16. A skiff is prepared with diving gear for divers, who will explore Falcon Island part of the Tonga group in the south central Pacific Ocean, during the Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953). This was the first Scripps expedition to use scuba divers to explore the Pacific. Circa 1952.

    • Collection: Scripps Institution of Oceanography Photographs
    • Name: Scripps Institution of Oceanography; Spencer F. Baird (Ship); Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953)
    • Date: 1952
    • Topic: Scuba diving; Lifeboats
    • Format: image
  17. A view of Tahiti, largest island in the Windward group of French Polynesia, located in the archipelago of Society Islands in the southern Pacific Ocean, as ships of the Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953) are passing near. 1952.

    • Collection: Scripps Institution of Oceanography Photographs
    • Name: Scripps Institution of Oceanography; Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953); Spencer F. Baird (Ship)
    • Date: 1952
    • Topic: Harbors; Islands; Tahiti
    • Format: image
  18. A view of Tahiti, largest island in the Windward group of French Polynesia, located in the archipelago of Society Islands in the southern Pacific Ocean, as ships of the Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953) are passing near. 1952.

    • Collection: Scripps Institution of Oceanography Photographs
    • Name: Scripps Institution of Oceanography; Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953); Spencer F. Baird (Ship)
    • Date: 1952
    • Topic: Clouds; Tahiti; Islands
    • Format: image
  19. After sunset, the "after glow" from the stern of the Spencer F. Baird

    • Collection: Edward Sheldon Barr Papers
    • Name: Barr, Edward Sheldon, 1933-; Spencer F. Baird (Ship); Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953)
    • Date: 1952
    • Topic: Beaches; Marshall Islands
    • Format: image
  20. Alan Churchill Jones at the fathometer, a sonar depth finder, while on board the research vessel Spencer F. Baird, during the Capricorn Expedition. 1952.

    • Collection: Scripps Institution of Oceanography Photographs
    • Name: Scripps Institution of Oceanography; Spencer F. Baird (Ship); Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953); Jones, Alan Churchill, 1927-
    • Date: 1952
    • Topic: Oceanographic instruments
    • Format: image
  21. An outrigger canoe owned by Russell W. Raitt, stored on one of two ships and used during the Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953). 1952.

    • Collection: Scripps Institution of Oceanography Photographs
    • Name: Scripps Institution of Oceanography; Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953); Spencer F. Baird (Ship)
    • Date: 1952
    • Topic: Ships; Canoes and canoeing; Outrigger canoes
    • Format: image
  22. Arthur Eugene Mawell showed here exams the temperate probe aboard research vessel Spencer F. Baird (Ship) during the Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953). Circa 1952.

    • Collection: Scripps Institution of Oceanography Photographs
    • Name: Scripps Institution of Oceanography; Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953); Spencer F. Baird (Ship); Maxwell, Arthur Eugene, 1925-
    • Date: 1952
    • Topic: Oceanographic instruments; Heat flow
    • Format: image
  23. Arthur Eugene Maxwell is shown here working on the heat probe records during the Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953). Circa 1952.

    • Collection: Scripps Institution of Oceanography Photographs
    • Name: Scripps Institution of Oceanography; Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953); Spencer F. Baird (Ship); Maxwell, Arthur Eugene, 1925-
    • Date: 1952
    • Topic: Heat flow
    • Format: image
  24. Arthur Eugene Maxwell with beard as King Neptune, and her Highness Amphitrite, interrogating a pollywog (first time equator crosser) during an equator crossing the line ceremony. R/V Spencer F. Baird during Capricorn Expedition. 1952.

    • Collection: Scripps Institution of Oceanography Photographs
    • Name: Jones, Alan Churchill, 1927-; Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953); Spencer F. Baird (Ship); Maxwell, Arthur Eugene, 1925-
    • Date: 1952
    • Topic: Crossing the equator
    • Format: image
  25. Bob Dill, H. William Menard, and Russell W. Raitt, during an Equator Crossing the Line ceremony, during Capricorn Expedition onboard R/V Spencer F. Baird. 1952

    • Collection: Scripps Institution of Oceanography Photographs
    • Name: Jones, Alan Churchill, 1927-; Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953); Spencer F. Baird (Ship); Raitt, Russell W.; Menard, Henry W. (Henry William), 1920-1986; Dill, Robert Floyd, 1927-
    • Date: 1952
    • Topic: Crossing the equator
    • Format: image
  26. Boscawen Island, in the Vava'u Island group in the Kingdom of Tonga as was seen from the research vessel Spencer F. Baird (Ship) during the Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953). Circa 1952.

    • Collection: Scripps Institution of Oceanography Photographs
    • Name: Scripps Institution of Oceanography; Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953); Spencer F. Baird (Ship)
    • Date: 1952
    • Topic: Tonga; Islands
    • Format: image
  27. Close up photo of reef taken at a drowned atoll known as Alexa Bank on the Melanesian border plateau. Photo taken during the Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953), this was the first Scripps expedition to use scuba divers to explore the Pacific. December 8, 1952.

    • Collection: Scripps Institution of Oceanography Photographs
    • Name: Scripps Institution of Oceanography; Spencer F. Baird (Ship); Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953)
    • Date: 1952
    • Topic: Coral; Fish
    • Format: image
  28. Crossing the Line ceremony onboard the Spencer F. Baird during Capricorn Expedition, 1952

    • Collection: Scripps Institution of Oceanography Photographs
    • Name: Jones, Alan Churchill, 1927-; Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953); Spencer F. Baird (Ship)
    • Date: 1952
    • Topic: Crossing the equator
    • Format: image
  29. Diver doing some underwater field work during the Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953) off the island of Vava'u, part of the Tonga island chains in the South Pacific Ocean. This was the first Scripps expedition to use scuba divers to explore the Pacific. 1952.

    • Collection: Scripps Institution of Oceanography Photographs
    • Name: Scripps Institution of Oceanography; Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953); Spencer F. Baird (Ship)
    • Date: 1952
    • Topic: Scuba diving; Corals
    • Format: image
  30. Diver doing some underwater field work during the Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953) off the island of Vava'u, part of the Tonga island chains in the South Pacific Ocean. This was the first Scripps Institution of Oceanography's expedition to use scuba divers to explore the Pacific. 1952.

    • Collection: Scripps Institution of Oceanography Photographs
    • Name: Scripps Institution of Oceanography; Spencer F. Baird (Ship); Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953)
    • Date: 1952
    • Topic: Scuba diving; Corals
    • Format: image
  31. Divers preparing to launch a skiff, who will explore Falcon Island part of the Tonga group in the south central Pacific Ocean, during the Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953). This was the first Scripps expedition to use scuba divers to explore the Pacific. Circa 1952.

    • Collection: Scripps Institution of Oceanography Photographs
    • Name: Scripps Institution of Oceanography; Spencer F. Baird (Ship); Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953)
    • Date: 1952
    • Topic: Lifeboats; Scuba diving
    • Format: image
  32. Engineer William C. King ("Buddy") stands behind the drum holding the R/V Spenser F. Baird's (ship) 40,000 foot tapered steel cable during the Scripps Institution of Oceanography Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953). 1952.

    • Collection: Scripps Institution of Oceanography Photographs
    • Name: Scripps Institution of Oceanography; Spencer F. Baird (Ship); Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953); King, William C.
    • Date: 1952
    • Topic: Oceanographic instruments
    • Format: image
  33. Fantail from A Frame

    • Collection: Scripps Institution of Oceanography Photographs
    • Name: Scripps Institution of Oceanography; Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953); Spencer F. Baird (Ship)
    • Date: 1952
    • Topic: Oceanographic research ships
    • Format: image
  34. Feeding cable

    • Collection: Scripps Institution of Oceanography Photographs
    • Name: Scripps Institution of Oceanography; Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953); Spencer F. Baird (Ship)
    • Date: 1952
    • Topic: Oceanographic research ships
    • Format: image
  35. Feeding wire out, Bikini

    • Collection: Scripps Institution of Oceanography Photographs
    • Name: Scripps Institution of Oceanography; Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953); Spencer F. Baird (Ship)
    • Date: 1952
    • Topic: Oceanographic instruments
    • Format: image
  36. Four men on deck with winch

    • Collection: Edward Sheldon Barr Papers
    • Name: Barr, Edward Sheldon, 1933-; Spencer F. Baird (Ship); Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953); Maxwell, Arthur Eugene, 1925-; King, William C.
    • Date: 1952
    • Topic: Winches; Oceanographic research ships
    • Format: image
  37. Gear going over fantail-Bikini area

    • Collection: Scripps Institution of Oceanography Photographs
    • Name: Scripps Institution of Oceanography; Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953); Spencer F. Baird (Ship)
    • Date: 1952
    • Topic: Bikini Atoll (Marshall Islands); Beaches; Landing craft
    • Format: image
  38. Gear going overside [Russell W. Raitt throwing a charge]

    • Collection: Scripps Institution of Oceanography Photographs
    • Name: Scripps Institution of Oceanography; Spencer F. Baird (Ship); Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953); Raitt, Russell W.
    • Date: 1952
    • Topic: Seismic profiling
    • Format: image
  39. Group in skiff, John Dove Isaacs in middle, in Bikini area, Capricorn Expedition, 1952

    • Collection: Scripps Institution of Oceanography Photographs
    • Name: Scripps Institution of Oceanography; Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953); Spencer F. Baird (Ship); Isaacs, John D. (John Dove)
    • Date: 1952
    • Topic: Lifeboats
    • Format: image
  40. Group on fantail

    • Collection: Scripps Institution of Oceanography Photographs
    • Name: Scripps Institution of Oceanography; Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953); Spencer F. Baird (Ship)
    • Date: 1952
    • Topic: Oceanographic instruments
    • Format: image
  41. Gustaf Arrhenius (left) and Roger Revelle examine the gravity core which has been detached before the long 28-foot core barrel is brought aboard research vessel Spencer F. Baird (Ship) during the Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953). Circa 1952.

    • Collection: Scripps Institution of Oceanography Photographs
    • Name: Scripps Institution of Oceanography; Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953); Spencer F. Baird (Ship); Revelle, Roger, 1909-1991; Arrhenius, Gustaf
    • Date: 1952
    • Topic: Drill cores
    • Format: image
  42. Gustaf Arrhenius (sitting) and Roger Revelle examine a drill core, aboard the research vessel Spencer F. Baird (Ship), during the Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953). Circa 1952.

    • Collection: Scripps Institution of Oceanography Photographs
    • Name: Scripps Institution of Oceanography; Spencer F. Baird (Ship); Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953); Revelle, Roger, 1909-1991; Arrhenius, Gustaf
    • Date: 1952
    • Topic: Drill cores; Oceanographers; Marine geology
    • Format: image
  43. Harold W. Brown "Brownie" operating small winch on R/V Spencer F. Baird during Capricorn Expedition, 1952

    • Collection: Scripps Institution of Oceanography Photographs
    • Name: Scripps Institution of Oceanography; Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953); Spencer F. Baird (Ship); Brown, Harold W.
    • Date: 1952
    • Topic: Winches
    • Format: image
  44. Helen Raitt typing the log in the lab on board the R/V Spencer F. Baird (ship) during the Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953), the rack in background contains Nansen bottles used for taking water samples at various depths. 1952.

    • Collection: Scripps Institution of Oceanography Photographs
    • Name: Scripps Institution of Oceanography; Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953); Spencer F. Baird (Ship); Raitt, Helen
    • Date: 1952
    • Topic: Oceanographers
    • Format: image
  45. Henri Rotschi (left) holds a basket used to collect pearl shell. Tehaiere Paniora (center) and Willard N. Bascom (right) are shown here examining weight line. Crew members are on a break from the Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953). 1952.

    • Collection: Scripps Institution of Oceanography Photographs
    • Name: Scripps Institution of Oceanography; Spencer F. Baird (Ship); Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953); Bascom, Willard N., 1916-; Paniora, Tehaiere; Rotschi, Henri
    • Date: 1952
    • Topic: Pearl divers
    • Format: image
  46. Henry William Menard (man extreme right) at an Equator Crossing the Line ceremony. The kneeling man is a pollywog (first time Equator crosser) being interrogated by King Neptune's Court. During Capricorn Expedition onboard R/V Spencer F. Baird. 1952.

    • Collection: Scripps Institution of Oceanography Photographs
    • Name: Jones, Alan Churchill, 1927-; Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953); Spencer F. Baird (Ship); Menard, Henry W. (Henry William), 1920-1986
    • Date: 1952
    • Topic: Crossing the equator
    • Format: image
  47. In the New Zealand island chain during a stopover on Palmerston Island, some natives come on board for an impromptu party during the Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953). Among the unidentified natives is Philip E. Jackson in lower left hand corner, Buckey (last name unknown) the radio man, at the far right Robert Livingston and by the door watching is Willard N. Bascom, while Joe and Bob Masters dance. 1952.

    • Collection: Scripps Institution of Oceanography Photographs
    • Name: Scripps Institution of Oceanography; Spencer F. Baird (Ship); Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953); Masters, Bob; Bascom, Willard N, 1916-; Masters, Joe; Jackson, Philip E.; Livingston, Robert
    • Date: 1952
    • Topic: Oceanographic research ships; Cook Islanders
    • Format: image
  48. Isaacs instrument, Bikini area

    • Collection: Scripps Institution of Oceanography Photographs
    • Name: Scripps Institution of Oceanography; Spencer F. Baird (Ship); Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953)
    • Date: 1952
    • Topic: Oceanographic instruments
    • Format: image
  49. John Dove Isaacs (left) feeding wire out with Willard Bascom (in center squatting down) looking back, in the Bikini area, onboard R/V Spencer F. Baird, Capricorn Expedition, 1952

    • Collection: Scripps Institution of Oceanography Photographs
    • Name: Scripps Institution of Oceanography; Spencer F. Baird (Ship); Capricorn Expedition (1952-1953); Isaacs, John D. (John Dove); Bascom, Willard N., 1916-
    • Date: 1952
    • Topic: Oceanographic instruments
    • Format: image